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A five-year economic plan commenced in 1962 made great strides in economic growth, which, in the meantime, gave impetus to industriali zation and urbanization in Korea. The urbanizatin resulted in the movement of surplus labor manpower of the rural community to cities, and a decrease in population of the rural community has brought about a shortage of manpower in the rural community. Jeju-do which was moving out population owing to migration to largest cities has flown in population, on account of the moving in population to the province as the provincial development in Jejn-do has advanced. And at the same time, urbanization in the province has been accelerated, of which fact is verified by the fact that in 1970, "eups" (towns) and Jeju City gained population increase of 50 percent over previous years. The object of this study is to investigate geographical characteristic of the movement of population in the cities and rural community in Jeju-do from 1960 to 1975. The date of the research have been extracted from the census of population taken in the province iu 1960, 1966, 1970, and 1975, and the study has been made separately by four perild for convenience' sake. Division of the period is as follows : The Ist period (from 1960 to 1966) : the 2nd period (from 1966 to 1970) : the 3nd period (from 1960 to 1970) : the 4th period (from 1970 to 1975). The research has been conducted on 1 city, 2 "guns" 3 "eups", and 10 "myeons" throughout the province. The following summarizes the results of the investigations : 1. The population of Jeju-do has been mounting steadily since 1960, the increase rate of which exceeds that of the national level. 2. As for population increase in 'gun' districts, Nam-Jeju-gun has been gaining in population which exceeds those of the provincial and national level, whereas Bug-JeJu-gun shows a slight increase in population. 3. The study has recognized the difference in population increase at the three separate districts in Jeju City. The fact of the investigations is that 5 "dongs" in the midtown of the City. and 4 "dongs" in the secluded villages of mointainous area have grown rapidly in population, whereas the 5 coast "dongs" in the outskirts of the City have increased slightly in population. 4. Population increase in the urban and developing districts is remarkable in general, while in the rural districts, it remains slight or stationary.
The aim of this article is a comparative study on the curriculum of the Korean and Japanese elementary social studies' education. As you know it, the both countries have analogous to the date of realization in the curriculum of the elementary social studies' education. Thus, within the comparative study, I hope that the research into types and changes of the curriculum of the Korean and Japanese elementary social studies' education will contribute to the elementary educational growth. As a result of the Second World War, the both countries have been put under U.S military administrations. In this situations, social studies was formed by the guidence of the U.S and the educational reform movements of both peoples. Up to the present the both countries have amended the curricula over six times. In consequence of this study it is noted that there are similarities between the Korean curriculum of the elementary social studies' education and that of Japan on several points. In spite of many similarities, the curricula of the Korean and Japanese elementary social studies' education ultimately clash on fundamental characteristics that have been partiularly accelerated by the social and cultural different background and the changes of the trends in modern education. Hereafter we will explore way toward the subjective and positive curriculum of elementary social studies' education, and form a plan for our future.
