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      • 金東仁 小說의 視點 : In connection with the influences of Japanese modern literature 日本 近代文學의 影響을 中心으로

        金永和 제주대학교 1983 논문집 Vol.16 No.1

        Kim Dong In studied in Tokyo, Japan from 14 to 19 years old. During the period, he practised himself for a writer reading avidly not only Japanese modern literature but also Western literature introduced to Japan while studying at the secondary school division of Tokyo Gaku-ing (Institute), Meiji Gaku-ing and Kawabata Art School. Particularly, Kim Dong In was said to acquire the techniques of novel writing under the influences of Western literature and Japanese modern literature; of his techniques of writing, his method of adopting a point of view, which is the focus of narration, seemed to be influenced by Japanese modern literature, especially by Kunikita-Toppo. This paper(thesis) develops the points of argument as follows, to make clear the relationship of influences of Kunikita-Toppo's techniques of writing and those of Kim Dong In in the view of comparative literature: 1. The process of Kim Dong In's practice of novel writing in Japan; 2. General aspects of point of view and Kim Dong In Novel's aspects of point of view; 3. Comparison of points of view of Kim Dong In's early novel "Battaragi" (1921) and KunikitaToppo's novels "The Man of Fate" (1902) and "Evils of Women" (1903); 4. Contrast of point of view of "Battaragi"and that of "Kwang Yom Sonnata " (1930). Examining the above 4 phases in good order, it is the objectives of this thesis to make clear the influences of Japanese modern literature acted upon Kim Dong In's works, and to find out the formative background of techniques of Kim Dong In's novel-writing by clarifying how Kim Dong In has developed such techniques on the basis of those influences.

      • KCI등재

        콩 단백 성분 및 연령이 암컷 흰쥐의 혈장 지질 농도와 인지질 지방산 패턴에 미치는 영향

        정은정(Eun-Jung Chung),김수연(Soo-Yeon Kim),김지영(Ji-Young Kim),안지영(Ji-Young Ahn),박정화(Jung-Wha Park),차명화(Myung-Hwa Cha),이양자(Yang-Cha Lee Kim) 한국식품영양과학회 2003 한국식품영양과학회지 Vol.32 No.2

