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IGF2 유전자는 제 11번 염색체 단완 (11p15.5)에 위치해 있으며 아버지로부터 유전된 대립형질만 기능을 하는 genomic imprinting되는 유전자이다. 이 유전자는 정상세포에서는 세포증식을 촉진시키는 작용을 하고 몇가지 암에서는 LOI에 기인한 과발현이 있는 것으로 알려져 있다. 한편 WT1 유전자는 제 11번 염색체 단완 (11p13)에 위치해 있으며 어머니로부터 유전된 대립형질만 기능을 하는 즉 IGF2 유전자와는 정반대의 genomic imprinting 되는 유전자이다. 이 유전자는 비뇨생식기관의 발생에 매우 중요한 유전자이며 암화과정에서는 암억제 유전자로서 기능한다. 소아신장에서 발생되는 Wilms 종양에서는 IGF2 유전자와 WT1 유전자의 고장이 주원인으로 생각하고 있다. 이에 근거하여 성인에서 발생되는 신장세포암에서도 Wilms 종양에서의 결과와 같을 것인지의 여부를 알기 위하여 12명의 신장세포암 환자 ( 남자 6명, 여자 6명)로부터 얻은 조직을 이용하여 이들 유전자의 발현정도를 조사하였다. 환자의 연령은 남자에서는 43세에서 56세까지였고 여자에서는 23세에서 61세까지였다. 신장세포암에서 IGF2 유전자와 WT1 유전자의 발현정도는 다같이 성별이나 연령과는 무관하였다. IGF2 유전자는 50%에서 발현되었으며, 그 발현정도는 저발현에서부터 중등도 그리고 과발현까지 다양했으며 주로 신세뇨관 부위에 있는 암세포에서 발현되었다. WT1은 56%에서 발현되었으며 과발현과 중등도 발현이 대부분이었다. IGF2 유전저의 발현과 WT1 유전자의 발현은 각 예에서 상이하게 나타나서 두 유전자간의 작용은 일치하지 않았다. IGF2 gene which was located on chromosome 11p15.5 is expressed by the paternal allele. It stimulates the cell proliferation in normal cells, however, it is over expressed in some cancers due to LOI (loss of genomic imprinting). In contrast, WT1 gene which was located on chromosome 11p13 shows maternal specific monoallelic expression. It is a very much important gene in developing urogenital system, besides, it acts as tumor suppressor gene in some cancers. IGF2 and WT1 genes are the main causative genes in Wilms tumor which is developed in pediatric kidney. To understand the status of IGF2 and WT1 expressions in renal cell carcinoma which is developed in adult life, tissues from 12 cases patients (male 6 cases ; female 6 cases) were detected by immunohistochemistry with antibodies from IGF2 and WT1 genes. To distinguish the different ages between Wilms tumor and renal cell carcinoma, the patients age in renal cell carcinoma was ranged in 43-56 years old in man and 23-61 years old in female. No direct correlation was, in general, between gene expression of IGF2 and WT1 and age or sex of patients in renal cell carcinoma. Expression of IGF2 gene revealed six of twelve (560%) and expression of WT1 gene showed seven of twelve (56%) in renal cell carcinoma, respectively. The status of IGF2 gene expression was varied from low to high expression. In contrast, the status of WT1 gene expression was higher than in IGF2 gene expression. However, there was no apparent correlation between expressions in each cases. In conclusion, IGF2 and WT1 genes are very important in carcinogenesis of renal cell carcinoma, however interaction between two genes was obscure.
