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      • KCI등재

        Ecological Eating: Gary Snyder’s Existential Koan

        김원중 문학과환경학회 2014 문학과 환경 Vol.13 No.2

        This paper investigates how Snyder forms his idea of ecological eating by successfully combining Buddhist ideas and the science of ecology. He investigates the philosophical and religious meaning behind our eating and diagnoses our eating culture within today’s consumption-oriented society as one that has degraded food only as material to be spent to satisfy our desires.Snyder thinks of our food not merely as conduits for nutrients that we must intake to sustain ourselves, but as something that carries religious and philosophical meanings, as well. By reclaiming food as one of the essential constituents of our ecological community and kissing it, Snyder demonstrates a way in which we can regard food not as an “other,”but as our “lover.” His idea of food serves as a concrete example of his “ecological eros”: the most intimate and harmonious relationship between humankind and nature.

      • KCI등재

        Fluoroscope guided epidural needle insertioin in midthoracic region: clinical evaluation of Nagaro’s method

        김원중,김태화,신화용,강현,백종화,정용훈,우영철,김진윤,구길회,박선규 대한마취통증의학회 2012 Korean Journal of Anesthesiology Vol.62 No.5

        Background: In the midthoracic region, a fluroscope guided epidural block has been proposed by using a pedicle as a landmark to show the height of the interlaminar space (Nagaro's method). However, clinical implication of this method was not fully evaluated. We studied the clinical usefulness of a fluoroscope guided thoracic epidural block in the midthoracic region. Methods: Twenty four patients were scheduled to receive an epidural block at the T6-7 intervertebral space. The patients were placed in the prone position. The needle entry point was located at the junction between midline of the pedicle paralleled to the midline of the T7 vertebral body (VB) and the lower border of T7 VB on anteroposterior view of the fluoroscope. The needle touched and walked up the lamina, and the interlaminar space (ILS) was sought near the midline of the VB at the height of the pedicle. Results: The authors could not insert an epidural needle at T6-7 ILS in two patients and it was instead inserted at T5-6 ILS. However, other patients showed easy insertion at T6-7 ILS. The mean inward and upward angulations were 25o and 55o respectively. The mean actual depth and calculated depth from skin to thoracic epidural space were 5.1 cm and 6.1 cm respectively. Significant correlation between actual needle depth and body weight, podendal index (kg/m) or calculated needle depth was noted. Conclusions: The fluorposcope guided epidural block by Nagaro's method was useful in the midthoracic region. However, further study for the caudal shift of needle entry point may be needed.

