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About half of the mountaintop signs have monument or standing sign forms. On the average, they are medium-sized, with height of 100cm or more. They are usually made of stone (75.7%) and built with dark brownish green or black colored stones. The main language written on them is Korean: it is used on more than half of them,while English is not found at all. About half of them are built by administrative agencies or regional mountain organizations while one third of them cannot be identified. My suggestions are as follows: one mountaintop sign for one peak; unification of the altitude of a mountain; signs of proper size in proportion to the altitude; signs of monument or standing sign form that goes well with the appearance of a mountain; necessity of English written side by side with Korean; no misprint; correction of wrong mountain names. 정상표지물 형태의 약 반수가 비석형과 입간판형이다. 크기는 대부분 평균 높이 100cm 이상의 중형(中型)이다. 표지물의 재료는 돌이 압도적으로 많다(75.7%). 돌의 색깔은 쑥색(艾石), 검정색(烏石)이 절대 다수이고 대부분 가공되었다. 표지물에 사용된 언어는 한글이 과반수를 차지해서 가장 많다. 영문 표기는 전무하다. 정상표지물을 세운 주체는 행정기관과 지역 산악단체가 약 절반이고 알 수 없는 경우도 3분의 1가량이나 된다. 차후 정상표지물 건립에 대한 본 연구자의 견해는 1봉 1정상표지물의 원칙 수립, 산 높이의 통일, 표지물의 크기는산의 표고에 비례적으로 맞게, 산형(山形)에 어울릴 수 있도록 비석형 내지 세로형태의 입간판형 표지물 권장, 표지물에 영문 병기의 필요, 오탈자가 없도록 할 것 그리고 잘못된 산명의 수정(修正)이다.
Digital means a method of data processing in the form of numbers. Today the entire world is undergoing profound transformations brought about by digitalization, new information and communication technologies, and widespread use of computers. This is a so-called digital age, which is witnessing massive changes brought by globalization such as more powerful civil society, the rise in women's social status and more common phenomena of pursuit of pleasure. In order to cope with these enormous challenges triggered by new technologies, the companies are continuously expected to reform their human resource management. Without exception, the hotel industry is trying to promote expertise of personnel management. The recent trends and conditions for personnel management in the hotel industry are to find more diverse ways of recruitment and retainment of qualified human resources, to transform the pay system form rigidity into a new and flexible one such as performance-related pay system, to make labor-management relations more cooperative, to create more open and democratic working atmosphere. In the process of implementing innovation and reform, tackling challenges in the digital age, above all, the hotels should try to cultivate originality and creativity of their workers harboring more generous attitude towards differences among workers and some failures made by them. Secondly, the hotel industry should foster well-educated human resources with expertise who can share and skillfully utilize new information and knowledge, thus contributing to the company making a good profit. If the hotels are to secure more competent workers with expertise, they should respect each workers individuality and provide a good atmosphere where the workers can cultivate their originality and study themselves. And thirdly, the hotels should nurture highly-qualified workers who can even make up for the employers shortcomings. Fourthly, they should uplift the workers ability to deal with e-commerce. Fifthly, they should get the workers equipped with a variety of knowledge. Sixthly, they should improve and make a full use of potential capacity of women workers. Seventhly, they should encourage the workers to learn foreign languages by which they will acquire an international way of thinking. Among foreign languages, English, Japanese and Chinese languages are strongly recommended.
Relations between tourism and security of international human rights are as follows. 1. The right of movement is the most fundamental right for tourism brought into existence. 2. All of the tourists are entitled to be treated equally. 3. Tourism plays an important role in achieving human being's right of pursuing happiness. 4. The right of learning will largely be heightened by tourism. 5. Ensuring the right of safety will be the most important factor whether people participate in travel or not. 6. The degree of attainment of human being's envirinmental right will influence whether tourist continues his travel or break off his journey. 7. The right of health will be a great motive force for tour, especially for the tour of health presevation. 8. The protection of privacy will be a primary factor for making a tourism more cheerful and pleasant and for putting confidence in the persons of travel industry. 9. The right to participate cultural life makes the man's tourism desire and motive stronger and makes the tourism more instructiv and educative travel. 10. The right of leisure is a basic factor alike the right of movement for tourism activities being realized.