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This study aim to clarify the way of spatial composition of Tongdo Temple by diachronic analysis. The way of spatial composition was clarified through the analysis of built in architectural system in three periods. The result are as follows; 1. Spatial composition of Tongdo temple was changed in three period that it were establishment period, 1300s, and 1700s by the transition of meaning structure occurring the transition of spatial composition. 2. It was found out that the wat of spatial composition was three through the diachronic analysis the transition of spatial composition in Tongdo temple. 3. Juxtaposition as a way of spatial composition found out through the diachronic analysis is equivalent articulation of three sections; an upper, a middle, and a lower section and polyaxis or polycore in the each sections. Fusion is heterogenetic minglement mingling different kind of buildings and conjugation conjugating different kind of decorations. And accumulation of layer is mutilayer laying different time of layer and multi aspect aligning different kind of aspects since the temple's establishment.
The purpose of this study is to consider the relationship between point of view and prospect behavior occurring in the experience of a painted landscape. This study analyzes one hundred scenes from the 'real landscape painting' by Kyumjae, one of the most famous landscape painters in 18th century Korea. The results of the study are as follows: 1. It clarified that Kyumjae's real landscape painting's 100 scenes have many view points such as roads, bridges, pavilions, mansions, towers, terraces, hillsides, bases of mountains, broad flat roots, brooksides, and ferries that are apt to occur in the experience of a landscape. The spatial characteristics of view points are expanded fields of vision, evening and night scenes, edges of landforms and structures from which to improve ones vantage point. 2. It showed that 99 out of real landscape painting's 100 scenes depict a view point'to look'and 79 of 'to look through', 73 of 'look around'and 24 of 'to look over'. 3. It showed that real landscape painting's 100 scenes depict that the view point 'to look' is mainly upon a road from which people are looking over an elevated landscape such as the top of a mountain or rockwall. The view behaviors of looking down are depict 15 pavilions, 14 mansions, 2 broad rocks and 10 mountain tops on which people experience landscapes such as fields, rural communities and streams. The view behaviors to look depict 33 ships, 24 roads, 24 pavilions, 19 mansions and 12 terraces on which people experience landscapes such as distant views of mountains, rivers and landscapes. The view behaviors to look around to obtain orientation of landscape are depict 16 pavilions, 10 mountaintops. To glimpse on the way of journey depict 33 ships and 29 roads. To look over depict 11 mansions and 6 pavilions on which experience borrows the landscape. To look through landscapes such as rivers, mountains and rockwalls depict 15 roads, 14 pavilions and 11 mansions. To exchange looks depict 30 ships, 14 roads, 12 pavilions and 12 mansions. We expect that these results might give clues toward the experience of landscapes and the practice of landscape design methods which select viewpoints, and in the design of view points suitable to prospect behaviors.
The purpose of this study is to clarify the historic transition of the prospects on Haeundae dalmaji hill. Dalmaji hill is well known for a character of configuration on the ground with the scene of the sea. We will infer that how did it change the prospects of Dalmaji hill's sea through the analyzing of the preset situation and location of building on the hill. (1) We investigated the stories of the building, the history, the business condition. (2) We collect the twenty four view points which is able to have seascape on the hill, being easily approaching to the road, and condition of changing the building. (3) We clarified the transition of seascape prospect and considered the characteristics of the six types from which were divided the condition of seascape prospect.
The purpose of this study is to clarify the classification and the spatial form of the named coastal landforms which are collected from the specialized magazine for fishing as a collective representative. The costal landform, viewing from the fishing activity, is divided into 9 types which are Yo(sunken rock), Kaeppai(rock-ribbed coast), Jolbyeok(cliff), Koppuri(spite), Chagalmadang(shringle beach), Kanchulam(intermitent rock), Mulgol(valley sea), Kaeppul(tidal flat), Sajang(sandy coast). And the characterstics of the 9types of landform were analyzed. The results of this study will contribute to establish teory on conservation and rehabilitation of costal landscape.
It was studied in this paper that the typical characters, the composition elements and the geographical characters of "Pal-Kyong"-8 to 12 sceneries-in the 23 places, a total of 230 sceneries from Sin-Jung-Tong-Kook-Yo-Ji-Sung-Lam(新增東國與地勝覽) Published in 1530, where geographical and cultural informations about Korea were listed at that time, were analyzed. Also the matching mode of "Pal-Kyong" with landscape elements was analyzed. 1. The kinds of types "Pal-Kyong" from this study was divided into the typical or identical type "So-Sang(瀟湘)" a place name in China, similar type of "So-Sang", the experiential type with famous place which related to the behavior of persons at that time, the scenic type with pavillion having good views of beautiful and strange landscapes and the other types. 2. The composition elements of the similar and identical type of "So-Sang" were natural phenomena such as cloud, snow and rain, etc. and plants like pinetrees and flowers, etc. In the experiential type, the places were associated with men's experiences like seeing off guests, looking for monks, and fishing. 3. "Pal-Kyong" of Mun-Kyong, On-Yange, Pung-chon was composed of the similar and identical type of "So-Sang", that Pyong-Yang, Chong-An, Kong-Ju, Mil-Yang, Tae-Gu of the similar and identical type of So-Sang and the experiential type, that of Yo-Ju, Ul-San, Kang-Rung, Pyong-Hae and Poong-San of scenic type, that of the others of various kinds of types that of Han-Sung and Yo-Ju was experiential type. 4. The geographical types of "Pal-Kyong" was divided into the type of mountainous are where attractive sceneries were mountain or hill, type of waterfront where sceneries were rivers, streams and ponds, the type of mam-made facilities where sceneries were pavillions and temples and the type of plain area were sceneries were farm villages. It is thought that the results from this study is available for the landscape conservation and planning.
