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      • SCOPUSSCIEKCI등재

        Clinical Outcome of Modified Cervical Lateral Mass Screw Fixation Technique

        Kim, Seong-Hwan,Seo, Won-Deog,Kim, Ki-Hong,Yeo, Hyung-Tae,Choi, Gi-Hwan,Kim, Dae-Hyun The Korean Neurosurgical Society 2012 Journal of Korean neurosurgical society Vol.52 No.2

        Objective : The purpose of this study was 1) to analyze clinically-executed cervical lateral mass screw fixation by the Kim's technique as suggested in the previous morphometric and cadaveric study and 2) to examine various complications and bicortical purchase that are important for b-one fusion. Methods : A retrospective study was done on the charts, operative records, radiographs, and clinical follow up of thirty-nine patients. One hundred and seventy-eight lateral mass screws were analyzed. The spinal nerve injury, violation of the facet joint, vertebral artery injury, and the bicortical purchases were examined at each lateral mass. Results : All thirty-nine patients received instrumentations with poly axial screws and rod systems, in which one hundred and seventy-eight screws in total. No vertebral artery injury or nerve root injury were observed. Sixteen facet joint violations were observed (9.0%). Bicortical purchases were achieved on one hundred and fifty-six (87.6%). Bone fusion was achieved in all patients. Conclusion : The advantages of the Kim's technique are that it is performed by using given anatomical structures and that the complication rate is as low as those of other known techniques. The Kim's technique can be performed easily and safely without fluoroscopic assistance for the treatment of many cervical diseases.

      • Poster Session : PS 0831 ; Upper GI Tract : Clinical Factors to Predict Angiographically Detectable Non-Variceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Patients Refractory to Endoscopic Treatment

        ( Tae Hwan Ha ),( Tae Hoon Oh ),( Sung In Yu ),( Min Kim ),( Jong Wook Kim ),( Won Ki Bae ),( Jae Hyung Kim ),( Seung Suk Baek ),( Mi Jin Ryu ),( Ye Na Choi ),( Ji Young Park ),( Eileen L Yoon ),( Tae 대한내과학회 2014 대한내과학회 추계학술대회 Vol.2014 No.1

        Background: Non-variceal upper GI bleeding (NVUGIB) is a common medical problem that has signifi cant association with morbidity and mortality. Angiographic detection and subsequent transarterial embolization (TAE) is a primary treatment option when medical and endoscopic treatments fail. We investigated clinical factors that could affect the success of the angiographic detection and prognosis after TAE in patients with NVUGIB refractory to endoscopic therapy. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data was done in patients with failed endoscopic treatment who underwent angiography for the treatment of acute NVUGIB between May 2002 and May 2013. Patients were divided into detection or non-detection groups according to the presence of bleeding stigmata in angiographic fi nding. Rebleeding defi ned as subsequent bleeding event within 7 days and mortality within 30days were analyzed as outcome parameters after TAE following detection in angiography. Results: A total 45 patients 37 (male, mean age, 65.9±14.9 years) were analyzed and classifi ed as a detection group (n=25, 55.5%) and non-detection group (n=20, 44.6%). Peptic ulcers were the most common cause of refractory NVUGIB. Larger transfusion amount (5.7±3.9 unit vs. 3.5±2.8 unit; P=0.03), prolonged aPTT level (34.2±17.3 sec vs. 21.8±13.8 sec; P=0.01) and short time interval between last endoscopy and angiography (17.5±25.9 hours vs. 34.3±59.5 hours; P=0.04) were found to be signifi cant factors for predicting angiographic detection. TAE was performed in all patients detected in angiography. Rebleeding (44%) was significantly associated with higher Rockall score (8.3±1.5 vs. 6.6±2.4; P=0.046) and mortality (12%) was signifi cantly associated with higher Rockall score (9.3±0.6 vs. 7.1±2.2; P=0.002) and higher level of BUN (55.3±47.4 vs. 27.6±17.4; P=0.01). Conclusions: Clinical characteristics associated with angiographic detection in patients with NVUGIB refractory to endoscopic therapy were severe bleeding, bleeding tendency and early angiographic intervention. The Rockall score is useful parameter for predicting rebleeding and mortality after TAE.

