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      • 신의성실의 원칙에 관한 기능주의적 해석 : 국제물품매매계약에 관한 유엔협약 제7조 신의 요건을 중심으로

        김탁필 조선대학교 일반대학원 2018 국내박사

        RANK : 249663

        Every culture introduces the notion of good faith into the legislation dealing with one form or another of it. The functional importance of good faith in the national level is also reflected in CISG. CISG Article 7 adopted good faith doctrine which serves literally as an interpretative principle to the Convention. However, the compromise of different legal families and methodologies made the interpretation of its provisions uncertain and Article 7(1) particularly controversial thereby causing homeward interpretation and inconsistent case law among courts, tribunals and scholars. One of the contested issue is whether the principle of good faith may be applied directly to the rights and obligations of contracting parties. In this respect, the value of the comparative law method especially for Article 7 cannot be overestimated although it needs great caution because the solution for good faith issue in CISG must be acceptable in different legal systems with different legal traditions. Therefore this dissertation focuses on the functional equivalents of good faith embedded in CISG as a whole and try to approach functionally to the meaning and role of its own good faith based on the conclusion drawn by the comparative analysis on civil law and common law concept of good faith with some thoughts on the most fertile agents in the development of Roman contract law, 'bona fides'. The principle of good faith rooted in ancient Roman legal tradition and Greek philosophy is considered in most modern civil law systems, a general principle of contract and a central feature of the civil law traditions. Furthermore, some civil law systems has come to consider the notion of good faith as one of the most important legal principle of private law in general as well as contract law. Indeed, most civil codes prescribe the notion of good faith including the well-known German Civil Code Section 242 in which the concept has been regarded as an overriding legal principle as referenced in a vast body of cases and doctrines. The legal concept of good faith originated from Roman civil procedure where the trier of facts, so called iudex, were directed by a standard bona fides clause "quidquid...dare facere oportet ex fide bona" in the Praetor's formula. This standard bona fides clause was known as the exceptio doli and the purpose of the clause was to prevent the plaintiff from taking advantage of rigorous nature of actio stricti iuris. The instruction of the formula in iudicia bonae fidei directed the iudex to ascertain whether the plaintiff had done something in bad faith and the iudex had to determine based on equitable nature of bona fides. Therefore the meaning and role of good faith in Roman law was judicial and remedial one allowing the judge to decide the case in equitable and reasonable manner. In this respect, the functional nature of good faith derived from judicial principle of interpretation which deals with rights and obligations of the contracting parties. The functional nature of good faith is embedded in CISG Article 7 as well. The uniform law project of UNIDROIT for international sale of goods started in 1926. The resolution to develop a uniform international sales law was passed in 1978 and it resulted in CISG or 1980 Vienna Convention, the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, that took effect in 1988. The purpose of the Convention as stated in the Preamble is to "contribute to the removal of legal barriers in international trade and promote the development of international trade" through "the adoption of uniform rules which govern contracts for the international sale of goods" and taking into account the different social, economic and legal systems. Indeed, the Convention has provided unified framework of statute law to meet the legal needs of international trade or sales transactions and also provided a good mechanism for the courts and arbitration tribunals around the world to resolute trade disputes in an equitable manner. Today the Convention came to be considered and referred to as the most successful international treaty. However, the substantive contents of the Convention could only be adopted by compromise among different legal families, particularly between civil law countries and common law countries. The compromise has been necessary in the process of legislation to obtain widespread acceptance from participants with heterogenous legal culture and it made the Convention a great success while predecessors of it had been unsuccessful, ie the Uniform Law on the International Sale of Goods and the Uniform Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. On the other hand, these compromises made one of the weakness of the Convention. Especially the compromise of different legal families and methodologies made the interpretation of its provisions in general and Article 7(1) particularly controversial thereby causing homeward interpretation and inconsistent case law among courts, tribunals and scholars. Further, Article 7 adopted autonomous principle of interpretation to warrant its international character and to meet the need to promote uniformity in its application. Accordingly and paradoxically, the compromising legislative character together with the autonomous principle of interpretation has been causing serious legal uncertainty in the interpretation of good faith of Article 7. Article 7(1) states that "in the interpretation of this Convention, regard is to be had to its international character and to the need to promote uniformity in its application and the observance of good faith in international trade." Article 7 good faith serves as an interpretive principle but in the normative respect the role and meaning of good faith is by no means clearly deduced. Various issues arise in connection with the requirement to observe good faith in international trade when interpreting the Convention, such as whether the notion of good faith is different from the traditional civil law concept of good faith which has been received directly from the concept of bona fides under ancient Roman law, whether good faith obligations extends to the legal relationships of the contracting parties or whether it applies only to the interpretation of the Convention, what is the meaning of the standard of good faith, whether the contested issue falls on the legal gap of the Convention and if that is the case how to fill the gap of the Convention. The problem of the interpretation of good faith within the Convention varies. The competing national approaches to good faith aggravates the variety because the difference exist between legal families or legal systems and even within the same legal family and single legal system. Particularly civil law and common law scholars had different opinions in the drafting stage of the Convention with regard to the legal implications of good faith. Of course the civil law scholars were of the opinion that the good faith is universally and traditionally recognized legal concept in contract law as well as in private law. So there seemed little harm in including the principle of good faith in the draft Convention. Further, many national codes contained good faith provisions dealing with one form or another of it which played an important role in the development of rules regulating commercial activity. Rather, it was considered that the extension of this provision into an instrument regulating an aspect of international trade was so valuable that deletion would open the Commission to the criticism that it opposed such principle when it was well recognized in public international law as well as in international trade regime. On the other hand, the common law scholars were of the opinion that the concept of good faith is simply a matter of moral exhortation and inherently embedded in all legal instruments therefore antithetical to the spirit of legal certainty in commercial contract law. There was no need for them to include the ambiguous concept of good faith in the Convention. However, legal uncertainties of the Convention centering on Article 7 good faith are contrary to the purpose of the Convention as stated in the Preamble to remove the legal barriers in international trade and promote the development of international trade. Further, legal uncertainty in connection with the role and meaning of good faith aggravates legal barriers and hinders uniformity in its application as a whole because the good faith provision belongs to general provisions of the Convention which has significant influence and importance in interpreting the Convention. In this vein, it cannot be overstated that there is a significant scepticism in connection with the normative effect of the Convention as a governing law for contracting parties in international trade at least in interpretation and application of good faith in Article 7. Therefore, this dissertation focuses on the functional equivalents of good faith embedded in CISG as a whole and try to approach functionally to the meaning and role of its own good faith based on the conclusion drawn by the comparative analysis on civil law and common law concept of good faith with some thoughts on the most fertile agents in the development of Roman contract law, 'bona fides'. Finally, functional interpretation of good faith in CISG will point out that indirect application of the notion of good faith in the form of implied terms to the contract relations may be harmonized with strict perspectives on Article 7 and try to deduce an autonomous and internal solution for the meaning and role of the Convention's own good faith, reasonableness.

