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        • KCI등재후보
        • KCI등재

          Expressed sequence tags analysis of immune-relevant genes in rock bream Oplegnathus fasciatus peripheral leukocytes stimulated with LPS

          이정호,노재구,김현철,박철지,민병화,최상준,명정인,박형준,박찬일 한국어병학회 2009 한국어병학회지 Vol.22 No.3

          We constructed a rock bream Oplegnathus fasciatus leukocyte cDNA library and a total of 795 expressed sequence tag (EST) clones were generated. Gene annotation procedures and homology searches of the sequenced ESTs were locally done by BLASTX for amino acid similarity comparisons. Of the 795 EST clones, 491 different ESTs showed significant homology to previously described genes while 304 ESTs were unidentified, hypothetical, or unnamed proteins. Encoding 121 different sequences were identified as putative bio-defense genes or genes associated with immune response.

        • KCI등재후보

          뱀장어 병어로부터 분리한 Edwardsiella tarda 의 약제내성

          송희종,장선일,최상훈,박관하,윤창용,조정곤,최민순 한국어병학회 1996 한국어병학회지 Vol.9 No.2

          군산근교의 양만장에서 애드와드병에 이환된 뱀장어로부터 총 96균주의 E.tarda균을 분리한 후 이들 분리균의 약제감수성 검사를 실시하고 아울러 내성균의 내성인자 전달 시험을 실시하였다. 공시한 모든 균주는 SM, AK, NF 및 GM등에는 100% 감수성을 보였으나, 대부분의 균주가 SD(86균주), AM(84균주), PM(80균주), NA(67균주), OT(44균주) 및 OA(37균주) 등의 내성을 보였다. 내성유형은 20유형으로서 거의 모든 균주가 2제 이상의 다제내성을 보였으며, 그중 SD-AM-PM-NA-OA(16균주), SD-AM-PM-NA(14균주), SD-AM-PM-NA-OT-OA(12균주), SD-AM-PM-OT(10균주) 및 SD-AM-PM-NA-OT(8균주) 유형등이 고빈도로 출현하였다. 내성균주의 내성인자 전달 빈도는 94균주중에서 78균주가 단계에서 6제까지의 다제내성인자의 전달을 보였다. 그중 AM 및 AM-PM-NA유형(8균주), PM,SD 및 AM-SD유형(6균주), AM-PM, PM-SD 및 AM-SD-OT유형(4균주)등이 고빈도 출현을 보였다. 이러한 결과는 양만장에서 다양한 항균제를 사용하였기 때문에 다제내성현상이 확산되어진 것으로 사료된다. Ninety-six isolates of Edwardsiella tarda recovered from outbreaks of Edwardsiellosis in cultured eels(Anguilla japonica) in Kunsan, were examined for drug susceptibility, distribution and transferabilities of R plasmid. All of the E. tarda isolates examined were sensitive to gentamicin(GM), streptomycin(SM), norfloxacin(NF), and amikacin(AK). But most isolates were resistant to sulfadimethoxine(SD, 86 strains), ampicillin(AM, 84 strains), penicillin G(PM, 80 strains), nalidixic acid (NA, 67 strains), oxytetracycline(OT, 44 strains), and oxolinic acid(OA, 37 strains). Twenty different combinations of drug resistance patterns were observed : the frequently encountered pattern was SD-AM-PM-NA-OA(16 strains), SD-AM-PM-NA(14 strains), SD-AM-PM-NA-OT-OA(12 strains), SD-AM-PM-OT(10 strains), and SD-AM-PM-NA-OT(8 strains). Transferable R plasmids were found out to be carried in 78 out of 94 resistant strains, indicating that these isolates carry conjugally transferable R plasmids associated with single or multiple drugs. The frequently observed transferarble R plasmids were AM(8 strains), AM-PM-NA(8 strains), Am-SD(6 strains), PM(6 strains), and SD(6 strains) These results suggest that high dose of various antibacterials might have already been introduced to eel culture system leading to the acquirement of multi-drug resistance to wide range of antibacterials.

