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      • KCI등재

        면역센서의 원리와 의학적 응용

        김의락,백세환 한국생물공학회 2002 KSBB Journal Vol.32 No.1

        Immunosensors are of great interest because of their potential utility as specific, simple, label-free, direct detection means and provision of reduction in size, cost and time of analysis comparing with conventional immunoassay. In the last two decades, many reports have been published on the use of immunosensors for a wide range of applications to clinical diagnostics, pharmaceutical chemistry, environmental monitoring, biotechnology and food industries. There are also numerous transduction techniques developed such as electrochemical techniques, piezoelectric crystal, and surface plasmon resonance receiving much attention for the direct monitoring of immune reactions at solid surfaces. In this article, the principles, characteristics, structures, fonctions and clinical applications of immunosensors were reviewed

      • KCI등재후보

        Diaspora and Imperialism in Salman Rushidie's The Moor's Last Sigh

        김의락 한국현대영미소설학회 2004 현대영미소설 Vol.11 No.2

        Salman Rushdie deals with the decolonization of the India subcontinent and the political debacle following in its wake on its wider historical context. He traces the origin of the imperial involvement in India that began centuries ago on its southern coast. Diaspora and imperialism often oppose each other in this book, these issues and their implications sometimes existing in an imbricating correlation. Since diaspora results in the dispersal of large communities, their arrival in a new land is thus an act of necessity than choice. But the sociopolitical reality of that country may render their role as imperialistic, especially if it is that of a compradore, as in the case of the spice traders in Cochin. Sharply divided in their opinions about their functions in the soon-to-be independent India, the da Gamas feel the need to define their identity and swear allegiance either to India or to the departing imperial power Britain. In Fanonian term, Bombay’s invisible workers would be similar to the “lumpenproletariat” of Kenya, the landless peasants and the displaced workers, “the hopeless dregs of humanity, all who turn in circles between suicide and madness.” However, though The Moor’s Last Sigh attests to Rushdie’s dark vision of the reality of a postcolonial state, it also suggests a possibility of a better future. Therefore it should not be seen as an expression of absolute despair. The view that emerges of decolonization can be best summed up with Rushdies view on a comment from Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks that he uses and quotes in part himself in his introduction to Imaginary Homelands to underscore the repressive nature of the politics of the eighties, a time when hope of change was not in sight. Therefore, there lies “hope to awaken, [be] renewed and joyful, into a better time.”

      • KCI등재후보

        Resistance, Trickster, and Carnival in the West African Novels

        김의락 한국중앙영어영문학회 2005 영어영문학연구 Vol.47 No.1

        Trickster-like characters appear in a wide variety of written and visual media, and in recent decades a figure more or less directly linked to the traditional trickster has appeared repeatedly in works of postcolonial fiction. The present exploration of three West African novels is intended to illuminate the ways in which modern West African literature in particular and postcolonial writing in general. However, the presence of folk elements like the trickster in the postcolonial novel does not merely imply antagonism between cultural groups. The trickster contributes to these positive developments in some of the same paradoxical ways he plays a positive role in oral literature: his irrepressibly transgressive, destructive, self-destructive, and scandalous habits are both mediatory and funny. While each of the three tricksters in the novels studied here participate in all facets of the rebellion Gakwandi delineates, the Tortoise story in Achebe’s novel seems oriented mainly to “the exploitative colonial set-up”; Danda’s actions in Nwankwo’s novel bespeak skepticism about “the authoritarian hierarchy of traditional society” and “the commercialism” and religion “of the West”; and the beggar in Sembene’s Xala exposes mainly the injustice and corruption of neocolonial, Western influenced “commercialism” and the “philistine society of post-independence” Senegal.

      • 탈식민주의시대 아프리카 전통문화의 다양성과 동질성

        김의락 釜山外國語大學校 比較文化硏究所 2002 比較文化硏究 Vol.13 No.-

        The intact and superb natural environment of Africa has provided inspirations for Hollywood movies, Hemingway dreams and TV animal. documentaries which reached the audience of the world over for the increased awareness of the sixth continent These artistic productions vividly capture the romance, aspirations of Western explorers or breath-taking scenes of rare animals on the safari, but most of these failed to highlight the true life of the native people actual1y residing there. Aided by other historical prejudices and wrong perceptions of Africa, the continent and its people have not received worthwhile attention as the hotbed of colorful civilizations. It is not to be said that no in-depth reports on African culture and human civilization, but they were conducted under initiatives of concerned individuals, falling far short of concerted efforts organizing power at a global. level. Arica boasts of energy and hope. Their culture is a precious heritage of mankind. The purpose of this paper is to provide the opportunity to recognize Africa as a gem of the world culture as well as to build infrastructure of information and know1edge about its culture for the world to share. Cultural diversity is as important as ecological. diversity. Whether influential now or not, any culture cannot grow further without interaction with other cultures. African heritage will be able to p1ay a bigger role in advancing and diversifying the present human civilization. A wide array of issues on African culture, 1 include natural environment, human rights, cultural heritage, ethnic traditions, protection of endangered languages and education. The intercultural understanding and dialogue are so important for the building of peace in our troubled world. No country is so big that it has nothing to learn; No country is so small that it has nothing to teach.

