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한국의 서양음악 교육은 제도와 그에 따른 운영에 있어서 서양의 역사를 되돌아 볼 수 있다. 서양은 19세기 이후에 음악의 학문적인 연구와 음악교육학의 발전이 이루어지게 되는데 한국은 20세기 초에 서양음악을 도입하게 되면서 해방 전후 대학의 음악교육과 서양 음악교육이 이루어 졌다. 음악 교육은 실기교육과 이론교육으로 크게 두 가지로 나누어 볼 수 있다. 한국과는 다르게 유럽에서는 실기 위주의 교육을 콘서바토리에서 중점적으로 배우고 이론 교육과 실기교육을 중점으로 배우는 곳을 우니버시티 라고 부른다. 유럽의 오랜 전통을 바탕으로 현재 우리나라의 고등음악교육기관에서는 학생들이 습득하고 배우고 있는데 이 논문은 서유럽에 한정지어 오스트리아 국립음악대학교를 위주로 비엔나국립음악대학교와, 그라츠국립음악대학교, 잘츠모차르테움에 대한 학사과정에 대하여 입학정보와 교육과정 졸업과정에 대하여 조사 연구를 했다. 본 연구는 기존의 고등 음악교육과정에 대한 선행연구가 전혀 없기 때문에 졸업생과의 인터뷰 또는 뉴스와 해당 학교 홈페이지를 참고하여 조사 연구가 이루어 졌다. 본 연구자는 후학들이 직접 유럽으로 유학을 가지 않고서도 오스트리아의 국립음악대학에 대한 교육과정과 국내 음악대학들의 학사 교육과정에 대한 비교 인식을 가져 올 수 있는 효과를 기대 할 수 있다. Western music education in Korea leads to think about Western history in the system and its operation. While the academic research and eduction of Western music developed after 19th century, Korea introduced Western music in the early 20th century for western music education of before and after liberation. Music education can be divided into practical and theoretical education. Unlike in Korea, in Europe, students are focusing on practical education in conservatory and university provides both theoretical and practical educations. Based on long history of Europe, this thesis is limited into research study for Austria’s National Music Universities, such as Vienna National Music University, Graz National Music University, Mozarteum University Salzburg bachelor’s degree, admission, graduation and curriculum informations. This study is based on interviews with graduated students or media and the website of the school due to the unavailability of precedent research on the existing high school music education curriculum. The researchers are expecting to provide information for current students to understand the curriculum of the National Music University of Austria and the curriculum of the bachelor’s education in domestic music colleges without having to study abroad to Europe.
In order to provide the basic data to improve the general education teacher fostering system and structure conforming to the site demand and circumstance by investigating the operating status of the curriculum related to the special education and the subject of the curriculum for teaching profession in the general teacher fostering institute and by reflecting the alteration of the special education's environment on the general education teacher fostering structure, this research investigated it through the questionnaire, consulting by phone and visitation to the homepage per organization. The results acquired through this research are as follows. Firstly, the curriculum related to the special education and the subject of the curriculums for teaching profession are established in all the fostering institutes for the elementary school teacher before and after announcement/revision of the detailed standards for acquirement of the qualification of the teaching profession, and the preliminary teachers have taken such course, but the subject of the curriculum for teaching profession related to the special education was established as the compulsory course for teaching profession in most of the fostering institutes for secondary school teachers only such announcement/revision. As they shall legally take the subject for teaching profession related to the special education in most of the teacher fostering institutes after its revision, it could confirm the change of the special education's position and all the fostering institutes for elementary/secondary school teacher formally taught the vast contents of the special education for a short period, which is 2 credits within 16 weeks. Secondly, looking into the teacher fostering institutes establishing the special education department and the ones not establishing it, even if the special education department is established, the curriculum related to the special education before announcement/revision was not established in most of the teacher fostering institutes, and they established and taught the subject of the curriculum for teaching profession such as understanding of the special children and the introduction of special education and etc. by utilizing the full-time teachers in the special education department after announcement/revision. And in the fostering institutes without the special education department, the part-time lecturer, who is majored in the special education, taught most of the subject of the curriculum for teaching profession after announcement/revision. Thirdly, looking into the undergraduate studies and the course of the graduate school of education of the fostering institute for secondary school teacher, above the second students take the curriculum related to the special education before announcement/revision of the detailed standards for acquirement of the teacher qualification during the undergraduate studies as the optional course with 2 or 3 credits, but as for the course of the graduate school of education, most of them can not acquire the full-time instructors and the part-time instructors are teaching it as the subjects of the curriculum for teaching profession were established after announcement/revision. Some proposals are presented as follows, being based on the results appeared through this research. Firstly, it shall be systematically supported as the preliminary general teachers can be put in the integrated educational site with the actual and essential knowledge by increasing the compulsory completion credits of the curriculum related to the special education and the subject of the curriculum for teaching profession. Secondly, the teacher fostering institute not acquiring the full-time instructor shall surely acquire the one majored in the special education. Thirdly, at the time when the subject of the curriculum for teaching profession is completed in all the teacher fostering institutes, the comprehensive research shall be made with the more various contents and objective.
