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이 연구는 MCU의 보편적 세계관을 기하학의 관점으로 해석하고 서사적 요소를 수학적 상상력으로 스토리텔링 하는 데 목적이 있다. 스토리텔링을 위해 2016년부터 2019년까지 방영된 페이즈3 시리즈 자료를 활용하였다. 페이즈3 시리즈는 기하학 이론과 미래기술에 대한 다양한 예측을 바탕으로 서사와 이미지에 나타난 실재감이 대중의 상상력을 자극한다. 상상력은 경험하지 않은 것에 대해 다양하고 독창적인 사고를 이루는 원동력이며 혼란 속에서 질서를 찾고 물질에 대해 새로운 인식을 창조하는 능력이다. 예술 활동뿐만 아니라 논리와 합리성이 중시되는 과학 분야에도 상상하는 힘이 매우 필요하다. 바슐라르 상상력은 인간의 원초적 영역인 예술을 지향하고 자연과 만물의 경이로움을 향한 진정함과 열정을 담고 있다. 기하학적 논리와 상상력에 의한 이미지적 몽상으로 MCU의 세계관과 슈퍼히어로 서사를 탐구하면 영화에 나타난 우주적 메시지와 법칙을 이해할 수 있다. 예술과 학문의 융합적 관점에서 MCU 영상 제작에 활용된 수학과 과학적 상상력을 바탕으로 한 다양하고 독창적인 기법은 영상분석의 질을 높이는 데 도움이 될 것이다. The purpose of this study is to interpret the MCU's universal worldview from the perspective of geometry and to storytell narrative elements with mathematical imagination. For storytelling, data from the Phase 3 series aired from 2016 to 2019 was used. The Phase 3 series stimulates the imagination of the public with the sense of reality shown in the narrative and images based on geometrical theory and various predictions about future technology. Imagination is the driving force for diverse and original thinking about the unexperienced, and the ability to find order in chaos and create new perceptions of matter. The power of imagination is very necessary not only in artistic activities, but also in the scientific field where logic and rationality are important. Bachelard's imagination aims for art, the primitive realm of human beings, and contains sincerity and passion for the wonders of nature and all things. By exploring the MCU's worldview and superhero narrative through geometrical logic and imagination-driven imagery, you can understand the cosmic messages and laws in the film. From a convergence point of view of art and science, various and original techniques based on mathematics and scientific imagination used in MCU video production will help to improve the quality of video analysis.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
The purpose of this paper is to study on the generated process of the tense morpheme ‘-었-(-ət-)’ in the 15-16th century. At the same time, I checked reaction of conjugated forms that contain the ‘-었-(-ət-)’. ‘-었-(-ət-)’ is said to follow a process of ‘-어#잇-(-ə#it-)>-엣-(-əjt-)>-었-(-ət-)’. In this process, a ‘이(i)’ vowel string constraint and a semi-vowel j deletion occur, and a morphological reanalysis happens continuously. But the semi-vowel j deletion isn't the leading phenomenon of those days. This shows that new change occurs regardless of the leading phonological phenomenon, when a certain grammatical motive is allowed. Also, this shows that new change happens within a regulation of a paradigm.(Dong-A University)
The purpose of this paper is to examine the concept and nature of life and suggests Christian view of it. In order to discuss of life, this paper starts with human life. Human life exists by interrelating with body(an appearing order; physical) and soul(a hiding order; spiritual). Without one of these, man cannot take life, thereby cannot live. Through this point, we can recognize that ‘living’ or ‘aliveness’ is the key concept for the nature of life. Life cannot be considered apart from ‘living’. Christianity defines life as ‘living’ because it comes from God. Living with God means living related with God. It also is connected with eternal life. Energy(called as ‘Ki’ in oriental mind) can be defined as an another concept of life. Because energy can explain the relation of body and soul, and unify an appearing order(physical) and a hiding order(spiritual) at the same time. Understanding life as energy can be a good vehicle to understand ‘relation’ as an essence of life because energy is a kind of life power that is beyond body and spirit, and penetrates them. The concept of life as ‘living’ and ‘energy’ shows that the nature of life can be expressed as relation. It is very important to understand the nature of life as relation in this paper. All things(life) in the world are connected one another. Life consisted with individual life and co-life which is penetrated each other, therefore in my co-life you are included and I am included in your co-life. In this point of view, the structure of life seems to be an universal life(global life). Life is continuity of relation so that all life have to take the relation. If life doesn`t take the relation, it cannot be existed. Therefore to die is not to take the relation, and to live is to take the relation. The term “perichoresis” which expressing well the nature of Trinity can help to understand life as relation. It suggests self-emptiness for accepting the other and self-exist through giving them each other. From this principle of perichoresis God is not three but one. This nature of God consists God`s trinity. In God`s inner trinitarian movement love acts vigorously. This love action becomes the base of life. Therefore Life is produced by love meaning the relation of trinitarian God`s self giving. Love and life is not separated. Life and love are closely related and mutually define each other: Love is the interrelatedness of life, and life is the dynamism of love. From the aspect of love and life in God, we can see that God is life and love, also is the Being consisted in interrelationship. Christianity sees God as life. Life that Christianity seeking is (divine and eternal life as God`s spirit). This life can get through having relation with God. The attitude for this life can be defined as ‘reverence’. Christian life view defined by ‘relation’ and ‘reverence’ asks the following points; 1) we need community spirit in fact that all things are one life connecting each other. 2) Life value must be much more emphasized than economic value. 3) The subject of movement of life have to be all things including human. 4) The stewardship has to be strengthen. 5) Christian discussion of life ought to be considered in the frame of nature intimacy.