The volcanic basis of Cheju Island is granite. The volcanic activity apparently began at the end of the Tertiary period. The precipitation period was followed by the cessation of the volcanic actvity. The outbursts of the lava are presumed to have proceeded from acidic to basic. One-fifty thousandth map shows 160 volcanoes. But there are actually more than 330 volcanoes on it. Some of them are covered with ejected lava. And there are numerous more which do not show on the map. The quality of the rocks is differentiated by the nature of the lava between acidic and basic. A total of 253km, coast line of this island was formed sloping down from the cone-top of lofty Mt. Hanla, leaving the gentle mountain-sides. This natural coast line has fomed a continental palisade of the mostly alkaline basic volcanic ash stone. Besides widespread spountings of lava, many lava tunnels were also formed on this island. The Kim yung cave is the famous of them. According to a legend that a big snake came out the cave, hence the snake cave. ]
Jeju Island is a volcanic island which has begun to form by the volcanic activities from pliocene to quaternarv in geologic age. The main factors of landform in this island are composed of more 79 times of the lava eruption, patterns of volcauic activities by pyroclastic eruption, the diffential erosion being caused by the dissimilarity of rocks and the fluvial and the marine erosion carrying with the formation period and the upheaval. The original landform of this island is an Aspite whose top is Mt. Halla, but near the top of Mt. halla is like a Tholoide. This island have about 400 parasitic cones. The river system of this island has a radial pattern according the shield-shaped landform whose top is Mt. Halla. Development of river system in the eastern and the western slope in this island is poor, because these,in comparison with the northern and the southern ones, are relatively long and smooth and have the broad lava plateus. Many rivers, therefore, run down northerly or southerly. The tip of headward erosion toward the pick of Mt. Halla reaches 1600m above the sea-level, and most of the revers have the characteristics of the youth stage by the very activing downward erosion which reaches near the coastline. The northern and the southern slopes in this island show the different factors in precipitation, geological distributions, and amounts of upheaval. According to the geological observation comparision and analysis of the two slopes this island, it comes to the conclusions as follows: 1. The precipitation, the formation periods of lava, the difference in amounts of upheaval, the diffential erosion being caused by the dissimilarity of rocks, are the main factors which bring the different landfarms in the northern and the southern slopes of this island. 2. The southern slope operated more erosion than the northern under the influence of different precipitations. The gap between two slopes in precipitations is 346. 3mm a year on the everage in these 16 years. 3. The southern slope have also the larger relief energe with a large amount erosion, because it is covered more broadly, as compared with the northern slope, with the sedimentary rocks that are erupted at a relatively former period and the trachyte and trachy-andesites that are weak relatively against erosion. 4. Because of the different relief energy, the suthern slope is operated more erosion than northern and because the ratio of upheaval is rapidy than ratio of erosion, the deeping is operated actively near to coastline. In the northern slope, we can find the trace of marine erosion as far as 70m, but, in the southern slope, even 180m above the sea level. 5. Regarding the coastal dune, the northern slope is more developed than the southern by reason of the direction of the monsoon. In this island the northwesterly monsoon in winter is stronger than the southeasterly one in the summer season. 6. The differences in development of rivers on the two slopes are as follows: 1) About the curvature, the amounts of erosion, the drainage networks of rivers, the southern slope is larger and more developed than the northern. 2) About the degree of upheaval, the southern coast is more remarkable than the northern. 3) This is caused by the blocking that arises the trachytes or the trachy-and-esites in which the columnar joint are will developed.
The purpose of this study is to clarify the pattern and characteristics of typhoon that have an effect on the residents in Cheju island. Typhoon data includes the observation data resulting directly from typhoon and from frontal activities affected by typhoons in Cheju island. The annual and monthly frequency of typhoons that have influenced in Cheju island for a period 63 years (1923∼1985) are analysed. The results of this study are summerized as follows; 1) Typhoon intensity as for minimum air pressure, maximum wind speeds and moment maximum air pressure, there are wholly lacking a special large size(a special A class) and a large size(A class). All are a medium size(B class) and a minimum size(C class), then there is absolutely much minimum size(C class). 2) For 63 years(1923∼1985) the mean annual frequency of typhoons that influences Cheju island is about 2. The month with highest frequencies are August. For three month, to attack typhoons July, August and September is 89.1%. 3) The monthly distribution pattern of typhoon precipitation is closely connected with the tracks of typhoons and theirs frequencies. 4) Typhoon tracks that have influenced in Cheju island typhoon precipitation is the type advancing northeastward across the Daehan Strait, the type landing the southern coast, the type advancing from the Yellow Sea northward and the type passing through continental China, etc. 5) The damage aspect in recent years is a same as a level in all country. On the other hand death decrease, but the fortune damage is toward suddenly increased. In the fortune, the marine damage like the vessel damage rather than the farm produce damage is much characteristics.