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      • KCI등재

        Monte Carlo Calculation of Thermal Neutron Flux Distribution for (n, v) Reaction in Calandria

        김순영,김종경,김교윤,Kim, Soon-Young,Kim, Jong-Kyung,Kim, Kyo-Youn Korean Association for Radiation Protection 1994 방사선방어학회지 Vol.19 No.1

        The MCNP 4.2 code was used to calculate the thermal neutron flux distributions for $(n,\;{\gamma})$reaction in mainshell, annular plate, and subshell of the calandria of a CANDU 6 plant during operation. The thermal neutron flux distributions in calandria mainshell, annular plate, and subshell were in the range of $10^{11}{\sim}10^{13}\;neutrons/cm^2-sec$ which is somewhat higher than the previous estimates calculated by DOT 4.2 code. As an application to shielding analysis, photon dose rates outside the side and bottom shields were calculated. The resulting dose rates at the reactor accessible areas were below design target, $6 {\mu}Sv/h$. The methodology used in this study to evaluate the thermal neutron flux distribution for $(n,\;{\gamma})reaction$ can be applied to radiation shielding analysis of CANDU 6 type plants. CANDU 6 중수형 원자로 운전중에 Calandria Shell내에서 발생하는 $(n,\;{\gamma})$ 반응유발 열중성자속분포와 CANDU 6 발전소의 측면 및 하단 차폐구조에서의 방사선 선량률을 계산하기 위하여 몬테칼로 방법을 이용한 MCNP 4.2 코드를 사용하였다. 계산결과, Mainshell, Annular Plate와 Subshell내 의 열중성자속분포는 $10^{11}{\sim}10^{13}\;neutrons/cm^2-sec$로 나타났고, 이는 DOT 4.2 코드의 계산결과와 비교해 볼 때 약간 큰 값들의 분포를 보여주고 있다. 이 계산결과의 응용으로서 작업자 접근가능지역 (Worker Accessible Areas)에서의 감마선량률을 계산해본 결과 설계목표치인 $6{\mu}Sv/h$보다 낮은 값을 주는 것으로 나타났다. $(n,\;{\gamma})$ 반응유발 열중성자속분포에 대한 MCNP 4.2 코드의 계산결과는 CANDU 6형 원자로의 방사선 차폐해석에 중요한 자료로 널리 이용될 수 있을 것이다.

      • KCI등재

        개항기 일본으로부터 수입된 직물 상품의 종류와 무역 특성 -면직물, 견직물, 모직물을 중심으로-

        김순영,Kim, Soon-Young 한국의류학회 2021 한국의류학회지 Vol.45 No.5

        This study examines the types of cotton, silk, and woollen products imported from Japan during the port-opening period and explores the characteristics of import trade related to these textile products. Data were obtained from the Japanese trade statistics published by the Japanese government between the late 19<sup>th</sup> and the early 20<sup>th</sup> centuries. Several key findings were made from these data. First, at least 24 types of cotton fabrics, 13 silk fabrics, and 16 woollen fabrics imported from Japan were identified. Several types of weaves that can be found in the present day were also identified. Second, the total import of textiles during the port-opening period made up 33.7% of the total imports from Japan, indicating that textiles were an important aspect of import trade with Japan. The value of textile imports from Japan tended to increase overall during this time. Cotton fabrics and silk fabrics showed a tendency to increase continuously, while woollen fabrics showed a trend of gradual increase over repeating periods of increase and decrease. It is apparent from examining the ratio of Japanese and foreign products that cotton fabrics, silk fabrics, and woollen fabrics show different characteristics.

      • KCI등재

        공공주택공사에서의 도급단가 리스크 규명에 관한 연구

        김순영,한충희,백태룡,김균태,이준복,Kim, Soon-Young,Han, Choong-Hee,Baek, Tae-Ryong,Kim, Kyoon-Tai,Lee, Jun-Bok 한국건설관리학회 2010 한국건설관리학회 논문집 Vol.11 No.2

