http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
Synovial sarcoma us a rare malignant neoplasm of the soft tissue arising in the lower extremity, inguinal area, and upper arm. The majority occurs in patients between the age of 15 and 40 years. The histologic diagnosis is based on the classical biphasic type with the distinct epithelial and spindle cell components. We have recently encountered a case of metastatic synovial sarcoma of the lung diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology. A 34-year-old man was admitted because of a palpable mass on the antero-lateral side of the right tibia for 3 years. On admission, a well demarcated metastatic pulmonary nodule, measuring 5 cm in diameter, was also identified in the simple chest X-ray. Resection of the lower leg mass revealed typical histologic features of biphasic synovial sarcoma. Aspiration cytology of the pulmonary nodule revealed numerous clusters of spindle cells admixed with groups of epithelial cells. The epithelial cells had moderate-sized, round to oval shaped, and hyperchromatic nuclei. The cytoplasm was clear, but not distinctive. Interspersed tell elements were fibroblast-like spindle cells having elongated hyperchromatic nuclei.
리놀레산과 그 대사체는 여러 가지 다양한 약리 효과를 나타내고, 카복실산 작용기를 갖는 물질이다. 일반적인 카복실산 화합물들은 간에서 UGT Glucuronosyl transferase 효소에 의해서 글로쿠론산이 결합된 대사체의 형태로 발견된다. 결과적으로 리놀레산 대사체들의 잠재적인 대사체로 이 화합물들의 글루쿠론산 결합화합물들이 될 수 있다. 선행 연구를 통하여 리놀레산의 대사체로 알려진 두 종류의 에폭사이드 대사체와 두 종류의 다이올 대사체에 글루쿠론산의 결합 반응을 통하여 네 종류의 잠재적인 리놀레산 대사체들을 합성하였다. Linoleic acid and its metabolites have various medicinal effects with carboxylic acid functional group. General carboxylic acid compounds are discovered as glucuronide metabolites by UGT glucuronosyl transferase at liver. Consequently, glucuronides of linoleic acid metabolites are expected as potent conjugated metabolite. A previous study reported two epoxide metabolites and two dihydroxy metabolites of linoleic acid. There are prepared their glucuronic acid conjugated compounds as potent linoleic acid metabolites.
A method is proposed for directional vector quantization using the wavelet packets. After partitioning the wavelet packet coefficients into 9 edges according to the corresponding directions, it encodes and transmits locally dominant edges. The directions of the edges are encoded with a variable length coding and conditional switching of codebooks, while the contents of them with the vector quantization followed by the variable length index coding. The proposed algorithm is superior to various conventional image coding algorithms in the sense of PSNR, which is relatively more significant at very low bit rate such as 0.1~0.3 bpp. As the proposed algorithm preserves the edges which is the most important for the human visual system, it also provides the reconstructed images of good subjective quality even at very low bit rate. 웨이브릿 패킷을 이용한 방향성 벡터양자화 기법을 제안하였다. 영상에 대한 웨이브릿 패킷 계수들을 대응되는 방향에 따라 9개의 에지로 분할한 후, 국지적으로 지배적인 에지들을 부호화하여 전송한다. 에지의 방향은 조건부 부호책 교환이 있는 가변길이부호화를 통하여 부호화하며, 에지의 내용은 벡터양자화와 그 인덱스의 가변길이부호화를 이용하여 부호화하였다. 제안된 부호화기법은 기존의 여러 영상압축기법에 비하여 PSNR 성능이 우수하며, 특히 0.1~0.3 bpp의 낮은 부호율의 경우 상대적으로 더욱 우수하다. 제안된 알고리듬은 인간시각특성상 가장 중요한 에지 정보들을 보전함으로써, 낮은 부호율에서도 우수한 주관적 화질을 나타낸다.
