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      • 발포 및 세척 공정근로자의 Methylene Chloride 노출 평가 및 관리 방안

        신용철 인제대학교 1999 仁濟論叢 Vol.15 No.1

        본 연구에서는 중추신경 장애, 심혈관 장애를 유발할 수 있으며, 또한 최근에 발암물질로 의심되고 있는 methylene chloride (MC)를 취급하는 근로자의 공기중 및 혈중 MC 노불 수준을 평가하였다. Polyurethane foam 제조업체에서 MC를 적신 헝겊을 이용한 주형 세척작업, 렌즈 제조업체에서 세척조를 이용한 주형 세척작업, 신발 제조업체에서 분무에 의한 발포기 노즐 세척작업을 수행하는 근로자의 시간가중 평균농도 (time-weighted average, TWA)는 우리나라 노동부 노출기준 및 American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV)인 50 ppm을 초과하였다. MC 노출농도가 50 rpm 이상인 흡연자들의 carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) 수준은 모든 시료가 ACGIH Biological Exposure Index (BEI)인 3.5%를 초과하였다. 흡연시 노출되는 CO와 MC는 중추신경 및 심혈관계 장해에 상가작용을 하므로 MC에 노출되는 흡연자들에 대한 우선적인 직업병 예방관리가 필요하다. 혈중 COHb 수준은 공기중 MC 농도와 상관성이 높으므로 (r=0.83) 근로자의 검진시 유용하게 활용될 수 있다. 대상 사업장들은 전반적으로 MC에 대한 노출관리가 매우 미흡하므로 국소배기장치를 설치하거나 성능을 개선하는 등 작업환경 개선이 필요한 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구에서는 작업환경 관리의 문제점과 근로자의 노출을 최소화하기 위한 개선 방안을 제시하였다. The objectives of this study were to evaluate workers' exposures to airborne methylene chloride (MC) and postshift blood carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) in processes using blowing or cleaning agents, to investigate correlation between MC concentrations and blood COHb levels and to recommend control measures for minimizing the exposure. The average exposure levels were exceeded the American Coherence of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV�) -Time Weighted Average (TWA) (50 ppm) during cleaning molds with ra91 wetted with MC in the manufacture of flexible polyurethane foam (GM = 61.4 ppm), managing the dip tank for mold-cleaning in the manufacture of lens (GH =61.0 rpm), and cleaning the blowing nozzles by spraying the solvent in the manufacture of shoes (GM= 117.2 ppm). It was found that the average COHb levels among non-smoker exposed to low-level (< 50 ppm) and high-level (> 50 ppm) MC were 2.0% and 3.9%, respectively and that those among smoker were 3.1% and 4.8%, respectively. The CoHb levels of exposed workers were exceeded ACGIH or N10SH standard and significantly greater (p<0.05) than those of non-exposed workers (1.8%). The COHb level was highly correlated with airborne MC concentration. Since the workers with previously-stated tasks had high-heath risks, the work environment should be controlled to minimize the exposure. This article proposed several control measures.

      • KCI우수등재
      • KCI등재

        양생(養生)과 이완요법(弛緩療法)

        신용철,고성규,Shin, Yong-Cheol,Ko, Seong-Gyu 대한예방한의학회 2006 대한예방한의학회지 Vol.10 No.2

        TIn the study of Yangseng(養生) and Relaxation therapy, the results were as follows : According to the traditonal oriental medical theory, Oriental medicine focused on Yangseng(養生). Especially vital-energy is able to resist the disease and adapt to the environment and assist the healing of the body. Relaxation theraphy is a kind of Qigong. And it is not only breathe, but also accumulate the vital energy in the body, Which is also called "genuine qi(眞氣)" or "internal qi(內氣)." The therapy is based on controlling of Sprit(神), Breathing(呼吸), Mind(心). And it is in harmony with Qi-circulation(氣-循環), so smoothing the circulation of meridians, strengthened Essential-material(精), Qi(氣), Sprit(神). The Relaxation theraphy made the body and mind relaxed, and it is helpful of preventation of disease and mental health. And it treats neurosis, somatoform disease, it uses main or helpful therapy of various disease, elevates health mental concentration. And it is more effective by application of music, aroma, taping, psycho-therapy.