이번에 조사한 경상남도 양산시는 해발고도가 500M 이상으로 비교적 높은 산들이 입지하고 있는 지역이었으며, 아직까지 훼손이 되지 않아 대부분이 울창한 산림으로 이루어져 있고, 수려한 계곡이 있다. 거의 모든 산들이 주요 도심부에서 조망이 가능했으며, 도심부와 접하여 있어 사람들의 접근이 용이한 곳에 있었고, 시민들과 함께 생활하는 산이었다. 양산의 산들은 자연생태적으로도 우수하지만, 경관적 측면에서도 아주 가치가 높다. 특히 고속도로, 국도 등에서 조망되는 산, 넓은 평야, 저 너머에 우뚝 솟은 산, 낙동강 저너머로 조망되는 산 등은 양산에서 볼 수 있는 산지경관의 특색이었으며, 양산시의 도시경관을 형성하는 데에 높은 경관적 가치를 지니고 있었다. 이러한 산지 경관이 훼손되지 않고 보호, 보전되어야 하며, 주요한 조망점과 거기에서 조망되는 산의 윤곽선, 즉 스카이라인의 시각적인 관리가 중요하다. 특히 이번 조사에서 선정된 조망점은 양산의 산을 인상적으로 체험하게 하는 중요한 시점이므로 이 조망점은 물론 여기서 조망되는 산 능선과 산체가 경관적으로 훼손되지 않도록 각종 개발 행위 때 세심한 배려가 필요하다.
이번에 조사한 주왕산 국립공원은 해발고도가 700M 이상되는 산봉들이 많이 입지하고 있는 수려한 자연경관을 자랑하는 지역이다. 하지만 많은 이용객과 등산객이 왕래하는 청송군지역과는 달리 영덕지구는 진입로 및 산책로가 정비되어 있지 않아 이용객의 발길이 뜸한 곳이었다. 이러한 이유로 아직까지 훼손이 되지 않은 울창한 산림들과 수려한 계곡들의 쾌적함을 온몸으로 느낄 수 있었다. 이러한 산들은 산 아래 마을을 병풍처럼 에워싸고 있으며, 마을을 보호하는 울타리와 같은 존재로 다가왔다. 영덕지구 내 산들은 자연생태적으로도 매우 우수하였으며, 경관적 측면에서도 아주 가치가높다. 이러한 자연자원들은 훼손하지 않으면서 공원을 찾는 탐방객에게 적절한 탐방코스를 발굴하고, 수려한 산지경관은 보호, 보전하고, 주요한 조망점과 거기에서 조망되는 산의 윤곽선, 즉 스카이라인은 시각적인 관리를 시행하여야 한다. 또한, 본 조사에서 선정된 조망점 및 경관자원은 국립공원 내 산을 더욱 더 쉽게 다가서게 하며 소중한 자산으로 여겨 산을 체험하는 모든 이가 아끼고, 산 능선과 산체가 경관적으로 훼손되지 않도록 세심한 배려가 필요하다.
The purpose of this study is to clarify interrelation pithead of a tunnel and location of tunnel reviewing the landscape appreciation on the basis of space perception of the reviewing the landscape appreciation on the basis of space perception of the entrance of a tunnel. It is generally believed that the simple meaning of tunnel is a mere shortcut of road in order to move into another space at a short time. However it implies more than a short cut of road for the drivers and the passengers. They could enjoy not only a short distance but also appreciate the landscape and surrounding of the entrance of tunnel. To solve the above mentioned requirements, it is suggested that following factors must be considered at the step of drawing. first, the principle of landscape and appreciation. second, the condition of the route and the topography. third, the type grouping of the subject pit head of investigation according to the condition of the topography. As mentioned above, if the pithead form is designed, the result of study will be applied as the base data.
The purpose of this study is to clarify the classification and the characteristics of spatial form of the valley landforms according to extracting the name of landform, which are collected from the specialized magazine for climbing a collective representative. The named landform on the valley area is divided into 13 types which are gaegok(계곡, a valley), sangisuk(산기슭, a foot of mountain), sanjarak(산자락, a skirt of mountain), nurukbawee(너럭바위, a broad and flat rock), gaeroo(계류, a mountain stream), nudulgidae(너덜지대, a flutter area with rock), habsujum(합수점, a point of flow together), subtunul(숲터널, a forest path), so(소, swamp), pokpo(폭포, a waterfall), dolbatgil(돌밭길, a path through stony place), toisukgidae(퇴석지대, a area with a pile of stones) and its characteristics are analyzed. The result of this study will contribute to establish the theory for conservation and development of ways of designing for mountain landforms.