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        • KCI등재

          1930년대 모더니즘과 도시시학

          김동우(Kim Dong-Woo) 국어국문학회 2008 국어국문학 Vol.- No.149

          This essay intends to explain the meaning of Korean modernism poetry and the poetics focusing on the urban space in which the modern age and modernity are realized and exhibited concrete place. This discussion generally has two subjects which are the poetic perception for urban and of the issue of the expression. The main point of Intellectualism, a branch of Korean modernism, is having a scientific and intellectual attitude for understanding the modern society. This has a positive meaning. Because of aiming the modern attitude of understanding the world and more definitely functioning a instrumental tool for perception and criticism of urban civilization which develops complicatedly. This is significant to understand the life-style of the urbanites objectively, considering city dwellers feel at over-sensitiveness that makes intellectualization of urban life eventually by reason of the own doublefaced character of urban and its complex artificial mechanism. But, on occasion that the attitude of perception changes to the issue of the expression the limit is revealed clearly. Because the liberated practice of intellectualized life is obtained in the opposite factor of it instead. In that respect Kywang-Kyun Kim‘s poetic art of formation attracts an attention. He was good at forming the urban image and lyric. The favorable comments for his commanding the image and unfavorable ones for his expressing the excessive feeling were the dominant existing criticisms. But, in relation to urban life, the lyric of his poems doesn't melted into the images fully call forth tragic beauty that stimulate alienation and sorrow of urbanite more strongly. For this reason Kywang-Kyun Kim's poem should be newly evaluated. And the synesthesia expressions reveal a new respect in connection with segmentalized and fragmental urban life-style. After all, his poem helps to recover man's totality through the integration of sense.

        • 평위산(平胃散)과 보화환(保和丸)으로 호전된 연하장애 환자 2례

          김동우,오중한,김봉석,임희용,최빈혜,허진일,변준석,김대준,Kim, Dong woo,Oh, Jung-hwan,Kim, Bong-seok,Lim, Hee-yong,Choi, Bin-hye,Heo, Jin-il,Byeon, Jun-seok,Kim, Dae-jun 대한중풍순환신경학회 2005 대한중풍학회지 Vol.6 No.1

          Dysphagia is an important complication for the rehabilitative treatment and life quality of stroke patients. This report is about two patients with dysphagia after stroke who were treated with Pyungwesan and Bowhawhan. The severity of the patient's dysphagia was evaluated with stage of dysphagia according to severity. After treatment, dysphagia were remarkably improved(from stage 5 to 2, 5 to 1). This result shows that Pyungwesan and Bowhawhan could be effective against dysphagia after stroke.

        • KCI등재

          대동맥판(大動脈瓣) 폐쇄불전증(閉鎖不全症)으로 흉통(胸痛)을 호소하는 태음인(太陰人)환자의 가미조리폐원탕(加味調理肺元湯) 치험례

          김동우,김수용,한창호,이성환,이동민,하상규,Kim, Dong-Woo,Kim, Soo-Yong,Han, Chang-Ho,Rhee, Sung-Hwan,Lee, Dong-Min,Ha, Sang-Kyu 대한한방내과학회 2004 大韓韓方內科學會誌 Vol.25 No.4

          Aortic regurgitation occurs when there is a leakage of the valve backward into the left ventricle during diastole. Chronic aortic regurgitation may be present for decades before any symptoms occur. The left ventricle is able to compensate for the large volume of blood that flows backward by enlarging the cavity and increasing the thickness of the muscle. This mechanism allows the heart to pump out both the amount of blood required by the body and the blood that has gone backward into the left ventricle. One patient who had chest pain from exercise was treated. He was diagnosed with aortic regurgitation LVH by echocardiography. Signs showed him to be of Taeumin-type within Sasang Constitutional Medicine. He was prescribed Gamijoripewontang for 75 days, and improvement of clinical symptoms were observed. Results support prescription of Gamijoripewontang as an effective treatment for Taeumin-type patients suffering chest pain caused by aortic regurgitation.