      • KCI등재

        魏晉玄學的言意之辯與劉勰意象論的關係

        김원중,유효홍 한국사상문화학회 2009 韓國思想과 文化 Vol.50 No.-

        As all people know about it, Liu xie was largely affected by Profound learning which is included in his masterpiece Wen Xin Diao Long. Profound learning is His literature theory especially notes Confucian ideas and has comprehensive aspects in that Taoism and Buddhism had an effect on it. However, Profound learning had bad effects on literature and we can infer that Liu xie had critical perspective on this atmosphere. Namely, in unique circumstances of profound learning, Liu Xie was not included in these ideas and made this theory more comprehensive by taking advantages and complaining disadvantages among these ideas. Furthermore, when we read Wen Xin Diao Long, we can notice that he made his own literature theory by taking Profound learning in many sections. The viewpoint, which we cannot express own ideas, is main point of the theory of creating literature. Liu xie noted that Imaginative power of the author is comprised of language, image, idea. There is famous saying of Wang bi; When we acquire idea, we immediately forget language. Liu xie changed this to his theory of creating literature. The bottom line is that Liu xie segregated relation between language and image, then formed it as language, idea, and image. He emphasizes the connection between language and image. The image he says is verbal image and this is the formation existing in the brain of the author when creating literary works. In conclusion, objective subject author tries to express is tangible and concrete. Meanwhile, the image in the mind of the author is nonobjective. Liu xie regarded Verbal image comprised of the two as the third space between both things. We cannot help noting that he did not endeavor to find out actual method to solve but notice various problems. 魏晉南北朝時期는 경학이 쇠퇴하면서 여러 가지 사상이 다시 대두하기 시작하였는데 특히 晉代에 玄風이 성행하면서 허무를 숭상하고 세상을 피하는 소극적 은둔사상이 신속하게 발전하기 시작하였다. 正始 年間에 王弼과何晏을 비롯한 일련의 사상가들은 노장사상에 입각하여 유가의 경전을 해석하였으니, 우리는 이런 사상을 玄學이라고 한다. 이 현학은 통치자들 뿐만 아니라 상당수의 지식인들의 사유체계와 시대적 분위기를 반영하는 시대조류로 확인되어 죽림칠현이 출현하는 등 사회적 관심사가 되었던 것이다. 특히 이들은 노장 계열의 언어관, 즉 언어는 개인의 사상을 다 표현하기 힘들다는 명제를 적극 수용하면서 문학 창작에 있어서 언어와 사고의 관계에 관한 적지 않은 논의를 야기 시켰으며, 이런 관점을 우리는 言意之辯이라고 한다. 주지하는 바와 같이 劉勰은 南朝의 齊梁年間에 살았으므로 이미 현학의 전성기가 지나간 시기에 해당되어 얼핏 보기에 이런 시대 조류와 무관한 시대를 살다간 것처럼 보인다. 그러나 그는 문학사상의 영역에서 현학의 적지 않은 영향을 받아 그의 대작 ≪文心雕龍≫에는 현학의 상당한 흔적을 찾아볼 수 있다. 물론 그의 주된 사상이 儒家思想이면서 道佛의 영향을 받은 복합적인 면모를 고려하면 더욱 그러하다. 유협은 이미 현학이 함축하고 있는 시대와의 불화에 주목하면서도 그 현학이 갖는 문학적 사유의 주요한 측면인 언어와 사고의 관계에 주목했다는 점이다. 역설적이지만 우리는 위진의 현학으로 야기된 문학의 좋지 않은 실제 창작스타일에 대해 유협이 매우 비판적이라는 점도 인정한다. 그러면서도 우리가 간과해서는 안 될 사안은 유협은 현학의 부정적 측면을 비판하면서도 그에 영향을 받은 당시의 작가들의 창작과 이론에 상당한 의미를 부여하면서, 특히 현학의 중심 화두이기도 한 言意의 문제를 적극 수용하여 문학 창작이론의 핵심 사안으로 삼았다는 점이다. 우리가 ≪文心雕龍≫을 보면 적지 않은 부분에서 玄理를 문학이론의 영역으로 끌어들여 자신의 문론을 전개하는 것을 보면 그가 문학 창작론의 첫머리인 ‘神思’ 편을 중심으로 전개하는 ‘언부진의’론의 문제가 충분히 논의할 만한 가치가 있는 것으로 평가된다. 그가 이 책의 저술 동기에서도 말한 바있듯이 꿈에서도 공자를 볼 정도라는 그가 문학의 원론은 원도, 징성, 종경을 내세우면서 다시 창작론에서는 ‘言不盡意’론을 수용한다는 것은 모순적인 것으로 볼 수도 있다. 본고를 통해 필자는 유협이 말하고자 하는 意象이란 言、象、意 세 가지 가 반드시 유기적으로 융합하여 탄생한 것이라는 점을 주목했다는 점에 주목하면서, 유협이 言意關係에 대해 논의함에 있어 주로 嵇康 등의 言不盡意論과 王弼의 得意忘言論을 기초로 삼으면서 歐陽建의 言盡意論도 고려하는 절충의 방식으로 이들이 자신의 의상론과 연계되어 있다는 사실을 검토하였다. 유협은 언어와 의상의 이원론에 입각하면서도 의상론에 있어서 언어의 작용과 효용이 매우 크다는 점을 확실히 인지하였던 것이다. 그 주된 관점은 주로 言意관계를 言、象、意라는 세 가지 측면으로 분리하여 “象”이 言意의 사이에서 갖는 中介性을 강조하고 있다는 사실도 본고를 통해 확인되었다. 유협이 말하는 “象”은 곧 意象이며 이는 문학 창작 중에 객관사물이 작자의 두뇌 속에서 존재하는 ...

