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Students' opinion was surveyed with respect to the effectiveness of various aspects of general physical education program being implemented at Ewha Woman's University with a view to improving the quality of general physical education program for non-physical education majors. A 21-item questioneaire was administered to 1000 Ewha university students enrolling in general physical education courses, asking to evaluate on four main aspects of general physical education programs;i.e., 1) the contents of general physical education program, 2) instructor, 3) facilities, and 4) curricular policies. Students' perception as well as evaluation based on 812 collected data revealed strong disatisfactions on 1) limitedness of course contents and facilities, 2) incongruence of the number of credit hours with the number of class hour, and 3) overpopulated class size. These results suggested that new administrative policies should be enforced to rectify present deficiencies, ultimately improving the quality and effective ness of general physical education program for non-physical education majors.
The 5 structured physical strength meansurements for 280 senior high schoolboys and girls in Seoul were applied to the 100 item problem check list to provide the information regarding the contribution of the physical strength to the acclimation to home, school work and social affairs. The results are as follows : 1. One hundred and sixty boys and girls were in the upper level of physical strength measurement : 88 boys(31.4%) and 72 girls(25.7%); The means of physical strength measurements were 61.12 in the upper level and 39.18 in the lower level. 2. The acclimation scores by the level of physical strength were compared by sex : the girls' total adaptability was higher than boys'. For both boys and girls, the upper in physical strength belonged to the higher acclimation rather than in the lower physical strength. 3. The statistically significant findings by the physical strength were social affairs(p=0.04) and total acclimation in girls(p<0.038). 4. For girls in upper level of physical strength, the 2nd and the 3rd grade in senior high were high in toral acclimation(p<0.05). In summary, physical strength was positively associated with acclimation in home, school work and social affairs. To build up the physical strength would probably reduced the juvenile delinquencies and suicide due to low adaptability to home, school work and social affairs. It is suggested that physical education and school health education should be reinforced in high school curriculum.
Cinematographic analysis used in biomechanical research has a merit that is discerning ability of moving objects transcending the limits of human perception. In the quantitative analysis, however a continuous process is measured by a series of discrete points, and this is the main cause to produce measurement errors. As a result, the careful control of the experimental procedure and the various scientific techniques should be employed to maximize the reliability and the validity of a biomechanical research. The purpose of the study is to review the method of measurment and evaluation, which has been adapted in the biomechanical analyses of the past. And on the basis of the findings, this would be proposed the proper skills that could minimised errors of measurment and evalution, For the review, 46 of biomechanical theses and studies using cinematographic analyses were selected. All data in the theses and studies were classified according to publication year, movement pattern, subject, the type of camera, calibration of filming rate, projector, digitizer, frame interval, computer, the number of fliming trials, the sige of center of joint, variables, smoothing technique, statistical methods, heigh and distance of camera, and dimension. The results are as folling 1) Total cases of study using cinematographic analysis are composed of 17 cases (36.96%) of gymnastics, 5 cases(10.87%) or track and field and the others 2) Experimental subjects in most of the articles(43.48%) were classified into the skilled and unskilled. 3) In most experiments-37 cases, (80.43%), 16 mm high speed camera was employesd. Every fliming rate was below 100FPS except for the two cases of 100FPS and one case of 300FPS. The cases below 50FPS were also 16 cases (34.78%). 4) Calibration of fliming rate was ignored almost (34 cases, 63.91%) when the calibration was introduced, it was turned out to be ball dropping method with low reliability. 5) Analyses using automation of digitizing were 12 cases (26.09%), with the rest processed manually. 6) The number of fliming and analyzing trials was not revealed except 13 cases (28.26%). 7) Mark for center of joint was not revealed in 47.83%, of the experiments. 8) In analyzing, frame interval proved to be one almostly with the exception of 7 cases (15.22%) whose frame interval being two, three, four respectively. 9) The cases adapting the smoothing technique were 6 (13.04%) among which three used the method of spline function. 10) The cases utilizing statistical methods were 3 (6.52%), all of them depending of T-test and ANOVA-test. From the above results, it could be pointed out that most of biomechanists were concerned with just the formal measurment and discription and ignored the basic concepts of reliability and validity of experiments. The facts should be attributable not only to the ignorance of validity and reliability by biomechanists but also to the poor equipment status in university laboratories. This means that financial support should be increased to develop and grow in addition to the thoughtful and rigorous endeavor to minimize the errors for the part of biomechanists.
