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This study performed research to find out forming power of permanent wave and damage of hair by agitating Effective Microorganism(EM) in the generally used thioglycolates(TG) and TG with the use of the EM before and after applying oxidizing agent(2nd agent) with TG + EM (pH 8.67), TG + EM (pH 7.5) and cysteine(CY, pH 8.67) as reducing agents, and the results are summed up as follows:As a result of measuring the forming power of permanent wave, the hairs that underwent treatment with TG + EM (pH 8.67) and were applied with the 2nd agent after applying EM at pH balance showed the highest power of forming wave among the hairs in all the control groups and experiment groups. As for hair tensile strength, the hairs that underwent treatment with TG + EM (pH 7.5) and were applied with the 2nd agent showed highest value among experiment groups and control groups. The experiment group which is applied with EM at pH balance and with the 2nd agent after treatment with TG + EM (pH 8.67) was observed to have the most thmogenous and most tightly stuck hairs scale among all the experiment groups and control group. The results of this study Judging from the fact the pH 8.67 solution that resulted from agitating Effective Microorganism(EM) in thioglycolate showed clear wave formation and high tensile strength, the solution is estimated to be effective for use for treatment or pH balance as solution mixed at proper ratio according to hair quality.
The hair type formed in the Edo Age shows Braided Hair(結髮) style with five parts according to the positions of hairs in a head. The hair style was started in early ages and completely shaped in the Edo Age, and there were 270~280 hair types in the middle or end of the Age which had started in the early period of the Edo Age. The peculiar hair styles of the early Edo Age were the Front Hair, Both Side Hairs, Pho, Curved Hair Gok, and Front Hair on the side of a head, and those were classified into five names base on hair bundles arisen from the shape of a skull. Round Hair also named according large or small sizes. This showed various Pho until later ages by hanging tied hairs onto necks naturally, and there were various hair types based on whether hairs stretched horizontally, in the case of Bin. The Front Hair Style was a kind of charm hair types, which cut hair shortly, or used Jeul or tied hairs for volume effects onto the parietal region of the head From the middle of the Edo Age, women used a wooden supporter, Che, to tie hairs by reducing the volume of hairs or used Tied Hairs for hairs to be less, and women with many hairs cut their hairs to be shown as those with less hairs. As shown above, the JungChe, the base of Hair style process, was the origin of modeling beauty as well as a supplementing meaning to arrange hairs.
Purpose This study was aimed to investigate the effect of knowledge and competence of first aid treatment among middle school students after the education on the injury treatment. Methods : The study design was randomized pretest and post-test control group nonsynchronized design. Study subjects were 32 Srd-grade students of Y middle school in P city and 34 Srd-grade students of M middle school in P city in this research. Among two Srd-grade classes. one classes were randomly assigned to experimental group (32 students) and two were control group (34 students). The intervention for experimental group was providing five-time 45-minute injury treatment education. Results : 1. The First hypothesis : After intervention on the injury treatment education, knowledge of injury treatment in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group(t=-6.480, p<.001). 2. The Second hypothesis After intervention on the injury treatment education, competence of injury treatment in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group(t= -15.121, p<.001). Conclusion These findings suggest that the injury treatment education can facilitate knowledge of injury treatment, competence of injury treatment in the middle school student. Therefore, it is considered that the injury treatment education can be utilized as a effective way to implement the 7th nation curriculum.
The purpose of this study is to suggest the roles of Korean language teachers based on intercultural communication perspectives and context-cultural factors because second language classes involve intercultural communication between a teacher and students or between students from diverse cultural backgrounds. For this purpose, this study examines concepts of intercultural communication based on high/low-context culture approaches. Korean culture has been classified as a high-context culture in that communication participants depend much heavily on contexts, environments or nonverbal communication as well as explicit verbal communication. Considering the high-context cultural characteristics of Korean language, this paper analyzes the structure of intercultural communication in Korean language classrooms. It suggests that the teachers should be able to develop intercultural sensitivity and flexibility and acquire abilities to move from the high-context culture to the low-context culture towards individual students. The teachers’ efforts can create better communication flow in language classrooms and eventually contribute to more effective teaching and learning by reducing opportunities that messages might be misinterpreted. Finally, this paper compares classroom cultures between Asian and western countries, and provides four teaching techniques for Korean language teachers who have intercultural awareness as second language teachers. (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)
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In this work, the effects of beauty art students’ self-concepts on their Acceptance of the hair trend and their store choice tendencies were analyzed and verified. The results of this work are as follows:First, according to the statistics, it has been discovered that the students’ self-concepts had a significant effect on their Acceptance of the hair trend(F=42.38, p<.001). Analyzing the effectiveness of the self-concepts by each level, the completeness had significant effects on the awareness Acceptance and the guidance Acceptance, and the sociality had significant effects on the guidance Acceptance and the awareness Acceptance. Second, it has been turned out that investigating the hair trend Acceptance had a significant effect on the efficiency of the store choice tendencies(F=7.20, p<.001). It has also been found out that the Acceptance had a slight effect on the hair trend hair trend. Third, it came out that the self-concepts and the hair trend Acceptance interacted to have significant effects on the store choice tendencies(F=9.17, p<.01) and the service and efficiency of the store choice tendencies. Finally, in the light of the demographic features, the statistics showed that there were significant differences in the self-concepts depending on the academic career(F=3.16, P<.05), and the self-concept was the highest among the students currently attending junior college. The store choice tendencies again showed significant differences depending on the academic career, and high school students showed the highest tendency.