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      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        셀룰로오스코팅이 자두의 저장중 품질특성에 미치는 영향

        송태희,김철재 한국포장학회 1998 한국포장학회지 Vol.4 No.2

        Immature and mature plums(Prunus salicina L.) were coated with calcium-added methylcellulose(CaMC) and hydroxypropylmethyl-cellulose-15(CaHPMC-15). Physicochemical, nutritional and sensory characteristics were compared during the 8-day storage period at 30℃. Irrespective of maturity, pH of plums increased and the titratable acidity decreased during storage. Free sugars such as glucose, fructose, sucrose and sorbitol were eventually decreased during storage, but Ca-added cellulose coatings influenced on the prevention of free sugars from decreasing especially in mature plums. Vitamin C contents in immature and mature plums became decreased during storage, but the coatings took effective on its retention. Changes of malic acid, the major organic acid in plums were appeared the same tendency as vitamin C during storage. Results of sensory evaluation showed the development of red color in peel and the softening of plum tissue, and also showed that the overall eating quality and appearance generally decreased during storage. However, the coated plums either CaMC or CaHPMC-15 exhibited the better sensory characteristics. As though the significant difference in postharvest storage quality were not found between the two coatings, CaMC and CaHPMC-15 coatings significantly contributed to the improvement of overall storage quality, especially the retention of vitamin C and organic acids only on the mature plums.

      • KCI등재후보

        옹기가 빵 품질에 미치는 영향

        정순경 한국포장학회 2016 한국포장학회지 Vol.22 No.1

        How do we use onggi, Korean earthenware, for container of dough during fermentation instead of stainless steel container? How does it affect the flavor of bread if onggi tray is used in baking instead of steel tray? We tried to confirm those. As a result, the characteristics of onggi made positive effect on dough in fermenting room. The time, when the temperature of the center in the dough is equilibrated to that of surface on the dough, take shorter in onggi than in stainless steel. It could make the temperature of dough maintained evenly with little deviation, which could result in shorter fermentation time. Volume and surface color of the bread baked on onggi tray were better than on steel tray. The bread baked on onggi tray got higher score on overall acceptability in sensory test than on steel tray. Therefore, if onggi is used during baking, it could produce better quality of bread like making positive effect on fermented foods.

      • KCI등재후보

        Degradation of Properties and Loss of Nutrients in Gelatin Soft Capsules the Manufacturing Process

        이진경 한국포장학회 2016 한국포장학회지 Vol.22 No.1

        Gelatin soft capsules, manufactured by the press through package(PTP) process, are widely used in the production of multivitamin dietary supplements and other health functional foods. Gelatin capsules can prevent light and air from having a direct contact with the contents in the capsule, and the nutrients inside the capsules are preserved without any loss. In the present study, on the basis of the results on the safety of gelatin capsules. The parameters investigated included degradation of the capsules before their shelf life, capsule deformation, and changes in specific nutrients. Moisture and heat in the production and storage environments of the capsules caused the gelatin to swell and attach some of the inorganic salts in the vitamin contents. Nutritional component analysis showed that B1, B5, B9, and B12 contents were decreased, while mineral elemental analysis shown calcium, chloride, and zinc compound were found to be infused into the gelatin of the capsule shell.

      • KCI등재후보

        다양한 산소 투과도를 가진 커버필름과 산소지시물질로 제작된 인쇄형 TTI

        김도현,장한동,한서현,안명현,이승주,Kim, Do Hyeon,Jang, Han Dong,Han, Seo Hyeon,Ahn, Myung Hyun,Lee, Seung Ju 한국포장학회 2018 한국포장학회지 Vol.24 No.2

