http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
Modern society's industrialization has led to the acceptance of even bad cultures opposed to good developed cultures (Kim Sang-jin, 2015). This prompts the occurrence of brutal crimes. Our society is growing increasingly brutal and the "don't ask"-type crimes against anyone are also increasing, thus leading to general people growing increasingly anxious and fearful about crimes(Kim Min-jung, 2015). The "don't ask"-type crimes are committed between the suspects and the victims who have nothing to do each other or against a unspecified number of people with no reasons for crimes. The "don't ask"-type crimes are committed as the criminals often randomly wield their prepared weapons, leading the victims to suffer significant injuries or even deaths in many cases. According to the data released by the Supreme Court in September 2015, the "don't ask"-type murders or attempted murders increased yearly from 4 cases in the 2000s to 35 cases after 2010 with the crime patterns growing heinous. (Park Mun-gak, 2015) Amid this situation, people need athletic activities through martial arts training so as to not only protect themselves but defend their family members against crimes. On August 22, 2012 when the "don't ask"-type crime involving knife wielding occurred in Yeouido, Seoul, the only citizens who could suppress the knife wielding crime were found to be the mixed martial arts and martial arts master degree holders, professor Lee Gak-su and former Presidential Office security guard Kim Jung-gi (Lee In-young, 2012). In addition, in October 2012 when a taxi driver was physically attacked in a "don't ask" crime in the heart of Gangnam, it was the mixed martial arts champion Kim Ji-hun who suppressed the attacker and transferred him to police.(Go Sang-min, 2012). Given this, martial arts training is believed to help defend not only the trainee himself but also people around him. Martial arts training, however, have been focused on boxing, Judo, Taekwondo, wrestling, and the like with even the focus seeming to be put on elite's athletic activities rather than on ordinary-life athletic activities. Given this, it is deemed that there is a need to develop the martial arts training methods to which general people can have an easy access and that are effective. This study thus seeks to compare the standing strike boxing, ground-performance Jujitsu, and mixed martial arts involving all of standing strike and ground performance, and to verify what influence applies to athletic fitness factors by form of martial arts so as to present the exercise method development methods. Furthermore, this study aims to develop better martial arts training methods so as to enable a greater number of people to participate in the exercise of martial arts. 현대사회 산업화는 좋은 선진문화와 상반되는 나쁜 문화 또한 받아 드리게 되었다(김상진, 2015). 이러한 현상에 따른 흉폭한 범죄들이 일어나고 있는 실정이다. 사회가 갈수록 흉폭 해지고 일면식도 없는 사람들을 대상으로 하는 묻지마 범죄 또한 증가함에 따라 일반국민의 범죄에 불안과 공포가 증가하고 있다(김민정, 2015). 묻지마 범죄는 피의자와 피해자와의 관계에 아무런 상관관계가 존재하지 않거나, 범죄 자체에 이유가 없이 불특정의 대상을 상대로 행해지는 범죄 행위를 말한다. 묻지마 범죄는 사전에 준비한 흉기를 무차별적으로 휘두르는 경우가 많아 피해자가 큰 부상을 입거나, 사망에 이르는 경우가 많다. 대법원이 2015년 9월 발표한 자료에 따르면 묻지마 살인 또는 살인 미수가 2000년대 4건에서 2010년 이후 35건으로 늘어나 범죄의 양태가 점점 흉악해지고 있는 것으로 나타났다.(박문각, 2015) 이러한 실정에 사회에서 자기 자신 보호뿐만 아니라, 가족과 주변을 지킬 수 있는 무도수련을 통한 체육활동이 필요하다고 생각된다. 실제로 2012년 8월 22일 서울 여의도에서 벌어진 묻지마 범죄 칼부림 사건에서 칼부림을 막은 시민은 이종격투기 및 무술유단자인 이각수 교수와 청와대 경호실 출신 김정기 씨였다(이인영, 2012). 또한 2012년 10월 강남 한복판에서 택시기사님을 묻지마 폭행하는 현장에서 가해자를 제압해 경찰에게 인계한 사건도 종합격투기 김지훈 선수였다.(고상민, 2012). 이러한 점에서 볼 때 무도 수련은 자신뿐 아니라 주변까지 지킬 수 있다고 판단된다. 하지만 무도는 지금까지 복싱, 유도, 태권도, 레슬링 등등에 종목별 운동으로만 수련을 해왔으며 그 또한 생활체육에 계념보다 엘리트 체육에만 치중된 경향을 보인다. 이러한 현상에서 일반인들이 쉽게 접 할 수 있고 효과적인 무도 운동법 개발이 필요 하다고 판단되어 진다. 본 연구에서는 스탠딩 타격기 복싱과 그라운드에서 이루어지는 주짓수와 스탠딩 타격, 그라운드 모두 포함되어 있는 종합격투기를 비교해 종목별 운동체력요소에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 검증해 무도 운동법의 발전방안을 제시하고 더 나은 무도 운동법으로 발전시켜 보다 많은 사람들이 참여 할 수 있도록 하는 것에 본 연구에 목적이 있다.