        현재 턴키 대안입찰공사에서의 도급내역서 단가가 적정하게 책정되지 않고 있다. 그 사유는 각 입찰제도의 성격 및 그에 따른 단가책정 프로세스가 다르기 때문이며, 이러한 사유로 인하여 턴키 입찰에서는 총액을 맞추기 위한 단가가, 그리고 내역 입찰에서는 저가심의제를 통과하기 위한 단가가 도급내역서에 사용되고 있으면 그 단가는 각 공종별 적정단가라 할 수 없다. 그러나, 도급계약후에는 이러한 단가들이 각 입찰제도의 성격 및 그에 따른 단가책정 프로세스의 고려없이, 모두 도급기성, 설계변경, 물가변동 등 법적 기준단가로 사용되고 있으며, 또한, 저가하도급 판정 기준 및 실적공사단가로도 사용되고 있어 다른 제도에까지 영향을 주고 있는 실정이다. 이러한 시스템은 검증되지 않은 단가를 책정한 입찰자와 발주자에게 모두 리스크 상승요인으로 작용하고 있어, 본 연구에서 그 리스크인자를 규명하고 그 리스크의 정도를 파악하여 향후 그 리스크를 대비하고 관리할 수 있도록 하였다. Currently, the unit price of public construction projects are not being evaluated appropriately for several reasons. First, the evaluation of the unit price differ per nature of the bidding process and its estimation process. In fact, pricing is determined to meet the total price in turnkey projects and to pass the low bid price deliberation process in unit price projects, and thus, such prices cannot be said to be reasonable prices per public project. After the contract is awarded, however, the prices determined without taking into consideration the characteristic of each bidding process and price estimate process are used for the valuation of progress payment, design changes, and escalation. Furthermore, this is also being applied to other low bid deliberation process as actual public project unit price, thereby affecting other processes as well. In effect, this system increases the risks for both the owner and the bidder who have determined the unit price. This research examines the risk factor and its extent in order to properly manage it in preparation for the future.

      • KCI등재

        전부주조금관 치경부 변연의 형태가 치경부 변연적합에 미치는 영향

        김순영,이석현,조광헌,Kim, Soon Young,Lee, Seok Hyeon,Jo, Kwang Hun 대한치과보철학회 1990 대한치과보철학회지 Vol.28 No.2

        The purpose of the study was to correlate margin design(chamfer, shoulder, shoulder with a $45^{\circ}$ bevel. with the seating and sealing of cemented full cast crowns under standardized simulated clinical conditions. Wax patterns were made with milled stainless-steel dies and rings, and were invested, burnt out, and cast. The full cast crowns were comented on individual resin dies, and a gradually diminishing load(45kg to 25kg. was applied over a 10-minute period. The specimens were sectioned centrally with a low speed diamond saw and examined with light microscope. The results were as follows : 1. Chamfer preparations demonstrated it was the best marginal seal, followed in order by the shoulder with a $45^{\circ}$ bevel, and by the shoulder(p<.05). 2. Chamfer preparations demonstrated it was the best occlusal seating, followed in order by the shoulder, and by the shoulder with a $45^{\circ}$ bevel(p<.05). 현재 임상에서 사용되고 있는 니켈-크롬합금(Washiloy Soft, Kamemizu Chemical Inc. Ltd., Japan)을 이용하여 Chamfer, shoulder, shoulder with a $45^{\circ}$ bevel의 각 치경부 변연의 형태에 따른 시멘트층 피막후경을 교합면 및 치경부에서 측정, 비교하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 금관의 교합면 장착정도는 chamfer가 가장 우수하고, 다음으로는 shoulder, shoulder with a $45^{\circ}$ bevel의 순이며, 이들 간에는 유의성 있는 차이를 나타내었다(p<.05). 금관의 치경부 적합도는 chamfer가 가장 우수하고, 다음으로 shoulder with a $45^{\circ}$ vevel, shoulder의 순이며, 이들 간에는 유의성 있는 차이를 나타내었다(p<.05).

      • 2,3,5-Triiodobenzoic Acid as an Inhibitor of Ethylene Forming Enzyme in Mung Bean Hypocotyls

        김순영,강빈구,Kim, Soon-Young,Kang, Bin-G. Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biol 1987 한국생화학회지 Vol.20 No.2