        • KCI등재

          Effects of various concentrations of garlic powder and garlic extract in the diets on growth, serum chemistry and immune response of juvenile olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus

          조성환,이상민,권문경 한국어병학회 2010 한국어병학회지 Vol.23 No.3

          Effects of various concentrations of garlic powder and garlic extract in the diets on growth, serum chemistry and immune response of olive flounder were determined. Thirty-five juvenile fish averaging 5.1 g were randomly distributed into 21 of 180 L flow-through tanks. Seven experimental diets with various concentrations of garlic powder (GP) and garlic extract (GE) were prepared in triplicate: GP-0 without garlic supplementation, GP-0.5, GP-1, GP-2, GP-3 and GP-5 diets containing garlic powder at the concentrations of 0.5, 1, 2, 3 and 5%, respectively at the expense of wheat flour and finally, GE-0.4 diet containing 0.4% garlic extract were prepared. At the end of the 8-week feeding trial, serum chemistry of fish was measured. In addition, twenty fish from each tank were artificially infected with E. tarda for the following 96 h to monitor cumulative mortality. Weight gain of fish fed GP-0 diet was higher than that of fish fed GP-1, GP-2, GP-3 and GP-5 diets. No difference in serum criteria (total protein, glucose, glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, cholesterol and triglyceride levels) of olive flounder was found among the experimental diets except for glutamate pyruvate transaminase. Lysozyme activity of fish fed GP-0, GP-1, GP-3 and GE-0.4 diets was higher than that of fish fed GP-5 diet. The highest cumulative mortality was 93.3% in fish fed GP-0 diet at 96 h after E. tarda infection, followed by GP-3, GP-1, GP-5, GP-2, GP-0.5 and GE-0.4 diets. In considering these results, dietary inclusion of garlic powder and garlic extract has no distinctive positive effect on improvement in growth, serum chemistry and immune response of olive flounder in this experimental conditions, therefore, its application should be carefully considered.

        • KCI등재후보

          Light and Electron Microscopical Observations of Parvicapsula anisocaudata (Myxosporea: Parvicapsulidae) from Urinary System of Cultured Olive Flounder, Paralichtys olivaceus

          조재범,김기홍 한국어병학회 2004 한국어병학회지 Vol.17 No.3

          Morphological structure and sporogenesis of myxosporean parasite, Parvicapsula anisocaudata from cultured olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus were examined by light and transmission electron microscopies. Numerous round early stages, spindle-shaped disporic or monosporic pseudoplasmodia, asymmetrical thin-walled mature spores were found inthe lumen of renal tubule and urinary bladder. Long pseudopodia or short projections from cytoplasm of pseudoplasmodia make the parasite attach firmly to host tissues. Spore development was mono- or disporous with no pansporoblast formation. Sporoplasmic cell was partially surrounded by two capsulogenic cells, and capsulogenic cells were enveloped by two flattened valvogenic cells. Capsulogenesis and valvogenesis followed general patterns seen in that of other myxosporean.

        • KCI등재

          Discrepancies in genetic identification of fish-derived Aeromonas strains

          한현자,김도형 한국어병학회 2009 한국어병학회지 Vol.22 No.3

          Genetic identification of 17 fish-derived Aeromonas strains was attempted using 5 housekeeping genes. 16S rRNA, gyrB, rpoD, dnaJ and recA genes from the 17 strains were amplified, and total of 85 amplicons were sequenced. DNA sequences of the strains and type strains of the 17 Aeromonas homology groups were used for genetic identification and phylogenetic analyses. None of the strains was identified as a single species using the 16S rRNA gene, showing the same identities (average = 99.7%) with several Aeromonas species. According to gyrB, rpoD, dnaJ, and recA, 9 strains and RFAS-1 used in this study were identified as A. hydrophila and A. salmonicida, respectively. However, the other strains were closely related to 2 or more Aeromonas species (i.e., A. salmonicida, A. veronii, A. jandaei, A. media and A. troda) depending on the genetic marker used. In this study, gyrB, rpoD, dnaJ and recA gene sequences proved to be advantageous over 16S rRNA for the identification of field Aeromonas isolates obtained from fish. However, there are discrepancies between analyses of different phylogenetic markers, indicating there are still difficulties in genetic identification of the genus Aeromonas using the housekeeping genes used in this study. Advantages and disadvantages of each housekeeping gene should be taken into account when the gene is used for identification of Aeromonas species. Genetic identification of 17 fish-derived Aeromonas strains was attempted using 5 housekeeping genes. 16S rRNA, gyrB, rpoD, dnaJ and recA genes from the 17 strains were amplified, and total of 85 amplicons were sequenced. DNA sequences of the strains and type strains of the 17 Aeromonas homology groups were used for genetic identification and phylogenetic analyses. None of the strains was identified as a single species using the 16S rRNA gene, showing the same identities (average = 99.7%) with several Aeromonas species. According to gyrB, rpoD, dnaJ, and recA, 9 strains and RFAS-1 used in this study were identified as A. hydrophila and A. salmonicida, respectively. However, the other strains were closely related to 2 or more Aeromonas species (i.e., A. salmonicida, A. veronii, A. jandaei, A. media and A. troda) depending on the genetic marker used. In this study, gyrB, rpoD, dnaJ and recA gene sequences proved to be advantageous over 16S rRNA for the identification of field Aeromonas isolates obtained from fish. However, there are discrepancies between analyses of different phylogenetic markers, indicating there are still difficulties in genetic identification of the genus Aeromonas using the housekeeping genes used in this study. Advantages and disadvantages of each housekeeping gene should be taken into account when the gene is used for identification of Aeromonas species.

