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This paper presents an alternative model for the curriculum based on the concept of core competencies in higher education. The goal is to restore our Christian identity by reaffirming the Christian principles that are the basis of our ideals and inform the reassessment of our educational goals: “Love for God & Love for our Neighbors.” The question is, by what means can we best accomplish this in the modern world? It is important to focus on the Department of Theology, which has been facing a three-folded crisis: a decline in new enrollment, a loss of prestige for schools of theology in general, and a feeling of lacking cultural relevance due to the social isolation enforced during the pandemic. In the face of these difficult circumstances, we are struggling to raise the level of our school to that of a strong, if small, school of theology, to say nothing of looking beyond that! This paper gives an overview of the current philosophy and structure of YTUS, its curriculum and extracurricular activities, and of the Department of Theology in particular. Included is a modified vision and goals statement for the Dept. of Theology which is consistent with goal of changing the environment of education. This alternative is focused on core competencies, which are divided them into three main categories: religion, community and professionalism. Each of these includes pertinent competencies: spirituality, morality, values and attitudes; communication and interpersonal skills and leadership; self-directed learning, creativity and international competencies. The general approach to including core competencies in the Dept. of Theology will be to incorporate research-based best practices in both regular courses and extra-curricular activities to produce an up-to-date educational system. One more task that a Christian university should attend to is to adjust to the age of 4<SUP>th</SUP> industrial revolution. Integrating digital technologies into theological education will help to update our methods of education. Modernizing both the equipment and the systems to accustom students to the digital environment is both important and necessary if not only we but more importantly they are to remain competitive in the world of the future.
“A thought for a friend” by Taejun Park is a song cherished by many Koreans. The Cheongra hill in this widely loved song is where Youngnam Theological University and Seminary used to locate before it moved to Gyeongsan. The current site used to be called ‘dunghill' as this place was in the outskirt of Daegu with nameless tombs where people used to dump excrement. At this location, the early missionaries established schools, churches, and health clinics as mission base camp. They started the bible study in this spot and founded Daegu Advanced Bible School in 1913. The first principal was Rev. James E. Adams, and Miss Martha Switzer took charge of women's group as a co-principal in 1916. They raised many leaders who led Korean churches. Switzer constructed a women's dormitory and donated the building, which later became renowned in Korean architecture history. However, the Bible school was persecuted and halted during the Japanese colonial period and reopened with the liberation of Korea from Japanese sovereignty after World War II. It had to close its door for a short period again during the Korean War. During the Korean War, the General Assembly Seminary in Seoul moved to Daegu for a temporary period. When it moved back to Seoul after the war, the North Gyeongsang Province Society resolved to establish a seminary and founded a school on April 12, 1954. The new seminary educated students while moving around by renting local churches. In 1960, it settled in the building of the bible school and became a formal education institution. Daegu Advanced Bible School and the Youngnam Theological University and Seminary merged, and the assets and students of Daegu Advanced School belong to the Youngnam Theological University and Seminary. The Youngnam Theological University and Seminary has a responsibility to inherit the spirits of missionaries who taught at the Daegu Advanced Bible School as it was founded on the history of the bible school. Just like the ivy leagues, which started in the early immigration history of the United States to foster many leaders of the country, Youngnam Theological University and Seminary should inherit the spirits of pioneers and build up the churches and the state based on the bible.
The purpose of this study was to offers improvement and proposal of the active educational course that foster the multi major/degree human resources through the improvement of educational system matching with social needs in YoungNam Theological University & Seminary. The results were as followings: First, university educational course accept the multi major system type of school faculty based on department ① Student in theological department and christian education department accept the the second a certificate of qualification or first certificate of qualification through national test by multi-major(above 14 subjects) completing the social welfare subject and especially, make the teaching course completer of christian education department gain the certificate of qualification of social worker and school social worker. ② Students in social welfare department are given the activity opportunity as ?a educating preacher? by being recognized as ?church educator? by church through multi-majoring completing above 35 points or second-majoring completing above 21 points in theological department and christian education department. ③ Developing and servicing ?the integrated curriculum to obtain regular qualifications? for gain national certificate of qualification of the nurture teacher, youth guider, youth counselor, all-life educator and so on by completing integrated subjects of theological department, christian education department and, social welfare department. Second, divinity school make multi-major theological and social welfare(above 14 subjects) or second-major social welfare(above 8 subjects). And then accept the certificate of qualification on social worker and give the M. Div. of theological and social welfare department major. Thirdly, activating the course of gaining non-government qualification for the quality improvement of the pastor and social worker through the all-life education institute. We need following offer for practice above educational course. First, it needs to make effort the placement of ?assistant minister or preacher charged social welfare? or ?church social worker? in community church and to develop systematic training program and curriculum about church social welfare. Second, it needs to raise semester gaining point from 21 points to above 24 points and introduce ?the point tuition fee system? for the multi-major. Thirdly, it needs to introduce ?minimum major point system」 for the second major of multi-major. Forth, it needs to choose either cooperated educational course or multi-degree course such as 4+1, 2+1, 3+1 educational system or program acquired 21 points to above 24 points(except earlier subjects) per semester. fifth, it needs to examine the detail plan such as a midnight class against the problem like lack of lecture rooms and compositional overlap of lecture time. sixth, it needs to make a long-term effort in introducing an installation of the doctor degree course and increase of enrollment for the integrated education system of the college and graduate course and multi-degree course.