        오옥신 전달억제물질로 알려진 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA)는 황화녹두 하배축 조직에서 오옥신유도 에틸렌 생성을 억제하였으며, 이러한 억제는 오옥신 전달억제와는 관련이 없다는 것을 알게되었다. 이 억제물질은 에틸렌 바로 전단계 중간대사물인 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid(ACC)에 의한 에틸렌 생성도 비슷한 양상으로 억제 시켰으며 또 조직에서 ACC의 축적을 증가시켰다. 이러한 사실은 TIBA가 ACC에서 에틸렌으로 전환되는 과정을 특정하게 억제한다는 것을 시사하고 있다. TIBA 가 free radical scavenger로서 작용할 가능성은 luminol chemiluminescene의 실험 결과 배제되었다. Mercaptoethanol을 이용한 실험결과는 TIBA가 ethylene forming enzyme에 sulfhydryl 억제제로 작용한다는 가능성을 뒷받침 하고있다. Auxin-induced ethylene production in hypocotyl segments of etiolated mung bean seedlings was severely inhibited by 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA), a potent inhibitor of auxin transport. However. the inhibition of ethylene biosynthesis by the transport inhibitor was found to be unrelated to an obvious impairment of the auxin transport system. The inhibitor also suppressed ethylene production from segments fed with 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC). the immediate precursor of ethylene. TIBA treatment also led to a substantial accumulation of ACC in the tissue incubated with either auxin or ACC. These findings suggest that TIBA inhibits ethylene production by specifically blocking the conversion of ACC to ethylene. The possibility of TIBA acting as a free radical scavenger was ruled out by the lack of TIBA effect on chemiluminescence in a luminol-based system in vitro. Results obtained from experiments with mercaptoethanol suggest that TIBA may act as a sulfhydryl inhibitor on "ethylene forming enzyme (EFE)", the enzyme catalyzing the formation of ethylene from the penultimate precursor, ACC.

      • KCI등재

        모수와 비모수 모형을 활용한 사망률 예측 비교 연구

        김순영,오진호,Kim, Soon-Young,Oh, Jinho 한국통계학회 2017 응용통계연구 Vol.30 No.5

        급속한 고령화로 인하여 미래의 인구와 인구구조에 관해 사회와 정부의 관심이 증가하고 있으며 우리나라의 사망률은 감소하고 있으나 감소폭은 변동적이다. 본 연구에서는 이를 고려할 수 있는 모형을 살펴보고자 LC 모형, LM 모형, BMS 모형 그리고 비모수평활 기법이 적용된 FDM과 Coherent FDM을 비교 분석하여 연령별 사망률과 기대수명 예측의 정확성 측면에서 남녀 사망률 개선 추이를 예측하는데 적합한 모형을 살펴보았다. 또한 우리나라 사망률 예측에 비모수 기법의 활용 가능성을 검토하였다. 분석 결과 최근 자료의 추세를 잘 반영하는 비모수기법을 활용한 인구통계모델인 FDM과 Coherent FDM의 예측력이 우수함을 알 수 있었다. 결과적으로 FDM과 Coherent FDM은 적합이 뛰어나고, 미래에 변화가 크지 않다면 예측력 또한 우수하다 볼 수 있을 것이다. The interest of Korean society and government on future demographic structures is increasing due to rapid aging. Korea's mortality rate is decreasing, but the declined gap is variable. In this study, we compare the Lee-Carter, Lee-Miller, Booth-Maindonald-Smith model and functional data model (FDM) as well as Coherent FDM using non-parametric smoothing technique. We are then examine a reasonable model for projecting on mortality declined rate trend in terms of accuracy of mortality rate by ages and life expectancy. The possibility of using non-parametric techniques for the prediction of mortality in Korea was also examined. Based on the analysis results, FDM and Coherent FDM, which uses the non-parametric technique and reflects the trend of recent data, are excellent. As a result, FDM and Coherent FDM are good fit, and predictability is also excellent assuming no significant future changes.

      • KCI등재

        원도급자 측면에서의 저가하도급 판정기준의 문제점과 개선방안

        김순영,한충희,백태룡,김균태,이준복,Kim, Soon-Young,Han, Choong-Hee,Baek, Tae-Ryong,Kim, Kyoon-Tai,Lee, Jun-Bok 한국건설관리학회 2009 한국건설관리학회 논문집 Vol.10 No.6

