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      • KCI등재

        김정은 통치의 현황과 딜레마

        김영수(KIM Young Soo)(金英秀) 신아시아연구소(구 신아세아질서연구회) 2018 신아세아 Vol.25 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        한반도의 안보환경이 급변하는 상황 속에서 ‘북한’의 현황을 정확하게 파악하는 일이 무엇보다 중요하다. 안보환경의 게임 체인저로 등장한 북한내부 상황을 모르면 눈앞에서 벌어지는 일들을 제대로 설명하기 어렵고, 미래를 예상하기도 힘들게 된다. 평창 올림픽 분위기를 활용하여 벌이는 김정은 외교의 셈법은 어떤 전략에서 나오는 것인지? 핵무력 국가를 목표로 핵실험 및 장거리 미사일 발사의 성공을 선전하는 김정은 카드는 정말 유효한 카드인지? 대북 제재가 북한 내부에 미치고 있는 영향력은 어느 정도로 확산되고 있는지? 공포의 정치를 펼쳐 확보한 김정은 통치기반의 안정성은 어느 정도인지? 시장의 확산과 정보화의 빠른 진행으로 예전 같지 않은 북한사회는 어떤 경로를 걷게 될 것인지, 당과 지도자에 복종하면서도 자기가 살 길을 별도로 챙기는 북한 간부층의 이중성이 체제변화의 동력으로 이어질 것인지 등의 질문이 김정은 통치와 함께 끊임없이 제기되고 있다. 이 글에서는 이런 문제를 짚기 위해 북한정치의 현황을 파악하고자 한다. 특히 김정은 통치의 현주소를 진단하고, 김정은 통치 구상과 플랜을 분석하고자 한다. 그리고 우리가 어떤 대응방안을 모색하고 실천해야 하는지를 제시하고자 한다. As the prospect of an inter-Korean summit in April has increased after the Pyeongchang Olympics, discussion of a possible US-North Korea summit in May has begun as well. Consequently, the future of the security environment on the Korean Peninsula is becoming a pressing matter. Does the willingness to engage in summit-level discussions indicate internal turmoil in North Korea or is it a reflection of Kim Jong Un’s diplomatic policy shift? Historically, North Korean elites have used external enemies to strengthen and solidify the regime’s power. If North Korea is serious about engaging the US, how will it rationalize this sudden shift to its citizens? In light of this change, we must scrutinize Kim’s underlying strategy. What is his next move? How will it impact the inter-Korean relationship as well as US-North Korea dynamics? To address these issues, we need to accurately assess North Korean politics and society. Only then can we formulate and prioritize options and strategize about a viable future relationship with North Korea.

      • KCI등재

        우적가 배경설화에 나타난 시험과 오도의 양상

        김영수(Kim Young-Soo) 비교민속학회 2003 비교민속학 Vol.25 No.-

        While we read the old documentary records, what we should be careful about is that we should approach and analyze the real material through doubt if it has a non-logical structure. And we should avoid the way of blind following and accepting to the opinion that pre-researchers has given. Why I had interest in the myth of U-Juck-Ga(遇賊歌 : The song made by a monk 〈named Young-jae〉 of Sin-ra dynasty. Its title means the song when he met sixty bandits) was the point that the bandits reward giving the property. And at once they were very impressed after listening to the one song, and as soon as they listened to the song they turned into the buddhist. So it describes a happening like a miracle. So I think that we can't explain the identity of bandits and the meaning of song without solving this kind of strange and non-logical meaning. The background myth of U-Juck-Ga has the structure of the personal seeking after truth of monk named Young-jae(永才). The entering to mountain of the monk Young-jae has not the meaning of small hiding(小隱 : To hide somewhere like a mountain for seeking after truth 〈accompanying not so much pain or hardship〉)or big hiding(大隱 : To hide somewhere like a mountain for seeking after truth 〈accompanying very much pain or hardship〉) but almost like the meaning of being scattered hiding(散隱 : To hide like a person who doesn't exist for seeking the truth 〈accompanying extreme pain and hardship〉) as the classical scholar Huh-am(虛庵 : The title of Jung-hi-ryang〈鄭希良〉, one classical scholar of Cho-sun dynasty) appointed. We should regard him as not the monk who had fame and sang a song very well but the monk who tried to turn to buddha with his 90-year-old body. The fact that the monk Young-jae was quite good at making the Hyang-Ga(鄕歌 : a poem and song especially thrived in the period of unified Sin-ra dynasty) is just a little detail of describing about him. And we should regard that the bandits already knew the name of the monk as that the fame of the monk was already well-known to bandits. The reason why they let him to make the Hyang-ga is not because of his good talent to make it. That he was quite good at making Hyang-ga means that he had not only very high virtue but also had a good talent to persuade someone when he made Hyang-ga. As it were, it is not just a simple song but a song which is quite easy to be understood about the doctrine of buddhism. If the bandits let the 90-year-old monk sing a song just because he is good at singing a song, then it is just the behavior of making fun of him, and the fact that the bandits turned into the buddhist through the monk Young-jae can't not but to have a big contradiction. The identity of the bandits might reflect the hard time of that period, and also can be his spiritual enemy for testing his body and soul. As the U-Juck-Ga has the meaning of reflecting oneself on passed days, for the wandering bandits who had no fame the monk Young-jae could be the changed people of buddha. and In the aspect of Young-jae himself the identity of the bandits could be the changed people for testing his body and soul.