The speaking is a complex intellectual faculty which a speaker and listener performs to exchange information. For such reason, the achievement of the speaking faculty belongs to a basic target that the Korean language education curriculum seek. The purpose of this paper is to analyze a system of the speaking educational contents in the revised (2007) Korean language education curriculum from an connectivity point of view. Through this analysis, I knew that the horizontal connectivity of non-graded educational contents wasn`t revealed in its concretely. But the vertical connectivity of graded educational contents was revealed in its properly. If We can allow for the connectivity of educational contents this paper proposed, I think new, systematic textbooks come on in future. 이 글의 목적은 개정 교육과정을 바탕으로 한 국어과 말하기 영역의 내용 체계를 분석하는 것이다. 2007년 개정 교육과정은 이전 교육과정이 가지는 몇 가지 문제점을 해결하기 위하여 이루어진 것이다. 내용 체계의 연계성 확보 또한 개정의 중요한 이유이기도 하다. 이 글에서는 개정 교육과정 해설서와 기존 교과서를 중심으로 성취 기준(학습 목표)와 내용 요소(활동) 간의 연계성을 분석하였다. 본고에서 사용하는 ‘연계성’은 내용이 가지는 ‘수평적 연계성’과 ‘수직적 계속성’을 의미하며, 학습자의 발달 단계를 고려한 개념으로 내용 체계의 효율성을 측정하는 중요한 도구로 이해한다. 교육 내용의 분석 결과 학년별 수평적 연계성은 소극적으로 반영되어 있었으며, 학년 간 수직적 계속성은 비교적 폭넓게 반영되어 있음을 확인할 수 있었다.
Objectives: The present study was carried out to identify the effects of commercially available fermented milk on the surfaces of composite resins. Methods: The experiment included 6 groups: Fermented milk (Group 3), fermented milk supplemented with 3% calcium (Group 4), specimens coated with fluoride and then treated with fermented milk (Group 5), specimens coated with fluoride and then treated with fermented milk supplemented with calcium (Group 6), mineral water (Group 1), and carbonated beverage (Group 2). The prepared specimens were immersed in the experimental solution to analyze the effects of the test fluid on the surfaces of the composite resin specimens. The degree of microhardness on each specimen surface was subsequently measured. The results were obtained using scanning electron microscopy. Results: The pH values of the experimental solutions in an increasing order were: Group 2 (2.34 ±0.08), Group 3 and Group 5 (3.45±0.03), Group 4 and Group 6 (4.04±0.06), and Group 1 (7.72 ±0.17). Significant differences in the Vickers hardness number (△VHN) were found between the groups when measured before and after immersion in the experimental solution in the following order: -11.48±1.45 (Group 2), -9.54±1.15 (Group 3), -9.21±1.21 (Group 4), -8.14±0.84 (Group 6), -8.10±0.92 (Group 5), and -1.71±0.57 (Group 1) (P<0.05). Scanning electron microscopy findings of the composite resin surfaces in Groups 5 and 6 revealed smooth surfaces similar to those in Group 1 (negative control). In contrast, Groups 3 and 4 showed rough surfaces with severe cracks between the crystals, similar to those of Group 2 (positive control). Conclusions: The intake of fermented milk may attenuate the surface microhardness of composite resins. To slow down the reduction in microhardness following fermented milk consumption, coating the composite resin surfaces with fluoride and adding calcium supplement to the fermented milk could be considered.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
The continuity means identical or related contents between each textbook. In Korean grammar textbooks, Korean knowledge area contains many difficult concepts and contents. Therefore, Korean knowledge education in the elementary and middle school must secure strong continuity. This theme aims to study on the continuity of Korean knowledge education in the elementary and middle school.<BR> To achieve this goal, I analysed Korean knowledge areas in Korean language textbook of the elementary and middle school. As the result of this study shows, each textbooks prove to be problematic due to non-continuity. To resolve this problem, I presented two solutions.