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        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          지역혁신체제 구축과 지방대학의 발전방향

          길병옥(Kil Byung-ok), 제갈욱(Jaegal Uk) 한국정치정보학회 2006 정치정보연구 Vol.9 No.1

          본 연구는 미래지향적 국가균형발전, 국가경쟁력 강화 및 효율적 “분권, 분업 및 분산”정책의 실행을 위하여 국방과학기술을 기반으로 한 특화된 지역혁신체제의 구축을 제기한다. 특히 대전 및 충청권역에 개별화되어 있는 국방과학기술 관련 다양한 지역 클러스터를 유기적인 협력ㆍ통합시스템으로 만들고 민ㆍ관/군ㆍ산ㆍ학ㆍ연ㆍ언(民ㆍ官/軍ㆍ産ㆍ學ㆍ硏ㆍ言)이 연계된 “정책혁신 거버넌스 네트워크”를 구축하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 또한 국방중추인 3군본부 계룡대, 군전문 교육기관인 자운대 및 주변 도시와의 특장(特長)을 십분 활용하여 “민ㆍ군화합공간”(民軍和合空間)의 새로운 모델을 제시하는데 있다. 더불어 본 연구는 국방과학기술 관련 정책, 정보, 집행, 조정, 통제 등의 연계화가 절실히 요구되고 있는 점을 감안하여 국방과학기술의 “자생(自生)모델”(viable model)에 입각한 지역단위 거버넌스 네트워크의 형성방안을 제시한다. 지역혁신체제는 분산된 혁신자원을 네트워크화하여 지역발전의 악순환 구조를 선순환구조로 전환하는데 있다. 전국적으로 진행 중인 지역혁신체제를 원활하게 구축하기 위해서는 지방대학의 육성이 긴요하고 추진과제는 국가 및 지역수준의 통합적 혁신시스템 구축, 산ㆍ학 연계 강화로 혁신체제의 내실화, 지역 R&D 사업의 통합적 조정 및 재정지원 확대, 지방 인재육성 프로젝트의 추진 등이 있다. This inquiry searches for the ways of establishing the regional innovation system specialized in the field of defense technology for the future-oriented balanced development, strengthening of national competitiveness, and efficient decentralization and localization policies. Particularly, it aims at promoting an integrated, cooperative system among policy innovation actors in the civil society, government/military, academy, research institute and media. To initiate “a space for the civil-military cooperation,” this paper suggests a viable model of defense technology governance network. In the same nutshell, the role of local universities is underlined in a way that they act as the hub of knowledge cluster and source of creating knowledge, technology and skill. It contends that partnership, integration and networking among the policy innovation actors are the essential ingredient for the effective regional innovation system.

        • KCI등재

          국방과학기술과 제도의 공진화를 통한 스마트 국방 실현방안

          길병옥 ( Kil¸ Byung-ok ) 미래군사학회 2020 한국군사학논총 Vol.9 No.2

          In the national defense industries, problems reside in the shrinking of domestic demands and slumps in exports, accumulated deterioration of management, disparity of national defense technology compared to the advanced countries, and lack of consistency in institutional arrangements. Due to such matters, opinions have been raised for the promotion of national competitiveness overcoming through the institutional coevolution of revolution in military affairs and national defense technology. This inquiry, for the policy alternatives, suggests such institutional and policy arrangements as the establishment of powerful control tower leveled equivalent with advanced countries, organization of “Defense Export Promotion Agency,” institution of “Defense Information Technology Cooperation Center” for the co-prosperity and cooperation of big and small enterprises, local innovation cluster for the export of defense products connected with localities, Techno-Park and defense venture centers, promotion units for the swift acquisition and institutional innovation, fostering policies for small and medium-range businesses, activation of civil-military cooperation project, epochal transformation and simplification of defense R&D procedures, formulation of Global Value/Supply Chain enterance strategy, maintenance of Regional Strategic Post Exporting Defense Industrial Products for the exports in the region, and revitalization of free and competitive institutions for the advancement of high-tech national defense technology. In conclusion, this paper stresses policy alternatives of realizing smart defense and resolving structural problems to furnish consistent paradigmatic changes on the How to Fight in the case of national crisis, How to Win with effective military strategies, and How to Catch-up such advanced countries in the field of defense industries.

