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        • 30${\sim}$40대 한국 여성의 안색과 혈행의 상관성 연구

          김은주,노호식,김수정,문은정,김덕희,김한곤,조가영,Kim, Eun-Joo,Roh, Ho-Sik,Kim, Su-Jong,Moon, Eun-Jeong,Kim, Duck-Hee,Kim, Han-Kon,Cho, Ga-Young 대한한의정보학회 2008 大韓韓醫情報學會誌 Vol.14 No.2

          Objectives : We investigated the correlation of the skin color to blood circulation on the face of Korean female by noninvasive-skin measuring devices. Methods : Korean female(37.47${\pm}$3.66 years, n=36) aged 30-45 years were participated in this study. We measured the skin color of the face with Spectrophotometer CM2600d (Minolta, Japan) and the skin blood flow with Laser Doppler Imaging-Periscan PIM II (Perimed AB, Sweden). The skin color and blood circulation of three groups (30-35 years, 36-40 years, 41-45 years) divided on age were analyzed by paired-t test and regression analysis. Results : The L* values of the skin were decreased and the a* values were increased significantly with age. This means that the more age increase, the more the skin is dark and red. But the skin blood flow was not significantly different with age and skin color. Conclusions : In the oriental medicine, It was reported that the face of the female over 35 years is changed gradually haggard and the blood circulation is decreased. In our study, the blood circulation was not changed and the skin color was dark and red with increasing the age. We think this symptom resulted from the better nutrition than the past, the change of the blood-quality and this changes were too sensitive to be measured by Laser Doppler Imaging system.

        • KCI등재후보

          간호대학생의 성별에 따른 성정체성, 성평등의식과 자아존중감

          김은주,김근면,최경원,김상숙,임지영,Kim, Eun Joo,Kim, Geun Myun,Choi, Kyung-Won,Kim, Sang Suk,Lim, Ji Young 한국가정간호학회 2014 가정간호학회지 Vol.21 No.1

          Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences between gender identity, gender equality, and self-esteem among nursing college students. Methods: The subjects were nursing college students who were selected from 4 different nursing colleges. We measured gender identity, gender equality, and self-esteem using verified measurement tools. Data were analyzed using descriptive and comparative statistical methods. Results: Gender equality among nursing college students showed a significant difference between male students and female students. Male students had higher gender equality scores than female students on all 4 types of gender equality. Conclusion: Male nursing college students that there are differences in gender equality, especially in the areas of education and employment. Based on these results, we suggest that future work should focus on developing a curriculum to increase awareness of gender equality among under graduate students, and thereby build an organizational culture of mutual respect for gender equality among clinical nurses.

        • 경항부 수기요법과 한방 목 크림이 목 주름과 안면 혈행에 미치는 영향 연구

          김은주,김지성,유선혜,노호식,김덕희,김한곤,조가영,Kim, Eun-Joo,Kim, Ji-Seong,Yu, Sun-Hye,Rho, Ho-Sik,Kim, Duck-Hee,Kim, Han-Gon,Cho, Ga-Young 대한한의정보학회 2009 大韓韓醫情報學會誌 Vol.15 No.1

          Objectives: We investigated the influence of the neck acupressure massage and the neck cream including korean herbal extract on the neck wrinkles and blood circulation. Methods: Korean female($37.47{\pm}3.66$ years, n=18) aged 30-39 years were participated in this study. We measured the neck wrinkles with PRIMOS(GFMesstechnik GmbH, Germany) and blood circulation of neck and facial skin with Laser Doppler Imaging-Periscan PIM II(Perimed AB, Sweden). Results: The neck wrinkles were significantly decreased after applying neck cream. But when with the neck acupressure massage, the neck wrinkles were decreased 2-fold than applying only the neck cream. The skin blood circulation was significantly increased on the neck and facial skin immediately after the neck acupressure massage. But this effect was not significantly different after 8 weeks Conclusions: This result suggests that the neck acupressure massage can improve the anti-wrinkles effect of the neck cream including Korean herbal extract.

