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      • KCI등재

        수열 합성 공정 조건이 티탄산 납의 상 형성에 미치는 영향

        김경아,김정석,천채일,Kim, Kyoung-A,Kim, Jeong-Seog,Cheon, Chae-Il 한국세라믹학회 2011 한국세라믹학회지 Vol.48 No.1

        Lead titanate ($PbTiO_3$) powder was prepared from lead nitrate ($Pb(NO_3)_2$) and titania ($TiO_2$) by hydrothermal route. Phase formation process was investigated by observing the phases formed in various experimental conditions like different KOH concentration, reaction temperature and time. $PbTiO_3$ powder was fabricated when the KOH concentration was 0.8M or higher. An intermediate compound, $PbTi_{0.8}O_{2.6}$, was formed at first by a reaction between PbO and $TiO_2$ and changed into $PbTiO_3$ powder with a perovskite crystal structure. A $PbTiO_3$ phase was formed in a shorter time when a KOH concentration was increased from 0.8M to 8M because a driving force for a $PbTiO_3$ formation was increased due to an increase in a degree of supersaturation. And $TiO_2$ (rutile) and $3PbO{\cdot}H_2O$ were observed at room temperature in a 0.8M KOH solution and $TiO_2$(rutile) and PbO (litharge) in a 8M KOH. A $PbTiO_3$phase was also formed in a shorter time at a higher reaction temperature as a reaction temperature influenced the rates for a dissolution and a precipitation.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        단순진폐증에 대한 흉부 고해상 전산화 단층촬영의 진단적 의의

        김경아,김지홍,장황신,안형숙,임영,윤임중,Kim, Kyoung-Ah,Kim, Hi-Hong,Chang, Hwang-Sin,Ahn, Hyeong-Sook,Lim, Young,Yun, Im-Goung 대한예방의학회 1996 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health Vol.29 No.3

        Early recognition of coalescence in pneumoconiotic lesions is important because such coalescence is associated with the respiratory symptoms and deterioration of lung function. This complicated form of pneumoconiosis also has worse prognosis than does simple pneumoconiosis. High resolution computerized tomography(HRCT) provides significant additional information on the stage of the pneumoconiosis because it easily detects coalescence of nodules and emphysema that may not be apparent on the simple radiograph. The purpose of this study is to clarify the role of HRCT in detection of large opacity and the relationship of change between the coalescence of nodules or emphysema and lung function in dust exposed workers. 1. There was good correlation between the HRCT grade of pneumoconiosis and ILO category of profusion. 5(9.09%) in 55 study population had confluent nodule extending eve, two o, more cuts on HRCT. HRCT could identify the pneumoconiotic nodules which was not found by simple radiogrphy in 6 workers with category 0/0. 2. No significant difference was observed coalescence of nodules and emphysema by dust type. 3. There was no significant difference in pulmonary function according to ILO and HRCT classification. 4. HRCT could detect the significant reduction in $FEV_1,\;FEV_1/FVC$, PEFR, $FEF_{25},\;FEF_{50},\;and\;FEF_{75}$ and remarkable increase in RV and TLC in study persons with emphysema compared with non-emphysema group. 5. Emphysema was found more often in nodules-coalescence group than small opacity group by HRCT. We found that HRCT could easily detect areas of coalescence and complicated emphysema compared to plain chest X-ray. Also our data suggest that it is primarily the degree of emphysema rather than the degree of pneumoconiosis that determines the level of pulmonary function.

