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      • KCI등재

        생활인구를 고려한 대피시설 접근성 분석 : 서울 중구지역 지진 옥외 대피장소를 사례로

        김상균,남현정,신상영 한국재난정보학회 2022 한국재난정보학회 논문집 Vol.18 No.1

        Purpose: This study analyzes accessibility of outdoor evacuation places for earthquake and the accessibility improvement effects when expanding the evacuation places in accessibility-deficient areas. In order to consider real-world evacuees, the accessibility analysis is based on service population not on resident population. Method: Location-allocation model as a GIS-based spatial optimization mode is used to analyze accessibility and vulnerable areas to evacuation places. Of location-allocation problem types, ‘Maximize Coverage’ method is chosen to allocate as many potential evacuees as possible to evacuation places. And impedence cutoffs or evacuation distances (times) are applied to three classes: 500m (7.5 minutes), 1,000m (15 minutes), and 1,500m (22.5 minutes). Case study area is Jung-gu areas, Seoul as a high-density downtown area. Result: Results show that accessibility-deficient areas and population to evacuation places are much more in service population than in resident population. Accessibility is significantly improved when increases when expanding the evacuation places in accessibility-deficient areas. Yet, accessibility-deficient areas are still remained since available lands are insufficient in the high-density downtown area. Conclusion: The study suggests that temporary evacuation facilities like outdoor evacuation places for earthquake need to consider real potential evacuees based not only on resident population but also on service population. Also, policy measures to provide emergency shelters need to more utilize spatial optimization tools like location-allocation model. 연구목적: 이 연구는 지진 옥외 대피장소를 대상으로 생활인구(유동인구)를 측면에서 공간적 접근성을 분석한 후, 접근성 취약지역에 추가 신규 대피장소를 확충할 경우의 모의분석을 하여 개선효과를 비교함으로써 시사점을 도출하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 연구방법: GIS 네트워크분석 기반의 최적화 모형인 입지배분모형을 적용하여 접근성을 분석하고 취약지역을 식별하였다. 입지배분방법은 일정한 시간 내에 신속한 이동이 중요한 대피시설의 성격에 비추어 ‘Maximize Coverage(수요영역 최대화)’ 방법을 적용하였고, 대피를 위한 한계 거리 및 시간기준은 보행속도를 고려하여 500m(7.5분), 1,000m(15분), 1,500m(22.5분)의 세 가지로 구분하여 분석하였다. 사례분석 대상지역은 지진 발생 시 신속한 대피와 일시적인 체류를 위한 옥외 대피장소의 기능을 고려하여 거주인구에 비해 생활인구가 월등히 많고 대피장소로 활용할 수 있는 가용공간이 크게 부족한 고밀 도심지역으로서 서울 중구지역을 선정하였다. 연구결과: 분석 결과, 전반적으로 거주인구에 비해 생활인구 기준으로 볼 때 접근성이 취약한 집계구 수와 인구 수가 훨씬 많고 비율도 높았으며, 접근성 취약지역에 가용한 신규 대피장소를 확충할 경우의 모의분석에서 접근성이 크게 개선됨을 확인할 수 있었다. 다만, 고밀 도심지역으로서 가용지가 절대적으로 부족한 대상지역의 특성상 잠재적인 대피인구 전체의 접근성을 완전히 해소하지는 못하였다. 결론: 유동인구로 인해 주·야간 인구 차이가 심한 서울 도심의 지역 특성을 반영하기 위하여 생활인구 첨두시간대를 적용하여 실제 대피수요를 고려할 필요가 있으며, 입지배분모형을 이용하여 접근성이 불리한 취약지역을 식별하고 신규 대피장소 설치의 우선순위를 부여함으로써 과학적 근거 기반의 의사결정이 필요하다.

      • KCI등재

        에피라식 후 각막상피편 보존 여부에 따른 초기 통증 및 상피 창상 치유 기간의 비교

        김상균,송종석,김효명,Sang Kyoon Kim,Jong Suk Song,Hyo Myung Kim 대한안과학회 2008 대한안과학회지 Vol.49 No.12