      • KCI등재

        Verilog-2001 파서의 설계와 구현

        김영수,김태석,김상필,조한진,Kim, Young-Soo,Kim, Tae-suk,Kim, Sang-pil,Cho, Han-jin 한국정보처리학회 2003 정보처리학회논문지 A Vol.10 No.3

        본 논문에서는 IEEE Verilog 1364-2001 표준을 지원하는 Verilog-2001 파서를 개발하였다. 개발된 파서의 어휘 분석 및 구문 분석기는 Verilog-2001을 지원할 수 있도록 개발되었으며 Verilog-2001 테스트 슈트(test suite)를 개발하여 검증하였다. XML 중간형식을 설계하여 사용함으로써 Verilog시맨틱 조작의 응용에 적합하게 설계되었으며 기존의 구조 수준의 파서의 단점을 극복하기 위하여 문맥 정보의 처리가 가능하도록 개발되었다. The Verilog parser libary for IEEE Verilog 1364-2001 Standard is developed in the paper. The lexer and scanner are developed and tested to handle "Yerilog-2001" which is the first major update to the Verilog language since its inception in 1984. Also the newly developed XML intermediate format for Verilog-2001 is presented. By using the XML intermediate, it allows the portable and scalable development of various kinds of verilog applications that are mainly focused on semantic manipulation.ipulation.

      • KCI등재

        천문우주 분야의 2004~05년도 과제 현황분석

        김영수,김선우,성현일,김병수,박정한,Kim, Young-Soo,Kim, Sun-Woo,Sung, Hyun-Il,Kim, Byoung-Soo,Park, Jung-Han 한국천문학회 2007 天文學論叢 Vol.22 No.4

        Many departments in the governmental organization including Ministry of Science & Technology (MOST) allocate some of their budget into research and development in astronomy and space science. We identify the research projects related to astronomy and space science that were funded by the government during fiscal years 2004-2005. Then the distribution of budgets of those projects is analyzed according to several classification schemes and characteristics in order to find out the status and trends of the investment in this field. Five departments had conducted more than 190 projects related to astronomy and space science, which accounted for 7.3% of the government R&D budget in space and aeronautics area. As for most fields of basic science, MOST and Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development invested the most of budget in astronomy related projects. We briefly discuss the implications of this study.

      • KCI등재후보

        노인의 신체활동에 따른 심리적 요인에 관한 연구

        김영수(Young Soo Kim) 한국사회체육학회 2002 한국사회체육학회지 Vol.17 No.-

        The purpose of this study was to analyze a relationship between physical activity participation and psychological factors in elderly. Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem of the survey includes 497 male and female(male : 169, female : 328) over 65 years old and Loneliness, Depression and Self-Efficacy of the survey includes 424 male and female(male : 213, female : 211) over 65 years old in Seoul and Kyonggi areas. The survey methods of this research are the Affetometer-Ⅱ Life Satisfaction questionnaire(40 item) by Kammann & Flett(1983) translated by Hong, Gil-Dong(1995) and the Self-Esteem Scale(10 item) by Rosenberg(1965) translated standardized by Kim, Gui-Bong(2000). Loneliness are the 5 Likert Scale modified the UCLA Loneliness Scale(10 item) by Won, Hyung-Joong(1984) and Depression Scale(20 item) by Zung and Durham(1965) translated standardized by Yook, Young-Sook(1994). The used statistical methods for the data analysis were analysis of covariance, multiple classification analysis. Trough such data analysis, this study obtained the results as follows : first, The elderly involved the physical activities felt higher Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem than the elderly did not. second, The elderly involved the physical activities felt less Loneliness and Depression than the elderly did not.

      • KCI등재

        노인의 지속적인 신체활동이 고독감 , 우울에 미치는 영향

        김귀봉(Gui Bong Kim),김영수(Young Soo Kim),박주영(Joo Young Park) 한국체육교육학회 2002 한국체육교육학회지 Vol.6 No.2

