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      • KCI등재

        12주간의 종목별 무도 수련을 통한 운동체력요소 비교

        김상진,김원경,김진선 한국스포츠학회 2018 한국스포츠학회지 Vol.16 No.4

        Modern society's industrialization has led to the acceptance of even bad cultures opposed to good developed cultures (Kim Sang-jin, 2015). This prompts the occurrence of brutal crimes. Our society is growing increasingly brutal and the "don't ask"-type crimes against anyone are also increasing, thus leading to general people growing increasingly anxious and fearful about crimes(Kim Min-jung, 2015). The "don't ask"-type crimes are committed between the suspects and the victims who have nothing to do each other or against a unspecified number of people with no reasons for crimes. The "don't ask"-type crimes are committed as the criminals often randomly wield their prepared weapons, leading the victims to suffer significant injuries or even deaths in many cases. According to the data released by the Supreme Court in September 2015, the "don't ask"-type murders or attempted murders increased yearly from 4 cases in the 2000s to 35 cases after 2010 with the crime patterns growing heinous. (Park Mun-gak, 2015) Amid this situation, people need athletic activities through martial arts training so as to not only protect themselves but defend their family members against crimes. On August 22, 2012 when the "don't ask"-type crime involving knife wielding occurred in Yeouido, Seoul, the only citizens who could suppress the knife wielding crime were found to be the mixed martial arts and martial arts master degree holders, professor Lee Gak-su and former Presidential Office security guard Kim Jung-gi (Lee In-young, 2012). In addition, in October 2012 when a taxi driver was physically attacked in a "don't ask" crime in the heart of Gangnam, it was the mixed martial arts champion Kim Ji-hun who suppressed the attacker and transferred him to police.(Go Sang-min, 2012). Given this, martial arts training is believed to help defend not only the trainee himself but also people around him. Martial arts training, however, have been focused on boxing, Judo, Taekwondo, wrestling, and the like with even the focus seeming to be put on elite's athletic activities rather than on ordinary-life athletic activities. Given this, it is deemed that there is a need to develop the martial arts training methods to which general people can have an easy access and that are effective. This study thus seeks to compare the standing strike boxing, ground-performance Jujitsu, and mixed martial arts involving all of standing strike and ground performance, and to verify what influence applies to athletic fitness factors by form of martial arts so as to present the exercise method development methods. Furthermore, this study aims to develop better martial arts training methods so as to enable a greater number of people to participate in the exercise of martial arts. 현대사회 산업화는 좋은 선진문화와 상반되는 나쁜 문화 또한 받아 드리게 되었다(김상진, 2015). 이러한 현상에 따른 흉폭한 범죄들이 일어나고 있는 실정이다. 사회가 갈수록 흉폭 해지고 일면식도 없는 사람들을 대상으로 하는 묻지마 범죄 또한 증가함에 따라 일반국민의 범죄에 불안과 공포가 증가하고 있다(김민정, 2015). 묻지마 범죄는 피의자와 피해자와의 관계에 아무런 상관관계가 존재하지 않거나, 범죄 자체에 이유가 없이 불특정의 대상을 상대로 행해지는 범죄 행위를 말한다. 묻지마 범죄는 사전에 준비한 흉기를 무차별적으로 휘두르는 경우가 많아 피해자가 큰 부상을 입거나, 사망에 이르는 경우가 많다. 대법원이 2015년 9월 발표한 자료에 따르면 묻지마 살인 또는 살인 미수가 2000년대 4건에서 2010년 이후 35건으로 늘어나 범죄의 양태가 점점 흉악해지고 있는 것으로 나타났다.(박문각, 2015) 이러한 실정에 사회에서 자기 자신 보호뿐만 아니라, 가족과 주변을 지킬 수 있는 무도수련을 통한 체육활동이 필요하다고 생각된다. 실제로 2012년 8월 22일 서울 여의도에서 벌어진 묻지마 범죄 칼부림 사건에서 칼부림을 막은 시민은 이종격투기 및 무술유단자인 이각수 교수와 청와대 경호실 출신 김정기 씨였다(이인영, 2012). 또한 2012년 10월 강남 한복판에서 택시기사님을 묻지마 폭행하는 현장에서 가해자를 제압해 경찰에게 인계한 사건도 종합격투기 김지훈 선수였다.(고상민, 2012). 이러한 점에서 볼 때 무도 수련은 자신뿐 아니라 주변까지 지킬 수 있다고 판단된다. 하지만 무도는 지금까지 복싱, 유도, 태권도, 레슬링 등등에 종목별 운동으로만 수련을 해왔으며 그 또한 생활체육에 계념보다 엘리트 체육에만 치중된 경향을 보인다. 이러한 현상에서 일반인들이 쉽게 접 할 수 있고 효과적인 무도 운동법 개발이 필요 하다고 판단되어 진다. 본 연구에서는 스탠딩 타격기 복싱과 그라운드에서 이루어지는 주짓수와 스탠딩 타격, 그라운드 모두 포함되어 있는 종합격투기를 비교해 종목별 운동체력요소에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 검증해 무도 운동법의 발전방안을 제시하고 더 나은 무도 운동법으로 발전시켜 보다 많은 사람들이 참여 할 수 있도록 하는 것에 본 연구에 목적이 있다.