        • KCI등재

          한국 공적개발원조의 정책이행체계 및 효과분석

          길병옥(Kil Byung Ok) 한국부패학회 2009 한국부패학회보 Vol.14 No.3

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          This inquiry researches on the recent issues of the effects of official development aid(ODA) and its problems vis-a'-vis the aid management system and ways of providing foreign aid. Among controversies and debates are inefficiencies of ODA, petty project implementation due to many recipients, lack of systematic aid contents, lack of consensus on the aid direction and scope, and ineffective management system. Korea needs to increase the ODA/GNI rate to 0.1% by the year 2009 as the member of OECD. For the Korea's effective ODA program, a selective application of foreign aid in a matter of the optimal combination of multilateral-bilateral assistance and grants-loans is the better policy option. South Korea needs to establish a foreign assistance governance network in a way that facilitates cooperative partnership and integration with the international institutions, international non-governmental organizations, and multinational corporations. In that nutshell, an establishment of the governance network among the international actors are essential. For the efficiency, Korea must formulate and implement aid policies on the basis of aims and purposes, rather than types, of ODA.

        • KCI등재

          한국의 해양안보전략과 다자안보협력 증진방안

          길병옥 ( Kil Byung Ok ) 배재대학교 한국-시베리아센터 2020 한국시베리아연구 Vol.24 No.3

          최근 동북아 지역정세에서 주목할 만한 부분이 해양에서의 패권경쟁이다. 특히 중국의 급격한 국력증강과 과기강국(科技强國)에 의한 화평굴기(和平屈起) 전략이 대외정책에서 공세적으로 변화된 모습을 보이고 있고 이에 대응하려는 주변국들의 외교정책과 중국의 부상을 견제하여 패권을 유지하려는 미국의 아시아 회귀 및 재균형 전략이 혼재되어 발생하고 있다. 한국의 강력한 동맹국인 미국과 다자안보협력 증진의 주요 파트너인 중국이 해양패권을 위한 경쟁 내지는 충돌하는 상황에서 한국은 양자동맹과 다자협력을 동시에 추진하진 해야 하는 어려움이 있는 것이 사실이다. 현재의 상황에서 한국이 선택 가능한 해양안보정책 방향은 ①한·미동맹 발전 우선 다자안보협력 증진 참여 ②한·미동맹 발전 및 다자안보협력 증진 동시 추진 ③다자안보협력 증진 우선 한·미동맹 유지 등 세 가지 가운데 하나로 보인다. 한국이 처한 안보환경 상 가장 이상적인 방향은 공동번영과 평화유지 차원의 동맹과 협력의 공진화(共進化, coevolution)이지만 안보환경과 지역 국가들간의 패권경쟁과 국익추구 등의 이해관계가 복잡하게 얽혀있어 한국은 선택적 차원에서 심도 있는 전략적 판단과 분석이 요구된다. 본 연구는 한국이 그동안 추진해 온 한·미동맹과 관련된 군사외교활동, 다자안보협력 증진의 방안으로서 주변국과의 군사외교활동, 다자안 보협력기구와의 군사외교활동 등에 대한 통시적 분석을 시도한다. 한국의 다자안보협력 군사외교활동은 미·중 패권경쟁의 일환으로 진행되고 있는 갈등으로 인해 전략적 선택에 제한을 받고 있다. 따라서 향후 해양분쟁요인 중 군사적/비군사적 분쟁요인과 전통적/비전통적 분쟁요인에 대한 분석과 지역 정세변화에 대한 면밀한 고찰을 통해 우리의 정책적 대안을 마련하는 것이 방향이다. 한국은 미국을 포함하여 전략적 해양동맹 및 협력체제를 구축하고 동맹의 다변화를 추진해야 한다는 점을 강조한다. Recently, a noteworthy part in the Northeast Asian regional politics is a competition for the hegemony in the sea. In particular, there are complexities with China's rising strategy through peace and stability, by way of abrupt state building and strong nation on the basis of science and technology, portrayed in a way that is aggressive and in respective neighboring countries' foreign policies and the US, maintaining hegemony, retrospective and re-balancing strategy toward Asia aimed at prohibiting China's rising. In the midst of the US and China struggling for the maritime hegemony, South Korea has limitations in promoting both alliance and multinational cooperation at the same time. The former is a powerful alliance and the latter is a major partner of multinational security cooperation to South Korea. In the current status, a selectable direction for the maritime security policies is one of the following: ①ROK-US alliance first and participating multinational security cooperation, ②promoting ROK-US alliance and multinational security cooperation simultaneously, and ③multinational security cooperation first and maintaining ROK-US alliance. The most ideal direction is a coevolution of alliance and cooperation in the dimension of co-prosperity and peace maintenance, but South Korea needs to have a thoughtful strategic judgment and analysis due to the complexities of security environment and regional powers' coercion forcing South Korea to select policy options. This inquiry attempts to have a longitudinal research on the military diplomacy activities with regard to the ROK-US alliance, multinational security cooperation, and multinational security institutions. South Korea has been faced limitations in selecting policy strategies for the multinational security cooperation because of the struggles competing for the hegemony between the US and China. Thus, a policy direction lies in the preparation of possible alternatives through a scrupulous and careful review on the changes of regional security politics as well as analysis on the military/non-military and traditional/nontraditional conflict factors in the future. This study stresses on the promotion of a strategic maritime alliance and cooperation system including the US and diversification of alliance mechanism.

