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We analyzed the non-Newtonian and non-isothermal flow in a single screw extruder system and investigated the mixing performance with respect to the screw speed and the screw pitch. The viscosity of polymer melt was described with Carreau-Yasuda model. The mixing performance was computed numerically by tracking the motions of particles in the screw element system. The extent of mixing was characterized in terms of the deformation rate, the residence time distribution, and the strain. The results revealed that the high screw speed reduces the residence time but increases the deformation rate while the small screw pitch increases the residence time. It is concluded that the high screw speed increases the dispersive mixing performance and the small screw pitch increases the distributive mixing performance.
Increasing demands for Electric Resistance Welded pipes of high quality with thick wall require c lose investigations in edge deformation by slitting, strip deformation during break down farming, and difference of circumferential length. In order to obtain good quality of a welding zone, it is necessary to predict the edge shape of the initial strip. The modeling of the multi-pass thick tube roll forming process with rigid plastic finite element method ultra the edge shape prediction of an initial strip with 2nd-degree polynomial regression method are presented. Edge shapes of initial strip have been analyzed by the finite element method and designed by the regression method to satisfy the requirements in target fin pass. It is concluded that the proposed edge design method results in optimal edge shapes sat string the design requirements.
An analysis method based on minimizing the axial force by the upper bound method was proposed to obtain the optimal attack angle of the roller in the flow forming process. And the method for minimizing axial force was verified effectively by FEM simulation. The axial force of the roller in the flow forming has an essential effect on producing material build-up and bulge ahead of the roller. The optimal attack angle should minimize the axial force of the roller and also avoid defects such as build-up or bulge effectively,improving the manufacturing accuracy and the surface quality of flow formed product. The possible defects like the material buildup and the spring back or the elastic recovery could be numerically simulated by the FEM. It was shown by the elastic-plastic FEM simulations that the attack angle resulting in the least magnitude of the axial force also resulted in the smallest amount of the material build-up. It is concluded that the simplified calculation of the attack angle is practically useful.
We numerically analyzed flow characteristics of the polymer melt in the screw equipment using a proper modeling and investigated design parameters which have influence on the mixing performance as the capability of the screw equipment. We considered the non-Newtonian and non-isothermal flow in a single rotor equipment to investigate the mixing performance with respect to screw dimensions as shape parameter of the single rotor equipment and screw speed as process parameter. We used Bird-Carreau-Yasuda model as a viscous model of the polymer melt and the particle tracking method to investigate the mixing performance in the screw equipment and considered four mixing performance indexes: residence time distribution, deformation rate, total strain and particle standard deviation as a new mixing performance index. We compared these indexes to determine design parameters and object function. On basis of the analysis results, we carried out the optimal design by using the response surface method and design of experiments. In conclusion, the differences of results between the optimal value and numerical analysis are about 5.0%.
In this paper, modeling of the multi-pass roll forming process with the finite element method and defect prediction in roll forming process are presented. In the roll forming process, there occurs the defect of scratch. It appears on tubes because of the friction between the strip and the roll, the unexpected sliding velocity and the contact pressure when fabricating the tubes. The surface of the product will be not uniform due to the defect. The scratch can be predicted with the simulation modeling of the finite element method, and can be avoided by modifying the design.