This study aims to hammer out a renewed curriculum for the seminary program of Youngnam Theological University and Seminary. In the face of the changing circumstances of the Korean society and in response to the new needs from the church, the seminary is obliged to reevaluate the current curriculum and forge an enhanced one for its future. Furthermore, to maintain its own identity and unity among its member churches. our denomination the Presbyterian Church of Korea regards it imperative for the seminaries affiliated with it teach at least the same required courses. Some major factors to be considered in the process of laying out a new curriculum are believed to include emphases upon our confessional identity i.e., Reformed tradition, spiritual formation, services to the society, and contextualization of pastoral practicum. These factors represent respectively the crisis of identity of our denomination, the spiritual poverty of lay people as well as pastors, the lack of the church's accountability to the society, and the impracticability of the current pastoral practicum. To make a critical reflection upon the current curriculum of our theological institution, those of the seminaries affiliate with our denomination will be reviewed. For the benefit of our seminary, some strengths of them will be adopted.
The Department of Social Welfare at Youngnam Theological University and Seminary should actively and well cope with the era of the fourth industry, globalization, and information service. To that end, we looked at the core competencies of Youngnam Theological University and Seminary based on the findings of the certification evaluation results of the university's institutions. We looked at other universities' cases and literature on how social welfare curricula should be organized to enhance their core competencies. We also looked at what to do for future competency-oriented education courses and social welfare departments. The goals of the revised Department of Social Welfare according to the Youngnam Theological University and Seminary's core competencies were these: first, to develop social welfare professional qualifications by field, second, to build spirituality based on reverence, third, to foster a spirit of service based on philosophy and ethics, fourth, to cultivate professional skills available on-site, and fifth, to foster global social welfare talents. Based on this, the curriculum was revised and found that among the core competencies, the curriculum of field and internationality was relatively low. To enhance fieldwork, it is necessary to establish an administrative support system related to practice. It is necessary to establish an administrative support system related to practice in order to enhance the fieldwork. In the case of internationality, subjects that can work in the International Cooperation Organization are needed as well as the studies of the curriculum are needed, and subjects related to unification social welfare are also required.
The curriculum reorganization work of Youngnam Theological University is in the process of resetting the educational goals required in a new era. The reform plan for the liberal arts curriculum was prepared in consideration of the following three aspects. First, the independent educational goals, human resources, and core competencies of liberal arts education were set by paying attention to the connection between the educational goals and human resources. Second, it was made to set the type of university and the required program according to the current status of the university by referring to the required education system. Here, the “standard model for basic university education” published by the Korean Institute of Liberal Arts and Education was referred to. Third, the reorganization plan of the liberal arts curriculum of our university was composed, each required subject was set, and a rough guideline for the liberal arts selection area was composed.
After 2-century of mission history, development of churches are stagnating and negative evaluations on Christianity is added. At this point of time, it is necessary to assess whether schools that were established for evangelization are properly doing their works. Especially, since seminaries are education organization with special purpose, one ought to assess if curricula are running under the initial purpose. Based on this, present paper will attempt to find the general theory of Christian colleges and seminaries. Evaluation and analysis will be made from YTUS under denomination of Presbyterian Church of Korea(Tonghap) The word college derived from ‘collegium,' a form of dormitory in medieval age. This illustrates that university study was in the form of communitarian lives of teachers and students in dormitory. Universitas was made as students and teachers formed association following guild system that was made for interests of merchants in medieval era. Form of Seminaries has its root in medieval times. Originally, the word ‘seminary' derives from a Latin word with meaning of ‘small patch of land selected to grow saplings.' In Renaissance this was developed as ‘place for training to guard special traditions and further the meaning was settled as ‘place for theological education for clergies with special mission' in modern era. Seminaries were influenced from churches, monasteries, and universities. Their ministerial formation was influenced from church tradition while spiritual formation and academic formation were influenced from monastery tradition and university tradition respectively. In early times, Martin Luther divided theology education into oratio, meditatio and tentatio and exerted only the combination of these three can lead to holistic theology education. Likewise, today's seminaries can make a firm theoretical education when they do not lose the tradition of monasteries, churches and universities and keep them balanced. Based on such educational tradition seminaries ought consider conditions of today's Korean churches and develop new curricula. Since there are overloaded pastors who are more than demands one ought to develop new ministerial model and reflect it to theoretical education as alternative. New interests in recent years such as “tent making ministry” or “business and ministry” will also have to be led to new phase of ministry on well-established theology. Also, leaderships that consider unified Korean churches will also have to be cultivated.