      • 조선대학교 UI를 적용한 도자제 홍보물 개발 연구

        이유선 조선대학교 일반대학원 2010 국내석사

        RANK : 249647

        Universities are in cutthroat competition in the 21st century as the world is more internationalized and it becomes information society. They should compete with universities not only in the country but in the whole world. On the other hand, besides they accomplished their essential role such as education and researches, universities has more responsibility for their region and country as a organizations which affect enormous influence to economy and culture. Therefore, it is very important that we should perceive the universities as a brand and approach with a marketing strategy so that they increase their competitive power. University`s brand image derives many important decisions from students, parents, community and industry when they evaluate universities, choose the school and invest in research fund. And it causes university`s successful existence and achievement. The study of this paper is to enhance an effective image-making for university's public relations. The results of this paper are as follows. It is proved that the university making UI is more superior than not using UI in the data for investigation. The research methods adopted in this study are as follows: First, a general review on the importance of the UI and ceramic arts promotional materials was made by researching into literature and an analysis into the correlation between the UI and promotional materials was conducted. In addition, domestic and overseas promotional materials made with the UI applied were comparatively analyzed and necessary design development factors were explored before going to the next phase of designing. Second, as an empirical study a questionnaire survey was administered in order to find out how people respond to some questions including the necessity of ceramic arts promotional materials and the UI. 200 Chosun University students were given the questionnaire to see what they think about ceramic arts promotional materials and to get their ideas on them. In order to find out if there are any differences according to their majors, students from natural sciences, social sciences and arts-athletic majors were chosen. 200 survey questionnaires was distributed from April 26, 2010 to April 30, 2010 and 192 students submitted their responses. 8 responses whose answers are not sufficient enough. So, 184 responses were used for the analysis. The SPSS 10.0 was made use of for statistical analyses. Finally, based on the results of the analyses above and theoretical backgrounds, ceramic arts promotional materials for Chosun University with the UI applied are manufactured for a presentation at the end of the study.

