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      • 1985년부터 2014년까지의 측정 수평면전일사량과 기상데이터 간의 경향 및 상관성 분석

        김정배,Kim, Jeongbae 한국교통대학교 융복합기술연구소 2019 융ㆍ복합기술연구소 논문집 Vol.9 No.1

        After 30 years of KKP model analysis and extended 30 years of accuracy analysis, the unique correlation and various problems between measured horizontal surface insolation and measured weather data are found in this paper. The KKP model's 10yrs daily total horizontal surface insolation forecasting was averaged about 97.7% on average, and the forecasting accuracy at peak times per day was about 92.1%, which is highly applicable regardless of location and weather conditions nationwide. The daily total solar radiation forecasting accuracy of the modified KKP cloud model was 98.9%, similar to the KKP model, and 93.0% of the forecasting accuracy at the peak time per day. And the results of evaluating the accuracy of calculation for 30 years of KKP model were cloud model 107.6% and cloud model 95.1%. During the accuracy analysis evaluation, this study found that inaccuracies in measurement data of cloud cover should be clearly assessed by the Meteorological Administration.

      • KCI등재

        A Photochromic Dye Activation Method for Measuring the Thickness of Liquid Films

        김정배,김무환 대한화학회 2005 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.26 No.6

        To measure the thickness of liquid films from 10 to 60 m, we used photochromic dye activation. And we used silicone oil with 10 centi-Stokes and commercial photochromic dyes. To make films with exact and known thicknesses, we used two glass wafers. A film formed between two wafers after placing a drop of liquid of known volume on one wafer and covering the other. The film thickness could be estimated from the diameter of wafer and the dropped liquid volume. To quantitatively evaluate the result, captured the images using digital camera then analyzed the images using the image tool. The gray scale intensity using the captured images of activated dye with these thicknesses showed the repeatability below ± 1.0% when measured with a silicone oil solution containing 0.1% SO and SO-ANTH dyes. And we showed that photochromic dye activation method could be used to measure our liquid film thickness ranges.

      • KCI등재후보

        유기성 폐기물과 알칼리 안정화제가 첨가된 연안 양식장 퇴적물 조비료의 영양성분 조성

        김정배,강창근,이근섭,박정임,이필용 한국환경과학회 2002 한국환경과학회지 Vol.11 No.12

        To utilize coastal aquaculture ground bottom sediment in which concentrations of harmful pollutants are low and organic content is high as an organic fertilizer alkaline stabilizers such as CaO, Oyster shell, Mg(OH)2 were added to the bottom sediment organic additives of livestock or food wastes. Nutritive qualities of crude fertilizers were measured to examine effects of alkaline stabilizers and organic waste additions. The Mg(OH)2-added crude fertilizer had significantly lower total carbon(T-C) and nitrogen(T-N) content, reflecting the dilution effect due to great amount of Mg(OH)2 addition. However, the addition of oyster shell had no significant effect on the T-C and T-N content of the fertilizer. P2O5 and K2O content was considerably higher in the mixed sample of aquaculture ground bottom sediments and livestock wastes than in the mixture of the sediments and food wastes, resulting from higher P2O5 and K2O content in livestock wastes. Addition of Mg(OH)2 increased the content of MgO in the crude fertilizer but significantly reduced the content of other nutritive elements such as P2O5, K2O and CaO. Addition of oyster shell as an alkaline stabilizer seemed to have the advantage of saving time and expenses for dryness due to its role as a modulator of water content. Moreover, additions of effect Mg(OH)2 decreased the concentrations of heavy metals in the fertilizer by the dilution while additions of oyster shell had no influence on heavy metal concentrations in the fertilizer.