오늘날 MBA 출신이 늘어나면서 MBA 출신이 경쟁력이 없다든지, 심지어는 한물갔다는 지적도 나오는 형편이다. 최근 국내 각 대학이 운영하고 있는 한국형 경영전문대학원(MBA)의 인기가 예전만 못하다는 평가가 많다. 청년구직난이 갈수록 심해지면서 많은 학비를 들여 MBA 졸업장을 받아도 별 도움이 되지 않는다는 하소연도 들린다. 하지만 MBA 출신들은 단지 MBA가 ‘몸값’을 올리기 위한 것만은 아니라고 입을 모은다. 다양한 경영사례 분석을 통한 이론적 무장과 다양한 분야 인사들과의 광범위한 네트워크, 수업을 준비하면서 보인 열정과 성취감 등은 직장 및 사회생활을 하는 데 남다른 자산이 된다는 설명이다. 게다가 MBA 평가에서 우수한 성적표를 받은 국내 MBA가 속속 나타나면서 해외 MBA에 비해 실력이 떨어진다는 평가를 섣불리 하기 어려워졌다. 국내 MBA와 해외 MBA를 연계한 다양한 학위 프로그램이 등장해 글로벌 체험폭도 넓어지고 있다. 해외 유학생들이 국내 MBA를 찾는 사례도 점차 늘고 있다. 국내 MBA가 전문성과 글로벌 감각이라는 두 마리 토끼를 잡고 있다는 평가가 나온다. 20대 후반 혹은 30대 직장인들의 MBA과정에 대한 관심이 올라가면서 미국을 비롯한 서구의 MBA과정에 지원할 것인지 아니면 국내 MBA과정에 지원할 것인지 고민하고 MBA를 선택하는 분들이 여전히 많다. 그렇기 때문에 본 연구에서는 MBA를 준비하는 분들이 외국 MBA과정에 지원할 것인지 아니면 국내 MBA과정에 지원할 것인지 결정하는 데 국내 MBA과정은 어떻게 운영되고 있고 외국 MBA과정은 어떻게 운영되고 있는지 필요한 정보를 제공해주고 ‘국내 MBA냐, 외국 MBA냐’를 고민하는 사람들에게 자신에게 맞는 MBA과정을 잘 선택할 수 있도록 참고가 될 사항을 비교하고 분석함으로써 중요한 선택에 도움을 주고자 한다. 또한 우리나라에 외국 MBA 교육이 도입된 지 12년이 흐른 지금 국내 MBA 교육이 더 경쟁력 있게 발전 할 수 있도록 외국 유수 대학들의 MBA 교육을 분석해보고 우리나라 MBA 교육을 검토해 볼 것이다. 첫째, 경영전문대학원의 도입배경을 살펴보고, 우리나라 경영전문대학원(MBA)의 현황을 분석한다. 둘째, 외국대학의 MBA 교육과정 현황을 살펴본다. 셋째, 국내대학의 MBA 교육과정 현황을 살펴본다. 넷째, 국내대학과 외국대학의 MBA 교육과정을 비교 분석한다. 다섯째, 우리나라의 정서와 운영여건 속에서 국내대학의 MBA 교육과정 개선 방안을 제시한다. 본 연구의 대상은 우리나라는 고려대를 외국대학은 파이낸셜 타임스 순위를 고려하여 미국의 펜실베니아 대학, 시카고 대학을 선정하였다. 국내외 MBA 교육과정 비교분석을 위해 경영학 교육, 경영전문대학원 프로그램, MBA 교육과정 보고서, 연구 논문, 참고자료 등을 참고하였고, 조사대상 경영대학 홈페이지, 파이낸셜 타임스 홈페이지를 검색하여 정보를 얻었으며, 각 대학들의 MBA 프로그램 안내 책자를 참고 하였다. 본 연구의 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, MBA 교육과정은 국제적으로 검증되고 표준화된 인증을 취득해야한다. 둘째, MBA 교육과정은 살아있는 학문, 사회의 변동, 변화하는 상황을 공부하는 학문이기 때문에 변화에 유연하게 대처할 수 있는 유연한 교육과정이어야 한다. 셋째, 윤리 및 사회적 책임, 리더십 분야를 필수과목으로 개설해야 한다. 넷째, 인턴십 기간 늘리고 참여율도 높여야한다. 다섯째, 전공과목을 학생들이 원하고, 관심 있는 분야가 다양하듯이 그에 맞게 다양하게 개설해야한다. 여섯째, 실전을 통한 원리 습득이 중요하므로 현장에 직접 투입될 수 있는 외국대학의 MBA 교육 과정 프로그램을 적극 수용하고 국내대학 MBA 교육 과정 여건에서 실현할 수 있는지 적극적으로 검토한다. Today, as the number of Master of Business Administration (MBA) graduates increases, there is a comment that MBA graduates are not competitive or even they have had their day. Many evaluate that the popularity of MBA courses recently operated by domestic universities is not like it was before. With the ever-increasing youth unemployment, there is a complaint that getting an MBA Diploma, paying much tuition does not help much. However, MBA graduates say that an MBA is not just for making themselves more ‘expensive.’ They explain that theoretical armament through analysis of various management cases, extensive network with personnel from diverse fields, and passion and achievement they have experienced, preparing for classes are unique assets in work and social life. Moreover, as domestic MBA courses have received excellent transcripts in the evaluation of MBA courses one after another, it came to be difficult to evaluate them to be poorer than overseas MBA courses. As various degree programs that link domestic MBA and overseas MBA appear, the global experience gets broader. Gradually more overseas students come to domestic MBA courses. The domestic MBA courses hunt two hares at once, expertise and global mindset. As employees in their late 