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        宋代 문헌 속 육고기의 문화상징 연구

        김원희(Kim, Won-Hee),(金源熙), 이종무(Lee, Jong-Mu),(李鍾武) 대한중국학회 2020 중국학 Vol.73 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        文化는 사회의 발전을 이끄는 ‘소프트 파워'라고 일컬어지지만 물질적 토대와 정치적 변화로부터 온전히 홀로 설 수 없다. 中國 宋代 목축업과 조리기술의 발달은 양고기를 중심으로 한 독특한 육식문화를 만들어내었고, 이는 신분과 계급의 상승이라는 무거운 상징성을 가지게 되었다. 이에 반해, 돼지고기는 저급한 식재료에서 식문화의 중요한 위치로 점차 받아들여져 신분·지역을 아우르는 문화우월감의 상징이 되었다. 본 논문은 宋代 육식문화의 발달과정을 문헌에서부터 살펴보고, 이를 통해 당시 육고기에 대한 인식 변화와 문화 상징성을 고찰한 것이다. The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, the development of the China Song Dynasty(宋代) s meat culture, represented by Lamb and Pork, is based on the stories in various literature, and secondly, the search for related documents to examine the change of perception that each class had and cultural symbolism of meat at that time, which was represented by Lamb and Pork. Culture is referred to as the soft power that drives the development of society, but cannot help but be influenced by the political and economic situation of the era, as it cannot stand alone entirely from material foundation and political change. The development of the livestock farming and cooking techniques in the Song Dynasty, China, has created a unique carnivorous culture centering on lamb, a limited food ingredient that only the ruling class could enjoy, and this has become a heavy symbol of the rise of status and class, coupled with the ostentatious cultivation of the intellectuals and their incorporation into the power structure. Surrounded by the silk of the imperial family and aristocrats, the mutton, which had no choice but to lay down this heavy symbolism in the abyss of the war. At first, Pork was dismissed as a low-grade food ingredient, but as the stage of history and politics gradually moved from the Song Dynamic to the Southern Song Dynamic, it created a new branch of food culture in the station. It is a symbol of cultural superiority that embraces pork as an important place of food culture from the ruling imperial family and the knowledge class, and makes it a branch of the entire food culture beyond status and region.

      • Adaptive Observer of Load Torque for Hydraulic Actuator

        김원희(Wonhee Kim), 강동규(Dong Gyu Gang), 신동훈(Donghoon Shin), 원대희(Daehee Won), 정정주(Chung Choo Chung) 대한전기학회 2010 대한전기학회 학술대회 논문집 Vol.2010 No.7

        The adaptive algorithm is proposed to estimate the load torque. It is assumed that the load torque is pendulum. Therefore, the load torque is sine function of the actuator position. The proposed algorithm estimates the magnitude of load torque. The estimation error convergence is proved. The simulation results shows the performance of the proposed observer.

      • Nonlinear Observer for Sawyer Motor

        김원희(Wonhee Kim), 강동규(Dong Gyu Gang), 신동훈(Donghoon Shin), 정정주(Chung Choo Chung) 대한전기학회 2010 대한전기학회 학술대회 논문집 Vol.2010 No.7

        The nonlinear observer is proposed to estimate the phase currents and velocity of four forcers of Sawyer motor. The convergence of the estimation error is proved by Lyapunov method. The proposed observer guarantees that the estimation error converges to zero if the magnitude of yaw is less that 90 degree. The simulation results shows the performance of the proposed observer.

      • KCI등재

        한국 화훼 육종의 성과와 전망

        김원희(Won Hee Kim), 박부희(Pue Hee Park), 정재아(Jae A Jung), 박기영(Ki Young Park), 서정남(Jung-Nam Suh), 권오근(Oh Keun Kwon), 유봉식(Bong Sik Yoo), 이수영(Su Young Lee), 박필만(Pil Man Park), 최윤정(Youn Jung Choi), 권오현(O Hyeon Kwon), 안혜) 한국육종학회 2020 한국육종학회지 Vol.52 No.S

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The number of flower types filed and registered in the Korea Seed & Variety Service has increased each year. Of the 7,731 crops registered to date, flowers account for 53%, with 4,123 cases. This seems to reflect the nature of flowers with their various shapes and colors, as well as rapid change in varieties. The 1980s was seen as the birth of different flower varieties, with a focus on the collection of genetic resources for each flower type, the selection of chrysanthemums and rose varieties, and culturing of trumpet lilies and carnations. The 1990s was an era of globalization and the import of agricultural products, which enabled research on new flower varieties and the mass production of seedlings to develop strategies for export. In 1995, the Seed Industry Act was implemented and the cultivation of varieties actively began with Korea joining the International Union of the Production of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV); research on breeding and producing high quality seedlings for development of flower types such as lilies, carnations, chrysanthemums, roses, hibiscus, gerberas, gladioli, herbaceous flowers, cacti, orchids, and various other novel floral crops were expanded. In particular, support measures to promote private breeding were also devised. In the 2000s, breeding technology was stabilized, which led to the development of many new varieties at national and local levels, even by common citizens. Penetration rates of chrysanthemums, roses, and orchids, whose main focus was breeding, increased from 1% in 2000 to 5.8% in 2008 and 27.3% in the 2010s. Currently, cactus dominates the world market, with domestic varieties accounting for 70% of the world's trade, while freesias account for 60.4%, showing the high contribution of domestic small area crops. ‘Baekma' (chrysanthemums), ‘Shiny gold' (freesia), ‘Deep purple' (rose), and ‘Woori tower' (lily) are representative examples of domestic varieties bred in Korea. In the future, the development of varieties tailored to various consumers will be promoted, along with research on the production of virus-free seedlings, genome technology for enhancing breeding efficiency, and adding high value to the flower industry.