        본 연구에서는 산소지시물질을 이용한 새로운 UV-activation 인쇄형 시간-온도 이력지시계(time temperature integrator; TTI)를 개발하였다. $TiO_2$와 glycerol이 UV activation을 위해서 첨가되었으며 glycerol의 경우 비가역적반응을 위해 첨가량을 23 mg으로 조절하였다. 또한 인쇄적성을 위해 zein 함량 0.8 g, 90% ethanol 함량 4.0 g으로 조절하였고 silk screen의 mesh는 250 mesh일 때 최적의 인쇄성상을 나타내었다. 서로 다른 커버필름(PE, PET, OPP, and LLDPE)을 이용하여 색변화속도와 온도의존성을 측정하였다. 각 필름의 $E_a$를 측정한 결과 OPP, PE, LLDPE의 경우 60.07-84.47 kJ/mol의 $E_a$를 나타내어 TTI로서의 적용가능성을 확인할 수 있었다. 반면 PET의 경우 $E_a$가 15.76 kJ/mol으로 적용성이 떨어지는 것으로 판단되었다. 또한 커버필름의 두께의 경우 $E_a$에 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났으며 annealing한 필름은 고분자 구조의 변화로 인해 산소 투과도가 annealing하지 않은 동종의 필름보다 PET의 경우 29.8%, PVC의 경우 60.7% 감소하는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구에서 새롭게 개발된 UV-activation 인쇄형 TTI는 다양한 커버필름을 통해 산소 투과도와 $E_a$를 조절할 수 있었고 annealing을 통하여 추가적으로 산소 투과도를 조절할 수 있어 다양한 유효기간을 갖는 식품에 광범위하게 사용될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다. A printable time temperature integrator (TTI) consisting of oxygen indicator and cover films with various oxygen permeability was developed. The printing ink contained methylene blue (oxygen indicator) which changed in color during storage. $TiO_2$ and glycerol for UV-activation of TTI and zein and ethanol for printing performance were also contained in the printing ink. The cover film on the ink was employed to control the color change rate and temperature dependency (Arrhenius activation energy, $E_a$) by using the different films (PE, PET, OPP, and LLDPE). The film properties were varied by annealing. TTI was produced by silk screen printing. As a result, the color change rates were different for the cover films, being the highest in TTI with LLDPE, followed by OPP, PE, and PET. The rate decreased with increase in the cover film thickness. The $E_a$ was the highest in TTI with LLDPE, followed by OPP, PE, and PET. The $E_a$ did not change with the cover film thickness. The annealed PVC and PET film were lower in oxygen permeability than the unannealed ones, indicating the lower color change rate.

      • KCI등재후보

        계절별 수송 온도가 MA 포장한 어린잎 비트의 저장성에 미치는 영향

        최인이,한수정,김주영,고영욱,김용득,황명근,유왕건,강호민,Choi, In-Lee,Han, Su Jung,Kim, Ju Young,Ko, Young-Wook,Kim, Yongduk,Hwang, Myung-Keun,Yu, Wanggun,Kang, Ho-Min 한국포장학회 2018 한국포장학회지 Vol.24 No.2