        • 미래 해양위협 대비 한국 해군의 전력체계 구축방향에 관한 논고

          길병옥 ( Kil Byung-ok ), 이승준 ( Lee Seung-jun ) 한국군사학회 2016 군사논단 Vol.87 No.-

          This inquiry is focused on the ways of verifying the validity of future design of ROK Navy's force structure prepared against various maritime threats circa 2050. In the midst of uncertain changes, forecasting of future threats is difficult, but consistent pre-studies and reviews are inevitable to promote an appropriate force establishment for the future. Possibly, the values of ocean and maritime security will be heightened in the aspects of technology and costs of development. Thus, the ocean in the foreseeable future is going to be the optimal place for the human survival. In the years of 2050s, dispersion of power and economic interdependence among regional powers will be intensified and strategic importance of the Korean peninsula will be increased. In the prospect, the theater of war in the 2050s will have the expansion and integration of war spheres and experience changed concepts of waging the war as well as conditions of it. North Korea is amplifying the operational capacity of TBM and SLBM. At the same time, regional powers have increased their maritime powers in the Asia-Pacific region. More specifically, the possibility of maritime conflicts is increasing among countries in the South China Sea and on the Korean peninsula. In this environment, the ROK Navy's roles and missions including future establishment direction of force system are the following: First, it should protect the nation from the external threats and invasion, preserve maritime resources and environment, support foreign policies, and maintain international maritime cooperation as well as the world system and order. Second, its required capacities are the accomplishment of comparative advantages of C4ISR, effective command and controlling system, dominance of maritime/space/cyber warfares, strategic defense system, and cubic independent operational capacity in the blue ocean. Finally, the design of future force system should meet the needs for the multi-dimensional efficiency and effectiveness of force structure free from the threats of North Korea and neighboring countries in Northeast Asia.