      • KCI등재

        Texture Development in Liquid-Phase-Sintered β-SiC by Seeding with β-SiC Whiskers

        김원중,노명훈 한국세라믹학회 2006 한국세라믹학회지 Vol.43 No.3

        Silicon carbide ceramics seeded with 10-30wt% SiC whiskers are fabricated by hot pressing and annealing. A quantitative texture analysis including calculation of the orientation distribution function (ODF) is used for obtaining the degrees of preferred orientation of the fabricated samples. The microstructure and crystallographic texture are discussed with respect to the effect of β-SiC whisker seeds on the resulting fracture toughness values. The SEM microstructures and the texture data reveal a correlation between texture and fracture toughness anisotropy.

      • KCI등재후보

        12주간의 단계별 복합운동프로그램이 중년남성의 신체조성에 미치는 영향

        김원중,소인철,원하연,성기라 한국체육과학회 2004 한국체육과학회지 Vol.13 No.2

        The purpose of this study was to examine the change of body composition before and after combined running and muscular endurance training of 12 weeks on the 9 middle-age man. The combined running and muscular endurance training during 12 weeks was established to be 8 item, and then the during the 12 week training period, subjects participated in more than 30 minute of running exercise, four times a week at the intensity of 50%HRmax, and the method of muscular endurance exercise during 12 weeks was established to practice the training of 2-3 sets through repeated frequency of 10-20 times with the loading of the load was gradually increased by remeasuring 1Rm(Repetition maximum) every 4 weeks. The conclusion are as follows; First, Weight, Waist-Hip Ratio, Body Mass Index, Percent Body Fat are found to have a significant decrease(P<.05) of 0.83Kg of 0.01% of 0.24Kg and of 1.03% in the change of body composition respectively and then Total Body Water, Soft Lean Mass, Fat Free Mass is found to have a significant increase(P<.05) of 0.43ℓ of 0.96kg and of 0.33Kg in the change of body composition. Second. Weight, Waist-Hip Ratio, Body Mass Index, Percent Body Fat are found to have a significant decrease(P<.05) of 0.74Kg of 0.01% of 0.30Kg and of 0.91% in the change of body composition respectively and then Total Body Water, Soft Lean Mass, Fat Free Mass is found to have a significant increase(P<.05) of 0.78ℓ of 0.44kg and of 0.45Kg in the change of body composition. Third, Weight, Waist-Hip Ratio, Body Mass Index, Percent Body Fat are found to have a significant decrease(P<.05) of 0.54Kg of 0.03% of 0.57Kg and of 0.38% in the change of body composition respectively and then Total Body Water, Soft Lean Mass, Fat Free Mass is found to have a significant increase(P<.05) of 0.47Kg of 0.52Kg and of 0.36Kg in the change of body composition.

      • KCI등재후보

        방언 화자에 따른 중국어 모음 분석

        김원중,엄익상 한국중국언어문화연구회 2008 한중언어문화연구 Vol.- No.15

        The aim of this study is to investigate characteristics of Chinese vowels uttered by Korean regional dialect speakers. Ten Korean single vowels and six Chinese single vowels, are uttered two times by twenty- five University students from five areas: SeoulㆍGyeonggi, Chungcheong, Gangwon, Jeolla, Gyeongsang. Formant frequencies are measured from sound spectrograms made by the Praat and PC Quirer. We will examine the differences of the first and the second formants between the Chinese single vowels and the Korean ones.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        폴리아닐린-DBSA/폴리스타이렌 블렌드의 전하 이동 현상

        김원중,김태영,고정우,김윤상,박창모,서광석 대한전기학회 2004 전기학회논문지C Vol.53 No.6(C)

        Charge transport phenomena of polyaniline-DBSA/High Impact Polystyrene (PANI-DBSA/HIPS) blends have been studied through an examination of electrical conduction. HIPS used host polymer in the blends and PANI-DBSA obey a space charge limited conduction mechanism and a ohmic conduction mechanism respectively. However, PANI-DBSA/HIPS blends do not obey any classical conduction mechanism. Analysis of conduction mechanism revealed that the charging current of PANI-DBSA/HIPS blends increased with the increase of PANI-DBSA content. This result might be explained by the reduction in the distance between PANI-DBSA particles enabling the charge carriers to migrate from a chain to a neighboring chain via hopping or micro tunneling. It was also found that the charging current of PANI-DBSA/HIPS blends decreased as the temperature was elevated, which is of typical phenomena in metals. It is speculated that the charge transport in PANI-DBSA particle was somewhat constrained due to strong phonon scattering

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