      • 빨간 배추의 생리활성 및 쿠키와 떡갈비로의 적용

        박은미 조선대학교 일반대학원 2018 국내박사

        RANK : 249647

        본 연구는 배추와 빨간 양배추의 종간교잡을 이용하여 anthocyanin 및 항산화 물질이 풍부한 배추의 육종인 빨간 배추의 생리활성과 기능성 식품의 식재료로서 이용 가능성에 대한 연구의 일환으로 실시하였다. 빨간 배추 분말의 이화학적 성분을 알아보았고, 빨간 배추 분말을 쿠키에 첨가하여 최적의 배합비를 확립하고 관능검사와 항산화 활성을 살펴보았다. 또한 떡갈비의 재료 중 육류의 일부를 빨간 배추 분말로 대체하여 건강 지향적이면서 저장성 증진 효능을 가진 전라남도의 향토 음식의 대표라 할 수 있는 떡갈비의 개발 가능성을 알아보고자 실시하였다. 빨간 배추의 이화학적 성분을 비교 분석한 결과는 다음과 같다. 총 유리당 함량은 23,221.71 mg/100 g으로 유리당 중 fructose 함량이 가장 높았으며, glucose, sucrose, galactose, mannose, maltose, xylose, ribose, rhamnose 순이었다. 구성아미노산은 필수 아미노산 8종과 비필수 아미노산 9종으로 총 17종이 검출되었고, 그중 glutamic acid 함량이 가장 높았다. 주요 지방산은 palmitic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid 등이며, 불포화지방산이 55.81%, 포화지방산이 44.19%로 불포화지방산의 함량이 높았다. 유기산은 총 7종이 검출되었으며 그 중 citric acid, malic acid, tartaric acid 순으로 나타났다. 비타민 A와 비타민 C 함량이 각각 0.04 mg/100 g과 561.75 mg/100 g로 비타민 C의 함량이 높게 나타났다. 총 무기질 함량은 6198.87 mg/100 g으로 무기성분 중 K 함량이 가장 높게 나타났으며, 다음으로 Ca, Na, Mg, Fe 순이었고 Zn, Mn, Cu 등은 미량으로 검출되었다. 빨간 배추 분말 에탄올 추출물의 항산화 활성을 측정한 결과는 다음과 같다. 1000 μL/mL의 농도에서 총 polyphenol 함량은 16.36±0.07 μg TAE/g이고, 총 flavonoid 함량은 31.11±0.41 μg RE/g이며, anthocyanin 함량은 9.46±0.12 mg/100 g으로 나타났다. 또한 DPPH radical 소거능은 15.02±0.41%이며, ABTS radical 소거능은 31.50±0.84%로 나타났다. 빨간 배추 분말의 첨가량을 달리하여 제조한 쿠키의 일반성분은 다음과 같다. 쿠키의 수분 함량은 빨간 배추 분말 첨가량이 증가 할수록 수분 함량은 감소하였다. 조회분과 조단백질 함량은 빨간 배추 분말 첨가 함량이 증가할수록 높아져 유의적인 차이가 나타났다. 조지방 및 탄수화물 함량, 열량은 빨간 배추 분말 첨가량에 따른 차이가 없었다. 빨간 배추 분말 쿠키의 총 polyphenol 과 총 flavonoid 함량은 빨간 배추 분말 첨가 함량이 높아질수록 증가하는 경향을 보였다. 쿠키의 anthocyanin 함량은 대조군이 1.33±0.01 mg/100 g이었고, 0.5% 첨가군은 1.35±0.02 mg/100 g, 1% 첨가군은 3.06±0.05 mg/100 g, 3% 첨가군은 4.48±0.03 mg/100 g, 5% 첨가군은 5.67±0.05 mg/100 g으로 첨가 수준에 따라 유의적으로 증가하였다. 쿠키의 DPPH radical 소거능은 빨간 배추 분말 0.5, 1, 3, 5% 첨가량에 따라 10.47±2.34%, 18.07±0.72%, 25.44±1.89%, 43.79±1.67%로 나타나 빨간 배추 분말 첨가량이 증가할수록 DPPH radical 소거능이 유의적으로 증가하였다. ABTS radical 소거능 또한 대조군 22.58±0.93%, 0.5∼5% 첨가군이 27.72±0.93∼88.05±1.10%로 나타나 농도 의존적으로 증가하는 경향을 나타내었다. 쿠키의 퍼짐성 측정 결과 대조군이 4.06 cm이며, 빨간 배추 분말 0.5, 1, 3, 5% 첨가량에 따라 3.97 cm, 3.87 cm, 3.70 cm, 3.60 cm으로 첨가량이 증가 할수록 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 쿠키 반죽의 ㏗는 분말 첨가량이 0.5∼5%첨가군일 때 6.35∼5.87로 0% 대조군 6.38보다 첨가량이 증가 할수록 ㏗값이 감소하였다. 쿠키 반죽의 밀도는 빨간 배추 분말 5% 첨가군에서 0.97±0.03 g/cm2으로 대조군 0.91±0.01 g/cm2에서 보다 낮은 경향이었다. 빨간 배추 분말 첨가 쿠키의 경도는 대조군에 비해 분말 첨가량이 증가할수록 감소하여 5% 첨가군이 가장 부드러운 쿠키라는 것을 알 수 있었다. 쿠키를 굽기 전 반죽에서의 색도는 빨간 배추 분말 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 L값이 62.93에서 29.01로 낮아져 어둡게 나타났으며, 적색도를 나타내는 a값은 대조군에서 3.58을 나타내었고 첨가량이 증가할수록 a값도 유의적으로 증가되었다. 황색도를 나타내는 b값은 첨가량이 증가할수록 낮아지는 경향을 보였다. 오븐에 구운 쿠키의 겉 색도 L값은 86.32∼59.33으로 첨가량이 증가할수록 낮아졌고, a값은 -0.57∼10.49로 높아졌으며, b값은 30.32∼13.68로 빨간 배추 분말 첨가량이 증가 할수록 낮게 나타났다. 쿠키의 관능검사를 실시한 결과 쿠키의 색, 향, 맛, 외형, 질감 및 모든 항목에서 분말 첨가량을 달리한 각 첨가군에 따라 유의적인 차이를 보였다. 빨간 배추 분말 3%를 첨가한 첨가군이 쿠키의 맛에 대한 선호도, 향미, 질감, 색감, 전체적인 기호도 면에서 전반적으로 높은 점수를 받았다. 따라서 3% 빨간 배추 분말을 첨가하였을 때 건강 기능성 식품으로서 유의미한 효과가 있을 것으로 생각되며, 빨간 배추 분말을 이용한 쿠키 제품 개발 가능성을 알 수 있었다. 빨간 배추 분말 첨가 돈육 떡갈비의 품질특성을 살펴본 결과 음성 대조군 떡갈비(N), ascorbic acid를 첨가한 양성 대조군 떡갈비(A)와 빨간 배추 분말 0.5%, 1.0% 및 2.0%를 첨가한 떡갈비(B1, B2, B3), 총 5종류의 돈육 떡갈비의 일반성분을 비교했을 때 수분 함량은 대조군과 빨간 배추 분말 0.5% 첨가군은 차이가 없었으나 1%, 2%에서는 유의적인 감소를 보였다. 조단백질 함량은 대조군에서 가장 낮은 함량을 보였으나, 빨간 배추 분말의 증가에는 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았다. 조지방과 조회분 함량은 빨간 배추 분말 첨가 수준이 증가 할수록 유의적으로 증가하였다(p<0.05). 떡갈비의 보수력은 음성 대조군(N)에 비교해 빨간 배추 분말 첨가량이 증가할수록 증가하는 경향을 보였으며, 가열감량은 양성대조군(A)이 가장 높았으며, 빨간 배추 분말 첨가 수준이 증가할수록 감소하는 경향을 보였고 특히 B3군에서 낮게 나타났다(p<0.05). 물리적 조직감을 측정한 결과 경도는 양성대조군(A)과 0.5% 빨간 배추 분말을 첨가한 떡갈비군(B1)은 유의적인 차이가 없었으며 1%, 2% 첨가군에서는 유의적으로 증가하였다(p<0.05). 탄성은 2% 첨가군에서 가장 낮게 나타났으며, 응집성에서는 첨가수준에 따라 감소하는 경향이었지만 유의적인 차이는 없었다(p<0.05). 씹힘성은 빨간 배추 분말 첨가 함량이 증가할수록 유의적으로 감소하였다. 떡갈비의 가열 전, 후 색도 변화에 있어서는 명도 L값과 황색도 b값은 가열 전, 후 모두 유의적으로 감소하였고, 적색도 a값은 가열 전, 후 모두 유의적으로 증가하였다. 떡갈비의 관능검사를 조사한 결과 1% 빨간 배추 분말을 첨가한 B2군은 다른 처리군에 비하여 조직감, 색도, 다즙성, 향미, 전체적인 기호도에서 유의하게 우수한 결과를 나타내었다(p<0.05). 빨간 배추 분말 첨가한 떡갈비의 저장특성을 살펴본 결과 5℃에 저장하면서 20일간 측정한 pH에서 저장 초기의 pH는 전체적으로 5.96~6.14로 나타났으며, 저장 20일 후에는 4.47~4.71로 나타났다. 즉 전반적으로 모든 군에서 저장기간이 경과되면서 pH가 유의적으로 저하되었다(p<0.05). 지질산패도 측정 결과 모든 처리군의 저장기간에 따라 TBA값이 증가되는 경향이 있었으며(p<0.05), 2% 빨간 배추 분말 첨가 떡갈비군(B3)이 다른 처리군들에 비하여 TBA값이 유의적으로 낮게 나타났다(p<0.05). 제조 당일의 모든 돈육떡갈비 VBN 함량은 10.34~10.93 mg%로 2% 분말 첨가한 B3군이 높게 나타났다. 그러나 저장기간이 경과함에 따라 VBN 함량이 유의적으로 증가하는 경향을 보였고(p<0.05), 2% 첨가군에서 VBN 증가폭이 가장 적었다. 또한 2% 첨가한 B3군은 다른 처리군에 비하여 저장 10일째부터 VBN 함량이 유의적으로 낮은 경향을 나타냈다(p<0.05). 총미생물의 수는 처리군 별, 저장기간에 따라 유의적인 차이가 나타났다(p<0.05). 대조군에서 제조 당일 미생물 수가 6.09, 20일 째는 7.60으로 증가하였고, 0.5% 첨가군에서는 6.02에서 7.00으로 증가하였으나 2% 첨가군에서는 5.94에서 6.00으로 거의 미생물 수의 변화가 없었다. 본 연구는 우리나라에서 소비가 가장 많은 배추의 신품종인 빨간 배추에 대한 기초적인 연구로 영양성분과 생리활성을 알아보았고, 응용연구로 쿠키와 떡갈비에 분말을 첨가해 봄으로써 최근 알려지기 시작한 빨간 배추를 여러 분야에서 어떻게 활용해야 할지 시도하였다는데 큰 의의가 있다. 이화학적 성분 분석에서는 빨간 배추의 성분을 분석하였다는데 의미가 있고, 항산화 및 생리활성이 있는 빨간 배추 분말을 첨가한 쿠키의 최적 배합비를 만들고, 건강 기능성 식품으로서 빨간 배추 분말을 이용한 쿠키 제품 개발 가능성을 알 수 있었으며, 전라남도 향토 음식으로 떡갈비에 새로운 빨간 배추 식재료를 첨가한 제품 개발 가능성을 연구한 결과 가치가 있을 것으로 사료된다. The purpose of this study was to investigate the nutritional components and physiological activity of red Chinese cabbage(Brassica rapa L. ssp. pekinensis) and its practical applications as a health beneficial food. In order to examine the quality characteristics and antioxidative effects of cookies added with red Chinese cabbage, its powder was mixed with cookie dough to establish the optimal blending ratio, and then sensory evaluation and antioxidant activity were examined. Furthermore, this study was performed for the possible application of the development of a new Teokgalbi; a representative local food of Jeollanamdo instead of a portion of grind pork as red Chinese cabbage for a new ingredient. It was conducted to investigate major nutrients component and bioactive materials of red Chinese cabbage powder. The proximate compositions of red Chinese cabbage powdwe as a dry matter basis were 4.96% of moisture content, 20.97% of crude protein, 1.89% of crude fat, 0.20% of crude ash and 71.98% of carbohydrate, respectively. The total amount of free sugars was 23,221.71 mg/100 g, among which fructose content was the highest, and glucose, sucrose, galactose, mannose, maltose, xylose, ribose, and rhamnose were in decreasing order. A total of 17 amino acids were observed. Among them, the amount of glutamic acid was the highest. The major fatty acids were palmitic acid, linoleic acid and oleic acid as unsaturated fatty acids and saturated fatty acid, and the content of unsaturated fatty acids(55.81%) was higher than that of saturated fatty acids(44.19%). Several organic acid including citric acid, malic acid, tartaric acid, acetic acid, succinic acid, lactic acid and formic acid were observed. The contents of vitamin A and C were 0.04 mg% and 561.75 mg%, respectively. The total mineral contents was 6198.87 mg/100 g, the K content was the highest in the mineral and the amount of Ca, Na, Mg and Fe was in decreasing order, and Zn, Mn and Cu were observed as the trace amount. Total polyphenol, flavonoid and anthocyanin contents of red Chinese cabbage powder ethanol extract were found 16.36 μg TAE/g, 31.11 μg RE/g and 9.46 mg/100 g in 1,000 ppm, respectively. In addition, the DPPH and ABTS free radical scavenging activities of ethanol extracts from red Chinese cabbage powder dose-dependently increased. In this study, it was also carried out to investigate the antioxidant activity and quality characteristics of cookies containing red Chinese cabbage powder. Cookies were prepared with different amounts(0, 0.5, 1, 3, and 5% to the flour quantity) of red Chinese cabbage powder. The antioxidant activity and components were estimated by DPPH and ABTS free radical scavenging activity, and the total polyphenol, total flavonoid and anthocyanin contents in cookies. To analyze quality characteristics, bulk density, pH of dough, spread factor, color (L, a, b), hardness, texture profile analysis, and sensory evaluation were measured. The contents of total polyphenol, total flavonoid and antocyanin and DPPH and ABTS free radical scavenging activity of cookies significantly increased with increasing red Chinese cabbage powder(p<0.05), while the pH of the dough, L and a values of the cookies, spread ratio of cookies, hardness of cookies significantly decreased with increasing red Chinese cabbage powder (p<0.05). The results of sensory evaluation showed that cookies prepared with 3% red Chinese cabbage powder did differ significantly different from those of the other groups in taste, flavor, texture, and overall acceptability. Texture scores for the 3% red Chinese cabbage powder groups ranked significantly higher than those of the other groups. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that red Chinese cabbage powder is a recommended ingredient in order to increase the consumer acceptability and functions of cookies. The quality characteristics of the 3% added red Chinese cabbage powder exhibited significantly similar or higher values as compared to those of the controls, showing the possibility of developments in health-functional cookies. To sum up, the cookies with 3% red Chinese cabbage powder showed the best results in terms of quality and potential antioxidant property. The pork Teokgalbi consisted of five types like no red Chinese cabbage powder added(normal, C), ascorbic acid added(control, A), 0.1% red Chinese cabbage powder added(B1), 1% red Chinese cabbage powder added(B2), and 2% red Chinese cabbage powder added(B3). Five types of Teokgalbi were tested in triplicate and assigned to one of five storage periods 0, 5, 10, 15 or 20 days. Addition of red Chinese cabbage powder decreased the moisture contents of the pork Teokgalbi, but the ash and lipid content were significantly increased. Increasing the amount of red Chinese cabbage powder in pork Teokgalbi had a increasing trend of WHC values but cooking loss of pork Teokgalbi decreased. For the textural characteristics, the addition of red Chinese cabbage powder decreased the springiness, chewiness and the cohesiveness values but it did not affect hardness values of pork Teokgalbi. In the sensory evaluation, an addition of 1.0% red Chinese cabbage powder had the best score in color, springiness, flavor, juiciness, and total acceptability values of the pork Teokgalbi among the groups. As storage time increased, the addition of red Chinese cabbage powder decreased pH, whereas it increased the total microbial counts, and the TBA and VBN values of pork Teokgalbi. When the red Chinese cabbage powder was added, total microbial counts, pH. TBA, and VBN values were significantly decreased compared to the control sample(p<0.05). In particular, B3 group was significantly(p<0.05) more effective for delaying lipid peroxidation than the other treatment groups. Therefore, the results demonstrate that the addition of the red Chinese cabbage powder to the pork Teokgalbi has a trend to improve antioxidative and antimicrobial effects during the cold storage period. In this study, the nutritional composition and physiological activity of red Chinese cabbage powder were throughly investigated. Therefore, by applying its nutritional value to cookies and Teokgalbi, the goal of this study is to show that the red Chinese cabbage can be employed in various fields. By analyzing the components of red Chinese cabbage physico-chemically, it was possible to develop an optimum cookie recipe that contains the red Chinese cabbage powder. In addition, by adding the red Chinese cabbage into a Teokgalbi, the typical local food of Jeollanam-do, it could propose a possibility of developing a new style food. In conclusion, it is confident that all the results of this study showed the possibility of developing a new style food by adding red Chinese cabbage, a new food ingredient, to a Teokgalbi, the representative local food of Jeollanam-do.