        • 전시 국민생활안정 유지방안

          길병옥,Kil,,Byung-Ok 대전대학교 군사연구원 2007 군사학연구 Vol.5 No.-

          Government duties in the cases of crisis are aimed at supporting efficient military operations in the fields of non-military affairs and resource mobilization, maintenance of government functions, and search for the public security of living during the war. In crisis, the government must change its functions into the total-war system with all resources available for the efficient performance of military operations, war economy, public safety and security as well as government continuance. The main contents of "Chung-Mu Plan" include the alternative measures to control the circulation of life necessities, emergency electricity, water and gas; recover public facilities from the disaster; and accommodate the wounded and refugees. Governments have practiced Ul-chi and ChungMoo exercises to improve government's management capabilities and master standard operating procedures including systematic distribution plans in the national and local level. However, such plans have not yet sufficient enough for the maintenance of public security of living. In addition to the conceptual ambiguity, major problems are the inappropriate system of the war economy, legal institutions, and administrative SOPs for the efficient maintenance of it. Thus, for the betterment of national crisis management system, the government should have the manual stated from every step and level dealing with crisis to the legal institutions. It is important to empower the National Emergency Planning Commission for the policy consistency and efficient/effective implementation. The comprehensive plans must have an integrated cooperative system of the central/local governments, military and civil society with actual practices and exercises for the maintenance of the public security of living.

        • KCI등재후보

          국가 위기관리체계 확립방안 및 프로그램 개발에 관한 연구

          길병옥(Kil Byung-ok), 허태회(Huh Tae-Hoi) 한국국제정치학회 2003 國際政治論叢 Vol.43 No.1

          최근 위기관리분야에 대한 연구경향은 전통적 위기관리의 개념이나 군사ㆍ안보적인 차원을 넘어 다양하고 포괄적인 범주의 위기관리에 연구와 관심이 집중되는 양상을 나타내고 있다. 국가위기관리는 위기경보, 위기통제 및 위기해결의 단계 모두에 걸쳐 고조된 긴장과 갈등을 완화하는 것과 위기의 근원을 찾아내어 사전에 방지하고 제거하는 제반활동을 포함한다. 하지만 문제점은 국가위기관리관련 범정부 차원에서 대처해야 할 국가안보 및 위기관리체계가 아직 정립되어 있지 않다는 점이다. 따라서 효율적이고 원활한 위기관리능력 제고를 위해 중앙정부차원의 위기관리관련 법적 제도, 종합능력, 조정절차, 구성, 기능 및 업무수행 면에 대한 보완대책을 강구해야 한다. 본 연구는 국가위기관리체계의 확립을 위해 국가안전보장회의의 기능과 역할을 확대ㆍ개편하고 여기에 통합경보센터의 연결망 구축을 제안한다. 더불어 우리 현실과 미래상황에 적합한 위기관리 프로그램의 개발을 촉구한다. Recent theoretical inquiries on the crisis management and its program development have shown some tendencies studying more on the multifaceted and various categories of national crisis than on the traditional military and security areas. National crisis management means that it alleviates the elevated tensions and conflicts, eliminates the sources of crisis, and prevent the crisis situation in advance throughout the crisis warning, control and solution phases. But the problem is that the national crisis management system is not yet established to perform such functions mentioned above. This inquiry suggests to expand and reform the current system of the National Security Council via reforming legal and functional institutions. It also urges to develop an effective crisis management program that fits to South Korea's current and future geopolitical situation.

