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      • 화이트헤드 철학과 조직이론의 만남 - 실체철학을 넘어서 -

        김상표,영진 한국화이트헤드학회 2010 화이트헤드 연구 Vol.0 No.20

        This paper tried to show how Whitehead's work on process paradigm has contributed significantly towards efforts in organization theory to explore organization as process. Whitehead's discussion of the relationship between organism and substance in particular served to highlight central dynamic features of process. The Western tradition of thinking, the metaphysics of substance, based upon the binary separation between transcendental ideas and appearances in the real world, challenged by process philosophy through contemporary philosophy and modern physics. Process philosophy is increasingly relevant for organization theory as everyday organization's institution and practice has to deal with fluid, changing and complex realities. But organization also must need to conserve stability, uniformity. Therefore, The aim of this paper is to discuss the notion of Whitehead's process philosophy as being a unifying label for theoretical models that together emphasize change and stability, novelty and uniformity, becoming and being, and individuals and community. 이 논문은 화이트헤드의 유기체 철학이 조직이론에 어떤 기여를 할 수 있는지를 검토한다. 조직의 패러다임이 실체 관점에서 과정 관점으로 이동하고 있음을 반증하는 증거들이 제시되고 있다. 이러한 문제의식 하에서 우리는 다음과 같은 순서로 논의를 전개한다. 먼저 화이트헤드의 유기체 철학에 기대어 실체 철학의 근본 전제들을 비판적으로 검토하고, 다음으로 실체 철학이 근대 과학에서 기계주의 형태로 변형되고 이것이 현대 조직이론에 어떻게 침투되었는지를 구체적으로 설명한다. 이 과정에서 우리는 조직 내 제도적 메카니즘을 설계하는 데 기본 전제로 작용하는 자유주의와 공동체주의의 존재론 및 인식론이 공통적으로 실체 철학의 범주를 벗어나고 있지 못함을 보여준다. 마지막으로 유기체 철학 혹은 과정철학을 조직이론에 불러들임으로써 조직이론가들이나 경영자들이 이론적, 실천적 측면에서 어떠한 도움을 받을 수 있는지를 개략적으로 살펴본다.

      • KCI등재
      • 과정 철학과 프로네시스- 조직의 창조적 전진을 위한 길찾기 -

        김상표,영진 한국화이트헤드학회 2011 화이트헤드 연구 Vol.0 No.22

        How Whitehead's ultimate category and foresight can contribute to organization theory? This paper tried to show how Whitehead's work on process paradigm has contributed significantly towards efforts in organization theory to explore organization as process. For a long time, management scholars have been trying to exclude subjectivity from management in order to build an "objective" theory that can be applied universally to any situation that managers face. Despite this rational effort, it is impossible to completely exclude subjectivity from management. As Whitehead points out, science or knowledge cannot be freed from subjective factors because it is about issues of subjectivity, such as values, intensity. Creativity plays a important role in the relationship between human beings and the world. Process philosophy has been incorporated into the works of a few management scholars. Among them, Nonaka(2007) propose concrescence model of organizational change based on the philosophy of Whitehead. According to Nonaka, to understand management, we have to understand the process in which humans are interrelated. In the substance thinking of conventional economical theory, where the person is viewed as homo economicus, individual relationships are defined in contracts for satisfying people's desires only in terms of the possession and consumption of goods and the accumulation of wealth. There, there is no community, only individuals who exist apart from others. A contract-based view of external relationships cannot grasp the process of ultimate category(creativity, one, many). Nonaka also asserts that what defines the firm and the knowledge it creates is its practical ability to make value judgements in each particular situation to realize its vision of the future. This ability was described by Aristotle as an essential habit of mind that grasps the truth. It is the intellectual virtue he called phronesis, roughly translated as prudence, practical wisdom, and practical rationality. Whitehead translated it as foresight, seasonable truth. Therefore, The aim of this paper is to discuss the notion of Whitehead's process philosophy as being a unifying label for theoretical models that together emphasize innovation and stability, foresight(phronesis), concrete relationship and community. 화이트헤드는 초월성보다는 내재성을 통해서 실재에 대한 이해를 탐구하였다. 내재성은 과정을 실재로서 이해하는 것이다. 과정을 지성으로써 이해한다는 것은 베르그손의 말대로 ‘공간화’에 머물 수도 있다. 과정은 오직 직관을 통해서만 이해할 수 있다는 것이 베르그손의 관점이다. 화이트헤드는 베르그손과는 달리 지성과 직관은 모두 인간 경험의 중요한 측면이라고 보며, 이 양자의 결합을 통해 과정을 더욱 정합적이고 논리적으로 포착할 수 있다고 본다. 이 글은 화이트헤드의 과정철학에서 궁극자의 범주에 해당하는 창조성, 일자, 다자를 보다 쉽게 이해할 수 있게 설명하였으며, 이를 조직이론에 어떻게 적용가능하지를 살펴보았다. 오늘날 조직이론에서 다양한 변화의 물결이 일어나고 있다. 우리는 이런 변화가 전체적으로 과정철학, 특히 화이트헤드의 개념들과 밀접한 관련이 있음을 밝혀보고자 하였다.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        Spontaneous Emission of Charged Bosons from Supercritical Point Charges

        김상표 한국물리학회 2014 THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY Vol.65 No.6

        We study the spontaneous emission of charged bosons from supercritical Coulomb potentialsand charged black holes. We find the exact emission rate from the Bogoliubov transformation byapplying the tunneling boundary condition on the Jost functions at the asymptotic boundaries. The emission rate for charged bosons in the supercritical Coulomb potential increases as the chargeZ > 1/2 of the superatom and the energy of the bosons increase, but is suppressed for large angularmomenta. We discuss physical implications of the emission of charged bosons from superatoms andcharged black holes.

      • KCI등재

        Bouncing Wave Packets in a Two-Dimensional Box and Revivals Without Semiclassical Correspondence

        김상표,이연석 한국물리학회 2006 THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY Vol.49 No.1

        Aronstein and Stroud [Phys. Rev. A 55, 4526 (1997)] used the wave function expanded by energy eigenfunctions to study the revival and fractional revivals of a localized wave function in an in.nite square well. Using the image method, we .nd the bouncing wave packet of traveling Gaussian wave packets for a free particle to study the revival and fractional revivals in a two-dimensional box. The short-term evolution is characterized by the periodicity of the position-expectation value of each Gaussian wave packet, and the long-term evolution by the time scale for constructive interference among Gaussian wave packets. We numerically show that the bouncing wave packet that evolves from an initially localized Gaussian wave packet that is dominated mostly by low-energy states and does not have any semiclassical correspondence still exhibits the revival and fractional revivals at rational fractions of the two time scales.

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