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본 연구에서는 경남 거제시 구천 천을 대상으로 생태하천 조성공사의 시공 성을 분석하고 평가하였으며 다음과 같은 결론을 얻을 수 있었다. 첫째, 구천 천 생태하천 조성공사의 시공 성 평가를 위한 평가지표를 설정하였다. 일반적인 공사품질 평가항목에 본 연구대상지의 공사특성을 감안하여 설계품질과 건설행정부문을 더하여 평가지표를 설정하였다. 크게 대 분류로 공사 품질, 설계품질, 건설행정으로 나누었으며, 중분 류로는 식 재, 시설물, 포장, 급배수공사, 설계 전 문성, 설계도서, 기술시방서, 공사기간, 적정 비용, 참여자인식 등 10개 유형으로 구분하고 소 분류의 평가항목은 해당공사의 세부적 내용으로 구성된 총 20가지로 구성하였다. 둘째, 시 공성 평가결과, 평가항목별로는 급 배 수공사, 석재공사, 포장공사, 식재공사 순으로 시 공성 개선의 필요성이 제기되었으며, 평가 대 상으로는 묵논습지 조성공사와 완경사 저수 호 안공사에서 시 공성이 낮게 평가되었고 수달서 식 처와 자연경관보전 구간은 비교적 적정한 것으로 평가되었다. 설계도면의 누락과 기술시방 의 문제, 시공참여자의 인식문제에 대해서는 개선필요성이 다소 있는 것으로 나타났으나, 설계 개념의 적정성 부문은 참여기술자의 대부분이 적정한 것으로 평가하였다. 셋째, 문제점에 따른 개선방안 제시로서, 품 질 관리에 의해 개선될 수 있는 사항으로 무논 습지조성에서의 유입 수, 유출 수 연결 관의 마감 처리, 논흙처리에 대한 방안과 하천에서의 저수 호 안 돌 쌓기 시공성과 석재공사의 마감처리 등 이 있으며, 동 분야의 기술적 한계점으로서 연 구가 필요한 부분으로는 생태수로의 돌 쌓기 이 음 새 부분의 콘크리트 몰탈처리와 천변수림대 의 폭 원 설정 등을 들 수 있다. 하천 코 리더의 생태적 역할을 수반하는 천변수림대의 폭 원 및 식생의 기능에 대한 연구는 향후 하천 변 생태 복원공사의 기술력 향상을 위한 현실적 대안이 될 수 있을 것이라 판단된다. 그 이외에도 시공 과정에서 설계자와 지속적인 논의와 피드백 과 정이 필요한 속성을 가진 공사라고 판단되며 향후 생태복원공사의 전반에 걸친 시공 성 평가 의 기법이 지속적으로 개발되어야 하겠다. In this study, constructability of ecolog ocal stream restoration process was evaluated and improved approaches for habitat were suggested. The study site is Gucheon River in Geoje city where conducted ecologocal restoration work within maintaining its flood control function. Application of ecological design factors and constructability in the process from planning to construction was analyzed and its results are as follows: In the process of planning and designing, it was focused more on the naturality of Gucheon River rather than the human convinience and ecological design factors were applied within the ecological capacity of the site. First, the indexes for constructability evaluation is selected. It was classified into three major categories as construction quality, design quality and construction administration system. Each index has details, so there are twenty sub indexes for contractibility evaluation. Second, the evaluation results shows that the index most in need of improvement was plumbing construction, followed by Stone construction and pavement construction. design concept was evaluated as appropriate in entire categories. Finally it is suggested that it can be improved in both process of design to enhance the technology and process of construction to enhance the quality management. The constructability of ecological stream needs adaptive management and it must be discussed with its designing which is at the stage before construction. Also it needs discussion with its designer constantly and feed-back process.
In the field of environmental landscape architecture, the internet medium is used as an effective communication tool not only in the private level but also in the policy level. Recently, the active utilization of mobile web service is emphasized as the time changes, but there is not much improvement or advance in services due to lack of relevant studies. Therefore, this study is intended to provide basic data needed for improvement and advance by researching the quality of mobile web service among multichannel services provided in environmental landscape architecture related internet media. The model for measuring service quality is SERVQUAL, which was verified in the study of Choi(2015), Choi and Koo(2016), and the final valid samples are total 230. First, the subjects were analyzed as the representative media that are possible to acquire comprehensive knowledge related to environmental landscape architecture. Second, the highest importance level in each subsection was ‘protection and security maintenance of customer information’ followed by ‘Reliability about accurate information supply’. Regarding performance level, ‘Reliability about accurate information supply’ and ‘professional knowledge to communicate with users’ are highly evaluated. Third, regarding Importance-Performance Analysis(IPA), the first priority management should is ‘Tangibles’, and the next are ‘Responsibility’ and ‘Empathy’. The ones for maintenance of the status quo are ‘Reliability’ and ‘Assurance’, and there is none for effort reduction. Meanwhile, regarding the importance of each factor and difference in the quality of PC web service and mobile web service studied before, the biggest difference is in ‘Tangibles’, followed by ‘Assurance’, ‘Empathy’, ‘Responsibility’ and ‘Reliability’. It is suggested that the revitalization of Landscape information science(LB1106) presented in the National Science &Technology Standard Classification System is needed. In the future, it is necessary to research the change trend on users’ response through continuous evaluation of improved mobile web service.