        • KCI등재

          안색(顔色)에 대한 현대적 조명 : 상고천진론(上古天眞論)의 여자칠세(女子七歲)이론을 근거로

          김은주,노호식,김덕희,김한곤,조가영,Kim, Eun-Joo,Roh, Ho-Sik,Kim, Duck-Hee,Kim, Hank-On,Cho, Ga-Young 대한한방안이비인후피부과학회 2010 한방안이비인후피부과학회지 Vol.23 No.1

          Objectives: We investigated $L^*a^*b^*$ and $ITA^{\circ}$ value on the face to correlate the complexion of Korean female with aging theory of Neijing(內經) in Suwen-Shanggutianzhenlun(素問,上古天眞論). Methods: Three hundreds and thirty one Korean females, aged 22-64 years($39.36{\pm}9.71$ years) were participated in this study. We measured the skin properties of the face with Spectrophotometer CM2600d(Minolta, Japan). Trisimulus $L^*a^*b^*$ color and $ITA^{\circ}$ value divided on 7 years were and analyzed by regression analysis method. Results: $L^*$, ITA value decreased and $a^*$, $b^*$ increased as the age increases. Among these, we found out that ITA value is most related to aging. $L^*$ value decreased among the group of 28 to 35 years old. ITA value decreased among the group of 35 to 42 years old. $a^*$ value decreased among the group of 42 to 49 years old. Conclusions: Unique aging pattern by 7 years of female in Oriental medicine is reflected to complexion.

        • KCI등재

          혼합(混合) 요구르트 과실기제(果實基製)의 가공(加工)에 관한 연구(硏究) -열처리과정중(熱處理過程中) 과실(果實)의 조질변화(組質變化)에 대(對)하여-

          김은주,최우영,Kim, Eun Joo,Choi, Woo Young 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 1980 Korean Journal of Agricultural Science Vol.7 No.2

          혼합(混合)요구르트용(用) 과실기제(基製)를 제조하기 위하여 몇가지 원료(原料)과실은 비교(比較)하고 살균과정(殺菌過程)에서 비교적 조질(組質)의 변화(變化)가 적은 복숭아를 선택하여 숙도(熟度), 박피조건(剝皮條件), 살균온도(殺菌溫度) 등에 대하여 검토하였고 금속(金屬)이온 특히 $CaCl_2$의 첨가(添加)가 가공중(加工中) 과육(果肉)의 경도(硬度)에 미치는 영향을 검토하여 아래와 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1. 공시(供試)과실중 복숭아가 살균(殺菌)하는 동안 비교적 과육(果肉)의 경도저하율(硬度低下率)이 낮았고 사과가 가장 심하였으며 어느 과실에서나 가열초기(加熱初期)에 급격한 저하율(低下率)을 나타냈고 시간경과에 따라 완만한 경향을 보였다. 2. 복숭아의 과육(果肉)은 가열온도(加熱溫度)에 따라 경도(硬度)의 변화(變化)에 큰 차이를 보였고 냉동저장품(冷凍貯藏品)은 복원시(復元時) 조질(組質)의 손상(損傷)이 큼으로서 한정된 용도에만 적합하였다. 3. 살균과정중(殺菌過程中)의 금속(金屬) 이온이 과육(果肉)의 경도(硬度)에 주는 효과(效果)는 2가(價)의 것이 컸으며 그 중에서도 $CaCl_2$의 효과(效果)가 현저하였다. 4. $CaCl_2$의 적정농도(適定濃度)는 0.3%로서 제품의 잔존량(殘存量)도 허용기준치(許容基準値)를 초과하지 않았다. 5. $CaCl_2$의 효과(效果)는 Slice ($2.5{\times}5{\times}2cm$) 보다 dice ($1{\times}1{\times}1cm$)의 형태(形態)에서, 미숙과(未熟果)보다는 과숙과(過熟果)에서 더 높았다. 6. $CaCl_2$의 처리방법(處理方法)은 알칼리 박피(剝皮)후 slice를 0.3% $CaCl_2$의 용액에 30분간(分間) 침지(沈漬)하는 것이 실용적이었다. This experiment was carried out to study on methods of processing the fruit base which is to be used for preparing the fruit yoghurts. Common fruits were compared and peach was chosen among them for this purpose by determing the rate of decrease in hardness during the process of cooking. The maturity, temperature of cooking and methods of peeling were tested to maintain the desirable hardness during the process, and the effects of metallic ion addition on the hardness of the flesh were also studied. The results obtained were as follows. 1. The peaches were keeping the most stable texture during cooking, among common fruits, however the hardness of apples were decreased markedly. Rate of decreases in the flesh hardness were high during the initial stages of cooking then slowered in all fruits tested. 2. Flesh hardness of the peaches were largely affected by the temperature of cooking. And the texture of freeze-stored fruits was severly damaged during thawing, so that could be used only for the limited purposes such as for stirred-type yoghurt. 3. Divalent matallic ions, especially calcium ion, were effective for supporting the flesh hardness of peaches during cooking. 4. The optimal concentration of calcium chloride addition was 0.3%, and this resulted in its final concentration in the product under the legal dosage without any subsquent changes in colour and flavor. 5. The effects of calcium chloride addition were greater in the froms of dices than in those of slices, and in overmature fleshs than in immature ones. 6. Treatment of calcium chloride by soaking the slices or dices of lye-peeled peaches in 0.3% solution was found to be adaptable for the practical process.