<P> The accurate assessment of the thermal conductivity of concretes is an important part of building design in terms of thermal efficiency and thermal performance of materials at various temperatures. We present an experimental assessment of the thermal conductivity of five thermally insulated concrete specimens made using lightweight aggregates and glass bubbles in place of normal aggregates. Four different measurement methods are used to assess the reliability of the thermal data and to evaluate the effects of the various sensor types. The concrete specimens are also assessed at every 100°C during heating to ~800°C. Normal concrete is shown to have a thermal conductivity of ~2.25Wm<SUP>-1</SUP> K<SUP>-1</SUP>. The surrogate aggregates effectively reduce the conductivity to ~1.25Wm<SUP>-1</SUP> K<SUP>-1</SUP> at room temperature. The aggregate size is shown not to affect thermal conduction: fine and coarse aggregates each lead to similar results. Surface contact methods of assessment tend to underestimate thermal conductivity, presumably owing to high thermal resistance between the transducers and the specimens. Thermogravimetric analysis shows that the stages of mass loss of the cement paste correspond to the evolution of thermal conductivity upon heating. </P>
<P>Ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) has been investigated to improve the clinical outcome of HSPC transplantation. However, ex vivo expansion of HSPCs still faces a major obstacle in that HPSCs tend to differentiate when proliferating. Here, we cocultured HSPCs with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and divided the HSPCs into two fractions according to whether they came into adherent to MSCs or not. Additionally, we used hydrostatic pressure (HP) to mimic the physical conditions <I>in vivo</I>. Even nonadherent cells expanded to yield a significantly larger number of total nucleated cells (TNCs), adherent cells maintained the HSPC phenotype (CD34<SUP>+</SUP>, CD34<SUP>+</SUP>CD38<SUP>−</SUP>, and CD133<SUP>+</SUP>CD38<SUP>−</SUP>) to a greater extent than nonadherent cells and had superior clonogenic potential. Moreover, applying HP significantly increased the number of TNCs, the frequency of the immature HSPC phenotype, and the clonogenic potential. Furthermore, the genetic markers for the HSPC niche were significantly increased under HP. Our data suggest that the nonadherent fraction is the predominant site of HSPC expansion, whereas the adherent fraction seems to mimic the HSPC niche for immature cells. Moreover, HP has a synergistic effect on expansion and functional maintenance. This first study utilizing HP has a potential of designing clinically applicable expansion systems.</P>
윤지섭,정종주<SUP>1<,SUP>,이용상<SUP>1<,SUP>,남기현<SUP>1<,SUP>,정웅윤<SUP>1<,SUP>,장항석<SUP>1<,SUP>,박정수<SUP>1<,SUP>,Ji-Sup Yun,Jong Ju Jeong,<SUP>1<,SUP>,Yong Sang Lee,<SUP>1<,SUP>,Kee Hyun Nam,<SUP>1<,SUP>,Woong You 대한갑상선-내분비외과학회 2007 The Koreran journal of Endocrine Surgery Vol.7 No.4
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
Purpose: Zuckerkandl's tubercle (ZT) of the thyroid gland is a well-documented anatomical structure. This study evaluated the anatomical relationship of the ZT in terms of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and the superior parathyroid gland (SP). Methods: The study included 325 patients (ten patients with benign tumors and 315 patients with malignancies) who underwent thyroid surgery between February and June 2007. Tubercles were classified according to size: Grade 0 (unrecognizable), Grade I (≤ 5 mm), Grade II (6∼10 mm) and Grade III (>10 mm). The incidence and size of the ZT and its positional relationship to the RLN and SP were investigated during thyroid surgery. Results: ZTs were identified in most patients (right thyroid 89.3%, left thyroid 85.6%). The percentageof tubercles according to grade and location was as follows: Grade 0, right thyroid 10.7% and left thyroid 14.4%; Grade I, right thyroid 7.9% and left thyroid 11.1%; Grade II, right thyroid 43.5% and left thyroid 38.5%; Grade III, right thyroid 37.9% and left thyroid 35.9%. The most common RLN course was in a groove between the ZT and the main body of the thyroid. Most of the SPs are situated cranial to the ZTs and were located at the 1 or 2 o'clock position (96.1%) in the left thyroid and at the 10 or 11 o'clock position (95.2%) in the right thyroid. A greater distance between the ZT and the SP was seen with a decreasing size of the ZT. Conclusion: The ZT was identified during most thyroidectomies, and there was a constant relationship between the ZT and either the RLN or SP. Therefore, identification of the ZT and an understanding of the relationship between the ZT and either the RLN or SP are essential for the performance of safe thyroid surgery. (Korean J Endocrine Surg 2007;7:237-241)