        The effects of distribution temperature due to season all changes on quality and storability of baby leaf beet (Beta vulgaris L.) was examined in modified atmosphere (MA) packages. The beet leaf had been harvested at the 10 cm leaf length stage and packaged with an oxygen transmission rate (OTR) film of $1,300cc{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}day^{-1}{\cdot}atm^{-1}$ and then held at 4 different distribution temperatures which were $-2^{\circ}C$, $4^{\circ}C$, $20^{\circ}C$, or $30^{\circ}C$ for 5 hrs and then stored for 18 days at $8^{\circ}C$. The loss of fresh weight of packged baby leaf beet was lowest at the $4^{\circ}C$ treatment, and below 0.6% in all distribution temperature treatments. The atmosphere composition in packages did not show any significant differences among treatments. The oxygen conc. was the highest at 18.0% after the $4^{\circ}C$ treatment, carbon dioxide conc. showed the maximum value of 4% at the $30^{\circ}C$ and $-2^{\circ}C$ treatments, and ethylene conc. was highest at the $10^{\circ}C$ treatment after 10 days in storage. The hardness was the highest at the $4^{\circ}C$ treatment on the final storage day. The $4^{\circ}C$ treatment showed the highest visual quality and the lowest off-odor and aerobic plate count. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a low-temperature distribution system which is controlled under $4^{\circ}C$, because the baby leaf beet's storability and microbial growth are effected even during a short time of 5 hrs during the distribution process. 계절에 따라 달라지는 수송 온도에 따른 어린잎 비트의 저장성을 알아보기 위해 어린잎 크기에서 수확한 비트잎을 $1,300cc{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}day^{-1}{\cdot}atm^{-1}$의 OTR(oxygen transmission rate) 필름으로 포장하여 4가지 수송 온도 조건에서 18일간 저장하였다. 어린잎 비트를 계절별로 달라지는 수송 온도($-2^{\circ}C$, $4^{\circ}C$, $20^{\circ}C$, or $30^{\circ}C$)에서 5시간동안 보관한 후 $8^{\circ}C$에서 저장하면서 생체중 감소, 포장내 산소, 이산화탄소, 에틸렌 가스, 외관 품질, 이취, 그리고 총균수를 조사하였다. 생체중 감소는 모든 처리구가 MAP 포장상태였기 때문에 0.6% 이하였으며, 처리중에는 $4^{\circ}C$ 처리에서 가장 낮았다. 포장내 가스 조성은 수송 온도별 차이에 통계적 유의성은 없었으나, 산소는 $4^{\circ}C$ 처리구에서 18%로 가장 높았고 이산화탄소는 $30^{\circ}C$와 $-2^{\circ}C$에서 4% 수준으로 높았으며, 에틸렌는 저장 10일 이후 $-2^{\circ}C$에서 가장 높았다. 또한 저장 종료일의 경도와 외관은 $4^{\circ}C$ 처리구에서 가장 양호하였으며, 특히 이취와 총균수는 매우 낮았다. 따라서 어린잎 비트는 짧은 기간이지만 수송 온도가 균 발생과 저장성에 영향을 미치기 때문에 $4^{\circ}C$ 내외의 저온 유통체계 확립이 필요하다고 판단된다.

      • KCI등재후보

        천연 색소인 안토시아니딘 기반의 인쇄형 시간-온도이력 지시계 개발

        장한동,양정화,김도현,안명현,한서현,이승주,Jang, Han Dong,Yang, Jung Hwa,Kim, Do Hyeon,Ahn, Myung Hyun,Han, Seo Hyeon,Lee, Seung Ju 한국포장학회 2018 한국포장학회지 Vol.24 No.2

        인쇄형 TTI의 잉크로 천연물질인 안토시아닌의 적용 가능성을 확인하기 위해 실제 인쇄형 TTI를 제작하여 색 변화를 확인하였다. 안토시아닌은 반응속도가 느려 TTI에 적용이 어렵다. 이를 해결하기 위해 ${\beta}$-글루코시다아제를 이용하여 안토시아닌의 탈당화를 유도하여 보다 불안정한 안토시아니딘 잉크를 제작하였다. 그리고 인쇄형 TTI로 제작이 적합한지 확인하기 위해 인쇄적성을 확인하고 적용가능한 식품군을 탐색하였다. 실험결과, 인쇄적성의 경우, 틱소트로피의 히스테리시스 성질을 나타내어 인쇄적성이 적합한 것으로 확인되었다. 색 변화의 경우, 같은 온도와 pH 조건 하에서 안토시아닌 TTI의 색 변화 속도보다 안토시아니딘 TTI의 색 변화속도가 빠른 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 또한, 안토시아닌 인쇄형 TTI의 활성화 에너지는 65.21 kJ/mol, 안토시아니딘 인쇄형 TTI의 활성화 에너지는 86.92 kJ/mol로 확인되었다. 이는 ${\beta}$-글루코시다아제를 처리한 안토시아닌의 탈당화가 안토시아닌의 반응속도를 빠르게 할 뿐만 아니라, 활성화 에너지도 증가시킨 것으로 사료된다. TTI의 활성화 에너지와 식품의 활성화 에너지를 비교한 결과, 안토시아닌 TTI는 냉장 육제품에 한정적으로 적용 가능하였다. 반면에 안토시아니딘 TTI는 냉장 육제품과 냉장 어류에 적용 가능하였다. 하지만, 안토시아닌 TTI는 색 변화 종말점에 도달하는 시간이 길기 때문에 냉장 육제품에 적용이 어려울 것으로 사료된다. 반면 안토시아니딘 TTI의 경우, 색 변화 종말점에 도달하는 시간이 짧기 때문에 냉장 육제품과 냉장 어류에 적용이 가능할 것으로 사료된다. A novel printable time-temperature integrator (TTI) composed of a natural coloring matter, anthocyanidin, was developed. The anthocyanin was biochemically modified to change in color over week scale, compared to the original anthocyanin over month scale change. The anthocyanin extracted from strawberry was converted to its aglycone, anthocyanidin, by the treatment with ${\beta}-glucosidase$. The print paste was composed of the freeze-dried powder of anthocyanidin, pullulan, glycerol and distilled water, which was screen-printed. The TTI performance were examined in terms of kinetics and temperature dependency. The activation energy of anthocyanidin TTI was 86.92 kJ/mol. Compared with the activation energy of foods, the applicable food groups were found. Applicable food groups were chilled meat products and fish. The major benefits of the TTI were the printability to be practical in use and the eco-friendliness with the natural pigment.