        • 6·25전쟁 초기 해군의 봉쇄와 호송작전 분석 및 평가

          조덕현 ( Cho Duk-hyun ), 길병옥 ( Kil Byung-ok ) 한국군사학회 2017 군사논단 Vol.90 No.-

          In unlimited war the usual primary purpose is to contribute to the collapse of the enemy`s economy by cutting off its sources of supply. This is usually done by patrolling the SLOC with particular attention to choke points through which shipping must pass. This form requires the broad exercise of control of the seas. The two forms of blockade may be used concurrently. For instance during World War II in the Pacific, the U.S. Navy waged an unlimited war against Japan with its broad blockade, and also isolated specific areas one at a time by means of a close blockade in order to allow the reduction of the garrison without outside interference. The Korean War gives an excellent example of the use of a close blockade to isolate a specific area for the purpose of conducting a limited war. The theater to be isolated was a peninsula; the enemy had no submarines and an insignificant surface force and naval air power, and his surface shipping was limited to small steamers, junks, barges, and fishing craft. The dimensions of the peninsula were such as to limit the maximum length of the battle-line, so that given enough ground troops to man adequately this line, sheer weight of numbers might have little effect on the outcome. The essential forces for sea control were the UN cruisers and destroyers with eyes furnished by such naval air reconnaissance as could be made available. These were organized into several task elements, each under its own commander and assigned to a certain area of responsibility, but all directed by a single blockade commander. Each element consisted essentially of one cruiser and one division of destroyers, augmented by ROKN small craft where circumstances warranted. On the West Coast carrier-based aircraft was included in the system. On the East Coast it was not included but more or less close liaison was maintained with naval air reconnaissance.

        • KCI등재

          한반도 국제정세의 동학과 통일한국을 향한 국방개혁

          허태회(Huh Tae-hoi), 길병옥(Kil Byung-ok) 서울대학교 국제학연구소 2002 국제지역연구 Vol.11 No.2

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

            This inquiry demonstrates the future tasks and directions of South Korea"s military reform contemplated to meet the challenges and obstacles in international politics. It first identifies strategic and structural changes in the Northeast Asian security context and examines security policy behaviors of regional powers toward the Korean peninsula. In doing so, this paper discusses possible roles for U.S. military forces in Korea and the future directions of both security alliance and economic alignment mechanisms for neighboring countries in Northeast Asia. This paper then explores external sources of threats, and suggests that military reform should be aimed at eliminating uncertainties and long-term regional challenges presented by and after the emergence of a Unified Korea. This study contends that the Unified Korea will require reliable, secure and strong military forces with the integrated C4ISR system (command, control, communication, computer, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance) to effectively meet uncertainties and supra-/super-national threats.   신자유주의를 통한 세계화, 대 테러국제연대, 그리고 국익의 극대화라 집약 할 수 있는 현재의 국제정세 동학은 군사, 정치 및 경제적 측면에서 그 체제적 현상을 설명할 수 있다. 동북아 국제정세는 경제이익에 기초한 실용주의적 협력과 테러와 같은 초국가적 안보위협에 대처한 국가 간의 협력이 지배적 양태를 이루는 한편, 다른 한편으로는 강대국간 군사전략적 이익이 상호 대립되어 전개될 가능성이 높다. 동북아에서 주요 안보위협요인은 강대국간의 국익경쟁 및 영토분쟁, 지역에서의 저강도전쟁 가능성 증대, 대량살상무기의 확산, 초국가적 테러위협, 생화학무기의 살포, 국제범죄 및 마약 밀거래, 대량난민의 유입, 자연환경파손문제 등이다. 이러한 다양한 안보의 위협요인으로 인하여 미래의 안보상황은 ‘불확실성'과 ‘불특정성'으로 대변할 수 있고, 미래 정보ㆍ지식사회의 전쟁개념은 다차원적인 하이테크 정보전쟁의 개념으로 전환될 것이다. 이에 대한 대응으로 외형적 구조의 측면에서 동북아 각 국은 병력 및 조직은 축소하고 군의 질적 향상을 위한 국방개혁을 단행하고 있다. 동북아 국제정세 상황에 부응하여 한국은 국방개혁의 방향을 병력규모 및 부대구조의 축소와 무기체계의 첨단기술을 기반으로 한 질적 능력강화에 중점을 두고 추진하여야 하겠다. 21세기 미래전에 대비한 한국군의 선택은 재래식 무기체계에 의한 공격력 및 억지력을 확보하는 것보다 전시 통합관리능력을 배양한 정부군, 과학 기술군 및 항공우주군의 육성이 시급하다고 본다.

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