      • KCI등재

        하악골 절제술후 재이식된 돌결자가골 재이식 : 치험 3례

        김 식,김수관,김운규,김수민,류종희,이준길,조경안,김수흥,정태영,여환호 대한악안면성형재건외과학회 2001 Maxillofacial Plastic Reconstructive Surgery Vol.23 No.2

        We described three cases of immediate reimplantation of a frozen-thawed autogenous mandible composed of a mixture of iliac bone, marrow, and particulate hydroxyapatite in tumors of the mandible. Acceptable outcomes were obtained in three patients who underwent immediate autogenous mandibular graft reconstruction. The conditions leading to successful outcome of the procedure are also discussed. Reimplantation of frozen autogenous lesioned mandible was performed in three patients with mandibular tumors. Two reimplanted grafts survived without complications following surgery. One case had postoperative infection that resolved with appropriate antibiotic treatment. There were no recurrences of the primary lesions. Satisfactory facial contour after surgery was achieved. These results are most promising, and we believe that, with further refinement, this technique will offer a new and acceptable modality for facial reconstruction in patients with cancer.

      • Breeding of Tetraploid in Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.)A. DC. by Colchicine treatment

        Kim,Ik-Hwan,Kim,Hag-Hyun,Hong,Eui-Yon,Yun,Jong-Sun,Yun,Tae,Hwang,Ju-Kwang,Lee,Cheol-Hee 한국자원식물학회 2003 Plant Resources Vol.6 No.3

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Present studies were carried out to produce tetraploid plants by colchicine treatment using seeds, seedlings and shoot tips of Platycodon grandiflorum in Campanulaceae. The most successful colchicine treatment for tetraploid production in P. grandiflorum was soaking treatment using 0.01 and 0.5% colchicine solution for 1 hour and 12 hours, respectively. Morphological characteristics of both diploid and tetraploid were similar, but tetraploid plants had more leaves. Compared to diploid, tetraploid had the larger stomata, but less number of stomata. Fresh weight of tetraploids was 20∼40% heavier than that of diploid.

      • 서울의 Penicillinase Producing Neisseria gonorrhoeae 발생빈도(1997)

        김재홍,문득곤,김정수,김용준,임동진,박상훈,김희성,이민수,송기훈,김갑형,김형석,성소영,이인섭,김석우,황지환,조창근,김경문,부태성 대한화학요법학회 2000 대한화학요법학회지 Vol.18 No.3

        Background : In recent years, gonorrhea has been pandemic and remains one of the most common STDs in the world, especially in developing countries. Objective & Methods : For the detection of a more effective therapeutic regimen and assessing the prevalence of PPNG, we have been trying to study the patients who have visited the Venereal Disease Clinic of Choong-Ku Public Health Center in Seoul since 1980 by means of the chromogenic cephalosporin method. Results : In 1997. 99 strains of N. gonorrhoeae were isolated, among which 45(45.5%) were PPNG. Conclusion : The prevalence of PPNG in Seoul, which had been decreased to 39% in 1996 after a peak of 74.3% in 1993, is increased to 45.5% in 1997.

      • Gelation에 의한 방사성 폐기물의 안정화/고형화 : Ca 및 Zr 첨가에 따른 이성분계의 열적 및 수화학적 안정성 Thermal/Hydrochemical Stability of a Binary System with Ca or Zr as an additive

        김인태,박환서,유승곤,김환영,김준형 한국공업화학회 2004 응용화학 Vol.8 No.1

        In the previous study, we suggested a new concept, named as GRSS(Gel-Route Stabilization/Solidification) and investigated a material system applicable to volatile radioactive waste, a reaction condition and chemical limitations. From these results, this paper investigated the effect of some additives, which have been considered as the major component of ceramic waste forms(apatite and sodium zirconium phosphate), on the thermal stability and chemical durability. The Si-P system with Ca at appropriate composition shows good thermal stability but low chemical durability while the Si-P system with Zr shows relatively low thermal stability but relatively high chemical durability.

      • Breeding of Tetraploid in Codonopsis lanceolata (Sieb. et Zucc.) Trautvetter by Colchicine Treatment

        Kim,Ik-Hwan,Kim,Hag-Hyun,Hong,Eui-Yon,Yun,Jong-Sun,Yun,Tae,Hwang,Ju-Kwang,Lee,Cheol-Hee 한국자원식물학회 2003 Plant Resources Vol.6 No.3

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Present studies were carried out to produce tetraploid plants by colchicine treatment using seeds, seedlings and shoot tips of Codonopsis lanceolata. Three tetraploid plants of C. lanceolata were produced from seeds which absorbed 0.1 % colchicine solution for 12 hours, and 0.5% colchicine solution for 1 and 6 hours from seedlings, respectively. But tetraploid was not produced from shoot tips treated by colchicine solution. Compared to diploid, tetraploid plants had larger stomata, but less number of stomata. Fresh weight of tetraploid plants was 1.4∼3.6 times heavier than diploid plants.