The Constitutional Court established at Sep. 1988 in Korea. It has made a significant contribution to the extension of the human rights during last twenty five years. Korea has been transformed from authoritarian society to democratic one since the 6.29 Declaration in 1987. In respond to this change 「Criminal Procedure Act」 has been amended to improve the detention system of a suspect in the criminal procedures. Especially the means for guaranteeing the defending right of the suspect in investigation of investigative agency had complemented in 「Criminal Procedure Act」amended at Jun. 2007. The Constitutional Court have greatly contributed to such transformation of 「Criminal Procedure Act」. Also the decisions of the Constitutional Court as to the questioning or detention of the suspect, one of the most important investigation methods, has put the assurance of the due process of law and the guarantee of the human right in the first place rather than the ease of investigation in investigative procedures. I already had examined the decisions of the Constitutional Court related to criminal procedures made from 1989 to Jun. 2011, and published the results of my research in book form in 2011 - 「Criminal Procedures and Constitutional Suit」(Dongguk Univ. Pub. : Seoul). So, as a part of a follow-up, I will study on the decisions of the Constitutional Court related to criminal procedures, especially investigative procedures, made from Jul. 2011 to Dec. 2014 in this article. And I will suggest my opinions as to how the current laws and regulations on investigative procedures will be transformed.
Since the enforcement of Victim's Compensation System, there had been several legislative efforts to protect the status and human rights of crime victims in 1990s. However Compensation System for substantial protection of and support for the crime victims has not been emerged from the state of stagnation for 22 years after the enforcement. In order to identify what the reasons of the stagnation are, Compensation application chart, payment chart, the size of budget, revision history of related laws and so on have been compared and analyzed on the basis of 10 years after the enforcement of Compensation System in July 1988 until July 2014 present, in this study. Meanwhile, according to the analyzed information, the problems of protection of and support of victims system in the past could be summarized by severe legal restrictions, absence of government policies, lack of budget, indifferences and so on. Though these problems are not yet satisfactorily resolved, it is fortunate that viewpoint has been changed human right of crime victims must be balanced with that of assailant. The protection of and support for the crime victims will be gradually expanding from now on. Therefore above all, improvement of laws and system is most important. From this point of view, we introduce the problems and improvements that have been mostly raised in the practical services toward the crime victims in this study. However we acknowledge the improvements against the suggested problems are not yet fully studied ahead, and we expect this will be a small step toward the development of more advanced improvements proposal.
One of main features of Korean criminal judicature system with respect to juvenile delinquency is that the rate of prosecution is not only lower than in adult crime but also that of non-prosecution such as suspension of indictment is respectively high. But Juvenile delinquency is increasing quantitative. Specially, there is a growing recommitted crime rate for juvenile offenders. But the principle of juvenile protection is emphasized in the juvenile justice system because they are mentally immature. But, in recent, some peoples advocate also the balanced and restorative justice in juvenile justice procedure. They say this system provides a framework for systemic reform and offers hope for preserving and revitalizing the juvenile justice system. Meanwhile, the Juvenile Act has several special provisions as to juvenile justice procedure. So, in this paper, I will excercise as to the current juvenile justice system through a critical review and suggest several improvement measures for the efficient juvenile justice. For this study, I will exercise the foreign juvenile justice system and its treatment. And I will adduce the expansion of police discretion and police diversion in the juvenile justice system. Because the police are the authority which faces the juvenile delinquents for the first time in the juvenile justice procedure against them, the juvenile delinquents can be release in its early stages of the justice procedure against them through police release with a warning and guidance. And the police diversion is estimated the one of the most efficient measure to prevent juvenile delinquency with the least amount of resources available.