      • KCI등재

        Frequency and Clinical Characteristics of Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy in Korean Patients with Rheumatologic Diseases

        김상진,이민규,함돈일,강세웅,이재준,차훈석,고은미,김상진 대한의학회 2017 Journal of Korean medical science Vol.32 No.3

        This study aimed to evaluate the frequency and clinical characteristics of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) retinopathy in Korean patients with rheumatologic diseases. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 310 patients taking HCQ. Ophthalmic examinations included spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), automated visual field test, and fundus autofluorescence. The severity of retinopathy was categorized as early, moderate, or severe, and the location was categorized as parafoveal, pericentral, or mixed pattern. Among 310 patients, 9 patients (2.9%) were diagnosed as HCQ retinopathy. Among the patients with HCQ use ≥ 5 years (n = 174), the frequency was 5.2%. Only 1 (11.1%) of the 9 patients was symptomatic. The mean daily dose per kilogram of real body weight of the 9 patients was 5.6 mg, and only 3 had used 6.5 mg or more. Four of the 9 patients had severe HCQ retinopathy. Six of the 9 patients showed pericentral or mixed pattern of retinal damage. Consequently, the frequency of HCQ retinopathy in Korean patients was not low, especially when administered at a high cumulative dose and for a long duration. Screening of HCQ retinopathy by the recommended guidelines that include SD-OCT seems useful and should be done to detect retinal damage earlier in patients with chronic exposure to HCQ.

      • 철결핍성 빈혈과 항인지질항체증후군에 동반된 심부 대뇌 정맥 혈전증 1예

        김상진 인제대학교 백병원 2002 仁濟醫學 Vol.23 No.4

        Thrombosis of deep cerebral veins including internal cerebral vein, great vein of Galen and straight sinus are frequently associated with thalamic and other deep cerebral infarction or hemorrhage, with lead severe neurologic deficits or death. Iron deficiency anemia and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome are the factors causing cerebral venous thrombosis in adult. We report a case of deep cerebral vein thrombosis associated with iron deficiency anemia and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome which was confirmed by MRI and angiogram.

      • KCI등재후보

        Preparation and Photocatalytic Activity of Multi-elements Codoped TiO2 Made by Sol-gel Method and Microwave Treatment

        김상진,윤석민,김혁,김종규,이영석 한국탄소학회 2009 Carbon Letters Vol.10 No.2

        Multi-elements doped TiO2 was prepared as a new photocatalyst in order to decrease the band gap of TiO2 by sol-gel process which can provide the large active sites of TiO2. Multi-elements were doped by using a single precursor, tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TEATFB). By the benefit of large specific surface area of TiO2 prepared by sol-gel process, catalysts showed initial fast removal of dye. The photoactivity showed that the doped catalysts significantly promote the light reactivity than undoped TiO2. The commendable photoactivity of prepared catalysts is predominantly attributable to the doping of anions which may reduce the band gap. Multi-elements doped TiO2 was prepared as a new photocatalyst in order to decrease the band gap of TiO2 by sol-gel process which can provide the large active sites of TiO2. Multi-elements were doped by using a single precursor, tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TEATFB). By the benefit of large specific surface area of TiO2 prepared by sol-gel process, catalysts showed initial fast removal of dye. The photoactivity showed that the doped catalysts significantly promote the light reactivity than undoped TiO2. The commendable photoactivity of prepared catalysts is predominantly attributable to the doping of anions which may reduce the band gap.

      • 유류에 오염된 아비류 (Loons)의 체내 조직 중 필수원소 농도

        김상진,이종남,이두표,Kim Sang-Jin,Lee Jong-Nam,Lee Doo-Pyo 환경독성보건학회 2006 환경독성보건학회지 Vol.21 No.3

        Concentrations of four essential metals (Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn) were determined in apparently oil-polluted dead or near-dead three loon species collected in the Busan coast, Korea. Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn concentrations were generally high in liver, and also, Mn and Zn were high in bone. There were significant differences in some tissue concentrations of Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn among three species, but did not show any consistent evidence of species-specific accumulation. Mean concentration of Fe was 11,635$\pm$4010 $\mu$g/g, Cu 64.3$\pm$30.7 $\mu$g/g, Mn 13.1$\pm$2.32 $\mu$g/g, and Zn 121$\pm$24.8 $\mu$g/g in liver of all three species examined. Mn and Zn levels in this study were similar to those of normal loons and other seabirds reported from different countries. However, Fe and Cu liver levels were extraordinarily higher than those of reported. This result suggests that unusual accumulations of essential metals such as Fe and Cu may partially arise from long-term starvation due to oil pollution.

      • KCI등재

        The Effect of Different Suturing Techniques on Astigmatism after Penetrating Keratoplasty

        김상진,위원량,이진학,김미금 대한의학회 2008 Journal of Korean medical science Vol.23 No.6

        The purpose of this study was to compare the effects on astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty with three different suture techniques. In this prospective study, 38 eyes of 38 patients underwent penetrating keratoplasty with three suturing techniques: interrupted, single running, and double running. Topographic astigmatism was measured at 2, 6, 12, and 18 months after keratoplasty. During 18 months after surgery, the interrupted suture group had higher astigmatism than the double running suture group. There was no significant difference in the amounts of astigmatism during the first year after keratoplasty between the single running and the double running suture group. However, at 18 months after surgery, when all sutures were out, the double running suture group (3.60±1.58 diopters) showed significantly less astigmatism than the single running group (5.65±1.61 diopters). In conclusion, post-keratoplasty astigmatism was the least in the double running suture group of the three suturing techniques at 18 months after penetrating keratoplasty.

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