        1983년 제정되어 찬반논란이 계속되고 있었던 저가하도급심사제도는 2004년 12월 건설산업기본법이 개정되고, 2005년 6월 동법시행령과 시행규칙을 개정함으로써 공공발주자에게는 의부사항이 되었으며, 최근 개정된 법령에서는 하도급계획서 제출을 강화하고 하도급공사정보망을 구축하는 등 저가하도급에 대한 관리가 강화되었다. 이 제도의 당초 도입취지는 저가하도급 여부를 사전에 심사함으로써, 저가하도급으로 인한 부실시공을 방지하고, 공정거래질서의 교란을 방지하는 것이었다. 그러나, 현행 저가하도급 판정기준에는 몇가지 문제점이 있어 그 도입취지대로 역할을 수행하는데 한계가 많은 실정이다. 본 논문은 현행 저가하도급 여부를 판단하는 기준으로 사용되는 원도급계약단가와 금액, 하도급낙찰률, 그리고 저가하도급 판단기준율에 대한 문제점을 고찰하고 그 분석 검토결과를 바탕으로 하여 개선방안을 제시함으로써, 저가하도급심사제도의 당초 도입취지를 살리는 데 기여하고자 한다. As the Fundamentals of Construction Business Act was revised in December 2004 and its implementing ordinances and enforcement regulations were adjusted in June 2005, the screening system of low price subcontracting has been an obligation to the public owners, having brought about arguments for and against since it enacted in 1983. The statutes for low price subcontracting have been reinforced from this year; for example, it underlines to submit to a project and builds an information network of subcontracting works. The system's original intention was that prevents shoddy and fraudulent constructions caused by low price subcontracting and precludes disturbances of fair trade by screening that whether it satisfies the conditions or not in advance. But, the criterion for the existing low price subcontracting has several issues having held up a true mirror to the real situation. It is arguable to discharge an important task with the primary purpose. This dissertation have researched the problem with a deposit of subcontract and the low price subcontracting basic rate are being used by the criteria for deciding whether it is a low price subcontracting or not, so showing the plan of reformation based on the findings, it wishes to contribute toward making the most of the system's essential intent.

      • 재가 뇌졸중 환자의 일상활동 수행능력, 우울, 자기효능감 및 삶의 질과의 관계

        조복희(Cho Bok Hee),고미혜(Ko Mi Hye),김순영(Kim Soon Young) 한국재활간호학회 2003 재활간호학회지 Vol.6 No.1

        This study was a descriptive research in search of a nursing intervention scheme to improve stroke patients' quality of life by understanding the relationship of stroke patients' ADL. depression, self-efficacy and quality of life with various variables and identifying factors that affect their quality of life.<br/> Each subject was interviewed one to one based on a structured questionnaire. With regard to research tools, Modified Barthel Index (MBI: Fortinsky et al., 1981), which was translated by Choi, Hye-sook (996), was used in measuring ADL, Randloff's (1977) tool. which was translated by Choi, Soon-hee, was used in measuring depression, and the tool developed by Sherer et al. (1982), which is to measures self-efficacy under general conditions not limited to specific conditions, and modified by O, Bok-ja (1994) was used in measuring self-efficacy. The quality of life was measured using the scale of satisfaction of life developed by Diener et al.(1985).<br/> <br/> The results of this study were as follows:<br/> 1. The means of ADL of the subjects was 79.5±31.9, depression 26.8±10.4. self-efficacy 47.1±25.7, and the quality of life 12.3±4.9.<br/> 2. The subjects' quality of life showed a statistically significant difference according to gender (t=7.9, p= .006), satisfaction with income (F= 5.8, p = .004), the burden of medical fee (F=3.7, p= .028) and the period of disease (F=2.8. p= .042).<br/> 3. With regard to relationship among ADL, depression, self-efficacy and the quality of life, ADL was in a relatively low positive correlation (r= .293, p= .003) with and the quality of life, depression in a high negative correlation (r=- .634. p= .000) with the quality of life. and self-efficacy in a positive correlation with the quality of life (r= .388. p= .000).<br/> 4. Factors that made a significant influence on the quality of life were depression (8=- .309. p= .001) and satisfaction with income (8=-2.611. p= .001).<br/> Based on these results, this study made following suggestions:<br/> 1. It is necessary to run rehabilitation programs to improve stroke patients' ADL, depression and self-efficacy.<br/> 2. It is necessary to perform research of monitoring stroke patients' quality of life in various areas using measuring tools.<br/> <br/> <br/>

      • KCI등재후보

        대전광역시와 충청남도의 13년간(2000-2012) 대장암 발생 추세

        김순영(Soon-Young Kim),권인선(In-Sun Kweon),김정아(Jung-A Kim),이태용(Tae-Yong Lee),남해성(Hae-Sung Nam) 한국농촌의학 지역보건학회 2015 농촌의학·지역보건 Vol.40 No.3