      • 슬롯후드 입구 균일류 형성 조건

        김환태,김태형,하현철,김은아 경성대학교 환경문제연구소 2000 環境硏報 Vol.10 No.1

        Slot hoods are most commonly used to provide uniform exhaust air flow and an adequate capture velocity over finite length of contaminant generation, e.g. an open surface tank or over the face of a large hood such as a side-draft design. The function of the slot is solely to provide uniform air distribution. Industrial Ventilation Manual edited by ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists) recommended the conditions to obtain uniform air distribution . slot velocity higher than 10m/s and take-off angle larger than 45 degree. But, in reality, it might not be an easy task to satisfy the conditions for uniform air distribution. By using CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics), the 81 cases (3 aspect ratios x 3 mean slot velocities x 3 take-off angles x 3 duct velocities) were thus simulated and the coefficients of variance were computed to compare the uniformity of slot face velocities. Generally speaking, either aspect ratio or duct velocity do not affect the uniformity a lot while both slot velocity and take-off angle play a crucial role in forming uniform air distribution.

      • KCI등재

        호주의 유전자변형생물체(Genetically Modified Organisms) 안정성 심사절차 및 유전자변형식품의 표시제도

        김태산,김영미,손성한,김용환,박용환 한국국제농업개발학회 2002 韓國國際農業開發學會誌 Vol.14 No.1

        1. 호주는 GMO의 실험 및 상업화를 규제하는 신법 "유전자기술에 관한 법(Gene Technology Act 2000)을 제정 운영중임 2. GMO를 관리 감독하기 위하여 보건후생성산하에 유전자기술 감독국(Office of the Gene Technology Regulator)이 신설됨 3. GMO를 취급(dealings)형태에 따라서 면제(exemption), 위험이 매우적은 취급(notifiable low risk dealing), 면허(licensing), 등록(register)의 4가지로 분류하여 감독함 4. GM식품의 안전성 심사는 호ㆍ뉴식품청(Australia New Zealand Food Authority, ANZFA)에서 관장하며 호주식품 강령 기준 18(Standard A18 of the Australian Food Standards Code)이 근거 법임 5. ANZFA에서는 제초제 저항성 콩, 옥수수, 면화, 감자, 카놀라 등 6작물 12종의 GM작물에 대하여 식품안정성 확인을 완료함 6. 호주에서는 2001년 12월 7일부터 유전자변형식품의 의무 표시제를 시행하고 있으며 비의도적 혼입 허용치는 1%로 설정함 As Australia's new national gene technology regulatory system began on 21 June 2001, the Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR) was newly established to regulate GMO related research and GM products throughout the nation. "Gene Technology Act 2000" is the statutory basis the new regulatory system. The OGTR is within the Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, responsible for overseeing the gene technology research and development including the GMO field trials across Australia. For the regulation of genetically modified food, the Australia New Zealand Food Authority(ANZFA) is responsible for developing and reviewing national food standards. All foods available for sale in Australia and New Zealand must comply with the relevant national food standards. ANZFA also responsible for carrying out safety assessments of GM foods on behalf of the Commonwealth, State and Territory Governments of Australia and the Government of New Zealand. The ANZFA's safety assessment process for GM foods is based on concepts and principles that have been developed through international organizations such as the World Health Organization(WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD). Mandatory labelling of GM foods containing either introduced DNA or protein in the final food came into effect on 7 December, 2001.

      • Gelation에 의한 방사성 금속염화물의 안정화/고정화 : Part2: 알칼리 금속염화물과 이성분계(Si-P)와의 겔화반응 Part2: Gelation with alkali metal chloride in binary system(SiO2/P2O5)

        김인태,박환서,김환영,유재형,김준형 한국공업화학회 2002 응용화학 Vol.6 No.2

        By gelation with sodium silicate and phosphorous oxide in binary system, we investigated the possibility to fix the volatile alkali metal chlorides in a highly stable matrix at high temperature if the product gel is further solidified to form glass or ceramic waste form. The binary system with different metal chloride(MCl) loadings underwent gelation reaction at 70℃ for 1 day and dried at 110℃ for 1 day. XRD analysis showed that all the dried gel contained NaCl and some unknown crystalline phase. From the experimental results, the reaction mechanism can be proposed as follows. Also, the possibility of Cs vaporization could be lowered by the application of the new gel-route stabilization/solidification to treat waste salt. (G,Na)+MCl→(G,M)+NaCl, (G.H)+MCI→(G,M)+HCl.

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