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목적 : 본 연구는 결박 스트레스를 시행한 백서의 기억력, 우울, 스트레스 호르몬의 혈중 농도에 대한 전기침의 효과를 관찰하였다. 재료와 방법 : 결박 그룹은 10일 동안 2시간의 결박 스트레스를 받았다. 결박 스트레스 및 고주파수 전침 그룹은 2시간의 결박 스트레스를 받는 동시에 100Hz의 전침을 우측 족삼리 (ST-36)에 시행하였다. 기억력과 우울에 미치는 결박 스트레스와 침의 효과를 비교하기 위하여 억제성 회피 과제와 강제 수영 검사를 실시하였다. 결박 스트레스 및 전기침으로 유도된 코르티코스테론과 멜라토닌, 부신피질자극호르몬, 노르아드레날린의 농도를 측정하기 위하여 결박 스트레스 및 전기침 자극이 시작된 30분, 60분, 90분, 120분 후에 백서의 꼬리에서 혈액 샘플을 채취하였다. 결과 : 억제성 회피 과제에서 전기침을 시행한 그룹은 시행하지 않은 그룹에 대해서 장기 기억의 증진에 유의한 변화가 있었다. 강제 수영 검사 결과에서는 우울에 유의한 변화가 없었으며, 스트레스 호르몬 반응 결과에서도 유의한 변화가 없었다. 결론 : 1. 고주파수 전기침 (100Hz)은 억제성 회피 과제 결과 결박 스트레스에 기억력을 상승시켰다. 2. 고주파수 전기침 (100Hz)은 강제 수영 시험 결과 결박 스트레스로 유도된 우울을 감소시키지 않았다. 3. 고주파수 전기침 (100Hz)은 혈액 채취 결과 스트레스 호르몬을 감소시키지 않았다. Objectives : This study investigated the effects of electroacupuncture on memory, depression, and plasma stress hormone levels in rats that were under immobilization stress. Materials and Methods : The immobilization-only group was given two hours of immobilization stress for 10 consecutive days. The immobilization and high frequency EA group was given two hours of immobilization stress simultaneously with high frequency (100Hz) electroacupuncture stimulation on the right ST-36 (Zusanli) for 10 consecutive days. We conducted the inhibitory avoidance and forced swimming tests to recognize whether immobilization stress and electroacupuncture have effects on memory and depression. We collected blood samples from the tail of each rat at 30, 60, 90, and 120-minute intervals during the immobilization stress and EA stimulation to measure plasma concentrations of ACTH, corticosterone, melatonin, and norepinephrine induced by immobilization stress and electroacupuncture. Results : There was a significant effect of high frequency on the increase in anamnesis based on the result of the inhibitory avoidance test, but there was no significant effect of decreasing depression based on the result of the forced swim test. Also, there was no significant effect on the response indicated by stress hormones. Conclusions : 1. High frequency electroacupuncture (100Hz) improved anamnesis in immobilization stress states under the inhibitory avoidance task. 2. High frequency electroacupuncture (100Hz) did not reduce depression induced by immobilization stress under the forced swimming test. 3. High frequency electroacupuncture (100Hz) did not decrease stress hormones through blood sampling.
