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As the society gradually goes into pluralism, cultural exchange between countries happens much more frequently, and foreign students have increased in Chungnam University. Therefore, the campus sign system is newly designed for foreign students. The sign system should reveal guidance, warning, direction, classification and the other functions. The campus shows not only overall education of the university and the visualization of physical and spiritual shape of the university. From this point of view, the sign system reveals the strategy of the university brand. The campus in university needs the different sign system from the commercial and other environmental sign system. The university could show its own differentiated characteristics of planning and designing of the buildings. The sign system in campus has played a important role as a way of expressing the identity and differentiation of its campus. The important value of sign system is the transportation of information. In the sign system of the university campus, their own historical and contents and their contemporary culture should be involved. And their tradition, spiritual phase and even their culture should be expressed. Furthermore, the sign system should keep the concept that it is a space of exchanging the university's various unique culture. Above points would be distinguishable points from the sign system used in enterprise, medical hospital and the other managing places. The campus system should be directed not only to the future but also based on the convention because UI itself affected to the behavior pattern of university's members. The campus sign could be the expression that the university want to show its pursuit in condense to the people who visits the campus first time. The all signs installed in campus is all things of designs that directly transports the guide, signs, and regulation of the university. But most of university's campus signs are largely directed only to the design-form effects and it seems not to effectively transport its original purpose of information communication. And it could be a problem. In this study, the function and characteristics of the sign system of nine universities in Korea, China and United States was investigated through the literatures and spot survey. In order to get the correct and exact information, the investigation was carried in and the data was got from the students, staffs, foreign students and visitors to Chungnam University. The result of the survey are follows. First the location of the integrate sign system would be moved into the enterance of campus and the visitors easily find their destination. Second, the realistic pictogram and english title should be included and the foreigners could go beyond language barrier. Third, the color of the pictogram and the logo should be much more matched with the characteristics of each college. Fourth, the compass should be included in sign system. Finally, the number of the lighting system should be increased and sign system is much more readable at night. After analyzing the data, the new effective sign system would be suggested with the result of showing the applying method to establish the concept of more scientific, effective, and artistic sign system. The improved sign system is more humanized and it enhances the functionality of the signs. Therefore, the obstacles of communication and culture difference could be reduced and the atmosphere of campus would expect to become more active
In the knowledge-based society of 21st century, university libraries face intense competitive environment. So they need to do 'library marketing' aimed at the organizations which they belong to and customers whom they serve for their survival and success. This study suggests the concept of 'library marketing', the cases of 'library marketing' in Korea, and concrete marketing management strategies for university libraries at Chungnam National University.This paper consists of literature research, present status research, a questionnaire survey, and case studies. The literature research includes the university library marketing's definition, its features and the necessity of its marketing.First, in an attempt to build the marketing strategy for Chungnam National University Library, this study collects the data from conducting homepage analysis and interviews to three librarians of Chungnam National University. Theses interviews are conducted during form April 2 to 20 in 2009, three times.To analyze the present status research for Chungnam National University Library's marketing, this study classifies the research standard elements as 4P(product, place, price, promotion) mix. Based on the findings from the interviews, this study elicits the problems from the library and thus built the foundation of the marketing strategy. The case studies are conducted by targeting 5 university libraries in Korea and analyzed their present status of marketing. To analyze the market information, research method for this study is occupied a survey for 200 students in Chungnam National University during May in 2009. Results of the survey can be regarded as users needs and can be used for fundamental data of marketing strategy. According to the results of the survey, users want to improve the place, product, promotion elements in order. This paper tries to find solution by utilizing the analysis of STP(market segmentation, targeting, positioning). Market segmentation strategy was used for segmenting the market(professors, school personnels and students) and Targeting strategy is used for targeting the student's market.Finally, this paper shows the stages for user analysis, positioning and process of operational marketing for Chungnam National University. And also suggests the marketing mix - place strategy, product strategy and promotion strategy - that can be applied to university libraries.
Various kinds of data bank systems have been employed in clinical medicine to verify the diverse features of human illnesses and have revealed risk factors, causes and prognoses of many disabling disorders. But the data bank has not been popularly used in epilepsy as yet.To investigate the usefulness of a data bank system in clinical epilepsy research, the author has established the Epilepsy Data Bank of the Chungnam National University Hospital (CNUH-EDB) since 1991. It was composed of 47 items which described background information, seizure characteristics, and laboratory data. By February 1994, 1,004 epileptic patients were registered. The epileptic patients in CNUH-EDB had unique demographic features in that they had older age of onset (24.8 years), male preponderance (64.7%), and higher proportion of unemployment (20.2%) compared with other reports.Generalized tonic clonic seizure (32.5%) was the most common single type of epilepsy although partial seizures were more frequent than generlized seizures (48.7% vs. 42.5%). Almost a half of the patients (49.4%) had etiological disorders, with the stroke being the most common disorder (25.8%). Incidence of malformed baby was low in epileptic mother (2.86%) and also the family history of epilepsy was not so high. A large number of patients (385 patients) had identifiable precipitating factors of their seizures. Easily avoidable seizure-prone conditions provoked seizures in 218 patients. Polytherapy was associated with a higher incidence (46.0%) of adevrse effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) but careful observation could prevent chronic adverse effects. Epileptic discharges were found on EEGs more frequently in partial seizures than in generalized seizures (26.6% vs. 38.1%).Some special conditions of the epileptic patients were noted while establishing the CNUH-EDB. The author discussed the relationship of migraine and epilepsy, underlying conditions of the geriatric epileptic patients, and characteristics of the post-infarction epilepsy. In addition, etiological and prognostic features of first-ever seizures that presented as a status epilepticus were reviewed. Long-term adverse effects of diphenylhydantoin (DPH) on the cerebellar function and unwanted effects of conventional anti-tuberculosis medication on seizure management were also analyzed.While working with the CNUH-EDB, the author encountered some problems of the current data bank system that should be improved. Firstly, the current system was not individualized. Secondly, the current system included too many fields of long sentences that made data-handling difficult. And thirdly, there were insufficient follow-up data recordings. An improved EDB system that can be employed in general hospitals is proposed.Three-year experience of CNUH-EDB has taught the author some practical advantages of a data bank in clinical epilepsy research, as follows: 1) An EDB describes easily the overall features of the epileptic patients in a hospital: 2) An EDB enables an unbiased, individualized as well as systematic case-based study that may be extended into a longitudinal, cohort study: and 3) An EDB allows a ready access to groups of patients with similar clinical characteristics. And through this way, some complex but practical issues in management of epileptic patients can be easily identified and resolved.