      • KCI등재후보

        양생시(養生詩)에 관한 소고(小考)

        신용철,Shin, Yong-Cheol 대한예방한의학회 2007 대한예방한의학회지 Vol.11 No.1

        In the Study of Poem in Health-Preservation, the results were as follows : Though poetry as therapy is a relatively new development in the expressive arts, it is as old as the first chants sung around the tribal fires of primitive peoples. For many centuries the link between poetry and medicine remained obscure. The chant/song/poem is what heals the heart and soul and is used for health-Preservation and the well-being. Poetry Therapy began to flourish in the hands of professional in various disciplines, including rehabilitation, education, library science, recreation, and the creative arts. Mental health professional were exploring the therapeutic value of literary materials, especially of poetry. Their contribution to the emerging discipline was two-fold : 1) emphasis on the evocative value of literature, particularly poetry; and 2) recognition of the beneficial potential of having clients write either their response to poems written by others or original material, drawing on the clients' own experiences and emotions. Especially in Oriental Medicine, the therapy is based on controlling of Mind(心). And it is in harmony with Qi-circulation(氣-循環), so smoothing the circulation of meridians, strengthened Essential-material(精), Qi(氣), Sprit(神).

      • KCI등재

        울산 문수산(文殊山) 석조미술 연구

        신용철 불교미술사학회 2017 불교미술사학 Vol.24 No.-

        울산은 신라의 수도였던 경주에서 최단거리에 위치한 무역항을 가지고 있었던지역적 특성상 일찍부터 외래문화의 수용과 변용에 있어 능동적인 도시였다. 특히 불교문화에 있어서는 경주보다 오래된 연기설화들이 일찍부터 성립되었다. 이가운데 문수산은 문수보살에서 유래하였음을 쉽게 알 수 있다. 특히 문수보살의신봉자였던 자장에 의해 명명되었다고 보인다. 본 글은 울산 문수산에 남아 있는 석조문화 문화재를 통하여 문수산을 중심으로 한 불교문화의 성격과 나아가 울산불교의 특수성을 살펴보고자 한 것이다. 울산의 불교는 사상적으로 동축사의 창건설화부터 문수산 혁목암의 창건 및 자장율사에 의한 태화사의 건립 등 일련의 사찰 건립에 ‘신라불국토설’과 ‘진신주처설’이깊게 배어 있다. 또한 지금까지 확인 가능한 석조문화재의 조영에 있어 서라벌의양식을 토대로 하되 새롭게 변용하여 신양식을 지속적으로 추가하여 발전시켰다는 점을 주목할 수 있다. 예를 들면, 첫째, 영축사지 석탑과 청송사지 석탑을 통하여 울산 이외의 지역에서는 볼 수 없는 독특한 표현방법이 등장한다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 둘째, 기본형성립이후 8세기, 9세기를 거치면서 변화해 온 신라석탑의 선두적 변화를 영축사지 석탑과 청송사지 석탑을 통해 읽을 수 있었다. 셋째, 다른 지역에는 존재하지않는 특유한 형태의 팔각당형 쌍탑이 성립되었다. 마지막으로 조선중기 이후 계단형승탑 재현을 통하여 경상도 일대에 새로운 승탑문화에 활력을 주었다는 것을알 수 있었다. 이와 같은 울산만의 불교문화가 발전할 수 있었던 것은 일찍부터 이 지역이 개방적 문화 유입에 익숙했고 때로는 파격에 가까운 새로움으로 변화시키는 역동성을 지니고 있었기 때문이었다고 보인다. 따라서 향후 울산 전역의 불교 사찰과 이를 통한 인물, 사상, 문화유산에 대한 종합적 연구가 이루어진다면 신라불교사의중요한 자료를 확보할 것으로 기대된다. This paper examines the nature of Mt. Munsusan Buddhism culture and the specificity of Ulsan Buddhism through the remains of stone artifacts in Ulsan Mt. Munsusan area. Buddhism in Ulsan is deeply embraced by the establishment of Dongchuksa Temple and Mt. Munsusan Hyukmokam Temple the construction of a Taehwasa temple by Monk Ja-jang and the establishment of 'Buddha-Land thought of Silla' and 'True Body Buddhism'. Also It can be noted that the stone artifacts that can be confirmed up to now are based on the style of Gyeongju, but are newly changed and continuously added. For example, first, we can see that a unique expression method that can not be seen in other parts of Ulsan can be found through the Youngchuksa Temple site and Chungsongsa Temple site pagodas. Secondly, the change of the Silla Pagoda that changed during the 8th and 9th centuries could be read through the Youngchuksa Temple site and Chungsongsa Temple site pagodas. Third, there is a peculiar type of Octagonal type Twins pagoda which does not exist in other regions. Finally, after the middle of Joseon Dynasty, we were able to see that the revitalization of the new Monk pagoda in the Gyeongsang area was revitalized through the reconstruction of stupa in the shape of the Buddhist ordination platform. The reason why the Buddhist culture of Ulsan was able to develop is that it was early in the region because it was familiar with the open culture inflow and sometimes it had the dynamism that gave birth to newness. Therefore, if comprehensive research on Buddhist temples throughout Ulsan and their characters, ideologies and cultural heritage are conducted in the future, it is expected to secure important data of Silla Buddhist history.

