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      • KCI등재

        고개의 조망특성에 관한 연구 - 부산광역시를 대상으로 -

        강영조,조승래,김희정,Kang,Young-Jo,Cho,Seung-Rae,Kim,Hee-Jung 한국조경학회 2005 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.33 No.4

        The purpose of this study is to analyze characteristics of prospect from the mountain pass by investigating relations between the type of mountain pass and object overlooked from the mountain pass. For the purpose, this researcher selected and surveyed 44 mountain passes located in Busan, except in Gangseo-gu lesion. According to their locational characteristics, the mountain passes were classified into three types, 'sanmok'(formed between mountain peaks), 'sanheori'(formed on the mountainside) and 'sanmaru'(formed at the tip of the mountain peak). Out of the total 44 mountain passes, 22 were 'sanheori' in type. In the same type, mountain passes mostly had a prospect providing the overlap of downtown and mountain areas. The researcher examined the sight distance and dip of object to be viewed from the mountain pass, determining relations between the object and the mountain pass. When overlooked from mountain passes in Busan, most objects are distributed between $-3^{\circ}\;and\;-1^{\circ}$ in an angle of depression within the sight distance from 0.5km to 14km. Mountain passes are valuable as a post that is very important in prospecting scenes. But they are now in crisis. They are being gradually disappeared because of development projects. Finally, the researcher hopes that the study makes recognizing the value of the mountain pass and contributes to preserve the mountain pass as an important post of view point when its region is later developed.

      • KCI우수등재

        낚시 전문가에 의한 해반지형경관의 분류와 그 형태에 관한 연구 -낚시 전문잡지의 기사 분석을 통하여-

        강영조 한국조경학회 1995 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.23 No.3

        The purpose of this study is to clarify the classification and the spatial form of the named coastal landforms which are collected from the specialized magazine for fishing as a collective representative. The costal landform, viewing from the fishing activity, is divided into 9 types which are Yo(sunken rock), Kaeppai(rock-ribbed coast), Jolbyeok(cliff), Koppuri(spite), Chagalmadang(shringle beach), Kanchulam(intermitent rock), Mulgol(valley sea), Kaeppul(tidal flat), Sajang(sandy coast). And the characterstics of the 9types of landform were analyzed. The results of this study will contribute to establish teory on conservation and rehabilitation of costal landscape.

      • KCI등재
      • 해운대 달맞이 언덕에 있어서 바다조망경관의 역사적 변천에 관한 연구

        강영조,신수안,조미나,이현주,박은희 동아대학교 건설기술연구소 2000 硏究報告 Vol.24 No.1

        The purpose of this study is to clarify the historic transition of the prospects on Haeundae dalmaji hill. Dalmaji hill is well known for a character of configuration on the ground with the scene of the sea. We will infer that how did it change the prospects of Dalmaji hill's sea through the analyzing of the preset situation and location of building on the hill. (1) We investigated the stories of the building, the history, the business condition. (2) We collect the twenty four view points which is able to have seascape on the hill, being easily approaching to the road, and condition of changing the building. (3) We clarified the transition of seascape prospect and considered the characteristics of the six types from which were divided the condition of seascape prospect.

      • KCI등재SCIESCOPUS

        Improvement of the Decarburization Rate in Austenitic Stainless Steelmaking

        강영조,김용환,손호상 대한금속·재료학회 2015 METALS AND MATERIALS International Vol.21 No.1

        In order to enhance the decarburization rate at low carbon content region during the decarburization ofmolten stainless steel in argan oxygen decarburization, inert gas was blown into top slag and molten steelthrough a top lance. The carbon content at the end point of the decarburization process was found to reachlower values than conventional levels without the inert gas top blowing. The decarburization rate might beimproved, probably due to the disturbance of the slag/metal interface and the dilution of CO gas. Theinfluence of slag in decarburization step on the decarburization and the reduction reactions of chromeoxides in the slag were also experimentally and theoretically investigated by establishing a kinetic modelof the decarburization of molten stainless steel under the existence of slag containing chrome oxide. Theliquid fraction of the slag appears to be essential for a more effective decarburization reaction. Countermeasureswere also proposed to prevent carbon pickup from burnt lime for better slag control.

      • 터널노선의 지형적 입지와 坑門 형태의 상관관계 : 고속도로의 터널갱문을 중심으로 From analysis of the space perception about the entrance of a tunnel

        강영조,박한우 동아대학교 건설기술연구소 2002 硏究報告 Vol.26 No.1

        The purpose of this study is to clarify interrelation pithead of a tunnel and location of tunnel reviewing the landscape appreciation on the basis of space perception of the reviewing the landscape appreciation on the basis of space perception of the entrance of a tunnel. It is generally believed that the simple meaning of tunnel is a mere shortcut of road in order to move into another space at a short time. However it implies more than a short cut of road for the drivers and the passengers. They could enjoy not only a short distance but also appreciate the landscape and surrounding of the entrance of tunnel. To solve the above mentioned requirements, it is suggested that following factors must be considered at the step of drawing. first, the principle of landscape and appreciation. second, the condition of the route and the topography. third, the type grouping of the subject pit head of investigation according to the condition of the topography. As mentioned above, if the pithead form is designed, the result of study will be applied as the base data.