20s or 30s are increasingly more interested in MBA courses, many of them still are concerned about whether to apply for a Western MBA course, including that in the U.S. or a domestic MBA course in choosing to proceed to an MBA course. Thus, this study would provide the necessary information about how domestic MBA courses and overseas MBA courses are operated for the decision of those who prepare MBA whether they would apply for an overseas MBA course or a domestic one and help their important choice by comparing and analyzing the matters that people, who are concerned about whether to go to a domestic MBA or an overseas MBA, could refer to so that they would be able to choose the MBA course right for them. In addition, now, when 12 years have passed since overseas MBA education was introduced to South Korea for the first time, this study would analyze MBA education in leading foreign universities and discuss Korean MBA education so that the domestic MBA education would be able to make more competitive development. First, this study examines the background of the introduction of MBA and analyzes the status of MBA in South Korea. Second, this study examines the present status of MBA in foreign universities Third, this study examines the status of MBA curricula in the domestic universities. Fourth, this study conducts a comparative analysis of MBA curricula in the domestic universities and foreign universities. Fifth, this study proposes a plan for the improvement of MBA curricula in the domestic universities in emotional and operational conditions of South Korea. This study selected Korea University for South Korean university and the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Chicago, US for foreign universities, considering the Financial Times ranking as the subjects. For a comparative analysis of domestic and overseas MBA curricula, this study referred to the business administration education, MBA programs, MBA curriculum reports, research papers and references. This study got information, searching the web pages of the Business Schools and the Financial Times and referred to the Information Brochure of the MBA program in each university. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. First, MBA curriculum should obtain internationally verified and standardized certification. Second, since MBA curriculum is involved in the living studies of changes in society and the changing situations, it should be a flexible curriculum that could flexibly cope with changes. Third, it should set up the fields of ethics, social responsibility, and leadership as its required subjects. Fourth, it should increase the internship period and participation rate as well. Fifth, it should set up various major courses in the various fields that students want and are interested in. Sixth, since it is important to learn the principles through practices, it is necessary to positively accept programs of MBA curriculum of foreign universities, which could be directly applied to the field and actively consider if they could be realized in the circumstances of MBA curriculum in domestic universities.