This study aimed to evaluate the frequency and clinical characteristics of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) retinopathy in Korean patients with rheumatologic diseases. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 310 patients taking HCQ. Ophthalmic examinations included spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), automated visual field test, and fundus autofluorescence. The severity of retinopathy was categorized as early, moderate, or severe, and the location was categorized as parafoveal, pericentral, or mixed pattern. Among 310 patients, 9 patients (2.9%) were diagnosed as HCQ retinopathy. Among the patients with HCQ use ≥ 5 years (n = 174), the frequency was 5.2%. Only 1 (11.1%) of the 9 patients was symptomatic. The mean daily dose per kilogram of real body weight of the 9 patients was 5.6 mg, and only 3 had used 6.5 mg or more. Four of the 9 patients had severe HCQ retinopathy. Six of the 9 patients showed pericentral or mixed pattern of retinal damage. Consequently, the frequency of HCQ retinopathy in Korean patients was not low, especially when administered at a high cumulative dose and for a long duration. Screening of HCQ retinopathy by the recommended guidelines that include SD-OCT seems useful and should be done to detect retinal damage earlier in patients with chronic exposure to HCQ.
Purpose:Percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy is known to be a useful diagnostic method for the diagnosis of various pulmonary diseases. Its diagnostic yield is high, and it is safe, but complications such as pneumothorax can occasionally occur. We reviewed the complications arising after needle aspiration biopsy and analyzed the risk factors of pneumothorax. Materials and Methods:The medical records anf radiographic studies of 157 patients with various pulmonary diseases who underwent needle aspiration biopsy of the lung between 1990 and 1996 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical features, treatment, and courses of complications were reviewed, and risk factors of pneumothorax such as depth and siza of lesion, diameter of needle, number of punctures, and obstructive pulmonary abnormalities were analyzed. Results:Complications occurred in 40 of 157 cases(25.5%), namely pneumothorax in 26(16.6%), hemoptysis in 11(7%), hemothorax in two(1.3%), and recurrence of malignancy at the site of aspiration in one(0.6%). When the patients were divided into three groups according to depth of lesion, there were significant difference in the incidence of pneumothorax;the results were as follows:less than 2cm, 12.0%;between 2 and 4cm, 24.1%;and larger than 4cm, 57.1%(p<0.05). In pulmonary function testing, FVC(forced vital capacity) of patients with pneumothorax was less than that of patients without(2.6$\pm$0.9L vs 3.1$\pm$0.8L, p<0.05), but FEV1(forced expiratory volume in 1 second), FEV1%(percentage of predicted FEV1), FEV1/FVC, and FVC% (percentage of predicted FVC) were not different between the two groups. The incidence of pneumothorax in patients with pleura-attached lesion(9%) was lower than that of those with non-attached lesion(26%, p=0.01). The age of patients, size of lesionm diameter of the needle, guidance methods and number of aspirations showed no signigicant relationship with pneumothorax. Conclusion:In needle aspiration biopsy of the lung, depth of lesion and passage of a needle through aerated lung are significant risk factors of pneumothorax.
This paper proposes a new broadcasting system for theservice-compatible 3DTV in which the 3D service cancoexist with the conventional digital TV broadcast. In theproposed system, the commercial 3DTV service can beimplemented via the existing DTV channel withoututilizing the dedicated 3DTV system. This 2D/3D systeminterworks with the conventional system and can switch to2D or 3D service according to the broadcast programmingand schedule. The system also provides a mechanism thatcan prevent the synchronization mismatch between leftand right video streams and between the stream and theassociated signaling in the 2D/3D transition periods. Thepicture quality measurements are carried out based on theITU-R recommended test to check the level of quality ofservice provided by the proposed scheme. The conformitytests are also performed with the conventional channeland the receiver for the DTV system to confirm thefeasibility of the proposed one for the commercial service.
본 연구는 2012년부터 2014년까지의 번식기 동안 광주광역시에서 제비의 영소지 선택과 번식생태를 파악하기 위하 여 이루어졌다. 모든 둥지는 건물의 수직 벽과 지붕에 붙어 있었으며, 둥지의 외측 직경은 18.2±3.2㎝, 깊이는 9.8±3.1 ㎝, 둥지 내측 직경은 11.2±1.5㎝, 내측 깊이는 3.4±0.5㎝로 지면에서 평균 2.9±0.3m 높이에 위치하였다. 번식 둥지는 시멘트 벽(44.9%), 목재(23.1%), 벽돌(21.8%), 전등(6.4%)에 부착되어 있었다. 한배 산란수는 2~5개 범위로 평균 4.5개이었다. 평균 알 장경은 18.23±0.73㎜, 단경은 13.11±0.25㎜, 알 부피는 1.60±0.11㎤, 알 형태지수는 1.39±0.05, 알 무게는 1.69±0.15g이었다. 부화 및 이소 성공률은 각각 89.1%와 84.5%이었다. 번식 실패의 주요 원인은 미수정란과 포식, 둥지훼손, 번식포기로 나타났다. 이러한 결과들은 제비의 서식지 보존 및 종 관리에 필요한 자료로 널리 활용될 것이라 판단된다. This study was conducted to identify nesting habits and breeding biology of barn swallow in Gwangju, Korea, for the breeding season 2012 to 2014. All nests were attached to vertical walls and roofs of buildings and situated at mean height 2.9±0.3m above ground with nest diameter 18.2±3.2㎝, nest depth 9.8±3.1㎝, nest cup diameter 11.2±1.5㎝and nest cup depth 3.27±0.80㎝. Nests were attached to cemented walls (44.9%), wooden materials (23.1%), bricks (21.8%) and lighting (6.4%). The average clutch size was 4.5 and ranged 2~5. Mean egg length was 18.23±0.73㎜, breadth 13.11±0.25㎜, volume 1.60±0.11㎤, shape index 1.39±0.05 and weight 1.69±0.15g. Hatching and fledgling success rate were 89.1% and 84.5%. Main causes for reproductive failures were unhatched eggs, predation, nest destruction and desertion. These results are expected to be widely used as data for habitat preservation and species management of barn swallows.