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Several of the newer broad-spectrum, potent antibiotics are currently being used for the treatment of meningitis, ventriculitis, and shunt tract infection. The risk of complications following intrathecal administration of some of this newer antibiotics varies considerably. Possible complications of immediate or delayed seizure, cortical electrical depression, radiculopathy, transverse myelopathy, and arachnoiditis after intrathecal of intraventricular administration must be weighed against the potential value of this route. These risks may influence the therapeutic management of a specific clinical situation. Earlier studies have defined the effect of some of the well known older chemotherapeutic and antibiotic agents on electrocortical activity. Some of the newer, commonly used antibiotics may have epileptogenic and electrocortical depressant effects when applied topically to the cerebral cortex. The authors studied the effect of streptomycin, kanamycin, gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin and vistamycin. The results are as follows: 1. Electrocortical spike activity and electrocortical depression were produced by gentamicin. 2. Electrocortical depression was produced by tobramycin. 3. No edectrocortical effects was produced by streptomycin, kanamycin, amikacin and vistamycin.
Private prison, as a prison that a juridical person or a private who is given the correction duty from the minister of justice manages, is one of special correction systems being performed in countries recently advanced in correction. Recognizing that there is an obstacle in establishing a reasonable correction administration because in the government-oriented correction administration of the past, uneconomic, inefficient element is included, our country is also preparing for the opening of private prison in 2003 year to make a more efficient correction reform. I reviewed private prisons of the Unites State, the England, the Australia, the Brazil because it is necessary to review private prisons of countries advanced in correction for the efficient management in our country. Through this study, I confirmed that private prison can be an alternative trial that can complement public prison. Even though the problem about the introduction of private prison is pointed out, that problem can be common for it can also come from the management of the public prison. Therefore, the Private management of correction should be done with the intention of improving the efficiency of correction of prisoners rather than with the purpose of curtailing the expenses by consigning the operation cost to a private person.
The scope of ordinance legislation has been restricted due to the principle of unifying the government. The problem with this limitation of legislative power of local councils is becoming more important in an area of law theory and its practice. In a reality, it is true that the actual effectiveness of ordinance is becoming weak, and just the formal ordinance remains. Especially, local government just receives a fine by means of guaranteeing the formal administrative efficiency. Not only the problem of sentencing but also the high rate of nonpayment violate the constitutional ideology, and destroy the local government's power. Furthermore, it makes the government not to perform effectively the policy of citizens' welfare and public security. Also, the local government cannot prevent the increase of harmful facilities for juveniles. Because of the introduction of local police system and the increase of regulating work, local government has been burdened in the local administration. It needs a reevaluation of the Article 15- the principle of 20 of local autonomy act. In order to improve citizen welfare and public security in the local area, it is necessary for the government to have a right to enact the punishment within the restricted scope. Through the extension of ordinance legislation, local government has the practical efficiency of administration. In conclusion, local government must have its own legislative power for the punishment in order to correct the problems which the central government cannot respond quickly.
The problems how crime victims can be protected in criminal justice has been a important issue in criminal justice in korea since the victimology showed up. Specially, former victimology that would seek causes of crime from innocent victims is now making an important role to protect the rights of the victim, to keep the protection system in criminal law. More over, this victimology becomes a new paradigm in criminal justice in protection of victim's right and supporting victims. In recent processes, there are also the introduction of victim compensation for their constitutional rights, the introduction of victim-offender reconciliation for the restorative justice. On the other hand, the problems on the victim in criminology does not discuss in criminal justice because of the interpretation on the completion of crime. How victim's condition can be understood in criminal justice and sentence in criminal justice is very important problems. This essay would like to focus the view of crime victims in criminal laws and in the course of interpretation of criminal law.