The purpose of this study is to get the knowledge that is required to be a teather who has the speciality for this, we divided teather's knowledge into two classes, Pedagogical Knowledge and subject Matter Knowledge following subjects are the research that lay emphasis on Pedagogical Knowledge. 1. What's the Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Mathematics to be required to Mathematics teather? For that, what do they need to get that on the curriculum of the college of education ? 2. what's the Pedagogical Method Knowledge of Mathematics to be required to Mathematics teather? For that, what do they need to get that on the curriculum of the college of education ? For this, this study examined what the sitting secondary school teather recognize curriculum of the college of education
The talent that the modern 21st century is asking for is a person with knowledge and creativity. Therefore, people who can create new boundaries by looking into the future according to the flow of time, and combining and developing the various fields they are interested in. In recent times creativity is a movement to answer the question of the talent required by the modern times, and the education for it. Through this thesis, information about Korea and France’s education and culture and art policies was examined, and various examples were found. It is clear that a lot of effort was put into the development on our art education even in social and political chaotic times, but because of not being able to settle the gap between reality and theory, and the coercion of a standardized cogitation the results were always below expectance. Even though these situations have improved a lot in the present there are still similar problems, and it haven’t been rid of completely. In contrast France, the best out of all the advanced countries of culture and art, has a art education method that is strikingly different from ours. The biggest difference is that in France, art has a bigger meaning and value than just education, and it grants various effects of education such as fostering the creativity, thinking ability, emotion and etc. of the children. By understanding the value of culture and arts education, and backing the development for it France was able to achieve the national standing of an advanced culture and art country. Comparing our country’s art education with France’s the problem in the education system can be found, and the effort to break from the limit of our students being aesthetically illiterate even after 12 years of elementary and middle school art education. Therefore, by studying the information of the last three years on how France’s art education develops the students’ abilities and insight, an appropriate alternative for our country’s art education’s problems will be suggested. We hope that by preparing for the 21st century, the culture and art period, people have more interest in art education, and more researches will be conducted so that art education can fulfill it’s original purpose. Also we hope that the creative and structured education process can uprear many talents for our times, and become the driving force for developing other subjects other than art education.
Today, the world is being transformed into a knowledge and information society. Human beings should be able to actively cope with change with an open mind, and to develop creativity so that they can continually create ideas of judgment, thinking power, and novel ideas. The ultimate goal of art education is to help people to appreciate and understand art, and to cultivate civic qualities so that they can live a more affluent life than now. In this way, representative education for raising civil qualities in modern society can be practiced through smart education. By positively using smart devices, it is possible to show the turning point of new and improved education, to expand the range of experiences and thoughts for students, and to use various information networks You will get an opportunity to get in touch. The purpose of this study is to find effective ways of appreciation by using smart education in art appreciation class. The following conclusions were obtained from the results of the smart training exercise. First, after introducing the Cyber Museum site, the learner selected and watched each of them. As a result, the learner was able to search various information by using the smart device, not only from the viewpoint but also from the characteristics of the work, the history of the writer, . In the past, when information was obtained through dictionary or expert books, smart education could search for smart information devices and use them instantaneously regardless of location and time through advanced communication infrastructure. The cost reduction effect was obtained. Second, 72.4% of the learners who were interested in the class using the smart device were able to get the result that the class was not boring. If the existing teaching method was a textbook oriented class focused on knowledge injection, smart education would be able to acquire interesting knowledge by easily understanding difficult concepts while listening to ears, , And the self-directed learning was achieved by sharing and providing the data to the web space. In this way, smart education can induce learner 's participation and increase interest, so that both learner and educator can have high learning satisfaction. Third, the learner 's learning achievement, cooperative learning, discussion learning, and online learning were found to affect the academic achievement through the smart device. More than 80% of learners expressed their desire to continue teaching using smart devices, and this is because smart education is a lesson for today's generation of learners in the rapidly changing information age. In recent years, development of portable smart devices has made APP available for teaching. With various interesting contents, it can induce students' interest in education, so that students can voluntarily participate in classes and conduct effective teaching. A quick feedback using a program like CLICKER APP can be a highly satisfying lesson because of the interaction between the teacher and the student. By using these programs, I am confident that if we conduct smart education, we will be able to make efficient classes from the school environment and various difficulties and create a good educational environment suitable for the new generation.