        • KCI등재

          하악과두하 골절 시 후하악 접근법과 내시경을 이용한 구강 내 접근의 비교

          김동우,박대송,이상칠,김성용,임호용,염학열,김현민,Kim, Dong-Woo,Park, Dae-Song,Lee, Sang-Chil,Kim, Sung-Yong,Lim, Ho-Yong,Yeom, Hak-Yeol,Kim, Hyeon-Min 대한악안면성형재건외과학회 2011 Maxillofacial Plastic Reconstructive Surgery Vol.33 No.6

          Purpose: Patients who had a subcondylar fracture with a displaced or deviated condylar segment were treated with a retromandibular approach (RMA) or an endoscope-assisted transoral approach (EATA) in our department of oral and maxillofacial surgery. The clinical results of the approaches were compared. A comparative study of specific approaches for subcondylar fractures has not been published before in Korea. Methods: Twenty-one patients with subcondylar fractures of the mandible were included. Ten patients were treated with the retromandibular approach and 11 were treated with an endoscope-assisted transoral approach. We examined patient age, gender, fracture sites, classifications, period of maxillomandibular fixation, facial nerve (FN) or greater auricular nerve (GAN) injuries, maximal mouth opening, deflection, occlusal changes, number of plates, follow-up period, and other complications. Preoperative computed tomography and pre-operative, post-operative, and follow-up panoramic views were taken of each patient. Results: Mean maximal mouth openings were similar between the two approaches. FN and GAN injuries were more frequent in the RMA group but the deflective rate with mouth opening was higher in the EATA than that in RMA group. Two cases of post-operative infection occurred in the EATA group, and occlusal changes were observed in one case for both approaches. Conclusion: The RMA offers more direct access and visualization of the surgical field but it can cause scars and retractive injuries of the FN and GAN. But, EATA did not result in consequent nerve injuries or scars postoperatively, but unfavorable fractures such as $medial$ $override$ condyles were more difficult to reduce endoscopically. Except cases of an expected difficult reduction, the treatment of choice for a displaced subcondylar fracture may be an EATA.

        • KCI등재

          가압취반시(加壓炊飯時) 미반(米飯)의 물성변화(物性變化)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究)

          김동우,장규섭,Kim, Dong Woo,Chang, Kyu Seob 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 1981 Korean Journal of Agricultural Science Vol.8 No.1