윤지영,정종길<SUP>1<.SUP>,정웅길<SUP>2<.SUP>,박미옥<SUP>3<.SUP>,Ji Young Yun,Jong Gill Jeong,M.D.<SUP>1<.SUP>,Ung Gill Jeong,M.D.<SUP>2 <.SUP>and Mi-Ok Park,M.D.<SUP>3<.SUP> 대한갑상선-내분비외과학회 2002 The Koreran journal of Endocrine Surgery Vol.2 No.2
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
Glucagonomas are rare pancreatic tumors of islet ahpha-2 cells. Less than 430 cases have been reported worldwide and 210 cases are malignant tumors. In generally, the tumors typically present with a characteristic constellation of symptoms including necrolytic migratory erythema of the skin, weight loss, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, anemia, cheliosis, stomatitis, and an increased thrombotic tendency. Since pancreatic glucagonomas are predominantly located in the tail and findings of radiographic or sonographic examination can remain unspecific, patients often present already metastasis when diagnosis is first established, and can be difficult to differentiate from the other pancreatic tumors. We report the case of a 59-year-old woman with an malignant glucagonoma of the pancreas infiltrating already the spleen and presenting metastatic lesion in perirenal lymph nodes, and that the tumor was not assocated with the characteristic skin rash. The pateint with a past history of a diabetes mellitus and hypertension for 9 years was admitted with cramp-like left lower abdominal pain, watery diarrhea, and nausea. A solid tumor of tail of the pancreas revealed by ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography and distal pancreatectomy, radical nephrectomy, and splenectomy were performed. Immunohistochemial examination of the tumor did show glucagon-reactive tissue and electron microscopy revealed many secretory granules, 180 to 300 nm in diameter in granulated cells. After pancreatic tumor resection, the patient had normalization of plasma glucagon and blood sugar. (Korean J Endocrine Surg 2002;2:120-123)
Near field recording (NFR) technology with SIL has been thought as the most promising generation optical storage device. A gap distance between the SIL and the disc should be controlled to be 20~40nm. We observed gap error signal in our NFR test-bed using a blue LD (405nm). The digital gap servo filter and control algorithm were developed to maintain a constant air gap by adopting a conventional actuator.
김정도 ( Jeong Do Kim ),박성보 ( Sung Bo Park ),이나리 ( Na Ri Lee ),정진하 ( Jin Ha Jeong ),이희섭 ( Hee Seob Lee ),황대연 ( Dae Youn Hwang ),이종섭 ( Jong Sup Lee ),정성윤 ( Seong Yun Jeong ),손홍주 ( Hong Joo Son ) 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회) 2011 한국미생물·생명공학회지 Vol.39 No.3
Plant lactic acid bacteria were isolated from plant-associated fermentative foods and crops, and their probiotic properties were investigated. Isolates K27 and O2 were isolated from Kimchi and onion, and identified as Lactobacillus plantarum on the basis of 16S rRNA gene analysis. The two strains were highly resistant to acid (an MRS broth at pH 2.5), where the survival rates of L. plantarum K27 and L. plantarum O2 were 90.2% and 97.3%, respectively. L. plantarum K27 and L. plantarum O2 also showed high bile resistance to 0.5% oxgall, with a more than 70% survival rate. They showed an inhibitory effect against pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli KCCM 40880 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 10145. The antibacterial effect of the two strains was probably due to the presence of lactic acid. ACE inhibitory activities of the two strains ranged from 72.8% to 80.6% in MRS broth. Notably, the two strains showed high ACE inhibitory activity (89.2~98.2%) in MRS broth containing 10% skim milk. Antioxidant activity was tested by DPPH radical scavenging activity, with antioxidant activities of the strains being in the range of 56.8~61.5%. The results obtained in this study suggest that L. plantarum K27 and L. plantarum O2 may be potential probiotic starter cultures with applications with fermentative products.