The study was performed in order to derive the management methods of revegetation space on embankment upper in the shoulder of expressway. The pilot study was conducted in 2013 on the test road section of the Jungbu Inland Expressway (Smart Highway) and continues to be monitored until 2020. In the test, three commonly used methods for weed control were applied. In the early two to three years, most of the methods were effective in controlling weeds. However, at the end of six years, weed suppression effects were different for each treatment. Vegetation coverage was 90% in the untreated control, 70-80% wood chip mulching method, 50-60% solidification method, and 20% sheet mulching method. The sheet method was found to be the most effective given the low vegetation coverage was effective in controlling weeds. The wood chip mulching method is promoting weed growth over time, and weeds are invading as the effect of soil hardening is reduced in the place where the soil hardener is treated. Among the methods applied in the test, mulching the sheet is the most effective, but it is important to use a durable sheet. In the future, it is necessary to find ways to control weeds on road shoulders, considering both economic and environmental aspects. For the proper management in the shoulder of expressway set target zone is needed. Clear standards for weed control on expressway should be established. And the technology to be applied must be durable for 3 years or more and must be able to suppress the amount of weeds to a level of 20% or less.
A study was conducted to present the criteria for evaluating the revegetation method of the slope of the expressway. The results of comparative analysis between 2019-2020 field survey and existing research data (2015-2016) are as follows. Soil is a very important factor at the beginning of revegetation work. However, after the plant has settled, the importance of the soil composition diminishes. Among the plants used, the number of plants sown at the beginning gradually decreases. And it changes as it competes with invading plants. Among the plants used for sowing, it was found to affect the vegetation composition in the order of exotic grass > native herb and wildflower > native tree. Plant coverage is continuously evaluated as an important factor regardless of the time. The vegetation structure on the slope will change continuously over time. New items need to be evaluated in situations where a lot of time has elapsed since the application of revegetation work. It is desirable to use the current evaluation standard only to perform the evaluation within 1 to 2 years. In the long run, it is necessary to establish a new evaluation standard that adjusts the weights of each item.
This study aims to examine a significant difference in performance of, and attitudes towards, environmental tourism among domestic tourism companies by their types and scale, and to propose a policy direction for a new certification program on environmental tourism. This study conducted a survey with 152 tourism accommodations and 150 travel agencies. As a result, this study found that tourism accommodations and a large scale of companies had participated in environmental management practices more often than travel agencies and a small scale of companies. Also, tourism accommodations were more likely to recognize well a relation between their business and environmental tourism, and were more likely to participate in a new certification program than travel agencies. A large scale of tourism accommodations showed more positive attitudes towards environmental tourism than a small scale of tourism accommodations. On the other hand, all of the travel agencies showed less positive attitudes towards environmental tourism regardless of their size. In conclusion, this study proposed that the government should adopt a different approach to a new certification program according to tourism companies` types and scale, also it should provide a variety of incentives and supports for tourism companies.
The purpose of this study is to present the basic data for maintenance and management of river ecosystem by surveying and analysing the kinds and their characteristics of vascular plants in Bukcheon stream, Gyeongju-si, South Korea. The numbers of vascular plants were summarized as 428 taxa including 92 families, 265 genera, 3 subspecies, 24 varieties, 6 forms, 5 hybrids and 5 cultivars. Among the identified taxa, there were 90 planted species. The endangered wild species was Cicuta virosa, and the rare plants were 5 taxa including Prunus × yedoensis, Juniperus chinensis L. var. sargentii and so on. The Korean endemic plants were 5 taxa Populus × tomentiglandulosa, Salix koriyanagi, Lespedeza maritima, Forsythia koreana and Aster pseudoglehni. The specific plants by floristic region were 26 taxa including 2 taxa of grade Ⅴ, 3 taxa of grade Ⅳ, 2 taxa of grade Ⅲ, 8 taxa of grade Ⅱ and 11 taxa of grade Ⅰ. The naturalized plants were 81 taxa including Euphorbia maculata, Erigeron strigosus, Vulpia myuros and so on. The invasive alien plants were 7 taxa including Humulus scandens, Rumex acetosella, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Ambrosia trifida, Lactuca seriola, Symphyotrichum pilosum and Paspalum distichum.