        혈중 지질농도는 식이단백질 종류보다는 연령의 영향을 많이 받아, young군보다 old군의 총 콜레스테롤, TG, HDL-콜레스테롤, LDL+VLDL-콜레스테롤 및 AI 모두 높았다. 한편 콩 단백질군에서 HDL-콜레스테롤 수준이 증가하고, LDL+VLDL-콜레스테롤와 AI는 감소하여, 심혈관질환에 대한 콩 단백질의 유익한 효과를 확인할 수 있었다. 식이단백질에 의해 유의한 영향을 받은 혈장 인지질의 지방산조성중 22:0, 18:1ω9, ∑MUFA 조성은 카제인군에서 콩 단백질군 보다 높았으며, 반대로 ∑SFA 조성은 카제인군에서 낮았다. 연령에 의해 혈장 인지질 지방산 조성에 있어 유의한 차이를 보인 지방산 중 22:0, 18:1ω9, 22:1, 18:3ω3 및 22:4ω6는 young군에서 높은 반면에, 22:6ω3, ∑ω3, 18:2ω6, 20:4ω6, ∑ω6 및 ∑PUFA의 조성비율은 old군에서 높게 나타났다. 이와 같이 식이 단백질의 종류보다 연령의 영향력이 더 많이 나타난 것은 혈중 콜레스테롤 수준이 식이 단백질보다는 연령의 영향을 더 크게 받았기 때문으로 생각된다. 혈장 인지질 지방산의 대사지표 중 Δ7-desaturation index(16:0⇒16:1ω7)와 Δ9-desaturation index(18:0⇒18:1ω9)가 식이 단백질의 영향을 받아 카제인군에 비해 콩 단백질군에서 유의하게 낮았다. Δ7- 및 Δ9-desaturation index만이 식이 단백질의 영향을 받은 것은 식이 단백질보다 desaturase 활성에 더 큰 영향력을 미치는 콜레스테롤이 식이에 첨가되었기 때문이라 생각된다. Δ-4 desaturation index (22:4ω6⇒22:5ω6)는 young군에 비해 old군에서 높았으며, elongation index(20:4 ω6⇒22:4ω6)는 old군에서 낮았다. 대부분의 elongation과 desaturation 단계는 연령에 따라 유의한 차이를 보이지 못하였으나, ω3계 지방산의 전체적인 elongation-desaturation 단계를 나타내는 ∑products-fatty acid(ω3)/α-LNA(ω3) 비율이 old군에서 young군보다 유의하게 높아, 연령에 따른 PUFA 대사의 변화가 관찰되었다. 이상에서와 같이, 콩 단백질의 섭취로 흰쥐 혈장 인지질의 ∑MUFA 조성은 낮고 ∑SFA 조성은 높아 다른 지질 강화성분의 섭취와 유사한 결과를 나타내었다. 혈중 콜레스테롤 수준이 높은 old군에서 체내 막조직의 유동성을 유지하기 위해 PUFA의 합성 특히 ω3계 지방산의 elongation-desaturation이 증가하여 총 PUFA 조성이 young군보다 높았다. 연구결과로 이소플라본을 포함한 콩 단백질의 혈중 지질저하 기전에 대해 체계적인 설명은할 수 없지만, 콩 단백질이 혈장 지방산의 조성을 변화시킴으로써 간접적으로 심혈관계 질환에 대해 유익한 효과를 미침을 알 수 있었다. 한편, 이러한 혈관의 건강과 관련된 콩의 유익한 효과는 이소플라본과 같은 콩의 특정 성분의 단독효과라기보다는 콩 단백질과의 복합효과에 의한 것이라는 주장은 매우 설득력 있다고 생각된다. Effects of soy protein concentrate (SPC) containing isoflavone and casein diets on plasma phospholipid (PLs)-fatty acid patterns were investigated in 7- & 40- wk old female rats. Diets containing 16% SPC (soy/young: SY, soy/old: SO) and casein (casein/young: CY, casein/ old: CO) supplemented with 0.5% cholesterol were fed for 4 wks. Fatty acid compositions of plasma PLs were determined by TLC and GLC. Compared to the dietary protein effects, age effects on serum lipids were more profound. The levels of total cholesterol (Chol.), triglyceride, HDL-Chol., (LDL+VLDL)-Chol. and atherogenic index (AI) were higher in older groups (OC & OS) than younger groups (YC & YS). Soy groups had higher HDL-Chol. level and lower (LDL+VLDL)-Chol. and AI, compared with casein groups. The compositions of C22:0, C18:1ω9 and sum of MUFA in plasma PLs were significantly higher in casein group (CY & CO) than soy group (SY & SO), but those of sum of SFA were higher in soy group. The compositions of C22:0, C18:1ω9, C22:1, C18:3ω3 and C22:4ω6 were higher and those of C22:6ω3, sum ofω3, C18:2ω6 C20:4ω6, sum ofω6 and sum of PUFA were lower in plasma PLs of younger rats. The average P/S and ω3/ω6 ratio in older group was higher. The Δ-7 desaturation index (16:0⇒16:1ω7) and Δ-9 desaturation index (18:0⇒18 : 1ω9) were lower in soy group than casein group, while Δ-6 and Δ-5 desaturation index were not affected by dietary protein. The Δ-4 desaturation index (22:4ω6⇒22:5ω6) were higher and, elongation index (20:4ω6⇒22:4ω6) were lower in older group. The ratio of the products of ω3 fatty acid series/precursor of ω3 fatty acid series (C18:3) was significantly higher in older group, which in- dicated that age affected the plasma PUFA metabolism. On the other hand, older rats had higher serum cholesterol level compared with younger rats. Taken together, these changes in fatty acid composition might cause minimal changes in the membrane fluidity induced by the increase serum cholesterol level.

      • SCISCIESCOPUS

        Direct effectiveness of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine against invasive pneumococcal disease and non-bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia in elderly population in the era of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine: A case-control study

        Kim, Jong Hun,Chun, Byung Chul,Song, Joon Young,Kim, Hyo Youl,Bae, In-Gyu,Kim, Dong-Min,Choi, Young Hwa,Jun, Yoon Hee,Choi, Won Suk,Kang, Seong Hee,Kwon, Hyun Hee,Jeong, Hye Won,Kee, Sae Yoon,Hur, Jia Elsevier Ltd. 2019 Vaccine Vol.37 No.21