      • KCI등재

        Degradation of Properties and Loss of Nutrients in Gelatin Soft Capsules the Manufacturing Process

        Jin Kyoung Lee 한국포장학회 2016 한국포장학회지 Vol.22 No.1

        Gelatin soft capsules, manufactured by the press through package(PTP) process, are widely used in the production of multivitamin dietary supplements and other health functional foods. Gelatin capsules can prevent light and air from having a direct contact with the contents in the capsule, and the nutrients inside the capsules are preserved without any loss. In the present study, on the basis of the results on the safety of gelatin capsules. The parameters investigated included degradation of the capsules before their shelf life, capsule deformation, and changes in specific nutrients. Moisture and heat in the production and storage environments of the capsules caused the gelatin to swell and attach some of the inorganic salts in the vitamin contents. Nutritional component analysis showed that B1, B5, B9, and B12 contents were decreased, while mineral elemental analysis shown calcium, chloride, and zinc compound were found to be infused into the gelatin of the capsule shell.

      • KCI등재

        옹기가 빵 품질에 미치는 영향

        정순경 한국포장학회 2016 한국포장학회지 Vol.22 No.3

        How do we use onggi, Korean earthenware, for container of dough during fermentation instead of stainless steel container? How does it affect the flavor of bread if onggi tray is used in baking instead of steel tray? We tried to confirm those. As a result, the characteristics of onggi made positive effect on dough in fermenting room. The time, when the temperature of the center in the dough is equilibrated to that of surface on the dough, take shorter in onggi than in stainless steel. It could make the temperature of dough maintained evenly with little deviation, which could result in shorter fermentation time. Volume and surface color of the bread baked on onggi tray were better than on steel tray. The bread baked on onggi tray got higher score on overall acceptability in sensory test than on steel tray. Therefore, if onggi is used during baking, it could produce better quality of bread like making positive effect on fermented foods.

      • KCI등재

        Degradation of Properties and Loss of Nutrients in Gelatin Soft Capsules the Manufacturing Process

        Jin Kyoung Lee 한국포장학회 2016 한국포장학회지 Vol.22 No.3

        Gelatin soft capsules, manufactured by the press through package(PTP) process, are widely used in the production of multivitamin dietary supplements and other health functional foods. Gelatin capsules can prevent light and air from having a direct contact with the contents in the capsule, and the nutrients inside the capsules are preserved without any loss. In the present study, on the basis of the results on the safety of gelatin capsules. The parameters investigated included degradation of the capsules before their shelf life, capsule deformation, and changes in specific nutrients. Moisture and heat in the production and storage environments of the capsules caused the gelatin to swell and attach some of the inorganic salts in the vitamin contents. Nutritional component analysis showed that B1, B5, B9, and B12 contents were decreased, while mineral elemental analysis shown calcium, chloride, and zinc compound were found to be infused into the gelatin of the capsule shell.

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