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Purpose: To investigate the influence of preservation of an epithelial sheet in Epi-LASIK on postoperative pain and epithelial wound healing time. Methods: This prospective study included 34 eyes of 17 patients with myopia who received Epi-LASIK. An epithelial flap was created using the epikeratome (Centurion SES, Norwood Abbey EyeCare, Australia). After the stroma was ablated using the MEL 80 (Carl Zeiss Meditec. Germany) excimer laser, the epithelial sheet was replaced on the stromal bed in one randomly selected eye of each patient, and removed in the contralateral eye. The pain scores at postoperative day 0, 1, 2, 5 and the numbers of days for the complete epithelial wound healing were compared between the sheet-preserved and the sheet-removed eyes. At 1 month postoperative, uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), refractive error and corneal haze were also compared. Results: Pain scores on the day of operation were lower in sheet-preserved group and statistically significant (p=0.01). On postoperative day 1, 2, and 5, pain scores did not reach statistical significance (p=0.24, 0.08, 0.56, respectively). The mean epithelial healing time was 4.88±0.93 days for the flap-preserved eyes and 4.29±0.77 days for the flap-removed eyes, which showed statistical significance (p=0.01). No significant difference was noted between the 2 groups for mean UCVA, corneal haze and refractive error at 1 month postoperative. Conclusions: A preserved epithelial sheet reduced early postoperative pain but did not accelerate epithelial wound-healing rate.

      • 포스터발표3 : 생물화공 ; P-419 : The salmon calcitonin-DOCA conjugate for oral delivery : preparation, characterization, and evaluation of sCT-DOCA conjugates

        김상균,변영로,김선희,이현희,이슬기 한국화학공학회 2007 화학공학의이론과응용 Vol.10 No.1

        In this study, conjugates of salmon calcitonin(sCT) and deoxycholic acid (DOCA) were prepared to improve the sCT absorption in the gastrointestinal tract for oral delivery. Three kinds of sCT-DOCA conjugates were synthesized, and separated by reverse phase HPLC. The conjugates were characterized by MALDI-TOF mass, CD spectroscopy, and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS). their permeability in the GI tract was determined by caco-2 cell monolayers. We obtained sCT-mono-DOCA, sCT-di-DOCA, and sCT-tri-DOCA according to modification with DOCA. We selected mono- and di-conjugates for their solubility and biological activity. In the transport test using the caco-2 cell monolayer, the permeability of conjugates was about 1.63 to 1.91 times higher than that of intact sCT due to the amphiphilic property of the conjugates. When the environmental condition was changed by DOCA and dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO), the permeability of conjugates increased to about 4.5 times higher than that of sCT. From the above results, we conclude that the DOCA conjugation of sCT can be potential candidate for oral delivery.

      • KCI등재

        재발된 간헐외사시에서 순응도에 따른 부분가림치료의 장기적 효과

        김상균,이승태,김승현,조윤애,Sang Kyoon Kim,MD,Sung-Tae Yi,MD,Seung-Hyun Kim,MD,PhD,Yoonae A,Cho,MD,PhD 대한안과학회 2009 대한안과학회지 Vol.50 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Purpose: To evaluate the reoperation rate and the change of exo-angle according to compliance level of part time occlusion therapy in recurrent intermittent exotropia. Methods: This retrospective study included 52 patients of recurrent intermittent exotropia who followed up more than 5 years after their first operation. They were ordered part time occlusion therapy for recurrent exotropia. The patients were divided into 4 groups according to the level of compliance of part time occlusion therapy (\'excellent\', \'good\', \'fair\', \'poor\'). We evaluated the reoperation rate in 5 years after the first operation and the change of exo-angle from the early recurrent time according to compliance levels. Results: The reoperation rate within 5 years after the first operation of \'excellent\' and \'good\' compliance groups was lower than that of \'fair\' and \'poor\' groups (33.3, 26.3, 73.7 and 45.5% respectively) and the degree of exo-angle progression from the early recurrent time of the \'excellent\' and \'good\' compliance groups was less than that of \'fair\' and \'poor\' compliance groups, both results of which were statistically significant (p=0.02, 0.03). Conclusions: Part time occlusion therapy in recurrent intermittent exotropia has good long-term effects of decreasingreoperation rates in patients with a high level of compliance.

      • KCI등재

        노인의 범죄피해특성에 관한 연구

        김상균 한국경호경비학회 2000 시큐리티연구 Vol.- No.3

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The purpose of thesis is to examine the two aspects of realities and fear of criminal victimization in the old. It also intends to provide useful date for criminal victimization prevention strategies and looks for alternatives promoting social welfare of the old in our society. For this, some important theories about criminal victimization and compensating of crime victims are reviewed as theoretical backgrounds. In addition to theoretical reviews, to identify realities of criminal victimization and fear of crime among the old, empirical survey was conducted using questionnaires about 200 respondents of 60 years old in Taegu.

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