        • KCI등재

          Effects of spawning on immune functions in the surf clam Mactra veneriformis (Bivalvia: Mactridae)

          유진하,최민철,정은빈,박성우 한국어병학회 2011 한국어병학회지 Vol.24 No.1

          The production of surf clam, Mactra veneriformis, an important fishery resource in Korea, has recently been decreasing. This study was carried out to examine effects of spawning on immune functions of this species. Total hemocyte count (THC), phenoloxidase (PO) activity, phagocytic activity, neutral red retention (NRR) time and antibacterial activity were assessed. Spawned clams showed reduction in THC, PO, phagocytic activity and NRR times compared with unspawned ones. While spawning event did not elicit any change of antibacterial activity in both spawned and unspawned ones. This study indicates that spawning process decreases immune functions in the surf clams which could cause mortality increment and yield reduction.

        • KCI등재

          Expressed Sequence Tags Analysis of Immune-Relevant Genes in Rock Bream Oplegnathus fasciatus gill stimulated with LPS

          이정호,김주원,백근욱,박찬일 한국어병학회 2010 한국어병학회지 Vol.23 No.3

          We constructed a rock bream (Oplegnathus fasciatus) gill cDNA library and a total of 1450 expressed sequence tag (EST) clones were generated. Gene annotation procedures and homology searches of the sequenced ESTs were locally done by BLASTX for amino acid similarity comparisons. Of the 1450 EST clones, 1022 EST clones showed significant homology to previously described genes while 428 ESTs were unidentified, and 259 clones were hypothetical, or unnamed proteins. Encoding 313 different sequences were identified as putative bio-defense genes or genes associated with immune response.

        • Phenanthrene-induced changes in blood organic components, transaminase and ALP activities of Paralichthys olivaceus

          Jung-HoonJee 한국어병학회 2002 한국어병학회지 Vol.15 No.2

          Phenanthrene-induced changes in blood organic components, transaminase and ALP activities of Paralichthys olivaceus were investigated. The aim of this study was to obtain a holistic view of the toxic responses, and compensations, of fish exposed to waterborne phenanthrene. Fish were exposed to 0, 0.5, 1, 2 μM of phenanthrene for 4 weeks. The most noticeable changes were concentration-dependent increase in levels of blood GOT and GPT activities. At concentrations 1.0 and 2.0 μM of phenanthrene GOT, GPT and ALP enzyme activities in plasma were increased. Plasma albumin concentration was stable in phenanthrene-exposed fish, however, plasma total protein level was reduced significantly at the 4-week sampling points(2.0μM). Plasma glucose levels were found to be increased significantly over the control throughout duration of the experiment with phenanthrene. Overall the results suggest that phenanthrene has the potential to alter some physiological functions in olive flounder. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), phenanthrene, are the suspected altering agents from a hematological point of view.

        • KCI등재

          넙치, Paralichthys olivaceus의 수정난과 부화자어에 미치는 저염분의 영향

          민은영,이옥현,강주찬 한국어병학회 2007 한국어병학회지 Vol.20 No.3

          The hypo-salinity effects on fertilized eggs, embryos and larvae were investigated in olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) obtained from hatcheries in Cheju-Island, Yeosu and Chungnam. Those were treated to eight concentration; 0, 3.4, 6.7, 10.1, 13.4, 20.2, 27.4 and 33.6 ‰. It was not discrepancy in the survival rate and hatching success rate of fertilized embryos obtained from different regions. Also, in the larvae, the regional difference was not appeared. The survival rate and hatching ability of embryos significantly diminished in the lower groups than 13.4 ‰ compared to 33.6 ‰. After fertilization, namely embryos are tolerant of a wide range of salinity (13.4 - 33.6 ‰). Reduced salinity induced an increase of the malformed embryo and larvae including various deformities; irregular embryos membrane (or yolk sac depression), fin erosion and swim bladder inflation in the flounder embryo. The hatching success of embryos was significantly reduced in lower salinity than 13.4 ‰. Notably, the reduction of larval survival rate significantly was observed in ≤10.1 ‰ treated groups with the same manner of survival rates of the embryos. Additionally, olive flounder was found to be adequate model for measuring external impulses because there are no the regional differences.

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