Nowadays, the commercialism of media being intensified, media``s crime reports are getting more incendiary and lewder. When crime, especially in cases of violence to target woman and child such as a sexual assault or a child abuse occur, the media reports on the identity of victims and due to this, victims go through secondary damages besides the direct damages caused by crimes. In the light of these cases, according to the acts on the woman and child assault cases, it is banned to disclose identity of victims in media reports and when this is violated, a criminal punishment can be given. Moreover, media organizations including National Human Rights Commission of Korea prepare regulations and guidelines for crime reports and put a restrict on disclosure of identity of victims. In reality, however, it is not easy for victims to bring criminal accuse, to bring a civil action or to receive subsequent remedial measures through legal proceedings on 『Act on Arbitration and Remedies, etc. for Damage Caused by Press Reports』. Due to a scoop on excessive competition, media workers often do not follow according acts or guidelines properly. Upon occasion, the workers do not recognize the seriousness of secondary damages of victims caused by media reports. Therefore, to prevent secondary damages of victims effectively, the problems of according the upper acts and guidelines should be complemented. For this, above all, in 『Act on Arbitration and Remedies, etc. for Damages Caused by Press Reports』and 『Crimes Victim Protection Act』, unified and concrete regulations to prevent secondary damages of victims should be prepared and the range of its applications should be enlarged. Also, the act which impose the civil-criminal responsibility on news-person and media organizations who violate the upper acts should be legislated. Furthermore, media organizations should strengthen the regulations by themselves autonomic ally, and in the case of violating the ban on identity disclosure of victim, it is required for them to strengthen the regulations by strict enforcement of their internal sanctions.
우리 사회가 고령화사회가 되면서 노인을 대상으로 한 범죄가 늘어나고 있는 한편, 노인학대 문제도 심각한 사회문제가 되어 가고 있다. 즉, 우리 사회에서 노인의 수가 증가하면서 노인에 대한 존경심과 배려가 약해지고, 노인의 수명이 늘어나면서 노인 부양에 대한 부담이 증가함에 따라 노인학대가 증가하고 있고, 그 정도도 심각한 지경에 이르고 있다. 하지만 노인학대방지를 위한 법적·제도적 장치는 충분하지 않다. 특히 노인학대의 경우에는 자기방임이 심각한 문제로 지적되고 있는 등, 학대피해노인의 특성에 따른 대책이 강구되고 있지 못한 면도 있다. 뿐만 아니라 노인학대에 대한 대책에 있어서도 아동학대의 경우와 달리 학대방지를 위한 독립법률을 제정·시행하고 있는 것이 아니라 「노인복지법」에서 일부 규정을 통해 규율하고 있음에 지나지 않고, 노인보호전문기관의 수도 상대적으로 매우 적어서 학대피해노인에 대한 보호나 지원 또한 상당히 열악한 수준에 있다. 이에 본고에서는 「노인복지법」을 중심으로 하여 노인학대에 관한 법제의 발달과정을 살펴보고, 노인학대를 효율적으로 방지하기 위한 개선방안을 제시하였다. 구체적인 방안으로는 (i) 노인학대에 관한 규정체계의 정비, (ii) 용어의 정리, (iii) 학대피해노인의 보호와 지원 강화, (iv) 학대신고의무자의 확대, (iv) 학대행위자에 대한 서비스의 강제화 등을 들 수 있다. As our society became rapidly an aging society, problems of the elder are increasing in numbers. Among them, the elder abuse comes to the fore as a serious problem of the society. Therefore, on 29 January 2004, in amendment of 「Welfare of Older Persons Act : WOPA」, the government had made a legal basis on measures to prevent elder abuse, and since then, revised and complemented it numerous times. Also the government established institutions and the policies for protection of the abused elder according to international standards. However, questions are being asked as to effectiveness of measures to prevent elder abuse and protect to the abused elder. Some People think that such questions result from insufficiency of the provision of WOPA as to elder abuse. Therefore, in this paper, after looking over the enactment and revision of provisons as to elder abuse in WOPA, I suggest points to modify and to make up this Act to achieve effectively the protection of the abused elder and the improvement of elder abusers. It is as follows : (i) regulation arrangement as to elder abuse, (ii) arrangement of terms, (iii) strengthening of protect and support for the abused elder, (iv) expansion of persons obligated to report elder abuse, (iv) compulsion of services on elder abusers.