          본(本) 연구(硏究)는 가압(加壓)솥에 의(依)한 취반시(炊飯時) 미반(米飯)의 물리적(物理的) 성상변화(性狀變化)를 조사(調査) 검토(檢討)하여 최적(最適) 취반조건(炊飯條件)을 구명(究明)함으로서, 효율적(效率的)이고 합리적(合理的)인 대량(大量) 취반방법(炊飯方法)을 개발(開發)하는데 필요(必要)한 기초자료(基礎資料)를 확립(確立)하는데 있으며, 시료(試料)는 국내(國內)에서 재배(栽培)되고 있는 대표적(代表的) 품종(品種)인 Japonica 계통(係統)의 밀양15호와 Indica 계통(係統)의 밀양23호를 7 분도(分搗) 및 9 분도(分搗)로 각각(各各) 조제(調製)한 것을 사용(使用)하였으며, 실험결과(實驗結果)를 요약(要約)하면 다음과 같다. l. 일반(一般) 가정(家庭)에서의 취반미(炊飯米)의 평균(平均) 수분함량(水分含量)은 상압(常壓)솥으로 한것은 65.17%, 가압(加壓)솥으로한 것은 64.52%였다. 2. 쌀의 수화력(水化力)은 밀양23호가 밀양15호 보다 평균(平均) 4.5% 더 높았으며, 밀양23호의 최대흡수량(最大吸收量)은 29.14%였다. 3. 쌀의 팽장용적(膨腸容積)은 흡수력(吸收力), 가열온도(加熱溫度) 및 시간(時間)에 따라 비례(比例)하여 변화(變化)하였고, 최대팽장용적(最大膨腸容積)은 원료(原料)에 대(對)하여 평균(平均) 3.2배(倍)였다. 4. 품종별(品種別) 미반(米飯)의 호화도(糊化度)는 가수율(加水率), 가열시간(加熱時間), 가열온도(加熱溫度)에 따라 크게 영향(影響)을 받았으며 최적조건(最適條件) (가수율(加水率) 160%, 취반압력(炊飯壓力) $0.2kg/cm^2$, 취반시간(炊飯時間) 25분(分))에서 호화도(糊化度)는 밀양23호 9분도미(分搗米)가 0.44였으며 밀양15호 9분도미(分搗米)는 0.64였다. 5. 미반(米飯)의 경도(硬度)는 가수율(加水率), 가열온도(加熱溫度), 가열시간(加熱時間)에 따라 감소(感少)하였으며, 최적조건(最適條件)에서 취반(炊飯)한 밀양23호 및 밀양15호 9분도미(分搗米)의 경도(硬度)는 각각(各各) 2.35kg/wt, 2.0kg/wt였다. 또한 동일(同一) 경도(硬度)를 유지(維持)하려면 밀양23호는 평균(平均) 25%의 가수량(加水量)이 더 필요(必要)하였다. 6. 탄력성(彈力性)은 가수율(加水率), 가열온도(加熱溫度), 가열시간(加熱時間)에 따라 비례(比例)하여 변하(變)였고, 최적조건(最適條件)에서 밀양23호 및 밀양 15호 9분도미(分搗米)의 탄력성(彈力性)은 각각(各各) 15.7mm 및 19.2mm였다. 7. gumminess는 가수량(加水量), 가열온도(加熱溫度), 가열시간(加熱時間)에 따라 감소(減少)하였으며, 최적조건(最適條件)에서 밀양23호 9분도미(分搗米)가 60이었고, 밀양15호 9분도미(分搗米)는 73 이었다. 8. 압력별(壓力別) 최적취반(最適炊飯) 소요시간(所要時間)은 가수율(加水率) 160%에서 밀양15호 9분도미(分搗米)는 $0.2kg/cm^2$에서 25분(分), $0.4kg/cm^2$에서 20분(分), $0.6kg/cm^2$에서 15분(分), $0.8kg/cm^2$에 서 10분(分)이었다. This study was carried out in order to provide the basic data necessary to develop the effective and desirable cooking method on large scale for investigating the physical characteristics of cooked rices and studying optimum cooking conditions by pressure in kettle cooking rices. Milyang-15, local Japonica type and Milyang-23, high yielding Indica type major varieties cultivated in Korea were used as cooking sample after polishing 70% and 90% respectively, and the results obtained are summarized as follows. 1. The average moisture content of cooked rice by open kettle and pressure kettle method in typical households were 65.17% and 64.52%, respectively. 2. In water absorption capacity of rice grain Milyang-23 was 4.5% higher than Milyang-15, and maximum water content after absorption in Milyang-23 was 29.14%. 3. The expansion volume of cooked rice was changed proportionally by water absorption, heating temperature and time, and maximum expansion volume of cooked rice was 3.2 times greater than rice grain. 4. The gelatinization degree of cooked rice intensively concerning in hardness of rice grain was increased as water-to-rice ratio, heating temperature and time increased, and it was 0.44 in Milyang-23 and 0.64 in Milyang-15 under the optimum cooking conditions as 160% water-to-rice ratio, $0.2kg/cm^2$ cooking pressure and 25 minutes cooking time. 5. The hardness of cooked rice was decreased as water-to-rice ratio, heating temperature and time increased, and it showed 2.35kg/wt in 90% polished Milyang-23 and 2.0kg/wt in 90 polished Milyang-15 under optimum cooking conditions. For maintaining the same level of hardness of cooking rice Milyang-23 required 25% much more water than Milyang-15. 6. The elasticity of cooked rice was changed proportionally by water-to-rice ratio, heating temperature and time, and it appeared 19.2mm and 15.7mm in 90% polished Milyang-15 and Milyang-23 respectively. 7. The gumminess of cooked rice was decreased as water-to-rice ratio, heating temperature and time increased, and it showed 60 and 73 in 90% polished Milyang-23 and Milyang-15, respectively. 8. The optimum cooking time on differerent pressure in kettle took 25 minutes at $0.2kg/cm^2$, 20 minutes at $0.4kg/cm^2$, 15 minutes at $0.6kg/cm^2$, and 10 minutes at $0.8kg/cm^2$.

        • KCI등재

          당뇨병에 병발한 알코올성 간질환의 치험례

          김동우,전찬용,한양희,박종형,여은경,Kim, Dong-Woo,Jun, Chan-Yong,Han, Yang-Hee,Park, Jong-Hyeong,Yeo, Eun-Kyoung 대한한방내과학회 2000 大韓韓方內科學會誌 Vol.21 No.4

          We had applied Saenggangunbitang, Gamijihwangtang, and Saenggangunbitang-Gamijihwangtang on a alcoholic liver disease patient with diabetes mellitus, Saenggangunbitang has been used to treat alcoholic liver disease and had known to have beneficial effects. Gamijihwangtang has been used to treat Yin deficiency syndrome in Orient Medicine. We observed clinical symptom, liver function, nutritional state and blood sugar. After first administration, Clinical symptom and blood sugar were improved by Gamijihwangtang medication. Alter second administration, Clinical symptom, blood sugar and liver function were improved by Saenggangunbitang-Gamijihwangtang medication. After third administration, clinical symptom and liver function were improved by Saenggangunbitang medication. It is possibly suggested that Saenggangunbitang-Gamijihwangtang medication has a therapeutic effect on alcoholic liver disease with diabetes mellitus.

