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신정부의 환경정책패러다임은 국민이 체감하는 환경질 개선을 달성할 수 있는 실질적 대책을 실천하는데 있으며, 환경보전과 경제발전이 상생하는 방향으로 정책을 선진화하는데 있다. 따라서 향후 5년간 환경정책비전과 목표주요 핵심과제의 실천계획등 신정부의 환경정책방향을 환경관련학회 학술활동에 연계하면 보다 나은 환경정책지원이 될 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.
본 연구는 인천항으로 유입되는 휴대농산물의 안전성 확보를 위하여 휴대량 초과로 인천본부세관에 유치되는 농산물 등을 검사하였다. 수거 검체는 건고추절편 또는 고춧가루, 곡류, 종실류, 콩류, 견과류, 한약재원료, 참기름 등 총 293건을 대양으로, 품목별로 잔류농약, 곰팡이수, 타르색소, 수단색소 Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, 아플라톡신, 납, 카드뮴, 수은, 비소, 잔류이산화황 분석을 실시하였다. 1. 건고추절편 또는 고춧가루는 잔류농약동시다성분분석, 곰팡이수, 타르색소, 수단색소 Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ 검사를 실시하였고 이중 곰팡이수와 타르색소에서 부적합이 있었다. 2. 종실류는 타르색소 검사에서 불검출이었고, 콩류와 견과류의 아플라톡신 검사결과도 불검출이었다. 3. 곡류는 납, 카드뮴, 수은의 중금속 검사와 흑미의 경우 타르색소 검사를 추가하였고, 쌀 2건, 찹쌀, 율무, 조에서 각 1건씩 납 기준을 초과하였다. 4. 한약재 원료는 납, 카드뮴, 수은, 비소, 잔류이산화황 검사에서 대추 2건과 건강 3건에서 잔류이산화황이 기준을 초과하였고, 건강 1건에서 카드뮴이 부접합하였다. 5. 추석 전에 대거 유입된 참기름의 규격검사 결과는 모두 적합한 것으로 나타냈다. 6. 총 293건의 휴대농산물 가운데 건고추절편 또는 고춧가루 78건, 곡류 5건, 한약재 5건 등 88건에서 규격기준을 초과하여 30% 부적합율을 나타내었다, 시험항목 중에서는 곰팡이수 부적합 76건, 타르색소 1건, 곰팡이수와 타르색소 동시부적합 1건, 납 5건, 잔류이산화황 4건, 잔류이산화황과 카드뮴 동시부적합 1건으로 나타냈다. 7. 중금속 측정결과는 곡류에서 Pb 0.000~0.740㎎/㎏(0.191±0.209), Cd 0.000~0.108㎎/㎏(0.007±0.020), Hg 0.000~4,201㎎/㎏(0.162±0.319)으로 나타났으며, 한약재원료에서는 Pb 0.000~ 2.480㎎/㎏(1.130±0.730), Cd 0.000~0.761㎎/㎏(0.044±0.122), Hg 0.000~0.157㎎/㎏(0.022±0.033), As 0.000~0.560㎎/㎏(0.040±0.082), 잔류이산화황은 2.0~1459.4ppm(303.1±324.2)으로 나타났다. This study was investigated hazardous substances in agricultural products of baggage by Incheon Port from chinese. We tested 293 kinds of dried red pepper, cereal, sesame, bean, nut, herbal medicine and sesame oil for pesticides residue, mold, tar color, sudan Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, aflatoxin, Pb, Cd, Hg, As and sulfur dioxide residues. Violated samples over standard limits by Korean Food and Drug Administartion (KFDA) were 76 dried red pepper over the number of mold and 1 dried red pepper detected red 102 tar color and 1 dried red pepper over the number of mold and detected red 102 tar color simultaneously. And 2 rice, 1 sticky rice, 1 adlay and 1 millet were over lead. Violated herbal medicine were 2 Zizyphi Furctus and 2 Zingiberis Rhizoma over sulfur dioxide residue and 1 Zingiberis Rhizoma over sulfur dioxide residue and cadmium simultaneously. The contents of heavy metals in cereal were as follow; Pb 0.000~0.740㎎/㎏(0.19±0.209), Cd 0.000~0.761㎎/㎏(0.044±0.122), Hg 0.000~0.157㎎/㎏(0.022±0.033), As 0.000~0.560㎎/㎏(0.040±0.082). Contents of SO₂ ranged 2.0~1459.4ppm(303.1±324.2).