      • 평판 모터 상태 관측을 위한 비선형 관측기

        김원희(Wonhee Kim), 정정주(Chung Choo Chung) 대한전기학회 2010 전기학회논문지 Vol.59 No.12

        To improve the performances of Sawyer motors and to regulate yaw rotation, various feedback control methods have been developed. Almost all of these methods require information on the position, velocity or full state of the motor. Therefore, in this paper, a nonlinear observer is designed to estimate the full state of the four forcers in a Sawyer motor. The proposed method estimates the full state using only positional feedback. Generally, Sawyer motors are operated within a yaw magnitude of several degrees; outside of this range, Sawyer motors step out. Therefore, this observer design assumes that the yaw is within ±90º. The convergence of the estimation error is proven using the Lyapunov method. The proposed observer guarantees that the estimation error globally exponentially converges to zero for all arbitrary initial conditions. Furthermore, since the proposed observer does not require any transformation, it may result in a reduction in the commutation delay. The simulation results show the performance of the proposed observer.

      • KCI등재

        황순원의 「곡예사」로 읽는 근대 성찰과 휴머니즘

        김원희 ( Kim Won-hee ) 한국문학이론과 비평학회 2020 한국문학이론과 비평 Vol.89 No.-

        이 논문은 황순원 소설을 근대 성찰의 관점에서 살펴보기 위하여 황순원의 단편소설 「곡예사」에 집중하여 휴머니즘을 탐구하였다. 「곡예사」의 독창성을 니체의 ‘위버멘쉬'에 이르는 세 단계 정신으로 들여다보면, 현실 초극의 휴머니즘이 새롭게 도출된다. 현대소설에서 근대 성찰의 의미는 한국 사회가 당면한 이분법적 갈등과 인간성 상실의 문제를 해결할 수 있는 중요한 가치다. 본 논문의 의의는 황순원의 「곡예사」에서 천착된 피난살이 몸의 사유를 ‘위버멘쉬'의 현실 초극 의지로 논구함으로써, 작가 황순원의 실제 역사적 경험이 문학성을 어떻게 성취하며 독자의 공감대를 확장하는가를 구명한 과정에 있다. 니체는 ‘위버멘쉬'의 정신으로 근대 철학의 혁신을 설파하였다면, 황순원은 「곡예사」의 독창성으로 한국 문학을 통한 근대 성찰의 창조성을 성취한 셈이다. 「곡예사」를 “‘위버멘쉬'에 이르는 정신의 세 단계변화”로 분석하면, ‘가족부대'에서 ‘곡예단'으로 천착된 ‘몸'의 사유는 ‘낙타'의 인고와 같은 타자의식의 수용을 거쳐, ‘사자'의 분노와 같은 자기부정의 현실 저항을 넘어, 마침내 ‘아이'의 순수한 유희와 같은 자유의지를 발현하는 ‘위버멘쉬'의 혁신적 휴머니즘을 보여준다. ‘위버멘쉬'의 현실 초극과 맞닿는 황순원의 실천적이며 창조적인 휴머니즘을 통해 한국 현대 소설이 직면한 근대 성찰의 답을 모색해 볼 수 있을 것이다. 이와 같은 방법론적 접근으로 「곡예사」를 논구한 논문은 없다. 본 논문의 학술적 가치가 기대되는 이유다. This paper explored humanism by concentrating on Hwang Sun-won's short story "The Acrobat" in order to take a fresh look at Hwang Sun-won's novel from the perspective of modern reflection. If you look at the originality of "The Acrobat" in the three stages of Nietzsche's ‘Übermensch' the meaning of the creative and practical humanism in the real world is analyzed. In modern Korean novels, the meaning of modern reflection is an important value that can solve the problem of dichotomous conflict and loss of humanity that our society faces. Therefore, the results of this paper can be said to be an exploratory process to trace back how Hwang Soon-won's actual historical experience could expand the consensus with literary originality by analyzing the reason of his body based on Hwang Soon-won's "The Acrobat" in the spirit of ‘Übermensch'. While Nietzsche advocated the innovation of modern philosophy in the spirit of ‘Übermensch', By analyzing the narrative of "The Acrobat" as a "three-step change of spirit" leading to ‘Übermensch' Hwang Soon-won's practical and innovative humanism, which touches the creation of ‘Übermensch' was able to find answers to modern reflections facing Korean modern novels. There are no academic papers that have studied "The Acrobat" such a methodological approach. This is why academic value of this paper is expected.

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