      • KCI등재

        소쇄원 48 영에 보는 경관체험과 평가의 원천

        강영조 한국정원학회 2001 한국전통조경학회지 Vol.19 No.1

        The purpose of this study is to clarify that what is the experience and evaluation of landscape and its sources because the ultimate purpose of landscape study is to manipulate the experience of landscape. This study was taken SoShe Garden's 48 songs for a case study. And there is not a wholly study of what landscape imply. The results are as follows; 1. In the evaluation and experience of landscape, it was intervened by space, shape, and human being that landscape consist of physical setting which are space and shape of things. 2. Space afford our behavior for example sitting, walking, grabbing, etc. on or in it. The evaluation and experience of space rely on whether to afford to conduct these behaviors. The sources of evaluation and experience of space are behavioral ability in or on the space. 3. The evaluation and experience of figure of physical setting depend on the compositive relation physical things of foreground to background. Therefore the sources of evaluation and experience of figure is the shapely things and the compositive relation with things. 4. The evaluation and experience of ego space depend on whether to intervene in making physical landscape good scenery. Human intervention which intervene the evaluation and experience of landscape consist of cultural facts and individual facts.

      • 거주지역의 녹지환경평가와 녹지의 종류에 관한 주민의식 : 부산시 소재 국민학교 학부형의 의식조사를 중심으로

        姜榮祚 동아대학교 환경문제연구소 1989 硏究報告 Vol.12 No.2

        This study was carried out to evaluation the citizen's satifaction and quantity toward the green space residential area in pusan. The purpose of this study was to development more rational and user-oriented theory of urban green space planning. The results are following as ; 1. The evaluation of green correlation with the comfortableness and beauty of residential environment. 2. Citizen's evaluation of green quantity determinant a daily green space which are mountain, garcen, building green, roadside tree. 3. Citize's evaluation of green satisfaction determinant a daily green space which mountain, garden, roadside tree, mineral spring. 4. It is important green to plan green space in residential area such a daily green as visual green and recreation space. 5. Garden and mountain is a important green space to plan green space in residential area.

      • KCI등재

        한국팔경의 형식과 입지특성에 관한 연구

        강영조,김영란 한국정원학회 1991 한국전통조경학회지 Vol.9 No.2

        It was studied in this paper that the typical characters, the composition elements and the geographical characters of "Pal-Kyong"-8 to 12 sceneries-in the 23 places, a total of 230 sceneries from Sin-Jung-Tong-Kook-Yo-Ji-Sung-Lam(新增東國與地勝覽) Published in 1530, where geographical and cultural informations about Korea were listed at that time, were analyzed. Also the matching mode of "Pal-Kyong" with landscape elements was analyzed. 1. The kinds of types "Pal-Kyong" from this study was divided into the typical or identical type "So-Sang(瀟湘)" a place name in China, similar type of "So-Sang", the experiential type with famous place which related to the behavior of persons at that time, the scenic type with pavillion having good views of beautiful and strange landscapes and the other types. 2. The composition elements of the similar and identical type of "So-Sang" were natural phenomena such as cloud, snow and rain, etc. and plants like pinetrees and flowers, etc. In the experiential type, the places were associated with men's experiences like seeing off guests, looking for monks, and fishing. 3. "Pal-Kyong" of Mun-Kyong, On-Yange, Pung-chon was composed of the similar and identical type of "So-Sang", that Pyong-Yang, Chong-An, Kong-Ju, Mil-Yang, Tae-Gu of the similar and identical type of So-Sang and the experiential type, that of Yo-Ju, Ul-San, Kang-Rung, Pyong-Hae and Poong-San of scenic type, that of the others of various kinds of types that of Han-Sung and Yo-Ju was experiential type. 4. The geographical types of "Pal-Kyong" was divided into the type of mountainous are where attractive sceneries were mountain or hill, type of waterfront where sceneries were rivers, streams and ponds, the type of mam-made facilities where sceneries were pavillions and temples and the type of plain area were sceneries were farm villages. It is thought that the results from this study is available for the landscape conservation and planning.

      • 제주관광종합개발계획(1973)의 경관설계 사상과 실행

        강영조 東亞大學校生命資源科學大學附設 農業資源硏究所 1997 農業生命資援硏究 Vol.6 No.1

        In order to obtain a proper method of landscape design in nature dominant region, the concept of landscape design was analyzed by reviewing Cheju Tourist Comprehensive Development Plan(1973) and field survey of Cheju Island. The concept of Landscape design of Cheju Tourist Comprehensive Development Plan(1973) intended to conserve natural landscape which include rocks of fantastic shape, crave, ravine, fall, etc.. However, the concept to total landscape design which hamonizes natural environment and built environment was not considered. Consequently, built environment executed by Cheju Island. Thus, I suggest the proposed development plan should be harmonized with natural and artificial landscape, and it should provide less difficulty rehabilitating hamonized landscape.

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