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        Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth in the European Union

        ( Argiro Moudatsou ) 세종대학교 경제통합연구소 (구 세종대학교 국제경제연구소) 2003 Journal of Economic Integration Vol.18 No.4

        This paper contains an empirical assessment of the growth effects of foreign direct investment (FDI) in European Union (EU) countries, when controlling for other growth determinants. Using data over the period 1980-1996, we obtained estimates of the growth effects of FDI for each country in isolation and by pooling the data for the whole Union. Country-specific estimates suggest that growth determinants vary across EU members and that only past FDI inflows have a significant effect on growth. Interestingly, when data are pooled, the empirical results show that FDI has a positive effect on the growth rate of EU economies both directly and indirectly (through trade reinforcement). Also, unlike previous empirical findings concerning developing economies, we obtained evidence that the growth effect of FDI is not conditional upon the level of human capital in developed host countries.

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        FDI and Economic Growth: Causality for the EU and ASEAN

        ( Argiro Moudatsou ),( Dimitrios Kyrkilis ) 세종대학교 경제통합연구소(구 세종대학교 국제경제연구소) 2011 Journal of Economic Integration Vol.26 No.3

        This study attempts to address the causal-order between inward FDI and economic growth using a panel data set for two different Economic Associations that is EU (European Union) and ASEAN (Association of South Eastern Asian Nations) over the period 1970-2003. The inflows of FDI to developed host countries raise the question of how these inflows affect their economies and what is the interaction between FDI and growth. While there is considerable evidence on the link between FDI and Economic Growth, the causality between them has not been investigated in a reasonable procedure. Three possible cases are investigated in this paper 1) Growth-driven FDI, is the case when the growth of the host country attracts FDI 2) FDI-led growth , is the case when the FDI improves the rate of growth of the host country and 3) the two way causal link between them. Empirical results obtained from heterogeneous panel analysis indicate the following. Regarding the EU countries the results support the hypothesis of GDP-FDI causality (growth driven FDI) in the panel. Regarding the ASEAN, there is a two-way causality between GDP per capita and FDI like the cases of Indonesia and Thailand. In the cases of Singapore and the Philippines, howerver, FDI is motirated by host country`s. GDP growth. So, theresullts are path dependent and country-specific.

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