The various environmental problems that we face on today are basically about environmental quality. Since early 1960s affluent material was produced because of remarkable economic growth by many cooperations. However, for the lack of environmental policy, environmental pollutions has been serious. The central government should transfer the producing and consuming structure to environmental affinity through the regulations for developing Korea as a model of environmental nation which takes an active part in global environmental programme and in which the environment and economy are well harmonized. Moreover, the central government should take the lead in prevention of environmental pollution through the direct policies such as strengthening the discharge limit or setting up environmental basic institutions by securing budget for conserving environment. This thesis emphasize on the public institution among many environmental basic institutions for environmental anti-pollution project. It will find the problems with running those institutions, and will suggest the preview of improvement. Also, it is necessary to investigate of variation trend for inflow and pollutant loading to environmental infrastructure as increased of the diffusion rate as established and maintenance of sewer system. The purpose of this study is to investigate for inflow and pollutant loading to environmental infrastructure, and also to provide the method of efficiently maintenance and management. The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. Survey of actual condition on operation and management of environmental infrastructure was evaluated the propriety of treatment process and problem of plant management. 2. Analysis of pollutant loading contribution for river system of environmental infrastructure with data analysis of water quality measuring network. 3. To investigate on case study for efficiently maintenance and management of environmental infrastructure. The result on this study was provide the method of efficiently maintenance and management with survey for establish and repair of sewer system and survey of actual condition on operation and management of environmental infrastructure in the water area of discharge to Geum River System. Application as guideline for establish and management of environmental infrastructure, and management of Geum River System. Also, application for preliminary data for fulfill-assess of total effluent regulation of water pollution.
김경애(Kyung-Ae Kim), 이병옥(Byeng Ok Lee), 김오목(Ou Mok Kim), 허명제(Myung Je Hur), 김경태(Kyung Tae Kim), 노재일(Jae Il Ro), 최춘석(Choon Suck Choe), 고종명(Jong Myoung Go), 김용희(Yong Hee Kim) 대한환경위생공학회 2007 대한환경위생공학회지 Vol.22 No.3
In order to investigate water pollution of spring, we carried out the experiments on mineral water, rainwater and surrounding soil of several springs collected in Incheon area from February to August in 2007. The results were as follows. 1. Soil : This study investigated the pH and organic matter contents in the soil which effect on microorganisms, The pH value was from 4.5 to 5.3 on average and organic matter contents ranged from 1,09 % to 5,6% and E. coli, K. pneumoniae, S.faecalis and other microorganisms were isolated. 2. Natural mineral water : As the rainfall increased, the concentration of No?-N, consumption of KMnO₄ and the number of microorganisms was increased while the other physicochemical items were not affected. The microorganism isolated in the natural mineral water were as follows: E. coli. K. oxytoca S. faecalis, S. facium, and so on from evacuation; E. agglomerans, E. amnigenus, E. cloacae, E. sakazakii and so on from the environments and evacuation. Detection of these microorganisms shows that the environment around the spring had been exposed to excrements of the warm blood animal. 3. Rain : The coliforms in the rain were the identical one detected from the mineral water and the soil. In conclusion the quality of natural mineral water is influenced by rain, resident bacteria of soil and surrounding environment. This study will be the basic data of characteristics of spring in Incheon area and also this result will give useful aids for the efficient control of spring.
The purpose if this study was to investigate mother' oral health management behavior to their children. Two hundreds sixty seven mothers with elementary school students were surveyed among the residents living of Iksan city, Korea. A questionnaire was constructed and administered to the samples. The research focused in the following items: the subjects' socio-demographic factors such as education level and employment and so on; their knowledge of plaque; the leading causes of caries. regular dental examinations; dental treatment; their interest in their children's dental health; the frequency of the subjects examining their children's teeth; non-cariogenic food preparation, etc. Being based in collected data. mothers' oral health management behavior to their children were analyzed according to maternal socio-demographic factor and result were following. There was a difference in the subjects knowledge of dental plaque in accordance with their employment or unemployment and family income. There was no difference in mother's oral health management behavior to their children according to parents' education level, the subjects' age and family income. Most of mother answered the main reason of dental caries was that their children did not toothbrush their teeth regularly and there was a difference in the understanding of the subjects in accordance with the education level of fathers and family income. The subjects had a low understanding of the effect of preventing caries with the help of fluoride. They didn't have enough understanding of water fluoridation. So it is necessary that active campaigns should be launched to enlighten people in relation to the ways of preventing dental caries with fluoride.