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      • KCI우수등재

        지명 명명공간의 형태와 상모적지각의 지형보전적 고찰 -경상남도 '목'마을을 대상으로-

        강영조 한국조경학회 1993 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.21 No.2

        The purpose of this study is to establish a theory for conservation of named and physiognomically perceived landform. And this study investigated the characteristics of the spatial form and physiognomic perception of MOK(is landform and space like neck) in MOK-MAEUL(settlement name including korean character 'mok') in Kyongsangnamdo. The surveyed sites are 52 MOK-MAEUL. The MOK representing a particular landform is divided into 5 types and the characteristics of landform were analyzed. The residents recognized a MOK as a living form and thought that influenced their wealth and security.

      • KCI등재

        고개의 조망특성에 관한 연구 - 부산광역시를 대상으로 -

        강영조,조승래,김희정,Kang Young-Jo,Cho Seung-Rae,Kim Hee-Jung 한국조경학회 2005 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.33 No.4

        The purpose of this study is to analyze characteristics of prospect from the mountain pass by investigating relations between the type of mountain pass and object overlooked from the mountain pass. For the purpose, this researcher selected and surveyed 44 mountain passes located in Busan, except in Gangseo-gu lesion. According to their locational characteristics, the mountain passes were classified into three types, 'sanmok'(formed between mountain peaks), 'sanheori'(formed on the mountainside) and 'sanmaru'(formed at the tip of the mountain peak). Out of the total 44 mountain passes, 22 were 'sanheori' in type. In the same type, mountain passes mostly had a prospect providing the overlap of downtown and mountain areas. The researcher examined the sight distance and dip of object to be viewed from the mountain pass, determining relations between the object and the mountain pass. When overlooked from mountain passes in Busan, most objects are distributed between $-3^{\circ}\;and\;-1^{\circ}$ in an angle of depression within the sight distance from 0.5km to 14km. Mountain passes are valuable as a post that is very important in prospecting scenes. But they are now in crisis. They are being gradually disappeared because of development projects. Finally, the researcher hopes that the study makes recognizing the value of the mountain pass and contributes to preserve the mountain pass as an important post of view point when its region is later developed.

      • KCI우수등재

        경관의 동태성에 관한 연구

        강영조 한국조경학회 1999 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.27 No.3

        The objective of this study is to characterize the landscape retaining dynamic character through the distinction between the spatial structure and the landscape. In this study, the landscape was characterized by the image of environment viewed by human being. Firstly, the landscape was disscussed in terms of such three element as the environment viewed by human being, the psychological detachment from the environment and the meaning of image. Secondly, the dynamic character of the landscape was determined by the comparision between the spatial structure of the static elements and the landscape experience through the case study Soshe garden. In the study found that landscape experience depend on the dynamic viewpoint and human views while the spatial structure is stable and static. This study also found that landscape is an open system which can be diachronically transformed by human value, while spatial structure is a synchronic closed system.

      • KCI등재

        Improvement of the Decarburization Rate in Austenitic Stainless Steelmaking

        강영조,김용환,손호상 대한금속·재료학회 2015 METALS AND MATERIALS International Vol.21 No.1

        In order to enhance the decarburization rate at low carbon content region during the decarburization ofmolten stainless steel in argan oxygen decarburization, inert gas was blown into top slag and molten steelthrough a top lance. The carbon content at the end point of the decarburization process was found to reachlower values than conventional levels without the inert gas top blowing. The decarburization rate might beimproved, probably due to the disturbance of the slag/metal interface and the dilution of CO gas. Theinfluence of slag in decarburization step on the decarburization and the reduction reactions of chromeoxides in the slag were also experimentally and theoretically investigated by establishing a kinetic modelof the decarburization of molten stainless steel under the existence of slag containing chrome oxide. Theliquid fraction of the slag appears to be essential for a more effective decarburization reaction. Countermeasureswere also proposed to prevent carbon pickup from burnt lime for better slag control.

