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The purpose of this study was to provide basic data on exercise prescriptions for maintaining the bone density of female swimmers through analysis of body composition and bone density of female swimmers from unemployment teams in Korea, and the following results were obtained. First, as a result of measuring the body composition of each group, the muscle mass, lean mass, and body fat percentage were significantly higher in the exercise group than in the control group, but there was no significant difference in body fat mass and whole body bone mass. Second, as a result of measuring the whole body bone density of each group, the arm bone density was significantly higher in the exercise group than in the control group, but there was no significant difference in the leg, torso, ribs, pelvis, spine, and whole body bone density. As a result of measuring BMD of each site, there was no significant difference between the exercise group and the control group in the lumbar and femur. In summary, swimmers perform most of their training in an environment without weight load, but due to a large amount of exercise time and high intensity exercise intensity compared to general women without exercise habits, lean mass and muscle mass increase. Due to this, it is shown that the weight load that occurs in daily life is higher than that of the control group. In order to clarify this more clearly, it is necessary to conduct a large-scale study including more subjects in the future. In addition, it is considered that there is a need to provide a training method for improving bone density for swimmers by comparing and analyzing the bone density according to the swimming types of strokes.
Middle school students(30 exercise group, 30 control group) who were diagnosed over 10 degree lumbar Max angle measured by X-ray were attended in 32 weeks exercise program for improving scoliosis. The were tested three times; before, duaring and after the participation of the program, for weight, height, body composition(body fat, lean mass), physical fitness(flexible, general endurance, muscle strength, agility), Max angle. As a result, after 32 weeks exercise program middle school students who have a scloliosis improved in body composition, physical fitness and max angle of spinal.
The purpose of this study is about cancer prevention and exercise to examine the literature and to provide a basis for cancer prevention following conclusions were intended. Exercise is a positive impact on cancer prevention. Obesity and reduce exercise of the body and the glucose and insulin secretion of sex hormones reduces the risk of reducing the occurrence of cancer, immune function, enhance activation of immune cells to increase in cancer cells serves to enhance radar. also Estrogen or hormone to reduce the exposure to body fat reduction, the increase in bowel movements, and increase the anti-tumor immune defenses against cancer risk julindago reported. Thus the cancer preventive exercise by giving a positive effect was confirmed. For a variety of exercise for cancer prevention research are needed.
We evaluated the value of aerobic and resistance training on measures of health related physical fitness in older women. Exercise program of this study were consisted of a 12 weeks of aerobic training and a 8 weeks of resistance training. A total of 35 healthy, elderly women, aged 65-75 years, were randomly assigned to either an aerobic and resistance training group(n=18), or control group(n=17). The effects of 20 weeks(three times per week) of aerobic and resistance training on body composition, muscular strength, HRmax, Vo2max and blood components were studied in pre, mid and post exercise training. During the exercise training period, the aerobic and resistance training group had a significant(p<.05) variation in muscular strength, HRmax, and Vo2max except for body composition as compared with the control group. But, during the exercise training period, had not a significant change in the blood components except for hematocrit(p<.05). Resistance exercise is the best way to increase muscular strength, and endurance exercise, which is the best exercise to increase a respiratory and circulatory system. Both resistance and endurance training resulted in markedly changes to health related physical fitness for elderly women during 20 weeks. These data suggest that greater improvements in health related physical fitness and blood components is achieved when aerobic training is added to a resistance training program in elderly women.
The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the of regular exercise habits on the metabolic syndrome risk factors. This study classified two groups with age over 40 healthy middle-aged women(60 patients). One group exercised regularly over 5 years, 3 times a week and the other group did not exercise regularly. The study aimed to discover the body composition and metabolic syndrome risk factors. This data were analyzed by independent t-test and pearson's correlation. Results were as follows. 1. Comparing the mean value, the regular exercise group demonstrated to be superior than the non-exercise group in FM(p=.018), BMI(p=.002), %BF(p=.035), but FFM did not show any significant difference between the regular exercise group and the non-exercise group. 2. Metabolic syndrome risk factors SBP(p=.009), WC(p=.033), TG(p=.007), HDL-C(p=.004) and Glucose(p=.005) of the regular exercise group were significantly higher than those of the non-exercise group. And DBP of regular exercise group was lower than that of the non-exercise group but there was no significant differences. 3. The result of the correlation analysis, the comparison of exercise group and non-exercise group showed signifucantly high fat mass. These results indicate that regular exercise provides a positive impact in the metabolic syndrome risk factors of middle-aged women. It also prevents arteriosclerotic vascular disease such as the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, helping to maintain health and improve quality of life. This suggests the importance of systematic exercise habits.