These days, the commercialism of media being intensified, media’s crime reports are getting more incendiary and lewder. When cases of violence to target woman and child occur, the media reports on the identity of victims. And due to this, victims go through the secondary damages besides the direct damages caused by crimes. Hereupon, there are acts and systems to prevent secondary damages of victims due to the media reports. Moreover, for the remedies of secondary damages, besides the civil-criminal punishments, there are special means and procedures of relief separately in ｢Act on Arbitration and Remedies, etc. for Damage Caused by Press Reports : AARDCPR｣. However, it is difficult to give criminal punishment by bringing criminal accuse the mass media organizations and their workers who caused the victims’ secondary damages, and to win a civil suit against damages or to get adequate compensations even though the victims win in a suit. Even if the measures for remedy in AARDCPR are done, the victims’ recovery from secondary damages is almost impossible. Therefore, the system for preventing the victims’ secondary damages that due to the media should be strengthened and also the remedy against secondary damages which can recover from the damages by enough compensations quickly and simply should be provided. For this, above all, through the revision of AARDCPR and ｢Crimes Victim Protection Act｣, they should be improved to be effective systems for the remedy of victims. That is, instituting the remedies newly, also it is necessary to complement the compensations systems so that the victims can receive compensations enough. Furthermore, the current remedy means against secondary damages due to the media reports is not functioning properly because of inconvenience of procedure for its and lack of legal help means for the victims. Thus it is required to intensify the legal assistance system for the victims, especially for the women and children victims, in the remedy procedure against damages.
최근 노인인구가 급격히 증가하면서 이미 우리나라는 고령사회로 진입하였다고 한다, 이로 인해 국가적·사회적으로 노인복지를 비롯하여 노인문제에 대한 관심이 높이지면서 보건복지부의 주관하에 「노인복지법」에 대한 개정작업이 진행되고 있다. 하지만 노인학계를 비롯하여 노인관련기관에서 지속적으로 요청하여 왔던 노인학대 관련 법률의 제정에 대해서는 여전히 답보상태인 것으로 나타나고 있다. 물론, 정부에서는 2004년 「노인복지법」 개정에서 처음으로 노인학대에 관한 규정을 도입한 이래 최근까지 수차례의 개정을 걸쳐 노인학대에 관한 규정들을 수정·보완해 오고 있다. 하지만 그 당시 발생한 노인학대사건으로 비롯된 사회적 요청에 따라 단편적으로 개정·보완이 이루어지면서 체계성을 제대로 갖추고 있지 못하고 있다. 뿐만 아니라 여전히 학대 행위에 대한 국가의 조기개입, 피해노인의 보호 및 학대행위자의 재발방지를 위한 대책의 마련 등에 있어서 미흡한 점이 적지 않다. 이에 노인학대방지 또는 피해노인의 보호를 위한 특별법의 제정에 대한 요청이 강하다. 이에 본고에서는 「노인복지법」을 비롯한 노인학대에 관한 법률과 그동안 국회에 발의된 노인학대에 관한 대표적인 주요 법률안들에 대한 검토를 바탕으로 하여 바람직한 노인학대관련 법률의 입법방향에 대하여 검토해 보았다. It is said that Korea has already become an aging society as the older population increased dramatically. Due to this fact, the state and the society grew interest in problems of elders such as the welfare for senior citizens and a revision work in 「 Welfare of the Aged Act」 is now on process with the Ministry of Health and Welfare. However, it is at a standstill regarding an enactment for the elder abuse which was consistently requested by relevant institutions for the Elderly including the academic world for the Elderly. Of course, the articles about the elder abuse in 「Welfare of the Aged Act」 has been revised and supplemented through several amendments since its introduction. Nevertheless, as it was made only fragmentarily responding to social requests raised by elder abuse cases occurred at those times, the revision did not have a proper order. Moreover, some shortcomings are still found in an early national intervention in abuse actions and in a preparation of measures for the protection of elderly victims and for the prevention of recurrence of the abuse. Accordingly, a rigid demand is taking place for an establishment of a special law regarding the prevention of elder abuse and the protection of elder victims. In this article, on the basis of a examination of acts on elder abuse in 「Welfare of the Aged Act」 and of major bills as to elder abuse proposed by National Assembly, I revised the desirable legislative directions on elder abuse for prevention of elder abuse and protection of abused elderly.