      • KCI등재

        소아물리치료사와 소아작업치료사의 보조공학 활용 수준 및 자신감

        김경아,정동훈,Kim, Kyoung-A,Jeong, Dong-Hoon 대한물리치료학회 2013 대한물리치료학회지 Vol.25 No.1

        Purpose: This study sought to identify the utilization and confidence in assistive technology (AT) for pediatric physical therapists (PPTs) and pediatric occupational therapists (POTs) for the purpose of improving the utilization of AT in clinics. Methods: The subjects of this study were 167 therapists (98 PPTs and 69 POTs) who work at general hospitals, welfare centers, facilities for the disabled, and special education schools in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. The frequency analysis and chi-squared test were used. Results: This study found that both PPTs and POTs recognize that AT benefits infants with disabilities; however, they show low confidence in using AT. Applications of AT are concentrated on wheelchairs for mobility and assistance with seating position, with orthotics/prosthetics for both purposes. POTs were found to use a wider variety of AT devices. While both PPTs and POTs frequently select/recommend devices, both groups are less involved with delivery methods, manufacture of devices, and education on AT use. Conclusion: These findings show the actual conditions of utilization and confidence in AT of PPTs and POTs deeply involved with AT, and emphasize that AT training is essential for pediatric treatment by comparing domestic and foreign studies.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        PM2.5로 자극한 폐상피세포의 $NF{\kappa}B$ 활성화에 NO의 역할

        김경아,남혜윤,문제혁,정진숙,임영,Kim, Kyoung-Ah,Nam, Hae-Yun,Mun, Je-Hyeok,Jeong, Jin-Sook,Lim, Young,Kai, Hirofumi 대한결핵및호흡기학회 2002 Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases Vol.52 No.6

        연구배경 : PM2.5는 호흡기질환의 악화 및 호흡기 질환에 의한 사망률과 밀접하게 관계가 있다. PM2.5에 의한 호흡기 염증반응의 악화가 그 원인으로 생각되나 염증반응의 조절기전은 확실하지 않다. 본연구에서는 PM2.5에 의한 폐장의 염증반응을 조절하는데 중요한 역할을 하는 전사인자인 $NF{\kappa}B$의 활성화 기전을 알아보아 염증 조절기전에 대한 이해를 높이고자 시도되었다. 방 법 : 폐상피세포주인 A549 세포에서 PM2.5 자극에 의한 $NF{\kappa}B$의 활성화 및 ROS, 그리고 RNS 분비를 관찰 하였다. iNOS 억제제인 L-NIL가 $NF{\kappa}B$ 활성화에 미치는 영향을 관찰하였다. 결 과 : PM2.5는 A549 세포에서 $NF{\kappa}B$의 활성화를 유도 하였다. PM2.5로 A549 세포를 자극시 즉각적인 RNS의 분비는 관찰되었으나 명확한 ROS의 증가는 관찰되지 않았다. RNS 억제제인 L-NIL 처리시 $NF{\kappa}B$ 활성화는 억제되었다. 결 론 : A549 세포에서 PM2.5에 의하여 유도된 즉각적인 $NF{\kappa}B$ 활성화 과정에는 RNS가 중요한 역할을 할 것으로 생각된다. Background : The present study was performed to further improve our understanding of molecular mechanisms involved in the activation of NFkB, a major transcriptional factor involved in the inflammatory response in the lung, by particulate matter in lung epithelial cells with an aerodynamic diameter of less than $2.5{\mu}m$(PM2.5). Materials and Methods : Immediate production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitrogen species (RNS), with the PM2.5 induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), $I{\kappa}B$ degradation and $NF{\kappa}B$-dependent transcriptional activity, in 549 cells, were monitored. Addition, we also examined the effect of the iNOS inhibitor, L-N6-(1-iminoethyl) lysine hydrochloride (L-NIL), on the PM2.5-induced $NF{\kappa}B$ activation in A549 cells. Results : The rapid degradation of $I{\kappa}B$ and the increase of transcriptional activity of the $NF{\kappa}B$-dependent promotor were observed in A549 cells exposed to PM2.5. The immediate production of ROS in response to PM2.5 in A549 cells was not clearly detected, although immediate responses were observed in RAW264.7 cells. A 549 cells, cultured in the presence of PM2.5, produced an increase in NO, which was noticeably significant after 15 min of exposure with the expression of iNOS mRNA. The addition of L-NIL, an iNOS inhibitor, significantly inhibited the PM2.5-induced $I{\kappa}B$ degradation and the increase of the $NF{\kappa}B$-dependent transcriptional activity. Conclusion : These results suggest that PM2.5 stimulates the immediate production of RNS, leading to the activation of $NF{\kappa}B$ in the pulmonary epithelium.