This thesis attempts to contemplate the merit of Cho Sun Folk Dance Basic Step. The first systematic formation of dance in 1958, and its objectives is to scrutinize on Choi, Seung Hee as an educator who moved to North Korea, and it also deviates from previous studies thar focused Choi as an artist in the world of work rather than an educator. Cho Sun Folk Dance Basic Step is still inherited even until today which comprises the moset kerneled and distinctive aspects of dance fundamentals of Choi, Seung Hee. She is the First Korean who studied motions of dance based on logical method, published systematic dance manual and eventually produced educational film of creative performance. This thesis primarily investigates definitions and characteristics of neo-dance which cannot be separated from the world of Choi's artistry in order to conclude what kinds of values are immanent in Cho Sun Folk Dance Basic Step. Furthermore, the paper also simultaneously reveals creation background, types, characteristics and structures of Cho Sun Folk Dance Basic Step, and analyzes acts of dancing for each movement which laid its foundation of examining the merit of Cho Sun Folk Dance Basic Step. As a result, a set of values has been discovered, and the first is the first dance manual from which students could easily learn. The second is the value of scientific aspect of Cho Sun Folk Dance Basic Step created by Choi, Seung Hee being the first systematic dance formation in Korea. The third is the value discovered in aesthetic aspects of Cho Sun Folk Dance Basic Step which pivoted on the core dancing gestures that share national characteristics of Cho Sun. The values of Choi, Seung Hee's Cho Sun Folk Dance Basic Step deviates from the world of works which was previously focused in various studies, and scrutinizes her dancing activities after she moved to North Korea. She systemized basic movements of our national dance in het own method, and this thesis granted important significance in revealing Choi, Seung Hee's achievements which tremendously promoted development of Korean creative dance. In addition, It is my firm belief that the research and practice on more sophisticated fundamental structure of our dance will become critical homework in the years ahead in order for Korean creative dance to permanently settle down as one genre that created peculiar formation.
Apostural evaluation of axial musculoskeletal deformities (AMSDs) was completed on ju-nior high school age childern in Seoul, Korea. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of five AMSDs and evaluate the relationships among those five AMSDs and seven risk factors. The subjects were 1803 boys and 1811 girls from the seventh, eighth, and ninth grades, By visual screening, a total of 1734 AMSDs were detected. The incidence was lordosis(23.5%), Kyphosis (8.6%), scikuisys (6.4%), protruding abdomen (6.2%), and forward head(3.4%). Weight was a sigficant factor in predicting three AMSDs: (a) lordosis, (b) Kyphosis, and (c) protruding abdomen. Gender wasa statically significant predicting factor for two AMSDs : (a) protrrding abdomen and (b) scoliosis. Qualified professionals and mandatory screening prgrams are strong;u recommended to be introduced into the schools of Korea.
The purpose of this paper is to recognize the philosophic thinking processes during human movement. This is an epistemological considerations to examine the ways in which a man can come to know as result of human movement. Royce(1963) identified four psychological processes-thinking, feeling, sensing and belieeving-by which man come to know reality or truth, Four psychological processes should be operated together rather than just relying be on one source. This is so called "epistemic correlation". Thomas(1983) also outlined the three sources of knowledge: prereflective, personal, and explicit. Recently, our profession emphasize the scientific, objective elements of the human movement, However, scientists as well as philosophers should stress the significance of the human act rather than the objective facts or essence of the act. It means to concerned with affective feelings or the 'why' of the experience as well as to understand 'what' happened and 'how' it happened. In order to fully understand real meaning of the physical education and to achieve the perfect body of human movement, we should recognize the epistemologic processes of the philosophy.