본 연구에서는 노즈워크용 장난감을 대하는 단두종과 장두종의 행동 차이에 대하여 알아보았다. 실험에 사용한 견종으로는 Boston Terrier(2016년생, 중성화X, 암컷) 1마리, Pug(2019년생, 중성화O, 남) 1마리, Golden Retriever(2012년생, 중성화X, 암컷 / 2018년생, 중성화O, 암컷) 2마리 총 4마리이다. 실험에 사용한 노즈워크용 장난감은 빨간색(R) 1개, 파란색(B) 1개, 노란색(Y) 1개 총 3개이다. 동물행동과학연구실과 연구원 본인의 집에서 실험이 진행되었다. 장난감을 주어서 시작할 때부터 내부에 있는 사료(힐스 사이언스 다이어트 스몰 포 라이트) 50g을 다 먹을 때까지의 행동을 영상으로 기록하였다. 견종 1마리당 3개의 장난감을 주어서 12번의 영상이 기록되었고, 그 영상들을 분석하여 견종마다 장난감을 코로 터치하는 횟수, 앞발로 터치하는 횟수, 사람을 보는 횟수, 사람에게 도움을 요청하는 횟수, 특이한 행동 등을 정리하였다. 정리 결과 앞발로 터치하는 횟수는 장두종보다 단두종이 비교적 많았으며, 견종의 성격차이에 따라 행동차이가 나타났다. In this study, we looked at the behavioral differences between short-nosed dogs and long-nosed dogs in dealing with toys for nosework. There are a total of four dogs used in the experiment: one Boston Terrier (born in 2016, neutralization X, female), one Pug (born 2019, neutralization O, male), and four Golden Retriever (born in 2012, neutralization X, female / born in 2018, neutralization O, female). There are three toys for nosework used in the experiment: one red (R), one blue (B), and one yellow (Y). Experiments were conducted at the animal behavioral science lab and the researcher"s own home. From the start of the toy, we recorded their behavior from the time they ate 50 grams of the inside feed (Hills Science Diet Small For Light). Each dog was given three toys, and 12 videos were recorded, and each dog was analyzed to summarize the number of times the toy was touched with its nose, the number of touching with its front feet, the number of people watching, asking for help, and so on. As a result of the organization, the number of touchings with the front foot was relatively higher than that of the head, and behavioral differences were shown depending on the nature of the breed.
The increasing rate of interdependency among nations is the current state of world affairs. For the last 20 years, the global society has been keeping a close eye in East Asia commensurate to the region’s economic achievements. Widely acknowledged as the region’s core three states, China, Japan, and South Korea have held a distinctly close and convoluted relationship. For centuries, the three states have had mutual grounds in history, culture and tradition, and lifestyle which are attested by the region’s common practice and application of Confucianism, Chinese characters, and Buddhism. As of late, another formation of regional affinity has been under way along with its economic and cultural interactions. Such a phenomenon has been apparent in the domains of each state’s daily-living and culture, while simultaneously leaving negative connotations bearing conflicting situations in the areas concerned with their respective political prowess and imperialistic drive within the region as a stark contrast. If the collective identity of East Asia finds its origins in their past perceptions of each other from the ancient period, then the inquisition of defining what ‘East Asia’ is as well as how the region will overcome the conflicts stemming from its modern history, and subsequently create a mutual perception and community of East Asia is imperative. Furthermore, an assessment of the region’s efforts in creating a peaceful atmosphere while rejecting further encroachment of imperialism has been included.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of praise used by kindergarten teachers to preschoolers. To do this, researchers found and classified the praises among the language the five teachers used in the daily routine, and then divided them into the purpose of each praise, the content of the praise, and the method of praise(viewpoint, situation, and technique). In addition, according to the purpose of praise, statistical analysis was conducted to see if there were differences by contents and methods of praise. As a result, the purpose of praise was ‘completion for strengthening behavior', ‘praise for encouragement', and‘praise for intimacy', and the contents of praise were in order of‘praise for the result', and ‘praise for the process', and‘praise for personal characteristics'. From the point of view of praise method, ‘immediate praise' was the most frequently showed and then followed by ‘pre-praise' and‘post-praise', and there were more ‘individual praise' found when compared to‘public praise', and the technique appeared in order of 'sympathy', 'explaining concretely',‘compare', and 'compensation'. As a result of analyzing the difference between contents and methods according to the purpose of praise, there was a statistical difference in the situation and technique of praise. The purpose of ‘praise for intimacy’ was a high frequency for the use of ‘sympathy’in the context of ‘personal praise.’ 