      • 古朝鮮 연구의 史的 考察

        김정배 고조선단군학회 2002 단군학연구 Vol.7 No.-

        Historical Survey on research of Kochosun(古朝鮮)

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        퇴적물 성상 변화에 따른 섬진강 하구 거머리말의 생장 특성

        김정배,박정임,이원찬,이근섭,kim, Jeong Bae,Park, Jung-Im,Lee, Won-Chan,Lee, Kun-Seop 한국해양학회 2015 바다 Vol.20 No.1

        퇴적물 성상 변화에 따른 섬진강 하구 거머리말의 생장특성을 알아보기 위해 섬진강 하구 조간대 하부에서 수온, 수중 광량, 퇴적물 입도, 유기물, 노출시간 및 영양염 농도의 환경요인과 함께 거머리말의 밀도, 생물량, 형태적 특성과 성장을 2004년과 2009년의 5월부터 12월까지 월별 조사하였다. 수온은 2004년 및 2009년 모두 계절적인 경향을 보였고, 2009년이 유의하게 낮았다. 수중 광량은 2004년 및 2009년 모두 5월 이후 감소하다가 9월 이후 증가 하였고, 2009년이 유의하게 높았다. 노출은 두 해 사이에 유의한 차이는 없었다. 표층 퇴적물의 입도 조성은 2004년 니사질에서 퇴적물 성상 변화에 의하여 2009년에는 사질로 변형되어 퇴적물 성상이 상대적으로 조립하였고, 퇴적물의 유기물 농도도 낮았다. 해수의 $NH_4{^+}$ 농도는 2004년이 유의하게 높았고, 퇴적물 공극수의 $NO_3{^-}+NO_2{^-}$ 농도는 2009년이 유의하게 높았으나 그 외 영양염 농도는 년도 별 유의한 차이가 발생하지 않았다. 거머리말의 개체 키, 잎 폭 등 형태적인 특성은 2004년 보다 2009년에 유의하게 낮았다. 두 해 모두 거머리말의 키, 잎 길이 및 엽초 길이는 초여름에 증가하고, 가을에 감소하는 계절적인 경향을 보였다. 단위면적당 서식밀도는 연도 별 유의한 차이가 없었으나, 생물량은 2004년 보다 2009년에 유의하게 적었다. 평균 개체당 잎 생산량은 연도 별 유의한 차이는 없었으나, leaf turnover time은 2009년이 2004년 보다 유의하게 짧았다. 즉, 퇴적물의 성상 변화가 2009년의 거머리말은 개체의 크기와 turnover time을 감소시킨 것으로 판단된다. 따라서 거머리말 서식지의 물리적인 퇴적물의 성상 변화는 섬진강 하구 조간대에 서식하는 잘피의 생장을 제한하는 요소가 될 수 있을 것이다. The growth and population dynamics of eelgrass (Zostera marina) due to changes in sediment composition were examined in the lower intertidal zone of the Seomjin Estuary, Korea. We surveyed environmental factors such as water temperature, underwater irradiance, main types and organic content of sediment, tidal exposure, and nutrient concentrations in the water column and sediment pore water, in relation to the shoot density, biomass, morphological characteristics, and growth of Z. marina inhabiting lower intertidal zones. The survey was conducted monthly from May to December of 2004 and 2009. The water temperature showed obvious seasonal trends in both study years. Underwater irradiance was significantly higher in 2009 than in 2004. Tidal exposure was not significantly different between 2004 and 2009. The sediment was muddy-sand in 2004 but became sandy and with a significantly lower organic content in 2009. Water column $NH_4{^+}$ concentrations were significantly higher in 2004 than in 2009. Sediment pore water $NO_3{^-}+NO_2{^-}$ concentrations were significantly higher in 2009 than in 2004. Other nutrient concentrations did not differ significantly between 2004 and 2009. Morphological characteristics, including eelgrass length and leaf width were significantly lower in 2009 than in 2004. Eelgrass shoot height, leaf length, and sheath length showed typical seasonal patterns, increasing in early summer and decreasing in autumn, in both years. Vegetative shoot density was not significantly different between 2004 and 2009, while the biomass of individual plant parts and the total biomass were significantly lower in 2009. Eelgrass leaf productivity did not differ between years, but leaf turnover time was significantly shorter in 2009 than in 2004. Eelgrass downsizing and decreased turnover time in 2009 compared to 2004 indicate more effective adaptations to the stress of long-term changes in sediment composition. Overall, results suggest that changes in sediment composition can be a limiting factor for seagrass growth in the intertidal zone.

      • KCI등재후보
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