        <P><B>Abstract</B></P> <P><B>Background</B></P> <P>While herd effects and serotype replacement by childhood pneumococcal protein conjugated vaccines (PCVs) continues to accumulate worldwide, direct effectiveness of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) against pneumococcal diseases in the elderly has been challenged. We estimated the direct effectiveness of PPV23 in the elderly population.</P> <P><B>Methods</B></P> <P>For a hospital-based case-control study, cases of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and non-bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia (NBPP) (adults ≥ 65 years) were identified in 14 hospitals participated in the pneumococcal surveillance program from March 2013 to October 2015, following implementation of PPV23 national immunization program (NIP) for the elderly in the Republic of Korea. Controls matched by age, sex, and hospital were selected at ratios of 1:2 (IPD) or 1:1 (NBPP). Clinical data and vaccination records were collected. Vaccine effectiveness was calculated as (1-adjusted odds ratio) × 100.</P> <P><B>Results</B></P> <P>We enrolled 148 IPD and 557 NBPP cases, and 295 IPD and 557 NBPP controls for analyses. Overall effectiveness of PPV23 against IPD was 28.5% [95% confidence interval (CI) −5.8%–51.6%] and against NBPP was 10.2% (-15.1-30.6) in all patients ≥ 65 years. However, in subgroup analysis of patients aged 65–74 years, PPV23 was protective against IPD [effectiveness 57.4% (19.4–77.5)] and against NBPP [effectiveness 35.0% (2.3–56.7)]. Furthermore, serotype-specific effectiveness of PPV23 against IPD was 90.6% (27.6–98.8) for PPV23-unique serotypes and 81.3% (38.6–94.3) for PPV23 serotypes excluding serotype 3.</P> <P><B>Conclusions</B></P> <P>This study indicates that PPV23 with broad serotype coverage might be beneficial in preventing IPD and NBPP due to non-PCV13 serotypes in the young-elderly, with potentially increasing effectiveness in the setting of childhood PCV NIP.</P> <P><B>Highlights</B></P> <P> <UL> <LI> National immunization program for PPV23 for the elderly was implemented in Korea. </LI> <LI> PPV23 was effective against IPD and NBPP for young elderly patients aged 65–74. </LI> <LI> Effectiveness of PPV23 against IPD was higher for PPV23 unique serotypes. </LI> <LI> PPV23 was non-protective against IPD caused by PCV13 serotypes. </LI> </UL> </P>

      • 創造派 硏究 : Centering on the influence of modern Japanese Literature 日本 近代文學의 影響을 중심으로

        金永和 제주대학교 1990 논문집 Vol.31 No.1

        Kim Dong-In, Chun Young-Taek and Choo Yo-Han of the 'Changjo Group' Who let the modern literature set root of this country have all studied abroad in Japan in 1910s. Learning new knowledge in Tokyo, Japan, from boyhood until youth age, they were baptized with the modern Japanese culture which had been pursuing toward westernization since Meiji-Innovation. Their pursuit of literature was achieved under these conditions and surroundings, and the literary works which they had mainly read were modern Japanese Literature and Western Literature translated into Japanese Language. Those literary works they read during the period of literary apprenticeship have influenced on their literary works in a way or another. Accordingly, this means that the literature of the'Changjo Group' has been influenced by Japanese as well as Western Literature. Those influences are noticed especially in the following exapmles: Firstly, by anlayzing elaborately "Baetaragi" (1921) of Kim Dong-In, we can find, that the point of view and plot is quite similar to that of "Unmeironsha" (1902) of Kunikita Topbo. This means that the technique of novel-writing of Kunikita has had influence on that of Kim Dong-In. Secondly, if we analyze "Idiot or Jenius"(1919) of Chun Young-taek, we know that the setting of character, tile processing of plot and the point of view etc, are very similar to "Spring Bird, Harunotori"(1904) of Kunikita. This again means that Chun Young-Taek was unconsciously influenced by Kunikita during reading his novels. Thirdly, the early day's poems of Choo Yo-Han such as "Fire Play, Bulnori" show resemblance of French Poems translated into Japanese, in its rhythm, setting of talker etc. This shows that Choo Yo-Han learned the techniques of it engaging in favorite reading of French poems in Japanese, which denotes his receiving of a kind of influence In the early days of the literature of the 'Changjo Group', the influence of modern Japanese literature was remarkable. We are able to know that modern Japanese Literature since Meiji-Innovation has greatly influenced the formation of modern Korean Literature if we consider that the 'Changjo Group' of Korean Literature has contributed to set its root of modern literature in this country.

