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The purpose of this study is to prepare enhancing participation alternatives of the Four Local Government Associations based on the Results. The activities of Four Local Government Associations in the National Participation are 1) to reduce the defects of the lawless, policy imperfection, 2) and the policy executing cost, 3)and soothe the conflict between the central and local government, 4)and increase empathic understanding with their local civilian. Summary of this study is as follow. 1) the National Governor's Association and the National Association of Mayor proposed the most bills concerning the improvement of administration systems and the expansion of local government's budgets & the support of national funds. 2) the Association of Metropolitan and Provincial Council Chairs and the National Council Association of Chairmans proposed the most bills concerning the improvement of National Assembly systems. 3) The most of bills accepted or under examination are the improvement of Administration systems and National Assembly systems. 4) And the most of bills returned or not replied are the expansion of local government's budgets & the support of national funds. And all suggested items are classified like this; accepted/ disposed/ under examination/ reserved/ repeated suggested items. 5) And enhancing the Four Local Government Associations participation Alternatives are suggested. ⅰ) institutional legislature ; local government reenact, ⅱ) intensifying the Four Local Government Associations inner capacity. So, It is necessary for the Four Local Government Associations to expand its duties and play a positive role in the process of making the new law and enacting the new national/local policy making.
The purpose of this study is to examine the legal limit of penal provision by ordinance, to draw it's improvements. And this study will be contributed to extension of the ordinance legislative power and diversification of penal provision by ordinance, and guarantee of administrative effectiveness of local governments and rule of law. As penal provisions of local government by ordinance must be enacted through the decision of the local council, those are the legal norm with democratic legitimacy corresponding to laws. The people's liberties and rights can be restricted for national security and public welfare, maintenance of order by laws. So that, for regional public welfare and maintenance of order, the penal provisions for offence can be enacted by ordinances. Local governments autonomically must be able to enact types and determination of punishment within the limit of laws and regulations.
This study is to speculate factors that affect application of the Customer Relationship Management for public sectors, which is attracting enthusiastic attentions to secure clients' satisfaction through a positive analysis. The questions to be resolved for this study are presented as follows: First, what factors that affect application of the Customer Relationship Management for public sectors are there? Second, what level do the factors affecting application of the Customer Relationship Management for public sectors have? Third, when the Customer Relationship Management for public sectors is to be applied, what relations are there between the factors? Based on the questions above, this study examines the concept, developmental process, necessity and effect of the CRM, centering on discussion of the CRM in private sectors, and analyses structural relations of the factors. It aims to present a reasonable and organized direction of its application in our country.
This study analyses the main problems caused by the centralized unitary state powers in Korea. First, sticking to the centralized system of state powers discourages the local legislative willingness of local government. Second, this centralization also blurs the boundary of functional division and responsibilities between local and central government, which in turn diminishes the competitiveness of public sector as a whole. Third, it makes national fiscal distribution system unbalanced at the expense of local government. forth, the centralized political system prevents the representatives of local government from participating in the process of policy decision-making at national level. Fifth, this centralist tendency will not alleviate the national supervision power over local government. To solve the problem aforementioned, we must make profound consideration of the constitutional revision for guaranteeing the real political, legislative and fiscal decentralization. And this study, for the purpose of furthering the political devolution, proposes five alternatives reforming the Constitution as follows: division of legislative powers monopolized in National Assembly into the hands of the representatives of local government, distribution of the responsibility between local and central government in favour of the former, equilibrium of central-local fiscal system, readjustment of national control system over local authorities, formalization of local representatives participation in national decision-making process. The draft of the propositions issued in this research is certainly needed to be complemented by the scholars' critical review.