      • 기계학습을 이용한 산업 장비의 잔여유효수명 예측

        소민섭 조선대학교 대학원, 조선대학교 일반대학원 2018 국내석사

        RANK : 249631

        산업 분야, 의료 및 사회를 포함한 모든 분야에서 예기치 못한 설비 고장으로 인해 예기치 못한 가동 중단이 발생하여 손실 비용이 높다. 특히, 산업 분야에서 예기치 못한 실패는 장비 및 노동과 관련된 큰 손실 비용을 초래한다. 이러한 문제로 인해 제품의 정확한 잔여 유효 수명 (RUL)을 예측하고 사전에 설비 검사 및 교체 시점을 결정함으로써 예상치 못한 고장을 예방할 수있는 기술 개발이 요구된다. 따라서, 예후 및 건강 관리 (PHM) 및 장애 예측을위한 상태 기반 유지 (CBM) 방법과 같은 연구가 최근 활발하게 진행되고있다. PHM 및 CBM은 장비의 고장 / 수명과 관련된 작동 및 환경 데이터를 수집하고 고장이 발생하기 전에 사전에 대응할 수있는 장애를 예측하는 기술이다. 이를 위해 공기 청정기에 센서를 부착하여 운전 및 환경 데이터를 수집하고 사용 환경에 따른 장비 성능 저하를 계산하여 정확한 잔여 수명을 예측하는 방법을 제안한다. 본 연구에서 제안한 방법론은 센서 데이터로부터 잡음 신호를 제거하는 신호 처리 기법, 클러스터링, 지원 벡터 머신, 심층 학습 등을 사용 환경에 따른 성능 감소값을 계산하고 예측하는 기계 학습 기법이다. In all areas, including industrial field, medical and social, unexpected facility failures can result in unplanned downtime resulting in high cost of loss. In particular, unexpected failures in the industrial field result in a large loss cost associated with equipment and labor. due to these problem. It is necessary to develop technology to prevent unexpected failure by predicting the exact remaining useful life (RUL) of the product and determining the point of facility inspection and replacement beforehand. Accordingly, active research is proceeding recently, such as prognostics and health management (PHM), and condition based maintenance (CBM) method for failure prediction. PHM and CBM are technology that collects operating and environmental data related to the failure/lifetime of the equipment and predict failure that it can respond in advance before failure. For this purpose, this study proposes a method to predict the exact remaining useful life by attaching sensors to air purifiers to collect operating and environment data, and to calculate the reduction in the performance of equipment according to the use environment. the methodology proposed in this study is signal processing techniques to remove noise signal from sensor data, and clustering, support vector machine, and deep learning, which are machine learning techniques for calculate and predicting reduction rate by use environment.