      • 아이 케이 알마(Ayi Kwei Armah)의 <미완성>(Fragments)에 투영된 공동체 사회에 대한 향수

        김의락 부산 외국어 대학교 2004 外大論叢 Vol.28 No.-

        The adjective "African" itself is not as easy to define as might first appear. Africa, unlike nations which is really a peninsula on the western side of Korea, is at least a well-defined geographic continent. But the role of the African novel in the restoration it has also been the object of a long Western tradition of imaginary constructions that have greatly distorted our perception of the continent, often in harmful and negative ways. Indeed this tradition of imaginary misrepresentation is oneo f the greatest obstacles that must be overcome by students who approach African culture for the first time. From this context, this paper is making an effort to introduce a certain kind of communal aspiration of a society through Aye Kei Arma's works Fragments. In this works, moral degradation and social demolition pop up in almost every corner of society, there are certainly a sense of recovery based on communalism. On top of that, African history and culture gives African literature a relevance and vitality that Western and Oriental readers should find exciting. Moreover, the obvious importance of African literature to the social and political world of Africa serves to demonstrate the overall social and political importance of literature. The obvious importance of literature to the social and political world of Africa can teach us valuable lessons about the social and political relevance of literature in general.

      • KCI등재

        억압과 지배논리의 폭력성 : 한국 여성, 아프리카 여성

        김의락 국제비교한국학회 2003 비교한국학 Comparative Korean Studies Vol.11 No.1

        A Comparative Study of the Turbulence of the Agenda of Repression and Domination and its Role Manifested in African Novel, Korean Movie and Novels The historical background of Buchi Emecheta's novel is very similar to that of Korean writers' novels. In particular, Emecheta presents the colonial and postcolonial history of Nigeria from an avowedly feminine perspective, thus calling attention to in the works of Korean writers. In both cultural and historical backgrounds, women are increasingly abused, manipulated and oppressed. They suffer from certain patriarchal aspects of both traditions, but they also undergo special difficulties that result from the difficult transition between the two that informs them contemporary historical context. Nevertheless they are able to assert their independence. The purpose of this paper is to compare the feminity and its role in both African and Korean literature. Like Korean writers, Emecheta's fiction grows out of many of the same events especially colonialism and its aftermath, although responds to these events from a slightly different point of view. Besides, both Korean writers and Emecheta also continue theme of oppression of women in traditional society and the modernization, especially in Emecheta, brought by colonialism introduces substantial complications into the picture that suggest certain potentially positive aspects of life in traditional society. Within the context of the oppression in traditional patriarchal society, both Korean writers and Emecheta explore the complex sexism in sensitive yet relatively accessible ways. Finally they also raise a number of fundamental questions about the role of women and the role of feminist criticism in the treatment of both literature.

      • KCI등재

        억압과 지배논리의 폭력성 : 한국 여성, 아프리카 여성

        김의락 국제비교한국학회 2002 비교한국학 Comparative Korean Studies Vol.10 No.2

        The historical background of Buchi Emecheta's novel is very similar to that of Korean writers' novels. In particular, Emecheta presents the colonial and postcolonial history of Nigeria from an avowedly feminine perspective, thus calling attention to in the works of Korean writers. In both cultural and historical backgrounds, women are increasingly abused, manipulated and oppressed. They suffer from certain patriarchal aspects of both traditions, but they also undergo special difficulties that result from the difficult transition between the two that informs them contemporary historical context. Nevertheless they are able to assert their independence. The purpose of this paper is to compare the feminity and its role in both African and Korean literature. Like Korean writers, Emecheta's fiction grows out of many of the same events especially colonialism and its aftermath, although responds to these events from a slightly different point of view. Besides, both Korean writers and Emecheta also continue theme of oppression of women in traditional society and the modernization, especially in Emecheta, brought by colonialism introduces substantial complications into the picture that suggest certain potentially positive aspects of life in traditional society. Within the context of the oppression in traditional patriarchal society, both Korean writers and Emecheta explore the complex sexism in sensitive yet relatively accessible ways. Finally they also raise a number of fundamental questions about the role of women and the role of feminist criticism in the treatment of both literature.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        무궁화꽃을 이용한 L-Arginine Sensor 開發에 關한 硏究

        김의락,남기재,최성문,Kim Ui-Rak,Nam Ki-jae,Choi Sung-Moon 대한화학회 1992 대한화학회지 Vol.36 No.5

        흰 무궁화꽃의 씨방을 이용하여 Tissue electrode를 제조하고, L-arginine을 정량하기 위한 최적조건을 조사한 결과 0.1M phosphate 완충용액에서 pH 8.0, 온도 $25^{\circ}C$, 조직두께 $20 {\mu}m$이었을 때이며, 이에 정량 가능한 직선범위는 $5.0 {\times} 10^{-3}M $∼ $1.0 {\times} 10^{-1}M$이었으며, 감응도는 54.0 mV/decade로 나타났고, 감응시간은 7∼8분이 소요되었다. $K_m$값은 $6.4 {\times} 10^{-6}(M)$이다. It is shown that receptacle tissue of the rose of sharon can serve as an effective biocatalyst by the construction of a potentiometric membrane electrode with response and selectivity for arginine. Electrodes using this tissue in conjunction with $NH_3$ gas sensing probes yield good response to arginine in $10^{-1}M to 10^{-3}M$ range and retain activity for a least 1 weeks. The arginine-selective membrane electrode using tissue slices of the rose of sharon have good selectivity in presence of other amino acids. The optimum conditions are pH 8.0, $25^{\circ}C$ and $20 {\mu}m$ thickness of slices in 0.1 M phosphate buffer solution and $K_m$ values is $6.4 {\times} 10^{-6}(M)$.

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