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발전 플랜트의 발전량 최적화 및 발전효율 최적화는 에너지공학을 전공한 전문가일지라도 이해하기 힘든 개념이다. 본 연구에서는 엑서지 및 엑서지율이라는 열역학적 상태값을 적용하여 에너지 공학을 전공하지 않은 일반인일지라도 발전량 및 발전효율 최적화 개념을 쉽게 이해할 수 있는 차트가 개발되었다. 발전소의 성능을 파악할 수 있는 대표적인 물성치는 주증기의 온도 및 압력이다. 개발된 차트에서는 주증기의 온도 및 압력에 따른 최대 발전량 곡선과 최대 효율 곡선이 도시되어 있으므로, 해석하고자 하는 발전소의 온도 및 압력을 차트에 적용하여 그 발전소가 얼마만큼 최대 발전량과 최대 효율에 접근해 있는지를 쉽게 파악할 수 있다. Even if an expert who has majored energy engineering, it is a difficult concept to understand power output optimization and power efficiency optimization. In this study a diagram applying thermodynamic state value as specific exergy and exergy ratio was developed. Although general peoples who did not major energy engineering can be easily understand the concept of power output optimization and power efficiency through the developed diagram. A represented property that can identify the performance of power plant is the main steam temperature and pressure. At the developed diagram the maximum power output line and maximum power efficiency line are shown according to the temperature and pressure of main steam. Therefore we can identify how much a power plant approach to maximum power output and maximum power efficiency.
Promoting policy to involve plant EPC companies for package deal has been studied to acquire overseas energy resources. The effectiveness of the package deal with the plant EPC companies has not been successful because the participation of the plant EPC companies is very rare. It is difficult for the plant EPC companies to join the package deal due to the lack of the fully responsible organization to support the plant EPC companies participating in a package deal. The followings are suggested as the ways to promote the participation of the plant EPC companies for package deal in this study; 1) financial support of the government for plant EPC companies 2) political support of the government for plant EPC companies 3) specialization of the advanced countries for public-private cooperation.
In this work, risks in EPC project for overseas power plant projects are analyzed and risk management methods are suggested to reduce cost and to shorten time. 79% of risks occurred in the engineering phase for S project located in South-East Asia. The impact scales of risks on major project objectives which are cost, time, scope, and quality are analyzed as 3.5, 3.8, 2.7, and 3.7, respectively. The level of impact scales is very similar to each other except the impact scale of scope. The risk management methods suggested in this study have to be applied at the appropriate time to manage risks effectively. After that, risks are managed continuously by monitoring.
온실가스 감축이 전세계 주요 이슈가 됨에 따라 ETS에 대한 중요성과 관심이 높아지고 있다. 한국은 2015년 ETS 도입 이후 제도의 긍정적 효과와 함께 다양한 문제점에 직면하게 되었다. 본 논문에서 주목하는 점은 산업단지 집단에너지의 ETS 제도 적용에서의 이슈이다. 산업단지 집단에너지라는 산업형태는 세계에서 찾아볼 수 없는 한국의 독특한 산업 형태이다. 따라서 선행된 나라들과 같은 방식으로 제도를 시행할 경우 여러 문제점을 야기할 수밖에 없다. 특히 산업단지 집단에너지는 수요처의 요구에 따라 공급하는 열의 조건과 양이 결정되고 그에 따라 발전량이 결정된다는 특징이 있다. 따라서 수요에 의해 열병합 발전에서 생산하는 열의 온도가 달라지면 탄소배출권 산정결과에 어떠한 영향을 주는지 알아보았다. As GHG reduction becomes a major global issue, the importance and interest of ETS is increasing. Korea experienced positive effects of the system since the introduction of ETS in 2015, but also faced various problems. The focus of this study is on the issue of applying the ETS system to the group energy of industrial complexes. The group energy of industrial complexes is a unique industrial form of Korea that cannot be found in the world. Therefore, if the system is implemented in the same way as the preceding countries, it will inevitably cause problems. In particular, the group energy of industrial complexes has the characteristic that the conditions and amount of heat supplied are dtermined according to the demands of customers and the amount of power generation is determined accordingly. We investigated how differenct temperatures of heat produced in cogeneration affect carbon credit calculations.
This study aims to develop a strategy for South Korean companies to penetrate into the global NPP(nuclear power plant) market with their strength as the sixth biggest nuclear power generator in the world. With 20 nuclear plants in commercial operation and 6 more in construction, South Korea has the best technology in construction and operation of NPP. Despite these capabilities as demonstrated on its domestic market, Korean companies' constraint to enter and play a key role in global NPP market would be the lack of experience in overseas NPP projects, original technologies, and diplomatic effectiveness. This study analyzes the competitiveness of Korean standardized nuclear power plant, construction management skills, construction technologies, manufacturing equipment and materials and operation skills. In this research the current status of existing NPP and the forecast of building NPP according to countries was analyzed in order to work out strategies with technology, cost-effectiveness, and diplomatic consideration.
In the plant EPC project, the procurement work can be considered as the most important part that affects the success or failure of project as it has the closest mutual influence in every execution process of the project. Procurement takes up generally 60% ~ 70% of the entire project budget and the current trend of plant EPC project becoming larger in scale and a variety of process technology being applied. So, it is needed to identify the risks that are expected to occur according to the stages of procurement work, namely, proposal stage, manufacturer selection and purchasing agreement stage, expediting the process management of manufacturer stage, inspection stage and logistics & transportation stage. The management of observation and control of the risks should be performed with the response techniques which are 'avoid',' transfer'and' mitigate'.
In this paper, the present condition for localization of process pumps and the enhancement method of the localization ratio of process pumps for refinery and chemical plant market were studied. The market of plant industry in the world has grown rapidly since 2000. However, the profit of domestic plant EPC compaies cound not have been increased as much as the market scale because they procured most of equipment from overseas. To make remarkable profit of plant EPC companies in the petrochemical industry, localization of equipments is required. Suitable equipment for localization is process pump applied API 610 standard. An purchased amount of pumps from overseas by domestic plant EPC companies in the last two years were 230 billion won. If process pumps are localized then an profit of plant EPC project will increase.
This study discussed for library development of the 3 dimensional design system for the progressive developmental world wide plant industry. Its previous background had spatial limitation by utilizing 2 dimensional CAD. This work presented an effective mode for improving man-hour by applying with 3 dimensioal design system through theoretical definition, category, and means of basic man-hour. We researched an effective method for reducing man-hour through applied example on the actual project by comprehending affection of extra development for library on man-hour.