본 연구의 목적은 유치원 교사들이 유아에게 사용하는 칭찬의 특성을 파악하는 데 있다. 이를 위해 먼저 5명의 유치원 교사로부터 하루 일과에서 사용한 언어 중 칭찬을 분류한 후, 각 칭찬의 목적, 칭찬의 내용 그리고 칭찬의 방법(시점, 상황, 기법)으로 나누어 분석하였다. 또한 칭찬의 목적에 따라 칭찬의 내용별, 방법별로 차이가 있는지 통계분석을 실시하였다. 그 결과 칭찬의 목적은 ‘행동 강화를 위한 칭찬’, ‘격려를 위한 칭찬’, ‘친밀감을 위한 칭찬’의 순으로 나타났고, 칭찬의 내용은 ‘결과에 대한 칭찬’, ‘과정에 대한 칭찬’, ‘개인특성에 대한 칭찬’의 순으로 나타났다. 칭찬의 방법 중 시점은 ‘즉각적 칭찬’ ‘사전 칭찬’, ‘사후 칭찬’ 순으로, 상황은 ‘개인적 칭찬’, ‘공개적 칭찬’의 순으로, 기법은 ‘공감하기’, ‘구체적 설명하기’, ‘비교하기’, ‘보상하기’의 순으로 나타났다. 칭찬의 목적에 따른 내용별, 방법별 차이를 분석한 결과 칭찬의 목적에 따라 칭찬의 방법 중 상황과 기법에 통계적 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. ‘친밀감을 위한 칭찬’의 목적은 ‘개인적 칭찬’의 상황에서, ‘공감하기’ 기법 사용에 높은 빈도를 나타내고 있었다.
The universal environment should be developed from existing systems that ensure safety and convenience to environments that can improve the quality of life of citizens. In this research, text mining is used to investigate public perception of health and wellness perspectives among the new definitions of universal design. The goal of the study is to use it as a basis for setting the direction of universal design based on public awareness. The process is as follows. First, analyzing the factors that should be included in universal design for health promotion and wellness realization through literature examination and prior research analysis. Second, collecting and refining textual data to analyze the public perceptions about health promotion and wellness aspects of universal design. TEXTOM, a big data analysis tool, was used to collect and refine data and text mining. Ucinet6.0 and NetDraw was used to visualize network connections between texts and analyze structural equivalence. Third, based on public perception derived through text mining, we present the direction of universal design to be applied. The results of a survey of public perceptions of universal design from a wellness perspective are as follows. First, the public recognizes universal design as a design for the disabled and the aged. Secondly, the public do not feel the connection between Universal Design and Wellness. Third, the public feel the need to improve awareness of universal design. This study is significant that it can be a basis to set the direction of universal design by analyzing public perception using text mining.
Brand space in the online age should be renewed as a space with a human nature that can draw connections with consumers based on overall experience. Therefore, this research analyzes spatial characteristics that can provide emotional experiences in brand space based on IKEA’s case. This aims to propose a brand that reveals its human side as a way to work out the ‘Retail Apocalypse’. The study case targets IKEA from brands implementing strategies for digital transformation. The process is as follows: First, through theoretical examination, we analyze the characteristics of human-centric marketing and brand spaces to provide emotional experiences to customers to establish investigative criteria. Second, we investigate the spatial characteristics of IKEA Goyang stores based on the criteria established in the previous step. Third, we propose a planning direction for brand space to provide emotional experience by analyzing the characteristics expressed in the sales space of IKEA Goyang stores. According to the analysis, IKEA causes emotional experiences with its “easiness” through the provision of customer convenience, “empathy” with its product line and showroom composition, and “emotional rewards” that make customers feel they are reasonable consumers. Emotional experience factors accounted for the largest portion of easiness, followed by empathy, emotional rewards, relevance, and openness. Based on the analysis results, strategies for providing emotional experiences in brand space include: First, you need to plan a visual image such as a brand’s philosophy or POP that can deliver messages. Second, we need to increase the convenience of purchasing products. Third, we should express that we sympathize with customers.