        • KCI등재

          주상(酒傷) 치험 1례 보고

          김동우,박종형,한양희,전찬용,박세기,고승희,이청정혜,고재철,최유경,박지윤,백은기,홍의실,Kim, Dong-Woo,Park, Chong-Hyeong,Han, Yang-Hee,Jun, Chan-Yong,Park, Se-Ki,Go, Seung-Hi,Lee, Chung-Jung-Hye,Go, Jae-Chul,Choi, You-Kyung,Park, Ji-Yun,Ba 대한한방내과학회 2001 大韓韓方內科學會誌 Vol.22 No.2

          Alcoholism is a chronic behavior disorder that disturbs the health, social, and economical functions by intaking alcohol repeatedly. Alcoholism includes some habituation, dependency, and addiction. It may be clinically silent or severe enough to lead to the rapid development of hepatic, renal and gastrointestinal failure. Alcoholism can also cause death. In this case, we administrated saenggangunbitang and sungjoocheonggantang to a patient suffering from alcohoism and its withdrawal symptoms. After administration of saenggangunbitang-sungjoocheonggantang medication, clinical symptoms, including liver function with diabetes mellitus and splenomegaly improved. saenggangunbitang-sungjoocheonggantang showed desirable effect on alcoholism symptoms.

        • KCI등재

          영역 특징벡터를 이용한 내용기반 영상검색

          김동우,송영준,김영길,안재형,Kim Dong-Woo,Song Young-Jun,Kim Young-Gil,Ah Jae-Hyeong 한국정보처리학회 2006 정보처리학회논문지B Vol.13 No.1

          본 논문은 기존의 컬러 히스토그램 방법들의 단점을 극복하고자 영역 특징백터를 이용한 영상 검색 방법을 제안한다. 컬러 히스토그램 검색방법들은 양자화 오류 등의 이유로 정확성이 떨어지는 단점이 있다 이를 해결하기 위해 제안 방법은 색상 정보를 HSY 공간으로 변환하여 순수 색상 정보인 hue 성분만을 양자화하여 히스토그램을 구하고, 이를 명암, 이동, 회전등에 강인한 검색 특징으로 사용한다. 또한 컬러 히스토그램 방법들의 가장 큰 문제점인 공간 정보가 부족한 것은 영상을 16개 영역으로 나눠서 각 영역간의 비교를 통해 해결한다. 그리고 색상 검색에 추가적으로 모양 특징인 에지와 질감 특징인 DCT 변환의 DC를 이용하여 검색의 정확도를 높인다 1,000개의 컬러 영상을 사용해 실험한 결과 기존의 방법들 보다 좋은 정확성을 보인다. This paper proposes a method of content-based image retrieval using region feature vector in order to overcome disadvantages of existing color histogram methods. The color histogram methods have a weak point that reduces accuracy because of quantization error, and more. In order to solve this, we convert color information to HSV space and quantize hue factor being purecolor information and calculate histogram and then use thus for retrieval feature that is robust in brightness, movement, and rotation. Also we solve an insufficient part that is the most serious problem in color histogram methods by dividing an image into sixteen regions and then comparing each region. We improve accuracy by edge and DC of DCT transformation. As a result of experimenting with 1,000 color images, the proposed method has showed better precision than the existing methods.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          염기 촉매를 이용한 디메틸카보네이트 합성에서 ZnCl<sub>2</sub> 조촉매의 영향

          김동우,박문석,김문일,박대원,Kim, Dong-Woo,Park, Moon-Seok,Kim, Moon-Il,Park, Dae-Won 한국화학공학회 2012 Korean Chemical Engineering Research(HWAHAK KONGHA Vol.50 No.2

