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In this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted to analyze teachers' perceptions and teaching practices on the‘Inquiry Mathematics' in elementary mathematics textbook compiled according to the 2015 revised curriculum, and to find out ways to support teachers in teaching ‘Inquiry Mathematics'. As a result of analyzing the responses, teachers recognized that the content of ‘Inquiry Mathematics' was difficult for students. It is also hard for teachers to considerate of differences in students' various learning levels. In addition, it was found that teachers' awareness of the purpose of introducing ‘Inquiry Mathematics' related to math competency was insufficient, and that it was not sufficiently reflected in the ‘Inquiry Mathematics' class. In order to support learning ‘Inquiry Mathematics' that fits the purpose of the curriculum, it is necessary to organize a textbook that takes into account differences in student learning levels. Teachers should be provided with a wide variety of materials that can be used in actual classes, especially teaching and learning materials that take into account differences in students' level, and image and videos that guide inquiry activities. 본 연구에서는 2015 개정 수학과 교육과정에 따라 편찬된 초등학교 수학 교과서의 ‘탐구 수학' 차시에 대한 교사들의 인식과 지도 실태를 알아보기 위해 설문조사를 실시하였다. 응답을 분석한 결과 교사들은 탐구 수학의 내용 수준이 높다고 인식하였고, 학생들의 다양한 수준 차이를 고려하여 지도하는 것에 어려움을 겪고 있었다. 또한 수학 교과 역량과 관련한 탐구 수학의 도입 취지에 대한 교사들의 인식이 부족하여 지도에 충실히 반영되지 못하는 것으로 나타났다. 교육과정 취지에 맞게 탐구 수학 지도가 잘 이루어지도록 하려면 학생들의 학습 수준 차이와 흥미를 고려한 교과서 구성이 필요하고, 교사들에게 실제 수업에서 활용 가능한 다양한 자료, 특히 학생들의 수준차를 고려한 교수·학습 자료와 탐구 활동을 안내하는 영상 등의 자료를 풍부히 제공해야 할 것이다.
In order to promote the Generalized Health Beliefs between the medical doctors and university students for more comprehensive health control, we researched the Generalized Health Beliefs invented by Dr. Cockburn and microsystemic enviromental factors. As a result, we obtained the following conclusion from the study: 1. Analytically possible answers given by 525 students(92.6%), and among them. 356(67.8%) male students, and 196(32.2%) female students. 2. Items for Generalized Health Beliefs, Which were divided into 4 factors: 4 items for seriousness of health, 3 items for the barrier of medical utility, 4 items for the medical motivation, and 4 item for the control over illness. 3. Cronbach's alpha constant for respective analytic factors revealed that the seriousness of health; 0.92, the barrier of medical utility; 0.94, the medical motivation; 0.44, and the control over illness; 0.76. 4. The seriousness of health was influences by gender, origin of birth, residence, and frequency of visiting a doctor during one year period(〈0.05). 5. The barrier of medical utility differs from origin of birth, residence, and frequency of visiting differs from origin of birth, residence, and frequency of visiting a doctor(〈0.05). 6. Gender was found to be an influencing factor in the medical motivation, and gender and religion in the control over illness(〈0.05).
In order to determine the epidemiological pattern of the liver fluke, the infection rates and intensity for the metacercarial larvae of C. sinensis in the fish hosts, and the prevalence of the liver fluke among the residents in the vicinity of the Cheongdo River, Kyungpook Province Korea were studied from June, 1993 to September, 1994. Fourteen species of fresh-water fish caught in the river were examined for the encysted larvae of C. sinensis. Of these, 6 species were infected with the metacercariae of C. sinensis. Infection rates varied greatly by fish species and ranged from 16.7 per cent in P. herzi to 80.0 per cent in P. parva. As for the intensity of Clonorchis infection, P. parva was the most heavily infected species, with an average number varying from 8.8 to 11.0 cysts. The prevalence of C. sinensis among the residents in the vicinity of the Cheongdo River was relatively high, being found to be 21.0 per cent with an infection rate of 23.47 per cent in males and 17.86 per cent in females. The difference of infection rate between males and females is found to be statistically significant (t>2). For the analysis of age pre valence patterns of Clonorchis positives applied the two-stage catalytic model, and the equation was y=1.2(e(-0.015t)-e(-0.022t)) From this equation the force of infection was annually 15 per 1,000 susceptibles and the disappearance rate from positive to negative cases was annually 22 per 1,000 Clonorchis positive in this population. For the analysis of intensity of infection, the frequency distribution by the Clonorchis egg counts was calculated as well as the cumulative percentage to the total number of positive cases, and the regression equation was y=1.51+1.30 logX. These figures indicated that most cases of the residents with clonorchiasis were found to be lightly infected. This study indicate that endemic foci of C. sinensis exist in the vicinity of the Cheongdo River Cheongdo and the prevalence of the liver fluke among the residents is still high.