        The purpose of the study was to explore the effects of regular exercise on negative emotion such as loneliness and depression present the evidence that regular exercise can prevent and delay aging. The subjects of the study consisted of 21 old adults(male:l1, female:10) over 60 years in Seoul and Kyunggi-do areas. The survey methods of this research are the 5 Likert Scale modified the UCLA Loneliness Scale(10 item) by Won, Hyung-Joong(1984) and the Self-rating Depression Scale(20 item) by Zung and Durham(1965) translated standardized by Yook, Young-Sook(1994). The used statistical methods for the data analysis were mean, SD, relative frequency, two-way ANOVA analysis. The results obtained by the appropriate analytic processes were followed. First, in loneliness as sex and regular exercise, male were higher in post-exercise(M=3.79) than pre-exercise(M=3.47) Meanwhile, females were lower in post-exercise(M=3.53) than in pre-exercise(M=3.60). Second, in loneliness as age and regular exercise, the old adults below 65 years reported a higher score in post-exercise(M=3.84) than in pre-exercise(M=3.79). Likewise, the old adults over 66 years reported a higher score in post-exercise(M=3.49) than in pre-exercise(M=3.31). Third, in the case of depression, males showed a lower score in post-exercise(M=1.34) than in pre-exercise(M=1.71). For females the depression scores in pre-exercise(M=1.94) were higher than those in post-exercise(M=1.55). Fourth, in the case of the old adults below 65 years, depression was higher in pre-exercise(M=1.69) than in post-exercise(M=1.36). Likewise, the old adults over 66 years showed a higher score in pre-exercise(M=1.95) than in post-exercise(M=1.53).

      • KCI우수등재

        지진에 따른 지하공동의 붕괴로 인한 지표면 함몰에 대한 확률론적 연구

        김영수,이진,Kim, Young Soo,Lee, Chin 대한토목학회 1993 대한토목학회논문집 Vol.13 No.4

        This study is related to the surface subsidence due to the collapse of a underground void during earthquakes. The amount of the settlement due to the collapse of a underground void will depend on the depth of the void, the initial condition of unit weight of sand, the size and type of foundation, the strength of earthquake, the size of a void, etc. The purpose of the paper is to estimate the amount of the subsidence, analyse the factors affecting the subsidence, and develop a program determining the probability of the damages to structures in terms of absolute and differential settlement and rotational settlement. On the base of the results obtained in this study, when the depth of a void is constant and the width of the void increases, the change of the subsidence factor due to the angle of internal friction and the actual effective factor of the void become smaller than that due to the unit weight of sand deposits. In the same condition, the probabilities of damages due to the absolute and differential settlement increase, and those due to the rotational settlement decrease. 이 연구는 지진시 지하공동의 붕괴로 인한 지표면 함몰에 관련된다. 지하공동의 붕괴로 인한 침하량은 공동의 깊이, 모래의 단위중량, 기초의 크기와 형태, 지진강도 그리고 공동의 크기에 따라 달라진다. 본 연구에서는 함몰의 정도의 추정, 함몰에 영향을 미치는 요소의 해석, 그리고 절대침하와 부등침하 그리고 회전성침하로 인한 구조물 손상에 대한 확률을 계산하는 프로그램을 개발하였다. 본 연구의 얻어진 결과에서 공동의 깊이가 일정하고 폭이 증가함에 따라 파괴면의 각과 공동의 유효계수는 모래의 단위중량보다 침하계수에 영향을 적게 미쳤다. 그리고 같은 조건에서 절대침하와 부등침하에 대한 구조물의 손상확률은 증가하였고 회전성침하에 대한 손상확률은 감소하였다.

      • KCI등재

        보안서버시스템의 폭주서비스 감내를 위한 퍼즐 모델 및 응용

        김영수,서정석,Kim Young Soo,Suh Jung Seok 한국정보통신학회 2004 한국정보통신학회논문지 Vol.8 No.7

        오늘날 상용화되어 운영되고 있는 보안서버시스템은 기밀성과 무결성 그리고 가용성과 같은 보안성을 보장하는 반면 서비스 거부 공격에는 취약한 특성을 가지고 있다. 특히 공개키 기반 암호화 기법을 사용하는 인증시스템은 암ㆍ복호화 속도가 느리기 때문에 인증요청의 폭주로 인해서 서비스가 중단되는 위험에 노출되어 있다. 따라서 서비스 거부공격을 억제하고 합법적인 사용자에게 최대한의 보안성과 가용성을 제공할 수 있는 시스템의 능력이 요구된다. 이의 해결책으로 퍼즐 프로토콜을 수용한 인증모델을 제안하고 검증하였다. 제안 모델은 인증의 점진적인 강화 기법을 사용해서 급속하게 증가하고 있는 서비스거부공격을 억제하고 서비스의 지속성을 보장함으로써 보안서버시스템의 신뢰성을 높여 줄 수 있을 것으로 기대된다. Today's Commercial security server system which provide secrecy, integrity and availability may still be vulnerable to denial-of-service attacks. Authentication system whith use a public key cryptography and process RSA encryption is relatively slow and the slowness has become a major security threat specifically in service flooding attacks caused by authentication requests. The service flooding attacks render the server incapable of providing its service to legitimitive clients. Therefore the importance of implementing systems that prevent denial of service attacks and provide service to legitimitive users cannot be overemphasized. In this paper, we propose a puzzle protocol which applies to authentication model. our gradually strengthening authentication model improves the availability and continuity of services and prevent denial of service attacks and we implement flooding of service tolerance system to verify the efficiency of our model. This system is expected to be ensure in the promotion of reliability.

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