        • KCI등재후보

          대학생의 취업불안과 우울이 자살생각에 미치는 영향

          김은주,최경원,Kim, Eun Joo,Choi, Kyung Won 한국가정간호학회 2012 가정간호학회지 Vol.19 No.2

          Purpose: The purpose of study is to examine the relationships among job-seeking anxiety, depression and suicidal ideation of university students. The research design was a descriptive survey study, and 317 university students were selected through convenience sampling at two. Results: The higher criteria of job-seeking anxiety of arousing job-seeking anxiety and the average score of depression was 10.2. average of suicidal ideation was 22.4. Result from correlational analysis indicated that suicidal ideation was significantly with job-seeking anxiety and depression. Conclusion: The results of this study were useful to develop reducing job-seeking anxiety and depression programs for university students. We suggest more various to job-seeking anxiety, depression and suicidal ideation of university students in various. Implications of the findings, as well as directions for future research are discussed.

        • 응급실 환자의 응급의료센터 체류시간 단축프로그램 개발 및 효과

          김은주,임지영,Kim, Eun-Joo,Lim, Ji-Young 한국가정간호학회 2010 가정간호학회지 Vol.17 No.1

          Purpose: The study evaluated a program to shorten EMC stay time. Methods: The subjects were EMC patients, and comprised a control group of 8,477 and an experimental group of 8,378. Data were collected from June 2006 to August 2007, and analyzed concerning stay time for doctor visit, decision making, and discharge. The data were analyzed by $X^2$-test and ANCOVA using SPSS14.0. Result: The stay time of doctor visit, decision making and discharge of the experimental group was significantly less compared to the control group. Using second and third grade triage criteria, the stay time of experimental group was statistically reduced from the control. Conclusion: The implemented shortening program was effective in reducing EMC stay time and increasing EMC effectiveness.

        • KCI등재

          주요국의 해운산업 규제완화 실태와 문제점에 관한 소고

          김은주,한낙현,Kim, Eun-Joo,Han, Nak-Hyun 한국무역상무학회 2003 貿易商務硏究 Vol.20 No.-

          Deregulation is not a matter or problem to be resolved simply by revising a law or a system in a short period of time. Rather, it should be implemented at a steady pace on the basis of a full understanding of the relationships between government regulation and the government's role, taking into account the inherent functions of the market. Moreover, arguments about government regulation and its deregulation vary according to viewpoints and approaches on the part of parties concerned. This makes it more difficult to form a consensus or reach a conclusion in recognizing and resolving the basis of problems at issue. This paper aims to review the shipping industry deregulation of major countries, to analyze Korea's situation and problems of shipping regulation, and to suggest it's improving methods. Although government regulation is a sensitive policy issue, this paper remains relatively at the basic research. Regulation problems should be tackled by interdisciplinary approach. A specific approach in regulation study could not explain exactly the causes and results of government policy

        • KCI등재

          원추각막에서 수기 각막링 터널 생성을 이용한 인택스(Intacs;)링 삽입술의 임상 결과

          김은주,구성현,이광자,이규원,박영정,Eun Joo Kim,MD,Sung Hyun Koo,MD,Gwang Ja Lee,MD,Kyoo Won Lee,MD,Young Jeung Park,MD 대한안과학회 2012 대한안과학회지 Vol.53 No.12

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Purpose: To report the clinical results after the implantation of intrastromal corneal ring segments (Intacs<sup>?) by manual tunnel creation for the correction of keratoconus. Methods: This retrospective case series was comprised of 10 eyes of 8 consecutive keratoconic patients. Visual acuity, refractive outcome, keratometric values, anterior chamber depth, central corneal thickness, and endothelial cell density were evaluated before and at 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively. In addition, the implanted ring segment depth was measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography at postoperative 6 months. Any postoperative complications were also recorded. Results: Visual acuity was improved in 9 out of 10 eyes. Spherical equivalent and keratometric values were decreased in all eyes. There was no significant difference in central corneal thickness, but endothelial cell density and anterior chamber depth were slightly decreased. The depth of ring segments was almost constant at superior, middle, and inferior. There was a single case of descented implanted ring segments and 6 cases of stromal infiltration around ring segments, but visual acuity was unaffected. In addition, 1 case showed implanted ring exposure, thus the superior ring segment was removed at postoperative 4 months. Conclusions: Intrastromal corneal ring segment implantation (Intacs<sup>?) by manual tunnel creation appears to be effective in improving the visual acuity and stabilizing corneal refractive power in keratoconic patients. J Korean Ophthalmol Soc 2012;53(12):1756-1765

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