      • 아로마 발반사마사지가 치매 노인환자의 수면, 우울 및 문제행동에 미치는 효과

        양희정 조선대학교 일반대학원 2011 국내석사

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        ABSTRACT The Effects of an Aroma Foot Reflex Massage on Sleep, Depression and Problematic Behaviors in Older Patient's with Dementia Yang Hee Jeong Advisor : Prof. Kim In Sook, Ph.D. Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Chosun University Purpose: The study was to examine the effects of aroma foot reflex massage on sleep, depression and problemmatic behaviors in elderly with dementia. Method: The research design was nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design quasi-experimental study. It has been studied in 12weeks, from June. 8. 2010 to August. 28. 2010 and about over 65years elderly with dementia total 62 persons, 31 in the experimental group, 31 in the control group who were hospitalized at a recuperational hospital in C province. The reserch method is to do aroma foot reflex massage in experimental group, total 12 sessions, for 40 minutes, 2 times per week, for 6 weeks at each session, after dinner but not to do in control group. The collected data were analyzed by the homogeneity between experimental group and control group and general characteristics was analyzed by Chi-square test, Fisher exact test, The differnce of pretest-posttest with independent t-test using SPSS Win 12.0 version program. Result: First, There was more increased sleep at experimental group which take the aroma reflex foot massage than at control group. Second, There was more decreased depression at experimental group which take the aroma reflex foot massage than at control group. Third, There was no significant problem behaviors between two groups. Conclusion: We found that aroma foot reflex massage enhance on sleep, reduce depression levels in elderly with dementia patients. therefore this intervention can be utilized as an effective nursing intervention in the nursing.practice. Key word: Aroma foot reflex massage, Sleep, Depression, Problematic Behaviors

      • Enantiodiscrimination Studies on Chiral Amines and Acids Using Polysaccharide-derived Chiral Stationary Phases