      • 스포츠 프로그램을 이용한 비행 청소년의 선도효과

        신용철,임영무 한국교원대학교 학교체육연구소 2006 학교체육연구소지 Vol.13 No.1

        The purpose of these study was to find out the effect of sports counselling program for a juvenile delinquent students. So, on the subject of three advises, we studied on detailed fields including mental stability, responsibility, prudence, self-esteem, v

      • KCI등재후보

        李卓吾(1527-1602)의 經世思想

        申龍澈 명청사학회 2003 명청사연구 Vol.0 No.18

        Li, Zhuo-wu(1527-1602) was a great scholar and philosopher of Ming(明) dynasty in the 16th. century. He was interested in knowledge and thought that it should be helpful in managing the country. This unique and powerful assertion of him is frequently found in his famous books such as Chu-tan chi(初潭集), Fen-shu(焚書), Zhang-shu(藏書), etc. Philosophically, he denied Neo Confucianism(性理學) in Sung(宋) dynasty. Neo Confucianist as Zhu, Xi(朱熹1130-1200) considered ethics such as human morality and justice more important than the capacity for accomplishing work and achievements. Li, Zhuo-wu thought highly of the ability to choose competent persons, to realize the appropriate time, to judge the situation, and to regard the present situation as important. That is, he considered these five things as important for politics. Moreover, he praised those who do not follow theories or tracks of the others, but rush with their own aims and ways. Therefore, he admired the ability and achievements of The First emperor of Chin dynasty(秦始皇帝), Li, Ssu(李斯), a famous politician in Chin, and the empress Wu(則天武后) of Dang(唐) dynasty. Also, Li, Zhuo-wu denied firmly the assertion of Dong, Zhong-shu(董仲舒) in Han(漢) dynasty who considered justice and truth(定義明道) more important than profit and achievements. That is, he claimed that human profit and achievements are basic desire and condition for life of human beings. He thought highly of economic policy of Guan, Zhong(管仲), Shang, Yang(商앙), Sang, Hung-yang(桑弘羊) in the ancient China, Wang, An-shi(王安石) in Sung(宋) Dynasty and Zang, Chue-Zeng(張居正) in Ming Dynasty. All of these support quite progressive and eminent economic thought of him. The philosophy of Li Zhuo-wu was greatly affected by the theory of his senior, Wang, Yang-ming(王陽明 1472-1528), which is related to 'innate knowledge(良知)' and tells that 'knowledge and practice is not separated(知行合一). He valued free individuality and independent thought, which were the base of his political thought. Therefore, he looked up to those who had accomplished political achievements. On the other hand, Li Zhuo-wu supported also human desire and national richness, and praised politicians who carried out the policy which aimed at the wealth of a country. As started above, as to the philosophy of governing, Li, Zhuo-wu was a prominently progressive philosopher as to the statecraft, of the 16th century, Ming Dynasty.

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