      • 양산시 산지경관자원 조사

        강영조,차명숙,이재인,차영채 東亞大學校 建設技術硏究所 2007 硏究論文集 Vol.31 No.1

        이번에 조사한 경상남도 양산시는 해발고도가 500M 이상으로 비교적 높은 산들이 입지하고 있는 지역이었으며, 아직까지 훼손이 되지 않아 대부분이 울창한 산림으로 이루어져 있고, 수려한 계곡이 있다. 거의 모든 산들이 주요 도심부에서 조망이 가능했으며, 도심부와 접하여 있어 사람들의 접근이 용이한 곳에 있었고, 시민들과 함께 생활하는 산이었다. 양산의 산들은 자연생태적으로도 우수하지만, 경관적 측면에서도 아주 가치가 높다. 특히 고속도로, 국도 등에서 조망되는 산, 넓은 평야, 저 너머에 우뚝 솟은 산, 낙동강 저너머로 조망되는 산 등은 양산에서 볼 수 있는 산지경관의 특색이었으며, 양산시의 도시경관을 형성하는 데에 높은 경관적 가치를 지니고 있었다. 이러한 산지 경관이 훼손되지 않고 보호, 보전되어야 하며, 주요한 조망점과 거기에서 조망되는 산의 윤곽선, 즉 스카이라인의 시각적인 관리가 중요하다. 특히 이번 조사에서 선정된 조망점은 양산의 산을 인상적으로 체험하게 하는 중요한 시점이므로 이 조망점은 물론 여기서 조망되는 산 능선과 산체가 경관적으로 훼손되지 않도록 각종 개발 행위 때 세심한 배려가 필요하다.

      • KCI등재

        한국팔경의 형식과 입지특성에 관한 연구

        강영조,김영란 한국정원학회 1991 한국전통조경학회지 Vol.9 No.2

        It was studied in this paper that the typical characters, the composition elements and the geographical characters of "Pal-Kyong"-8 to 12 sceneries-in the 23 places, a total of 230 sceneries from Sin-Jung-Tong-Kook-Yo-Ji-Sung-Lam(新增東國與地勝覽) Published in 1530, where geographical and cultural informations about Korea were listed at that time, were analyzed. Also the matching mode of "Pal-Kyong" with landscape elements was analyzed. 1. The kinds of types "Pal-Kyong" from this study was divided into the typical or identical type "So-Sang(瀟湘)" a place name in China, similar type of "So-Sang", the experiential type with famous place which related to the behavior of persons at that time, the scenic type with pavillion having good views of beautiful and strange landscapes and the other types. 2. The composition elements of the similar and identical type of "So-Sang" were natural phenomena such as cloud, snow and rain, etc. and plants like pinetrees and flowers, etc. In the experiential type, the places were associated with men's experiences like seeing off guests, looking for monks, and fishing. 3. "Pal-Kyong" of Mun-Kyong, On-Yange, Pung-chon was composed of the similar and identical type of "So-Sang", that Pyong-Yang, Chong-An, Kong-Ju, Mil-Yang, Tae-Gu of the similar and identical type of So-Sang and the experiential type, that of Yo-Ju, Ul-San, Kang-Rung, Pyong-Hae and Poong-San of scenic type, that of the others of various kinds of types that of Han-Sung and Yo-Ju was experiential type. 4. The geographical types of "Pal-Kyong" was divided into the type of mountainous are where attractive sceneries were mountain or hill, type of waterfront where sceneries were rivers, streams and ponds, the type of mam-made facilities where sceneries were pavillions and temples and the type of plain area were sceneries were farm villages. It is thought that the results from this study is available for the landscape conservation and planning.