      • KCI등재

        원발성 부갑상선항진증에 의한 악골의 다발성 갈색종양

        김경아,고광준,Kim, Kyoung-A,Koh, Kwang-Joon 대한영상치의학회 2010 Imaging Science in Dentistry Vol.40 No.3

        Brown tumor is usually diagnosed at the terminal stage of hyperparathyroidism. Diagnosis of this tumor is confirmed by endocrinologic investigations along with clinical and radiographic examination. Radiographical differential diagnosis of this tumor includes central giant cell granuloma, aneurysmal bone cyst, metastatic tumor, multiple myeloma, and Paget disease. This report presents a rare case of multiple brown tumors occurring at the maxilla and mandible, which was initially misdiagnosed as central giant cell granuloma. Plain radiographs demonstrated multiple well-defined multilocular radiolucency. CT images showed soft tissue mass with low attenuated lesions, perforation of the lingual cortical plate, and a heterogeneous mass at the right thyroid lobe. These findings were consistent with parathyroid adenoma. The patient had hypercalcemia, hypophosphatemia, and elevated alkaline phosphatase level. Surgical excision of the tumor was performed. No recurrence was observed during a 28-month follow-up.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재
      • SCOPUSKCI등재
      • KCI등재

        손잡이 너비, 높이, 수평 각도가 손수레 운전에 필요한밀기, 들기, 회전 힘에 미치는 영향

        김경아 ( Kyoung Ah Kim ),이호철 ( Ho Cheol Lee ),송영웅 ( Young Woong Song ) 한국안전학회(구-한국산업안전학회) 2011 한국안전학회지 Vol.26 No.1

        This study evaluated the effects of the handle width(shoulder width, 1.25×shoulder width, 1.5×shoulder width), height(3 levels : knee, medium, knuckle) and horizontal angle(0°, 10°) on the pushing, lifting, and twisting strengths which were required for carrying single or two wheel barrows. Twelve healthy college students(male) participated in the experiment. In each experimental condition(3×3×2=18), the subjects exerted three forces(pushing, lifting, and twisting clockwise). The experimental conditions and three forces were tested in random order, and a minimum 2 minutes of rest was provided between exertions. Results showed that the mean and maximum pushing forces showed greater values when the horizontal angle was 0° than 10°(p=0.016). However, the three independent variables had no statistically significant effects on the lifting forces(p>0.1). The mean and maximum twisting forces increased as the handle width became larger(p<0.05). Also, there was a marginal effect of the horizontal angle(p=0.065) on the twisting force. From the results of this study, the horizontal angle of 0° and the wider handle width were suggested for the design of single-wheel barrows

      • KCI등재후보

        도시 교통 시뮬레이션

        김경아 ( Kyoung Ah Kim ),김덕수 ( Duk Su Kim ),윤성의 ( Sung Eui Yoon ) 한국컴퓨터그래픽스학회 2011 컴퓨터그래픽스학회논문지 Vol.17 No.4

        본 논문에서는 시내 상황을 반영한 교통 시뮬레이션을 위한 띠(ribbon)형 도로 네트워크를 형성하고, 에너지 함수를 이용하여 대용량의 차량 객체들의 움직임을 사실적으로 재현하는 실시간 시뮬레이션 방법을 제안한다. 본 연구에서 제안하는 방법으로 GIS (Geographic Information System)의 지도정보 혹은 임의 생성된 지도 모델을 이용하여 도로 네트워크 모델을 기존의 연구보다 적은 오차로 효율적으로 구성할 수 있다. 차량 객체들의 움직임을 사실적으로 재현하기 위하여, 본 논문은 새로운 객체-환경 상호작용 에너지 함수와 객체-객체 상호작용 에너지 함수를 제안한다. 본 논문에서 제안하는 상호작용 에너지와 효율적인 도로 네트워크 구성법으로 교차로 및 진입로 등과 같은 대부분의 교통 상황을 사실적으로 실시간 시뮬레이션 할 수 있다. We propose an intelligent ribbon road network for automatic vehicle simulation, and a real-time algorithm for large-scale, realistic traffic simulation based on artificial energy functions. Our method reconstructs a road network automatically from both GIS (Geographic Information System) real-world data and synthetic models. Such automatic road network helps us to easily simulate almost every possible scenario such as intersections, ramps, etc. In order to simulate agents` movement, we design car-environment interaction energy and car-car interaction energy functions. Car agents move along the road network according to the proposed energy functions while avoiding collisions with other car agents.

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