        아드히카리 수라즈 조선대학교 일반대학원 2019 국내박사

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        키랄성 물질의 광학분리는 제약산업의 주요 관심 분야이다. 우리 생체 시스템은 고도의 광학이성질체로 이루어져 있기에, 키랄 의약품의 두 거울상 이성질체는 이들 수용체나 효소에 따라 입체화학적으로 다르게 반응하기 때문에 서로 다른 생리학적 특징을 나타낼 수 있다. 따라서, 하나의 거울상 이성질체는 생물학적 활성 및 질병 치료효과가 있는 반면, 또 다른 형태의 거울상 이성질체는 질병 치료효과는 없으면서 부작용을 야기시킬 수 있다. 그리하여, 키랄 제약산업에서 광학활성물질 분리분석법과 함께, 광학적으로 순수한 광학이성질체를 제조하기 위한 요구가 증가하고 있다. 따라서, 하나의 형태의 순수한 광학이성질체 화합물을 분리분석 또는 제조하기 위해서는 효율적이고 검증된 키랄분석방법의 지속적인 개발이 요구된다. 다양한 키랄 고정상을 사용하는 키랄 고성능 액체 크로마토그래피는 키랄 약물의 거울상 이성질체의 분석에 가장 효과적이고 널리 사용되는 방법 중 하나이다. 키랄 아민과 키랄 카르복실 산은 키랄 의약품 및 키랄 약물 후보물질의 핵심 중간체로 알려져 있기에 키랄 의약품 합성과정에서 매우 중요하다. 본 논문들의 주요 내용은 키랄 아민 및 카르복실 산의 거울상 이성질체 분리뿐 만 아니라 이들의 광학순도 측정 및 다당류 유래 키랄 고정상을 사용하는, 편리하고, 효과적인 순상 키랄 액체 크로마토그래피 분석법 개발에 대한 연구내용이다. 본 연구에 사용된 키랄 아민과 키랄 카르복실 산은 낮은 자외선 흡수를 나타내기 때문에, 여러 잠재적인 방향족 유도체 시약으로 유도체화를 수행하였는데 이들의 방향족 구조를 통해 높은 검출 감도가 가능하면서도 효과적인 광학분리를 위한 상호작용 부위를 제공하고자 하였다. 보다 심층적인 연구를 위해, 유도체화된 분석물질과 키랄 고정상 사이의 키랄 인식 메커니즘으로 안정화된 에너지와 용출 순서를 확인하기 위해 컴퓨터-보조 분자 모델링 연구를 수행하였다. 이론적인 컴퓨터 모델링 연구를 통해 얻은 결합 에너지의 차이는 액체 크로마토그래피 실험에서 광학분리된 분리결과 및 용출 순서와 일치하였다. 제 2장에서는, 아미노알코올을 포함한 키랄 지방족 아민 화합물을 순상 액체 크로마토그래피에 의한 거울상 이성질체의 광학분리 하기위해 형광성질을 띠는 유도체 시약인 4-chloro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole 을 사용하여 유도체화하였다. 자외선 및 형광 검출 을 동시에 수행하면서 여러 다당류에서 유도된 키랄 고정상을 사용하였다. 키랄 선택자가 공유결합 된 6 개의 키랄 고정상가운데, Chiralpak IE는 대부분의 분석물에 대해 가장 좋은 광학분리 및 분리인자를 나타냈다. 일반적으로 아밀로오스 유도체의 키랄 선택자가 코팅 된 Chiralpak AD-H 및 Lux Amylose-1 키랄 고정상은 셀룰로오스 유도체의 키랄 선택자가 코팅 된 Chiralcel OD-H 및 Lux Cellulose-1 키랄 고정상보다 NBD 유도체화 키랄 아민 화합물이 우수한 광학분리를 나타내었다. 시판중인 (R) 및 (S)-류신올 화합물 내의 광학불순물은 두 분석 물질에서 모두 0.06% 였다. 검증 실험을 통해, 이 개발된 분석법은 자외선 및 형광의 동시 검출 하에서 NBD 유도체로서 아미노 알코올을 포함하는 키랄 지방족 아민의 분리에 대해 신뢰할 수 있는 키랄분석법임을 입증하였다. 제 3장에서는 여러 다당류 유래 키랄 고정상에서 2-hydroxynaphthaldimine유도체로서의 키랄성 아민을 광학분리하는 키랄 크로마토그래피 방법을 서술하였다. 이 연구에서는 2-hydroxynapthaldehyde를 처음으로 유도체화 시약으로 도입하여 검출 민감도를 높이고 키랄 광학분리를 위한 적절하게 반응하는 부위를 제공하였다. 실험에서 사용된 키랄 고정상 중에서, 셀룰로오스 유도된 키랄 고정상은 아밀로오스 유도된 키랄 고정상 보다 우수한 거울상 이성질체 분리를 보였다. 특히, 셀룰로오스계 키랄 선택자가 공유결합된 Chiralpak IC는 최상의 광학 분리 및 분해인자를 나타내었다. 유도체화 시약으로 2-hydroxynaphthaldehyde를 사용하여 개발된 분석방법을 사용하여 (R)- 및 (S)-류신올의 거울상 이성질체 광학순도를 측정하였는데, 조사된 이들 분석물의 광학불순물은 0.06-1.20% 였다. 이 분석방법은 ICH 지침에 따라 검증실험되어, 순상 액체 크로마토그래피 에서 자외선 검출하에 2-hydroxynaphthaldimine 유도체로서 키랄 지방족 아민의 거울상 이성질체 광학분리 분석법은 본 연구에 적합하며 효과적으로 적용가능하다는 것이 입증되었다. 제 4 장에서는, 다양한 키랄 카르복실 산을 미량 검출이 용이하도록 1-naphthylamides 유도체화한 후 이들을 대상으로 한 광학분리를 아밀로오스 및 셀룰로오스 유도체에 기초한 10 개의 액체 크로마토그래피 키랄 고정상 를 사용하여 수행하였다. 대부분의 분석물의 광학분리 실험에서 기준분리와 분리계수 결과가 양호했다. 일반적으로, 코팅형태 컬럼에서 관찰된 거울상 이성질체 광학선택성은 공유결합형태 컬럼에서 관찰된 결과보다 더 좋은 것으로 나타났다. 특히, 2-aryloxypropionic acid 분석물질의 유도체를 제외하고는, 1-naphthylamide 유도체로서의 키랄 카르복실 산의 광학분리에서 다른 키랄 고정상 에 비해 코팅형 Lux Cellulose-1 컬럼의 성능이 우수하였다. 1-나프틸 그룹의 높은 자외선 흡광도 성질과 검증된 분석법 결과를 바탕으로, 다당류 유래 키랄 고정상 를 사용하여 본 연구에서 개발된 1-naphthylamide 유도체로서 다양한 키랄 카르복실 산의 거울상 이성질체 광학분리는 매우 유용하고 실제적인 것으로 보아진다. 제 5 장에서는, 3 개의 방향족 알데히드 유도체 화제를 사용하여 아밀로오스와 셀룰로오스 유래 키랄 고정상 에 대해 키랄 아민의 순상 액체 크로마토그래피 거울상 이성질체 분리를 수행 하였다. 3 가지 나프틸 알데히드 유도체 시약의 일반적인 액체 크로마토그래피 에 대한 광학분리분석을 수행하였고 UV 자외선 검출 하에서 아밀로오스와 셀룰로오스 기반 키랄 고정상 에서의 실험결과를 비교하였다. 키랄 아민의 거울상 이성질체 아민에 대한 유도체 시약 종류 및 키랄 고정상 유형의 구조적 형태에 따른 결과를 비교하였다. 본 연구에서 셀룰로오스를 기초로 한 키랄 고정상의 2-hydroxynaphthaldimine 유도체의 광학분리를 제외하고는, 아밀로오스에서 유도된 키랄 고정상 에서 얻은 거울상 이성질체 광학분리는 셀룰로오스 유래 키랄 고정상 결과보다 더 컸다. 3 종류의 나프틸 유도체화 시약을 사용하여 가장 구조적으로 유연한 2-naphthaldimine 유도체는 구조적으로 유연한 아밀로오스에 기초한 키랄 고정상 에서 가장 큰 광학분리를 나타내었으며 그 반대도 마찬가지였다. 본 실험의 키랄 물질과 키랄 고정상을 대상으로 분자 모델링 연구를 수행하고자 AutoDock 및 PyMOL 소프트웨어를 사용하였다. 분자 모델링 결과에서, 아밀로오스 tris(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate)의 키랄 선택기를 갖는 아밀로오스 유도된 키랄 고정상 에서 2-naphthaldimine 및 2-hydroxynaphthaldimine 유도체를 포함하는 키랄 인지 메커니즘을 밝혀냈다. 수소 결합, π-π 및 소수성 상호 작용이 키랄 광학분리와 관련된 주요 힘이었다는 것이 관찰되었다. 얻어진 이론적인 데이터는 실험으로 수행된 키랄 액체 크로마토그래피 분석의 실험 결과와 잘 일치한다. 6 장에서 유도체시약으로 fluorene-2-carboxaldehyde를 사용하여 자외선 검출 하에서 순상 액체 크로마토그래피 를 이용하여 아미노 알코올을 포함한 키랄 지방족 아민의 거울상 이성질체를 처음으로 광학분리하였다. 아밀로오스 또는 셀룰로오스 계 키랄 선택자가 공유결합된 6개 키랄 고정상 및 코팅된 4 개 다당류 유래 키랄 고정상 중에서, 실험한 분석물질에 대해서 Chiralpak IE 및 Chiralpak IF 컬럼상에서는 부분적으로 또는 기준분리로 광학분리분석되었다. 특히, 셀룰로오스 유래의 키랄 고정상 는 특히 아미노 알코올 분석물에 대해 가장 우수한 광학분리를 나타내었다. 류시놀의 경우, 셀룰로오스 tris(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate)로 동일한 키랄 선택자가 사용된 코팅되거나 공유결합된 키랄 고정상 모두에서 가장 우수한 거울상 이성질체 분리 및 분리인자를 나타내었다. 방향족기를 함유한 α-메틸 벤질아민의 거울상 이성질체 광학분리에서도 효과적이었으며 우수한 거울상 이성질체 분리 및 분해능을 보였다. 개발된 분석법을 검증하기 위해 일중 및 일간 정확성 및 정밀성 실험이 수행됨으로, 아미노 알코올을 비롯한 키랄성 아민을 fluorene-2-carboxaldimine 유도체로 광학분리하는데 매우 정확하고 선택적임을 입증하였다. Chiral separation has become a major concern in the pharmaceutical industry. In highly enantioselective biological environment of our living system, the two enantiomers of a chiral pharmaceutical will react differently with their complementary receptor or enzyme and produce diverse biological activities. In fact, one enantiomer may be biologically active and produce desired activity, while the other may create various side effects and problems in our body. In this context, there is an increasing demand for the analysis of chiral compounds and the preparation of optically active and pure stereomers or enantiomers for biologically important pharmaceuticals or drugs. Accordingly, for the enantiomerically pure pharmaceuticals, the constant development of efficient and validated analytical methods for enantiomeric separation and analysis of racemic chiral pharmaceuticals is required. Chiral high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using various chiral stationary phases (CSPs) is one of the most effective and widely used method for the resolution and analysis of the enantiomers of a chiral drug. Chiral amines and acids are of particular interest in pharmaceuticals as they were found as key intermediates in drugs and drug candidates. This dissertation is designated to develop simple, convenient, validated and readily available normal phase chiral HPLC methods for the enantiomer separation of chiral amines and acids as well as the determination of enantiomeric purity and their absolute configuration using polysaccharide-derived CSPs. Since the chiral amines and acids used in the study show low ultraviolet (UV) absorption, achiral derivatization using several potent derivatizing agents was performed to provide good interaction sites for enantiodiscrimination as higher detection sensitivity for analytes. Computer-aided molecular modeling study was performed to ascertain the mechanism of chiral recognition and the elution order between the investigated analytes and the employed CSP. The differences in the binding energies corresponded to the separation and the elution order of investigated analytes in the HPLC experiments. In Chapter 2, several chiral aliphatic amines including amino alcohols were derivatized using a fluorogenic achiral derivatizing agent, 4-chloro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (NBD-Cl) for enantiomeric resolution by normal phase HPLC on six covalently bonded and four coated type polysaccharide-derived CSPs under simultaneous UV and fluorescence detection (FLD). Out of six covalently bonded CSPs, Chiralpak IE showed the best enantiomer separation and resolution for most of the analytes. Amylose-derived coated type CSPs, Chiralpak AD-H and Lux Amylose-1 generally exhibited better enantiomer separation of NBD derivatized chiral amines than cellulose-derived Chiralcel OD-H and Lux Cellulose-1 CSPs. The impurity of commercially available (R)- and (S)-leucinol was found to be 0.06% for both analytes. After the validation experiments, this developed method proved to be precise and enantioselective for the separation of chiral aliphatic amines including amino alcohols as NBD derivatives under simultaneous UV and FL detection. In Chapter 3, a chromatographic method for enantiomer separation of chiral amines as 2-hydroxynaphthaldimine derivatives on several polysaccharide-derived CSPs was developed. 2-Hydroxynapthaldehyde was introduced as a potent derivatizing agent for the first time in this study to enhance detection sensitivity and also to provide suitable interaction sites for chiral separation. Amongst the examined CSPs, in general, the cellulose-derived CSPs showed better enantiomer separation than the amylose-derived CSPs. In particular, the covalently bonded type Chiralpak IC with cellulose-based chiral selector showed the best enantioseparation and resolution. The developed analytical method using 2-hydroxynaphthaldehyde as derivatizing agent was employed to determine the enantiomeric purity of commercially available (R)- and (S)-leucinol and the impurities of the investigated analytes from two distributors were found to be 0.06-1.20%. This analytical method was validated in accordance with ICH guidelines and it proved to be sensitive, precise and applicable for the enantiomer separation of chiral aliphatic amines as 2-hydroxynaphthaldimine derivatives under UV detection on normal phase HPLC. In Chapter 4, the liquid chromatographic enantiomer separation of various chiral acids as 1-naphthylamides was performed using ten CSPs derived from amylose and cellulose tris phenylcarbamates. Most of the analytes under consideration were base-line separated with good separation and resolution factors. In general, the enantioselectivities observed on coated type columns were better than those on covalently bonded type columns. Especially, the performance of coated type Lux Cellulose-1 column was superior for the enantiomer separation and resolution of chiral acids as 1-naphthylamide derivatives to those of the other CSPs, except for 2-aryloxypropionic acid derivatives. Owing to the strong UV absorbance of the 1-naphthyl group and method validation results, the analytical method developed in this study could be valuable and sensitive for the enantiomer separation of various chiral acids as 1-naphthylamide derivatives using polysaccharide-derived CSPs. In Chapter 5, normal phase liquid chromatographic enantiomer separation of chiral amines was performed on amylose and cellulose-derived CSPs using three aromatic aldehyde derivatizing agents. Enantiomeric separation ability of three aromatic aldehyde derivatizing agents on normal HPLC was studied and compared between amylose and cellulose-based CSPs under UV detection. The impact of the structural makeup of both derivatizing agents and CSP types on enantiodiscrimination of chiral amines was also elucidated. The enantioselectivities and resolutions obtained on amylose-derived CSPs were greater than on cellulose-derived CSPs, except for 2-hydroxynaphthaldimine derivatives on cellulose-derived CSPs. The most conformationally flexible 2-naphthaldimine derivatives using three kinds of derivatizing agents afforded the greatest enantioseparation on conformationally flexible amylose-derived CSPs and vice-versa. Molecular modeling studies were performed and compared using AutoDock and PyMOL software to elucidate the chiral recognition mechanism involving 2-naphthaldimine and 2-hydroxynaphthaldimine derivatives on amylose derived CSP having the chiral selector of amylose tris(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate). It was observed that hydrogen bonds, π-π and hydrophobic interactions were the major forces involved during chiral separation. The theoretical data obtained were in good accordance with the chromatographic results from the developed chiral HPLC method. In Chapter 6, fluorene-2-carboxaldehyde was used as an achiral derivatizing agent for the first time to separate the enantiomers of chiral aliphatic amines including amino alcohols by normal phase HPLC under UV detection. Among six covalently bonded and four coated type polysaccharide-derived CSPs of amylose or cellulose-based chiral selectors, all the analytes were either partially or base-line separated on Chiralpak IE and Chiralpak IF columns. In particular, cellulose-derived CSPs showed the best enantiomer separation especially for amino alcohol analytes as fluorene-2-carboxaldimine derivatives. 2-amino-4-methyl-1-pentanol analyte (leucinol) showed the best enantiomer separation and resolution on both coated type and covalently bonded CSPs of the same chiral selector as cellulose tris(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate). Among the chiral aliphatic amines, enantiomer separation of α-methylbenzylamine containing aromatic group was effective and showed the better enantiomer separation and resolution. Intra- and interday accuracy and precision experiments were done to evaluate the presently developed analytical method and proved to be quite precise and selective for the separation of chiral amines including amino alcohols as fluorene-2-carboxaldimine derivatives. Index Terms: Chiral amine, Chiral acid, Chiral high performance liquid chromatography, Enantiomer separation, Polysaccharide-derived chiral stationary phase, Molecular docking