      • Film Session Q&A 2 : 05 ; How to remove a huge ovarian tumor in single port laparoscopic surgery using XXXL endopouch

        ( Jin Hwa Lee ),( Ga Won Yim ),( Eun Ji Nam ),( Sung Hoon Kim ),( Young Tae Kim ),( Sang Wun Kim ) 대한산부인과학회 2014 대한산부인과학회 학술대회 Vol.100 No.-

        목적: Demonstrate a new instrument, technique or procedure 방법: In this video, we showed how to remove huge ovarian tumors in sinlgel port laparoscopic surgery by SW KIM`s method. SW KIM`s method is the technique to put a huge ovarian tumor into a specially designed extremely large endopouch (XXXL: 30x30㎠sized) using two conventional laparoscopic needle holders and one laparoscopic grasper and gravity by changing the patient`s position. After identifying the infundibulopelvic and uteroovarian ligaments salpingooophorectomy including huge ovarian tumor was performed by LigaSure. And then ovarian tumor was located in the pelvic cavity by changing the patient`s position into reverse-trendelenberg position and a XXXL endopouch was inserted and un-rolled inside the abdominal cavity. To insert a huge tumor into the XXXL endopouch, the endopouch was opened in triangular shape. Bilateral apex of baseline of trianglular opening of the endopouch was hold by two needle holders and then the upper apex was hold by a grasper. After holding three point of endopouch opeing, the patient`s position was changed into deep trendelenberg postion, then the tumor came into the endopouch by gravity. While changing the patient`s position, 2 needle holders and a graspers were moved into the pelvic cavity from the abdominal cavity. Aftere identifying the tumor inside the endopouch, tumors could be removed through the single port opening site or transvaginally in laparoscopic hysterectomy case without spillage of ovarian tumor. 결과: The advantage of SW KIM`s method is to remove ovarian tumor without spillage in a single port laparoscopic surgery by putting it into the large endoscopic bag despite narrow space. 결론: Using a specially designed 30×30 cm sized XXXL Endopouch and SW Kim`s technique, huge ovarian tumors could be removed without spillage in single port laparoscopic surgery.

      • KCI등재

        고령자 남녀와 20대 남녀에 있어서 다양한 등속수축중 최대 모멘트의 비교

        金智源(Ji-Won Kim),金相佑(Sang-Woo Kim),文基旭(Ki-Wook Moon),嚴光文(Gwang-Moon Eom),李泳揆(Young-Gyu Lee),南貞淑(Jung-Sook Nam),朴寬龍(Kwan-Yong Park),金耀翰(Yo-Han Kim),洪廷和(Jeong-Hwa Hong),朴炳奎(Bung-Kyu Park) 대한전기학회 2008 전기학회논문지 Vol.57 No.10

        In this paper, we investigated the maximum ankle joint plantarflexion moment (MPM) of young and elderly subjects during various modes of isokinetic contractions with special interest in the elderly females who were reported to have higher fall rate than the elderly males. Subjects include the young subjects (14 males: 22.7±2.5yrs, 13 females: 20.5±1.3yrs) and the elderly subjects (17 males: 65.8±10.5yrs, 26 females: 71.4±5.2yrs). The MPM was normalized by each subject's body weight. The MPM of elderly females was the weakest among the groups, particularly, at the eccentric contractions. The male-to-female ratio of MPM was greater in the elderly than in the young and the young-to-elderly ratio of MPM was greater in female than in male, both during the eccentric contractions. The result suggests that the decreased muscle force per body weight, especially at the eccentric contraction, may be one reason for the more frequent fall of the elderly female than the elderly male.

      • KCI등재

        좌섬요통환자에서 X-ray상 narrowing과 CT상 HIVD와의 연관성 분석

        김은영,김영욱,이경민,김주연,김효은,강영화,서정철,임성철,한상원 大韓鍼灸學會 2002 대한침구의학회지 Vol.19 No.6

        Objective : This study was designed to analyze the of correlation between narrowing disc space of lumbar X-ray and HIVD of L-spine CT in lumbosacral strain patients. Methods : 63 cases of lumbosacral strain patients who visited Bul-kyooh Oriental Hospital from june 13, 2000 to August 9, 2001 were selected. We performed the radiography by lumbar X-ray and L-spine CT for all cases. Results : 28 of 63 cases revealed narrowing disc space in Lumbar X-ray and these 28 cases were diagnosed as HIVD in L-spine CT at all. 35 of 63 cases revealed normal in Lumbar X-ray and 13 of these 35 cases were diagnosed as HIVD in L-spine CT. Conclusions : We found that narrowing disc space in lumbar X-ray has significant relvance to HIVD in L-spine CT(P-value = 0.001). For accurate diagnosis and treatment of lumbosacral strain patients. combination of clinical symptoms, physical examination and radiography of X-ray and HIVD is needed