In order to avoid the complexity of differentiation and obtain immediate information about the acceleration, direct measurement of the acceleration is recommeded. The purpose of this study was to design and manufacture linear acceleration transducer of strain-gauge type, then test reproduction ability and normality of damping wave of it, and to execute performance test of it. Reproduction reliability of it was tested with the result-t=0.268, P<0.005 : t =0.398, p<0.005. Also the normality of damping of acceleration transducer was proved to be good with damping waveform. In addition these testing performance test of the transducer was conducted through the crawl movement in swimming and arm dropping. The acceleration transducer was fixed on a wrist by a rubber strip.(5×24) The result of this test was compared with result of preceding studies. From the results of these tests and comparison the conclusion was drawn that the acceleration transducer of strain gauge type is reliable and has a good reproduction ability as well as wide ranged application.
The purpose of this study is to contribure to the development and training of the starting technique in Alpine ski. The subjects of the study were male and female outstanding skiers. Their starting motion was flimed in high speed and the kinematic data was evaluated and analyzed to suggest a ski training strategy. Jumping start and recreation start were filmed at 100FPS as side. It was analyzed by a motion analyzer NAC 200 A and computer smoothing process to attain the locomotive graph of the each joint, velocity, angular velocity, interval time in motion, time the air. 1. Time spent by each styles of start, genda, and phase. Male skiers' level of the technique varied. And the time of the jumping start motion was quite long at the entrance situation while the flight time and gliding time were short. In females skiers, the correlation was very high. According to the result, it important to do the poling very strongly hitting the ground and jump and simultaneously unlock the knee joint to make the full use of the reaction force produced at the moment when the heels of the feet hit the ground to accelerate. 2. Velocity of each styles of start, genda, and each phase Male skiers velocity at each situation showed linear graph. However, increasing velocity at the landing point indiacated poor landing technique. Almost none of the Female skiers could jump start. Eventhough when they did, the gliding velocity after the landing decreased. Therfore, training is needed not to decrease the velocity too rapidly. 3. Relationship between the flight time and the velocity at each phase in jumping start There is a (+) correlation between the time spent at the entrance situation and the velocity of the starting gate passing moment in the jumping start. Also there is a (-) correlation between the flight time and the landing velocity. According to the result of the study it is proven that certain amount of time is needed at the entrance situation to jump for the jumping start. However, when the time spent in the air is longer it causes the decrease of the landing velocity. 4. Relationship between the flight distance and the velocity at each phase of the jumping start Thre is (+) correlation between the flight distance at the entrance situation and the velocity at the start line passing moment. However, there is (-) corelation between the flight distance from the start line to landing mark and the landing velocity. Total flight distance and the velocity at each situation had (-) correlation. The flight distance at the entrance section is needed for a powerful poling, however, execssively longer distance of flight will decrease the velocity. 5. The relationship between the flight height, landing point and landing velocity of the jumping start There are (+) correlation between the maximal jump flight height and the velocity at the starting line However, Korean skiers cause waste of time when they pass the starting gate not being able to speed up to the maxium velocity due to the maxium flight height at the starting gate or right after that. Therefore, it is necessary to practice at a starting gate to obtain the highest height within the starting gate by powerful poling. 6. Relationship between the angle of each phase and the velocity in jumping start There is (+) correlationship between the knee joint angle and the velocity when the heel of the feet is departing the ground. And there is (-) correlation between the body angle and the hipjoint velocity at the starting gate. There is (+) correlation between the joint angle and joint velocity at the pole passing moment. It is necessary to train to decrease the resistance by lowering the form.
The purpose of this study is to identify whether the injury occurrence could be predicted from the psychological and social factors such as life stress, coping skills, and social support. Ifso, this study will discuss about the interrelationship between coping skills, and social support concerning the increase of the injury occurrence by the negative life stress For the purpose, It identified several relationships that include dance injury and each factor, life stress and dance injury hour, social support and dance injury hour, and life stress and dance injury accoring to the two intervening factors. The subject of the survey are 281 menbers of a dance groups(National dance theatre, 00 individual dance theatre)and distributed and collected questionnaires. Collected materials are analyzed by the sub program of SAS/PC+. In result, life stress in directly related to dance injury, and the group with low coping skill or low social support is also Ilinked with injury hour rather than a single factor. Based on the result written above, life stress is related to dance injury, and dance imjury provides strong evidence on interrelationship between coping skill and social support in increasing the weakness of dance injury to the influence of negative life stess.