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        근대 상하이 차관(茶館)의 공간구조에 관한 고찰

        병환(Cho, Byung-hwan) 중국인문학회 2015 中國人文科學 Vol.0 No.60

        After opening harbors in 1843, Shanghai reached a historically important turning point . Shanghai’s history over the last century became an arena of competition marred by foreign powers’ plundering. Also, the fast development of a westernized city and material civilization changed not only politics and economy but also the existing hierarchial traditional lifestyle. Modern day Shanghai tea houses were unlike the word ‘traditional’ ;they were very modern and vibrant. Shanghai teahouses were a place with various functions difficult to see today and displayed uniqueness of China. Modern day Shanghai tea houses were formed in downtowns of foreign concession places where a city’s commercial supremacy was concentrated like nowaday’s HuangPu-Gu, JingAn-Gu and LuWan-Gu, or commercial areas where traffic was convenient. In addition, tea houses were also set in gardens with great scenery and streets with densely populated areas Because of this, tea houses can mean the most frequented place by Chinese people. In other words the expansion of living and personal places as the largest public places. Especially, Shanghai tea houses are a unique economical situation made from Chinese social advancement and a place of cultural exchange made by people’s various demands.

      • 1930년대 상하이 도시문화와 잡지의 현대성 역할-≪無軌列車≫, ≪新文藝≫, ≪現代≫를 중심으로-

        병환 중국인문학회 2006 中國人文科學 Vol.0 No.33

        The china's city cultivation begun from ShangHai is well expressing modern subjectivity. especially from late 1920s to 1930s the well-informed people to from city cultivation and new cultivation begun to make ShangHai's modern city cultivation space from the center of magazine ≪The modern≫. At that time, when they accomplished the proletarian classes and the revolutionary culture's element The proletarian classes and the element of the revolutionary culture, they didn't show their color and begun to make only their literary art in spite of any assertion or demand. and these magazines' role which they first published and was active in has very important meaning. Because these magazines which they accepted became the testing place of a new thinking theory and practice. First of all, this thesis looks for ShangHai's modern cultivation and modern subjectivity of city cultivation space and at that time when they was active in the magazine, ≪The modern≫which was publishes in ShangHai, they pursuited which theory and practice and they studied the present role of city cultivation among these magazine.

      • KCI등재후보

        올드 상하이의 카페공간과 문화 기억

        병환 한국중국문화학회 2018 中國學論叢 Vol.0 No.58

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

      • 1930, 40년대 상하이 영화를 통해 본 상하이인의 문화적 정체성

        趙炳奐, 중국인문학회 2007 中國人文科學 Vol.0 No.36

        The process of modern cultural formation in Shanghai at the beginning of the 20th century show not only passive accumulation of historical culture made by the Opium War in the 1840s but the varieties through collision and union with western culture. Therefore, Shanghai in semicolonialism was directly experienced in cultural contact by the Western Powers, and traditional Chinese culture had to accept aggressive and open foreign culture whether the admission was independent or not. As a result, China regarded Shanghai as a advance base of cultural union between the East and the West which had globalization and varieties, and as a city that cultural identity of the citizens in Shanghai was more changable and disordered than in any other city in China.The films of the 1930s and 40s provide a good chance that made us experience cultural phases at that time directly. Especially, we can steal a glance a slice of cultural development of Shanghai because they include the figures of various cultural identities. Shanghai in the 1930s and 40s had a lot of opposition and contradiction, and important expressions of the films of Shanghai at that time played an important role in making social figures like conflicts between the old and the new, wealth and poverty, justice and evil, patriotism and unpatriotism, lavishness and entertainment, and so on. When the video culture in the 1930s and 40s is regarded as a representative media to make culture, films is regarded as a important contact cord which is able to make us experience aesthetic experiences of the society or realistic situations of human existence. Therefore, it is very important that a cultural phase of Shanghai is illuminated again by the films of Shanghai in the 1930s and 40s because realistic cultural circumstances can be confirmed directly.

      • KCI등재후보

        1980년대 개혁·개방 이후 상하이 차관문화의 형성 배경

        병환 국제차문화학회 2015 차문화ㆍ산업학 Vol.29 No.-

        1949년 이후 30년 동안 사회주의 계획경제시기의 잠재된 억압의 시간을 보내고 1980년대 개혁·개방의 시대와 더불어 다시 부활하게 된 상하이의 도시 경제는 도시의 구조와 관계들이 크게 바뀌었다. 사람들은 자유공간 활동의 필요성을 절실히 인식하게 되었고, 차관 공공장소는 다시금 시민들이 애용하는 곳이 되었다. 오늘날 근대 시기 상하이를 적극적으로 회고하는 이른바 ‘근대 상하이 노스탤지어’의 등장은 개혁·개방 이후 상하이의 도시개발과 세계화를 추구하는 정책과 맞물려, 상하이의 도시문화는 어두운 과거의 이면을 지우고 싶은 역사가 아닌 적극적인 노스탤지어의 대상으로 변화시켰으며, 차관문화의 형성 배경에도 근대 상하이의 이미지를 재구성하고자는 노스탤지어의 현상과 새로운 정신문화정책이 역학적으로 작용하고 있다. After spending 30 years in repression lying dormant in socialism’s planned economy age from 1949, the again reinstated Shanghai’s city economy also changed the city’s structure and relations a lot, along with the 1980s reformation·opening era. the ‘old Shanghai nostalgia’ trend in the mid 90s when globalization’s influence started to become more deeply influential broadened out its market share after becoming a fever. The commercial success of Shanghai-based printing and media thanks to these effects accelerated the old Shanghai nostalgia fever. Therefore, the advent of ‘modern Shanghai nostalgia’ eagerly recollecting modern day Shanghai made a change of anticipation and a desire for city development after reformation·opening and Shanghai’s globalization interconnecting nostalgia of city places. This study has studied on new Shanghai spirit, how nostalgia is related to modern Shanghai, and the specialized ways modern day Shanghai teahouses has appeared.

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