        대장암 발생에 관한 국내 역학연구는 매우 부족한 상황으로 국가단위 대장암 발생률의 추세는 보고되어 왔지만 광역 지역에서의 추세 연구는 미흡한 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 대전과 충남의 대장암 발생률 추세를 결장암과 직장암으로 구분하여 기술하고자 한다. 2000-2012년도 기간 동안 해당 지역암등록 자료를 이용하여 세계표준인구를 기준으로 연령표준화 대장암 발생률을 산출하였다. 발생률 추세는 Joinpoint Regression Program으로 분석하여 연평균 변화율(Average Annual Percent Change, AAPC)로 나타내었다. 연구 대상 암등록자료의 질적 수준 평가에서 충실도 지표(MI%)와 타당도 지표(DCO%, MV%, PSU%, AUK%)는 암발생률의 추세를 기술하기에 전반적으로 적정한 수준이었다. 13년 동안 연령표준화 대장암 발생률은 남성과 여성 모두 지속적으로 증가하였다. 대전지역에서 남성의 경우 2000년 10만 명당 37.2건에서 2012년 51.7건으로 연평균 3.9%(AAPC) 증가하였고, 여성의 경우 2000년 10만 명당 17.1건에서 2012년 28.4건으로 연평균 3.9% 증가하였다. 충남지역에서 남성의 경우 2000년 10만 명당 29.8건에서 2012년 50.1건으로 연평균 5.1% 증가하였고, 여성의 경우 2000년 10만 명당 15.9건에서 2012년 26.6건으로 연평균 3.2% 증가하였다. 이를 결장암과 직장암으로 분류하여 살펴보면 남녀 모두 결장암의 증가 추세가 직장암 증가보다 더 컸고, 직장암의 증가는 남성이 여성보다 더 빠른 추세였다. 결론적으로 대전과 충남의 대장암 발생은 2000년 이후 13년간 빠른 증가추세를 보였다. 이를 억제하기 위한 대장암 발생 감시와 예방에 지역사회의 관심을 더 높일 필요가 있다. Objectives: Colorectal cancer is one of the major cancers in South Korea. We described the time trends in colorectal cancer incidence in Daejeon, a metropolitan city, and Chungcheongnam-do (Chungnam), a rural province, South Korea. Methods: Using the databases from the Daejeon Cancer Registry (DCR) and the Chungnam Cancer Registry (CCR), age-standardized (to world standard population) rates for incidence (ASRW) were calculated. Average annual percent change (AAPC) was assessed as a trend indicator. The completeness (such as the mortality/incidence ratio) and validity (such as the death certificate only %, microscopic verification %, primary site uncertain %, and age unknown %) were analyzed to examine the data quality of DCR and CCR. Results: Incidence of colorectal cancer showed increasing trend in both sexes. Over the years 2000-2012 in Daejeon, ASRW was increased significantly from 37.2 to 51.7 per 100,000 person-years (AAPC, 3.9%) among men and from 17.1 to 28.4 (AAPC, 3.9%) among women, respectively. In Chungnam, ASRW was also increased from 29.8 to 50.1 per 100,000 person-years (AAPC, 5.1%) among men and from 15.9 to 26.6 (AAPC, 3.2%) among women, respectively. The AAPC for colon cancer was greater than rectal cancer in both Daejeon and Chungnam. The trend of rectal cancer incidence was differ by sex (AAPC in men vs women, 2.7% vs 1.7% in Daejeon; 3.5% vs 0.8% in Chungnam). Indices of completeness and validity showed that the quality control of DCR and CCR was adequate to describe the trends of ASRW. Conclusions: Both Daejeon and Chungnam have had a rapid increase in colorectal cancer incidence. Monitoring and intervention are required on the risk factors which may contribute to this trend.

      • KCI등재

        12주간의 저강도 유산소운동에 따른 최대산소섭취량과 간 기능 수치(ALT, AST)의 변화

        김순영(Kim, Soon-Young) 한국체육과학회 2016 한국체육과학회지 Vol.25 No.6

        The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of participation in twelve-weeks low-intensity aerobic exercise program on cardiorespiratory fitness and hepatic marker (ALT: alanine aminotransferase, AST: aspartate aminotransferase) among middle-aged men. A total of 27 subjects (exercise group: 14, control group: 13) participated in twelve-weeks low-intensity aerobic exercise program [walking (intensity: VO₂max 50%)] were included in the study. We measured body composition, VO₂max, ALT, and AST. Results showed that VO₂max (Pre: 40.99±5.51ml/kg/min, Post: 44.64±5.80ml/㎏/min, p<.01), weight, and BMI (body mass index) were significantly improved after exercise intervention. ALT(Pre: 22.35±10.52IU/L, Post: 18.92±6.91IU/L, p=.08) and AST(Pre: 22.42±6.46IU/L, Post: 20.64±3.75IU/L, p=.27) decreased after exercise intervention, but it was not significantly. In conclusion, this study showed that participating in twelve-weeks low-intensity aerobic exercise program improves body composition, VO₂max(cardiorespiratory fitness level), and hepatic markers.

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