      • 마음챙김 명상을 적용한 집단미술치료가 아동의 자기조절력과 내면화 문제에 미치는 영향

        박미례 조선대학교 일반대학원 2016 국내석사

        RANK : 249631

        국 문 초 록 “단지 있는 그대로 지켜보는 것이 모든 것을 바꾼다” 마음챙김 명상을 적용한 집단미술치료가 아동의 자기조절력과 내면화 문제에 미치는 영향 박 미 례 조선대학교 일반대학원 미술심리치료학과 지도교수 김 승 환 본 연구는 아동을 대상으로 마음챙김 명상을 적용한 집단미술치료가 아동의 자기조절력과 내면화 문제에 미치는 영향을 알아보는데 목적이 있으며, 프로그램을 재구성하여 자기조절력과 내면화 문제의 효과를 검증하고자 하였다. 마음챙김 명상을 적용한 집단미술치료 프로그램은 미술심리치료 전문가의 자문을 통해 Kabat- Zinn(1990)의 마음챙김 명상 기본 태도 7가지 요소인 비판단(non-judging), 인내(patience), 초심(beginner's mind), 신뢰(trust), 애쓰지 않음(non-striving), 수용(acceptance), 내려놓음(letting-go)을 바탕으로 마음 열기- 마음 모으기-마음 속 좋은 경험 기억하기-마음 간직하여 지속하기-마음 내려놓기-마음 흘려보내기-마음 받아들이기의 순서로 프로그램 재구성하였다. 프로그램 본 활동 시작 전에 실시하는 명상은 ‘이인실의 청소년을 위한 마음챙김 명상(2013. 5. 22)’ 을 대상 아동 수준에 맞게 수정 ‧ 보완하여 마음챙김 명상을 통해 주의 집중하여 자신을 인식하고 자기탐색, 자기 몰입으로 자기조절의 향상과 내면화 문제의 감소에 도움이 되도록 하였다. 이를 위하여 G시에 위치한 D복지관 주변 지역아동센터 이용하는 4-6학년 아동을 대상으로 실험집단 12명과 대기집단 12명, 총 24명을 사전 ‧ 사후 검사를 실시하였다. 실험집단은 2016년 7월 12일-2016년 9월 20일까지 매 회기 80분씩, 사전검사 포함 총 12회기 프로그램을 실시하였다. 집단미술치료 프로그램의 효과를 검증하기 위해 자기조절력 척도를 이용하여 하위요인 자기조절과 충동성을 살펴보았고, K-YSR의 하위요인 우울/불안, 위축, 신체증상을 살펴보았다. 그리고 마음챙김 명상을 적용한 집단미술치료 효과를 알아보기 위해 실험집단의 회기별 행동관찰을 실시하여 초기, 중기, 말기로 행동의 변화를 질적으로 분석하여 제시하고, 실험집단의 회기별 과정 분석과 자기조절력 및 내면화 문제의 하위요인을 작품을 통해 분석하여 변화의 과정을 제시하고, 질적인 변화를 확인하기 위하여 이야기 그림검사(DAS)를 실시하여 양적 연구를 보완하였다. 본 연구의 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째. 집단미술치료에 참여한 실험집단은 참여하지 않은 대기집단에 비해 프로그램 실시 전보다 프로그램 실시 후의 자기조절력이 유의미하게 향상되었다. 둘째. 집단미술치료에 참여한 실험집단은 참여하지 않은 대기집단에 비해 프로그램 실시 전보다 프로그램 실시 후의 내면화 문제가 유의미하게 감소되었다. 이상의 결과를 요약하면 아동을 대상으로 마음챙김 명상을 적용한 미술치료프로그램이 아동의 자기조절력을 향상시키고 내면화 문제를 감소시키는데 효과가 있음을 보여준다. 본 연구의 결과를 일반화하기엔 무리가 있지만, 마음챙김 명상을 적용한 미술치료 프로그램 연구가 미비한 상황에서 처음으로 시도된 아동을 대상으로 한 마음챙김 명상을 적용한 집단미술치료가 자기조절력과 내면화 문제를 실증적 검증 연구를 통해 효과를 보여준 점에서 연구의 의의가 있다. 주요어 : 마음챙김 명상, 집단미술치료, 아동의 자기조절력, 아동의 내면화 문제. The purpose of this study was to investigate the Effects of group art therapy integrated with mindfulness on the self-regulation and internalizing problems of the children. The group art therapy integrated with mindfulness was recomposed of the program with open, focus, remind of the good experience, patient, non-strive, letting go and accepts the mind based on the 7 element of Kabat-Zinn’s mindfulness meditation : non-judging, patience, beginner's mind, trust, non-striving, acceptance, letting-go, which was coached by art therapist. The mindfulness meditation was practiced with the children to enhance the self-regulation and to reduce the internalizing problems through aware and explore the self before group art therapy, which was modified with the version of Lee in-sil’s mindfulness meditation for adolescents To accomplish the goals of this study, 24 children who understand the purpose of this study and agree to the participation and were senior students in elementary school used the W local child-care center in G City were randomly assigned to either an experiment group or control group, then conducted the group art therapy integrated with mindfulness. The intervention group was participated in the group art therapy applied with mindfulness 80 minutes per session, during 12 sessions administered from July 12 to September 20. It was administered the pre-and post-test using the scale of the self-regulation (self-regulation and impulsivity) and internalizing problems scale(depression, anxiety and somatization) of K-YSR. To test the effect of group art therapy integrated with mindfulness with the children, it independent t-test and repeated measured ANCOVA were to test by SPSS 23.0 version. And it analyzed qualitatively the change of behavior observed on the initial, middle, and terminal session and the art. Also it analyzed qualitatively the DAS. The results obtained this study were as follows. First, there was statistically significant differences on the self-regulation between the experiment and control group, which was significantly enhanced the self-regulation and subscales, self-regulation and impulsivity of the experiment group compared to the control group. Second, there was statistically significant differences on the internalizing problem and subscales, specially depression and anxiety between the experiment and control group, which was significantly reduced the depression and anxiety of the experiment group compared to the control group. But there was not statistically significant differences on the somatization. To be summarized, the group art therapy integrated with mindfulness has effects on the enhancing the self-regulation and reducing the depression and anxiety of children. Finally, the conclusion of this study was discussed. Also, the suggestion and implication of the study was provided key word : mindfulness meditation, group art therapy, the self-regulation, internalizing problem

