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Purpose: Korean society has already entered an aged society but there aren't many evidence-based studies on the elderly-friendly design elements in the apartment environment, which is the main residential type in Korea. The main purpose of this study is to verify the necessity and expandability of the outdoor environment design in the public rental apartment complex through the evaluation of the effectiveness and satisfaction of SMG(Seoul Metropolitan Government) Cognitive Health Design Project in GR 1 apartment complex. Methods: The research subjects were GR 1-complex as experimental group and the nearby Wolgye Deer 1-complex as control group, both public rental apartment and located in Seoul. As a research method, the survey was conducted before and after the implementation of SMG project for residents of the apartment. A total of 200 preliminary surveys and 203 post surveys were conducted. Results: As a result of this study, residents' accidents related safety have decreased, and both the frequency of use and satisfaction of most facilities have increased. It is noteworthy that the increase in cognitive items in the post-survey. Also, 74.5% of the residents evaluated that the complex was better to live after the project was implement. Implications: The fact that the preliminary surveys were not conducted for the same person is considered as the limitation of the study, but it is meaningful in that it systematically assesses the effectiveness of the project on the cognitive health of the outdoor residential environment towards age-friendly city.
Thirty cases were observed among the peripheral facial paralysis patients who admitted. the Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion of Seoul Oriental Hospital between Feb. 2nd, 1995 and Aug. 14th, 2000. These patients were divided into two groups; the first group was treated with indirect facial moxibustion., while the second with basic oriental-westem medicine treatment. Object : To improve the therapeutic rate of peripheral facial paralysis by applying basic oriental-western medicine treatment and indirect facial moxibustion. Method : Inpatients suffering from peripheral paralysis of facial nerve were divided into two groups; both groups recieved basic oriental-western medicine treatment; the experimental group additionally received indirect facial moxibustion onto Tuyu(頭維) and Chich'ang(地倉) once or twice daily. Result : In the therapeutic result from moxibustion treatment group, 3 excellent, 7 good, 3 fair, and 1 poor case were observed. From compound treatment group, 2 excellent, 5 good, 5 fair and 4 poor cases were observed. Among the excellent and good patients of both groups, therapeutic rate of moxibustion treatment group (71.4%) was higher than that of compound treatment group(43.8%). Conclusion : The overall therapeuric rate of the moxibustion treatment group was 92.8%, which was higher than that of the compound treatment group(75.1%).
Construction and operation of Germ Free Pigs' facilities are very expensive because pigs' rooms and other major rooms of the facility require germfree environments. Especially, running the HVAC system of aseptic facilities requires a lot of expenses. However proper location and efficient shape of outlets/inlets for the ventilation of the room can reduce the excessive running cost. In order to do that, this study proposes alternative location and shape of ventilation outlets/inlets to the existing design pattern in germfree pigs' room. The design condition of this study is the maintenance of adequate temperature(24'C), NHs concentration level(below 1.5 ppm), and air stream speed(be1ow .25m/sec) in the pigs' room for the summer and the winter together. As the Software Program, FLUENT(Ver. 6.2) has been used for the analysis of proposed ventilation patterns, In conclusion, wall inlets and ceiling inlet/outlet are advisable in summer, wall inlets and ceiling outlets is advisable in winter. As far as the shape is concerned, diffuser type for the ceiling outlet is desirable.
이 논문에서는 진동형상의 민감도로 유도한 피셔정보행렬(Fisher Information Matrix)를 이용하는 가속도계의 최적위치 결정 기법 MS-EIDV(modal sensitivity-effective independence distribution vector)을 제안하고, 이를 사용하여 구조물의 동적 거동을 잘 반영하여 가속도계의 최적위치를 결정할 수 있는 합리적인 기준을 제시한다. 실험을 위한 가속도계의 최적위치는 구조물의 변수가 기지값이어야 결정되지만 구조물의 변수값은 실험결과를 사용한 SI(system identification)기법과 같은 역해석을 통해 구해지기 때문에, 본 논문에서는 구조변수의 오차를 감안하여 미지의 구조물의 현 상태를 통계적으로 반영하는 방법을 제시하였다. 제안된 방법들의 검증을 위해 주파수영역 SI기법을 적용하였으며, 구조변수 추정 결과를 통해 현장에서 계측하고자하는 진동형상의 수에 따른 최소 필요 가속도계의 개수를 제시하였다. 수치예제에서는 진동형상만을 이용한 최적위치 결정법인 EIDV기법과 제안된 MS-EIDV기법에 의해 추정된 구조 변수 결과를 비교하였다. This paper proposes a new algorithm of MS-EIDV (modal sensitivity-effective independence distribution vector) for determining optimal accelerometer locations (OAL) by using the Fisher Information Matrix (FIM) derived from mode-shape sensitivities. Also, the paper provides a reasonable guideline for selecting OAL which can reflect dynamic responses of a structure effectively. Since OAL should be determined with known values of structural parameters but since the parameters can be estimated by applying an inverse method such as SI (system identification) using measured response, the paper proposes a statistical method to overcome the paradox by considering the error bound of the structural parameters. To examine the proposed methods, a frequency-domain SI method has been applied. By using the identified results, the minimum necessary number of accelerometers could be selected depending on the number of target measurable modes. Through simulation studies, the results by applying EIDV method directly using the information of mode shapes were compared with those by applying the proposed MS-EIDV.
This research is the trial for the computation of the ease-rate for the bodice pattern. The result of the analysis about the cross section figures of garment space by using a 3-D measuring instrument is that: The garment space of each bodice by each body size is definite. In the figure of cross section of the basic lines, an area of cross section of garment space and length of cross section of garment space are not increased in proportion to an area of cross section of the body The ease rate is the same no matter that flat-rate of the body is same or different. The ease-rate is computed by length of cross section of garment space that is in proportion to the radius of the body.
The air ventilation system of operation rooms has been studied to prevent the cross infection during the operation. Operation rooms and air ventilation systems of three University hospitals were investigated. The distribution of microbe was measured by cultivating air samples in the operation room. A two-dimensional model for the cross-section of an operation room was developed for the CFD(Computational Fluid Dynamics) analysis. The characteristics of air flow in the empty operation room and in occupied operation room were calculated by using a CFD program. The current diffuser location of an old hospital did not deliver the clean air to the operation part efficiently. A new method to locate diffusers that improve air venting with little increase of the cost of equipment was suggested.
The purpose of this study is to suggest optimum size of residents' bedrooms in nursing homes. Bedroom is an essential part of nursing homes because nursing home residents spend most of their times in bedrooms and occupy the largest part of facility area. Therefore it is necessary to set an adequate standard related to resident room area in nursing facilities, which have a great effect on planning longterm care facilities for the elderly. The body dimensions of elderly people and care givers have been collected from the previous study. Based on the body dimensions data, the behaviors of elderly as well as care givers have been analysed. The minimum areas-exclusive of toilets, closets, vestibules and so on - have been proposed from the results of the behavior analysis.