A flood accident is not intended to deliberately enter the water and experience an accident, but to be forced to fall into the water due to the occurrence of a sudden situation. In particular, if you fall into the water suddenly while in good condition, you will not be able to prepare your mind and become nervous, making even a good swimmer unable to respond properly. In order to prevent this situation, this study aims to develop a training program for the Swimming with clothes training and guidance. The development of education programs was conducted by selecting the first swimming with clothes training action, classifying the second swimming with clothes education level, and the selection of educational motion and classification of education program level were freely developed by providing the experts" meetings with data, images of past drowning accidents and books related to survival sleep, and using the secondary semi-structured open interview paper. As a result, three levels of education programs were organized at the beginning, intermediate, and advanced level through expert surveys, meetings and interviews. The beginner level consists mainly of programs aimed at recognizing the difficulty of swimming in good condition, educating students about how to cope with drowning in the sea, and making students who are new to swimming familiar with water by hitting waterways. The intermediate level education program is designed to recognize that swimming is difficult under the right conditions and to find an easy way. Also, at the advanced level, a more intensified education program was applied based on what has been learned so far. It is also thought that it is very important to find ways to swimming with clothes educational programs for many subjects, rather than just staying as developed.
This study was that investigate the effect of participation of core muscle exercise program on motor and vocal tic disorders. The subjects were collected 42 patients with tic disorder, and separated non-exercise group(n=9) and exercise group(n=33). Their parent wrote down Yale Global Tic Severity Scale for evaluation of tic dis order before and after treatments. Also exercise group participated core exercise program when they visited B oriental medicine clinic. Data were analyzed by two way repeated ANOVA. First, the number, frequency of motor tic had no significance, but the level of severity, complexity, disturbance and total of motor tics were significantly decreased in both groups. Second, the number, frequency, level of severity, complexity, disturbance and total of vocal tics were significantly declined after treatment. Last, disability and total score were also decreased in both groups. These finding suggests that the core muscle exercise has no effect on tic dis order.
We evaluated the value of aerobic exercise training on body composition, physical fitness in the daily lives, and blood components. The exercise program in this study consisted of aerobic training for 12 weeks. A total of 30 healthy, elderly women (age 65-75), were randomly assigned to either an aerobic exercise training group (n=15), or a control group (n=15). The effects of 12-week aerobic exercise training on body composition, physical fitness in the daily lives, VO<sub>2max</sub> and blood components, were studied at pre and post exercise training. During the period, compared with the control group, the exercise training group showed significant variations (p<.05) in arm curl, standing up and sitting down a chair, standing up from a supine position, sit-and-reach, stretch test, leg endurance against wall, 10m walking speed, and VO<sub>2max</sub>. The body composition change in fat-free mass (p<.05) was observed, but no significant change in the blood components was obtained. These data suggest that greater improvements in body composition, physical fitness in the daily lives, were achieved during 12 weeks and marked changes were surveyed when aerobic exercise training was added to program by elderly women.
This study compared swimming distance between the group put on swimming suit and the group put on clothes of the 80 elementary school students from the 1st grade to the 6th grade. The upper limit of swimming distance was set to 300m. 1. As a result of comparison on the swimming distance, as the swimming distance of the group put on swimming suit increases, it gets close to the swimming distance of the group put on clothes. 2. As a result of comparison on the swimming distance in free style and breaststroke style between the two groups, the swimming distance of the group put on clothes appeared shorter in breaststroke style than in free style, and the difference between the two styles tended to be extended as the swimming distance increases.
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of 24 weeks of exercise program on cognitive function and health-related physical fitness in elderly persons with mild dementia. The subjects were of 18 elderly with dementia, they were divided into two groups: the exercise group(n=9) and the control group(n=9). Exercise group participated in regular exercise program for 60 minutes a day, 3 times per week for 16 weeks, whereas control group were asked to maintain normal lifestyle during the same period. Variables of health-related physical fitness(cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and balance) and cognitive function(MMSE-KC) were measured and compared between exercise group and control group as well as pre and post-training using 2-way ANOVA. Main results were as follows: Cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength/endurance of lower, flexibility and balance increased significantly in exercise group. cognitive function increased in exercise group, but not significant. In conclusion, 24 weeks of exercise program would have positive effects on health-related physical fitness and cognitive function in elderly persons with mild dementia. It helps to maintain the independent lives of the elderly and provides them with a sense of confidence and achievement by cognitive function and physically.