      • 남자 기계체조경기의 경쟁상태불안 개념 구조 탐색 및 검사지 개발

        오준석 조선대학교 일반대학원 2013 국내박사

        RANK : 249631

        The purpose of this study is to structurally search the concept of competitive state anxiety and to develope a questionnaire on the degree of anxiety by game conditions in male gymnastics tournament. Unlike preceding researches which reduced competitive state anxiety to 3 factors(cognitive state anxiety, somatic state anxiety, and confidence), this study brought environmental state anxiety in multidimensional construct, hence 4 factors. Although competitive state anxiety is conceptualized by considering competitive state as environmental stimuli, current study had been conducted based on preceding researches reporting that modern gymnasts are subject to effects of equipment, spectators, schedules of games, referees' call, and so forth. Thus study I dealt with conceptual construct research on competitive state anxiety in male gymnastics tournament, using in-depth interview and open-ended questions. The results are as follows: First, gymnasts experienced negative self-assessment of cognitive state anxiety, such as the cynical foreboding, burden, concern, and tension, in game conditions. Second, gymnasts showed the emotional, behavioral, and physiological response, such as nervousness, trembling, rapid pulse, caused by tension in game conditions Third, gymnasts had faith and confidence on acting ability in game conditions and made an effort for the best athletic performance such as transferring negative thinking to positive thinking by cognitive restructuring. Fourth, gymnasts had the mental states triggered by the equipment, climate, spectators, and referees which are beyond control of leaders and themselves in game conditions. Study Ⅱ dealt with development of a questionnaire on competitive state anxiety by game conditions in male gymnastics tournament and analyzed reliability and validity for the questionnaire. The results are as follows: First, a questionnaire was developed and it consists of 4 questions about cognitive state anxiety, 4 questions about somatic state anxiety, 8 questions about confidence, and 4 questions about environmental state anxiety. Second, each factor showed the relatively high reliability coefficient of α=.854, α=.785, α=.793, α=.710, respectively. Third, the validity of factor structure was verified after exploratory factor analysis(KMO= .745, bartlett's test of sphericity = 952.051 df = 171, sig = .000). Fourth, fit indices were acceptable after confirmatory factor analysis(Q: 1.52, IFI: .91, TLI: .90, CFI: .91, RMSEA: .06, GFI: .86). Fifth, external validity(convergent validity) was not acceptable and there was the significant difference in cognitive state anxiety and confidence among groups(athletic performance, affiliation, and career). Also, it showed that the more athletic performance or career gymnasts has, the higher their confidence is and the lower their anxiety level is. Based on rather new facts and issues came out from the research process, a proposal was made as follows: First, further studies needs to test external validity(concurrent, discriminant, and convergent validity) for the acceptable validity. Second, the development of a more specific questionnaire, classified according to sex, career, performance level, is necessary for faster and more accurate evaluation. Third, further various studies drawing more concrete questions and factors reflecting time period are necessary to be done.

      • 정신간호사 이미지 측정도구 개발 : 간호학생을 중심으로

        조영희 조선대학교 일반대학원 2010 국내석사

        RANK : 249631

        ABSTRACT Development of a Psychiatric Nurses' Image Scale (PSYNIS) - Focused on Nursing Students - Cho, Young Hee Advisor : Prof. Kweon, Young-Ran Ph.D Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Chosun University Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop a psychiatric nurses' image scale (PSYNIS) for evaluation on image of psychiatric nurses in Korean nursing students and to test the validity and reliability of the instrument. Methods: A methodological study design with an exploratory factor analysis, Pearson's correlation, confirmative factor analysis, and a fitness of the modified mode for validity. Also, Cronbach's alpha coefficient for reliability was used. The subjects of this study were a total of 426 nursing students, residing in Gwangju and Jeollanamdo. Data were collected during the period from Nov. 10 to Dec. 23, 2009. In developing this instrument, the researcher first established a conceptual framework based on the literature review and interview. Responses were obtained from the respondents through a self-reporting method and each item had a possible score of 5. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS-WIN 15.0 and LISREL 8.54 program. Results: The 26 items making up the instrument were classified into the following 4 factors: 'Professionalism', 'Communication competence', 'Activism', 'Coordination competence'. These factors explained 65.8% of the total variance. The fitness of the modified mode was good (χ2= 1052.30, RMSEA=.05, GFI=.90, AGFI=.86, NFI=.97, and CFI=.98). The reliability of the PSYNIS was .96 (Cronbach's alpha). Conclusion: The results of present study suggest that the PSYNIS may be useful for efficiently evaluation on image of psychiatric nurses in Korean nursing students. Key word: Psychiatric nurses, image, nursing students, validity, reliability

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