          이산화탄소를 이용하여 디메틸카보네이트(DMC)를 제조하는 반응은 지구온난화 현상의 주요 원인으로 지적되는 이산화탄소의 효율적 전환 방법의 하나로 주목 받고 있다. DMC는 유독한 포스겐과 디메틸슬페이트를 대체하는 반응 매개체, 가솔린 연료 첨가제, 폴리카보네이트 수지의 전구체 등으로 다양하게 활용되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 에틸렌카보네이트(EC)와 메탄올의 에스테르 교환반응에 의한 DMC의 제조 반응에 대하여 이온성 액체와 금속 촉매의 특성을 조사하였다. 촉매 스크리닝 실험 결과 [Choline][OH]와 [BMIm][OH]가 금속염인 MgO, ZnO, CaO보다 더 좋은 촉매 활성을 나타내었다. [Choline][OH] 촉매에 대해서 반응변수인 반응온도, MeOH/EC 몰비, 이산화탄소 압력이 반응에 미치는 영향을 고찰하였다. 반응온도가 높고 MeOH/EC 몰비가 클수록 EC의 전화율이 증가하였다. 그러나 이산화탄소 압력의 영향에서는 1.34 MPa에서 최고의 DMC 수율을 나타내었고 그 이상의 압력에서는 DMC 수율이 오히려 감소하였다. $ZnCl_2$를 조촉매로 사용한 경우 각각 촉매의 활성보다 더 높은 활성을 나타내어 시너지 효과가 관찰되었으며, 이것은 혼합촉매의 산-염기적 특성에 기인하는 것으로 판단된다. The synthesis of dimethyl carbonate(DMC) is a promising reaction for the use of naturally abundant carbon dioxide. DMC has gained considerable interest owing to its versatile chemical reactivity and unique properties such as high oxygen content, low toxicity, and excellent biodegradability. In this study, the synthesis of DMC through the transesterification of ethylene carbonate(EC) with methanol was investigated by using ionic liquid and metal oxide catalysts. The screening test of different catalysts revealed that choline hydroxide ([Choline][OH]) and 1-n-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium hydroxide([BMIm][OH]) had better catalytic performance than metal salts catalysts such as MgO, ZnO and CaO. The effects of reaction parameters such as reaction temperature, MeOH/EC mole ratio, and carbon dioxide pressure on the reactivity of [Choline][OH] catalyst were discussed. High temperature and high MeOH/EC mole ratio were favorable for high conversion of EC. However, the yield of DMC showed a maximum when carbon dioxide pressure was 1.34 MPa, and then it decreased for higher carbon dioxide pressure. Zinc chloride($ZnCl_2$) was used as co-catalyst with the ionic liquid catalyst. The mixed catalyst showed a synergy effect on the EC conversion and DMC yield probably due to the acid-base properties of the catalysts.

        • KCI등재

          삼봉강룡반어탕(三蓬薑龍半魚湯)과 가감소적백출산(加減消積白朮散)의 항암효과(抗癌效果)에 대(對)한 비교연구(比較硏究)

          김동우,고승희,최유경,심문기,여은경,박세기,박종형,고재철,전찬용,한양희,이청정혜,Kim, Dong-Woo,Ko, Seung-Hi,Choi, You-Kyung,Shim, Mun-Ki,Yeo, Eun-Kyung,Park, Se-Ki,Park, Chong-Hyeong,Ko, Jae-Chul,Jun, Chan-Yong,Han, Yang-Hee,Lee, Chung- 대한한방내과학회 2000 大韓韓方內科學會誌 Vol.21 No.3

          Objective : It is well known that Gagamsojeokbackchool-san show antitumor effects and its activities are result from enhancement of immune function, we investigated the antitumor effects of Sambonggangyongbaneo-tang and its mechanism. Methods : We measured change of body weight, weight of immune organs (Spleen, Thymus), Liver, Kidney, tumor weight, cytotoxicity for investigation of antitumor effects of Sambonggangyongbaneo-tang. Results : 1. The body weight of mouse has no significant difference between control and sample groups. 2. The weights of immune organs (Spleen and Thymus) decreased significantly in sample groups. The weights of Liver and Kidney have no significant difference. 3. The tumor weights in mouse decreased significantly in sample groups and showed dose-dependent effect. 4. Cell viability of Sarcoma 180 has no significant difference in sample groups. 5. HeLa cell viability has no significant difference in low concentration, but it decreased significantly in high concentration. Conclusions : According to the above results, it could be suggested that Sambonggangyongbaneo-tang has prominant antitumor effects and cytotoxicity.

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