지구의 육상자원은 약 40%가 산림으로써, 산림 내 낙엽낙지는 임상으로 유입되는 양분의 주요 공급원이며 순일차생산량(NPP)에 중요한 역할을 한다. 낙엽낙지량과 낙엽분해 속도는 기후 인자와 낙엽낙지의 양분 구성 성분에 의해 영향을 받으며, 이는 임상 내 양분 공급에 주요한 인자로써 기능한다. 본 연구에서는 각각 다른 3가지 임상의 낙엽낙지 생산량과 분해 속도를 규명하고자 한다. 대전 충남대학교의 낙엽활엽수림(상수리나무 우점), 제주 청수 지역의 상록활엽수림(종가시나무 우점), 제주 선흘 지역의 혼효림(종가시나무, 곰솔 우점)과 상록활엽수림(종가시나무 우점)에서 낙엽낙지량을 측정하였다. 4가지 지역의 낙엽낙지량을 측정하기 위해 각 지역에 20 ⅹ 20 m 크기의 조사구를 4개씩 설치 후, 각 조사구마다 4개의 낙엽낙지망을 10 m 간격으로 설치하였다. 낙엽낙지는 2015년도에는 1개월, 2016년 2월부터 2017년 8월까지는 3개월 간격으로 수거하였고 수거한 샘플을 우점종 낙엽, 기타 낙엽, 가지, 열매, 수피, 기타로 구분하였다. 낙엽분해 속도를 추정하기 위해 대전 지역의 우점종 상수리나무와 제주 지역의 우점종 종가시나무를 대상으로 낙엽을 채취하여 낙엽분해망을 제작하였다. 낙엽분해망은 그물눈 1mm 크기의 나일론 망사를 사용하여 16 cm × 16 cm 크기로 제작 후 채취한 상수리나무와 종가시나무 낙엽을 수종별, 낙엽망별6 g씩 삽입하였다. 준비된 낙엽분해망은 충남대학교 낙엽활엽수림과 제주 선흘 지역의 상록활엽수림에 설치 후 3개월마다 수거하였고, 수거한 낙엽분해망 내 분해된 낙엽의 무게를 기록한 후 화학적 및 물리적 특성을 분석하였다. 선흘 지역 혼효림보다 선흘 지역 상록활엽수림과 청수 지역 상록활엽수림이 종가시나무 낙엽량이 높았다(p<0.01). 그러나, 선흘 지역 혼효림에서는 선흘 지역 상록활엽수림보다 곰솔 낙엽량이 더 높은 것으로 나타났다(p<0.01). 수집 시기는 총낙엽낙지량에 유의한 영향을 주었으며(p<0.01), 종가시나무 낙엽량은 5월에 가장 높았지만 9월에 가장 낮은 것으로 나타났다. 선흘 지역 상록활엽수림과 대전 지역 낙엽활엽수림의 평균 낙엽낙지량은 각각 903, 698 g m-2 y-1으로 나타났다. 상록활엽수림은 봄의 낙엽낙지량이 가장 높은 것으로 나타났으나, 낙엽활엽수림은 가을의 낙엽낙지량이 다른 계절보다 높았다. 낙엽 생산의 연간 변이는 지역마다 차이가 있었다. 2015년에서 2016년동안 청수 지역 상록활엽수림은 744.0 g m-2 에서 1,102.5 g m-2 으로, 선흘 지역 상록활엽수림은 715.0 g m-2 에서 951.7 g m-2 으로, 선흘 지역 혼효림은 841.7 g m-2에서 914.7 g m-2 으로 증가하였다. 낙엽 분해율은 상수리나무, 종가시나무 두 종의 낙엽이 유사한 경향을 보였다. 선흘 지역의 경우 다른 지역보다 낙엽 분해 속도가 더 높은 것으로 나타났다. 대전 지역 충남대학교에서는 종가시나무 낙엽보다 상수리나무 낙엽의 분해 속도가 더 높았다. 상수리나무의 분해율 상수(k)는 0.51 ~ 0.57의 범위를 보였고, 종가시나무는 0.50 ~ 0.53의 범위로 나타났다. 이는 수종별 낙엽의 구조적 특성이 분해 과정에 영향을 준 것으로 사료된다. 본 연구는 3가지의 다른 임상에서 낙엽낙지 생산량과 낙엽 분해율을 조사하여 임상 내 탄소 와 양분 순환에 미치는 영향을 구명하고자 하였다. 기온, 강수량 등 기후 인자 등이 낙엽낙지 생산량과 낙엽 분해율에 미치는 영향은 매우 복잡하며, 이는 낙엽낙지 생산과 낙엽 분해에 대한 추가적인 데이터 수집이 필요함을 보이고 있다. 향후, 추가 연구를 통해 낙엽낙지 생산의 연간 변이량을 산정할 수 있을 것이며, 낙엽 분해의 경우 다양한 낙엽 내 양분별 변이를 분석할 필요가 있을 것이다.