      • KCI등재

        겸재 정선의 진경산수화에 나타난 조망행동 - 진경산수화 100엽을 대상으로 -

        강영조,배미경 한국조경학회 2002 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.30 No.5

        The purpose of this study is to consider the relationship between point of view and prospect behavior occurring in the experience of a painted landscape. This study analyzes one hundred scenes from the 'real landscape painting' by Kyumjae, one of the most famous landscape painters in 18th century Korea. The results of the study are as follows: 1. It clarified that Kyumjae's real landscape painting's 100 scenes have many view points such as roads, bridges, pavilions, mansions, towers, terraces, hillsides, bases of mountains, broad flat roots, brooksides, and ferries that are apt to occur in the experience of a landscape. The spatial characteristics of view points are expanded fields of vision, evening and night scenes, edges of landforms and structures from which to improve ones vantage point. 2. It showed that 99 out of real landscape painting's 100 scenes depict a view point'to look'and 79 of 'to look through', 73 of 'look around'and 24 of 'to look over'. 3. It showed that real landscape painting's 100 scenes depict that the view point 'to look' is mainly upon a road from which people are looking over an elevated landscape such as the top of a mountain or rockwall. The view behaviors of looking down are depict 15 pavilions, 14 mansions, 2 broad rocks and 10 mountain tops on which people experience landscapes such as fields, rural communities and streams. The view behaviors to look depict 33 ships, 24 roads, 24 pavilions, 19 mansions and 12 terraces on which people experience landscapes such as distant views of mountains, rivers and landscapes. The view behaviors to look around to obtain orientation of landscape are depict 16 pavilions, 10 mountaintops. To glimpse on the way of journey depict 33 ships and 29 roads. To look over depict 11 mansions and 6 pavilions on which experience borrows the landscape. To look through landscapes such as rivers, mountains and rockwalls depict 15 roads, 14 pavilions and 11 mansions. To exchange looks depict 30 ships, 14 roads, 12 pavilions and 12 mansions. We expect that these results might give clues toward the experience of landscapes and the practice of landscape design methods which select viewpoints, and in the design of view points suitable to prospect behaviors.

      • 溪谷 微地形景觀의 分類와 그 形態에 관한 硏究 : 등산 전문잡지의 기사 분석을 통하여 From analysis on articles from magazine for climbing

        姜榮祚,박한우 동아대학교 건설기술연구소 2001 硏究報告 Vol.25 No.1

        The purpose of this study is to clarify the classification and the characteristics of spatial form of the valley landforms according to extracting the name of landform, which are collected from the specialized magazine for climbing a collective representative. The named landform on the valley area is divided into 13 types which are gaegok(계곡, a valley), sangisuk(산기슭, a foot of mountain), sanjarak(산자락, a skirt of mountain), nurukbawee(너럭바위, a broad and flat rock), gaeroo(계류, a mountain stream), nudulgidae(너덜지대, a flutter area with rock), habsujum(합수점, a point of flow together), subtunul(숲터널, a forest path), so(소, swamp), pokpo(폭포, a waterfall), dolbatgil(돌밭길, a path through stony place), toisukgidae(퇴석지대, a area with a pile of stones) and its characteristics are analyzed. The result of this study will contribute to establish the theory for conservation and development of ways of designing for mountain landforms.

      • KCI등재

        자아영역의 경관디자인 수법의 개발에 관한 연구 : 퇴계 이황의 '유소백산록(遊小白山錄)'을 사례로 Case Study of "Excursion Record of Mt. Sobaek(遊小白山錄) " by Toegye LEE

        강영조 한국정원학회 2001 한국전통조경학회지 Vol.19 No.3

        The experience of landscape consists of physical objects and human being. Few Studies on human being have been done, compared to abundant studies on manipulating physical objects. The purpose of this study is to develop landscape design ways on ego field in which human being is manipulated. This study was taken "Excursion Record of Sobaek(遊小白山錄)" by Toegye Lee for a case study. The results are as follows; 1. Manipulation of relation to landscape by view field. This is the landscape design ways by editting of sequential experience of landscape, selecting transportation means in accordance with body condition and landscape distribution, and selecting and framing view field to get the impressive landsapce experiences. 2. Manipulation of relation to landscape by view point This is the landscape design ways by manipulating of view field to be able to pose the body to get the impressive landscape experience, to control of view angle and line of vision in accrodance with landscape distribution and to make the guide board with direction of route and term to experience impressive landscape distribution and to make the guide board with direction of route and term to experience impressive landscape 3. Manipulation of meaning by inner ego This is the landscpae design ways by naming impressive landscpae, referring to the excurtion records and being accompanied by the people who can share the landscape experiences.

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