The uncontrolled urban expansion causes various social, economic problems and natural/environmental problems. Therefore, it is necessary to forecast urban expansion by identifying various factors related to urban expansion. This study aims to forecast it using a decision tree that is widely used in various areas. The study used geographic data such as the area of use, geographical data like elevation and slope, the environmental conservation value assessment map, and population density data for 2006 and 2018. It extracted the new urban expansion areas by comparing the residential, industrial, and commercial zones of the zoning in 2006 and 2018 and derived a decision tree using the 2006 data as independent variables. It is intended to forecast urban expansion in 2030 by applying the data for 2018 to the derived decision tree. The analysis result confirmed that the distance from the green area, the elevation, the grade of the environmental conservation value assessment map, and the distance from the industrial area were important factors in forecasting the urban area expansion. The AUC of 0.95051 showed excellent explanatory power in the ROC analysis performed to verify the accuracy. However, the forecast of the urban area expansion for 2018 using the decision tree was 15,459.98㎢, which was significantly different from the actual urban area of 4,144.93㎢ for 2018. Since many regions use decision tree to forecast urban expansion, they can be useful for identifying which factors affect urban expansion, although they are not suitable for forecasting the expansion of urban region in detail. Identifying such important factors for urban expansion is expected to provide information that can be used in future land, urban, and environmental planning.
Various experience keywords were derived through text mining analysis of two National Ecological and Cultural Exploration Routes. The results of this study were drawn as follows: The interaction between the experience keywords was analyzed by the degree centrality, closeness centrality, and betweenness centrality value calculated through the centrality analysis of the research site experience keywords. First, In the text mining analysis, ‘walking' appeared as the top keyword in the Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ periods of the two target areas. The keywords related to the stay type of “rental cottage” and “recreational forest” were derived for Masil Road in relation to accommodation facilities. However, the keywords related to the accommodation were not derived in Gubul Road. Second, as a result of the centrality analysis, the degree centrality of the keywords “walking”, “sea”, “look”, “salt flats” of Masil Road and “walking”, “lake” and “park” of Gubul Road was high. The keywords located at the center are “walking” and “sea” in the Masil Road, and “walking” in the Gubul Road. As an influential keyword, Masil Road is “experience” and Gubul Road is “history”. Third, According to the results of the analysis, the keywords that appeared at the top of the Gubul Road are derived from the keywords related to the 1 ~ 8 course, and it is judged that the visitors are visiting the 1 ~ 8 course trail evenly. However, the Gubul Road only appears in the top keyword only for a few courses. Through this, it seems that three courses are intensively visited as the main course of 6 Gubul Road, 6-1 Gubul Road, and 8 Gubul Road.
The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for the establishment of future countermeasures by diagnosing the growth status and actual condition of undesignated old trees distributed in Hyeongok-myeon, Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do. The number of old trees surveyed was 2 weeks in Gajeong-ri, 2 weeks in Haguri, 3 weeks in Nae-Tae-ri, 1 week in Nawon-ri, 6 weeks in Oryu-ri, 3 weeks in Sangguri, and 2 weeks in Sohyeon-ri, The trees species composition was 6 trees Celtis sinensis Pers., 1 Diospyros lotus L. trees, 4 trees Salix chaenomeloides Kimura trees, 2 Styphnolobium japonicum L. trees, and 7 Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino trees. Growth status is 7.1~22.0m in height, 14.6~25.1m in long axis, 10.2~19.2m in short axis, root diameter is 76.0~236.4cm, diamter at breast height is 67.0~220.0cm, soil acidity is pH4.9~7.0, soil The hardness was measured to be 4.0-27.0mm. The result grade of the scoring data of health information is represented by monitoring generally, monitoring critically, and absolute monitoring, and it was confirmed that out of the 20 trees population in Hyeongok-myeon, the general monitoring grade was 7 weeks, the major monitoring grade was 13 weeks, and there was no absolute monitoring grade. Accordingly, the number of old trees of the general surveillance level was maintained at the current level, and ecological surgical operations were introduced for the major surveillance level, but the case of village forests should be different, and sequential treatments were the old tree urgently needed. The level and bark of the target tree, the state of the crown, the root exposure, the presence of pests and pests, the vitality and the ground condition, the degree of pollution are normal, poor, or very poor, operation and protection management, soil improvement, removal of cover, and disinfection were urgently needed for the old trees with the surveyed data. In order to compensate for these matters, continuous monitoring and management measures for the old number should be sought.
Despite the eco-friendly route plan, road slopes were collapsed due to road construction, resulting in human and property damage. To solve this problem, the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs established guidelines in 2009 to conduct a test-bed for slope recording considering the conditions of the site and the ecological environment, and divided them into recording quality and economic evaluation. The following results were obtained by analyzing 183 construction methods of cut-soil sections at 60 sites from 2012 to 2018 for road slope afforestation research. Straw net+seedspray, vegetation media spray method 1T, 3T were used the most, and vegetation media spray method 3T(patent) was excellent in quality, and straw net+seedspray was excellent in economics. As a result of analyzing the market unit price and the construction unit price, vegetation media spray method submitted the construction unit price at up to 60% lower than the market unit price. As a result of the analysis of the key factors of the greening method evaluation, the economic assessment had the greatest influence on all evaluation items. Problems in the evaluation method of revegetation were first identified as problems in the allocation of points and secondly as problems in the evaluation criteria. As for the improvement of the economic assessment criteria, the method was proposed to evaluate the same method based on market unit price when the same method was constructed, and not to conduct an economic assessment if there was a difference in market unit price between methods, or to add weight to the scores. Based on the monitoring data of 60 road slopes, this study drew up problems and improvement measures. However, with regard to scoring, research on appropriate scoring is needed by examining the current status.