      • 시설수용 아동과 일반가정 아동의 언어능력에 관한 비교 연구

        김경란,김정이,김진숙,김희숙,서화숙,조현주,주숙영,최승미 연세대학교 생활과학대학 1988 婦學 Vol.21 No.-

        The purpose of this study was to compare the verbal ability of institutional children with that of family children. We investigated the following question: ⑴ Is there a difference in verbal ability between institutional children and family children? ⑵ Are there age and sex differences in verbal ability between 4-year-olds and 6-year-olds? The sample of this study was 32 institutional children and 32 family children, with an equal number of 4-year-olds and 6-year-olds. The instrument for measuring children's verbal ability was the Children's Verbal Ability Test developed by Jang Young-ae(1981). The data were analyzed with a three-way ANOVA. The results of this study were the following: ⑴ There was a significant main effect of early care environment on children's verbal ability. That is, family children showed a higher verbal ability score that institutional children. There was a significant three-way interaction effect between early care environment, sex, and age. The size of the effects of early institutional care varied according to sex and age. ⑵ There was a significant main effect for age. That is, 6-year-olds showed higher verbal ability than 4-year-olds. The importance of an adequate verbal environment for institutionalized children was discussed.

      • KCI등재

        교정환자의 브라켓과 치아 경계부에 존재하는 치면세균막내 mutans streptococci 종 및 생물형의 식별

        김미애,유소영,김화숙,국중기,임성훈,윤영주,김광원 대한치과교정학회 2005 대한치과교정학회지 Vol.35 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        본 연구는 교정환자의 브라켓과 치아 경계부 및 브라켓으로부터 2 mm 이상 떨어진 치아 평활면의 치면세근막에 존재하는 mutaus streptococci의 종 및 생물형에 차이가 있는지를 알아보고자 시행되었다. 조선대학교 치과병원에 내원한 13세 이상 35세 미만의 환자 28명으로부터 브라켓을 장착하고 있는 61개 치아에서 치균세균막을 채취하여 mutans streptococci를 MSB 배지에서 선택적으로 분리한 다음, 이들의 지놈 DNA를 추출하여 dextranase 유전자를 표적으로 하는 중합효소연쇄반응법을 시행하고, 그 증폭물을 Hae Ⅲ로 소화하고, 이를 전기영동하여 제한효소절편길이에 따라 그 종을 식별하였다. 또한 생물형을 조사하기 위하여 생화학적 검사를 실시하였다. 그 결과 브라켓과 치아 경계부 및 브라켓으로부터 2 mm 이상 떨어진 평활면의 치면세균막에 존재하는 mutans streptococci 종은 서로 비슷한 검출 빈도를 보이나 두 곳에 존재하는 mutans streptococci 생물형은 서로 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 향후 브라켓과 치아 경계부 및 치아 평활면의 치면세균막의 mutans streptococci 생물형의 차이와 브라켓 주위의 법랑질 탈회 및 치아우식증 발병과의 상관관계에 대한 연구가 필요하다. The aim of this study was to compare the species and biotypes of mutans streptococci isolated from dental plaques sampled from the interfaces between the bracket and tooth surface and smooth tooth surfaces in orthodontic patients. Dental plaque was collected from the interfaces between brackets and teeth (test group), and from smooth tooth surfaces distant from brackets by more than 2 mm (control group). The dental plaque collected by a sterilized curette was transferred into a vial of 1 X PBS. The sample in the vial was vigorously vortexed for1 min and plated on mitissalivarius bacitracin (MSB) agar plate using cotton tips. The agar plates were incubated at 37℃ in a candle jar for 2 days, and again incubated for 1 more day at anambient temperature. Individual colonies were cultured in TH broth at 37℃ CO₂ incubator. The PCR-RFLP based on dextranase gene was performed for the identification of mutans streptococci at the species-level. For biotyping of mutans streptococci, biochemical tests were performed. There was no significant difference of the species of mutans streptococci isolated from both test and control groups. However, the biotypes of the mutans streptococci isolated from test and control groups were different. These results may offer the basic data to verify the relationship between the mutans streptococci biotype and enamel decalcification or dental caries in orthodontic patients with fixed appliances.

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