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      • KCI등재후보

        대한한의학방제학회지(大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌) 처방(處方) 로마자명 표기에 대한 고찰

        송지청,심현아,엄동명,Song, Jichung,Sim, Hyuna,Eom, Dongmyung 대한한의학방제학회 2013 大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌 Vol.21 No.2

        Objectives : Term standardization is the most important for knowledge information in every study. There are several tries to make terminology standards in Korean Traditional Medicine(KTM). We, authors took a review on romanized prescription nomenclature of main titles in Herbal Formula Science to criticize the ways of romanized prescription nomenclature. Methods : We extract romanized prescription name from Vol. 11, No. 1 to latest Issue Vol. 21, No. 1, Herbal Formula Science. Results : The Korean Academy of Oriental Medicine Prescription has guideline for romanized prescription nomenclature. However, only 6 out of 147 romanized prescription name are confirmed with guideline. In addition, 58 out of 142 names are italicized without guideline. Also there are several ways of marking for prescription names. Conclusions : For making knowledge information and easy searching for terms, we need normative regulations for romanized prescription nomenclature by the Society of Korean Medicine level.

      • KCI등재

        『東醫寶鑑』 風門 처방 및 구성 약재의 인용 빈도 분석을 통한 전임상 연구 후보 약재 선별

        임지연,임세현,이병호,조수인 대한한의학방제학회 2022 大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌 Vol.30 No.3

        Objectives: Donguibogam has helped progress of Eastern medicine across Asia and almost all of Korean medicine doctors still use the book as a classic reference. In this study, the prescriptions used in the treatment of stroke in Donguibogam are analyzed and the results are to be used for our subsequent studies. Methods: The frequency of use of prescriptions and the frequency of combination of medicines were analyzed from 89 prescriptions used in the Stroke chapter of Donguibogam, and it was intended to derive a combination prescription and a monosyllabic medicine that can be effectively used in the treatment of stroke for preclinical studies. Results: Ganghwalyupung-tang (羌活愈風湯) was the most mentioned prescription among 89 prescriptions, and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, among 165 species of medicines used in the 89 prescriptions, mixed in 55 prescriptions. However, considering the ratio of frequently used medicines, Sagunja-tang (四君子湯) was the highest in terms of composition ratio. Conclusions: Through this study, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Sagunja-tang were selected as materials for our subsequent studies.

      • KCI등재

        LPS로 활성화된 RAW 264.7 cell에서 NF-κB억제를 통한 六一散 물추출물의 염증억제효과

        이창욱,박상미,김은옥,변성희,김상찬 대한한의학방제학회 2022 大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌 Vol.30 No.2

        Objectives : Yukil-san (YIS, 六一散; Liu yi san) is composed of Talcum and Glycyrrhizae Radix, the name is said to be derived from the proportion of the two herbal components of the formula. The YIS originated from ‘Formulas from the discussion illuminating the Yellow Emperor’s Basic Question’(黃帝素問宣明論方; Huang di su wen xuan ming lun fang) written by Liu Wan-Su (劉完素). YIS could clear summerheat, resolve dampness, and augment the qi. This formula may be used to treat the common cold, influenza, acute gastroenteritis, cystitis, urethritis and bacillary dysentery. But, there is insufficient of study about the effects of YIS on the anti-inflammatory activities. The present study evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects of YIS on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 cells. Methods : Cell viability was assessed by MTT assay and nitric oxide (NO) was evaluated by measuring the nitrite content in culture medium. Pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β and IL-6 were quantified by ELISA kit. The expression of proteins related with nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) were assessed by western blot analysis. Results : YIS significantly inhibited the expression of iNOS increased by LPS, and thus significantly inhibited the production of NO. In addition, YIS significantly inhibited pro-inflammatory cytokines. In the regulation of inflammation, NF-κB pathway plays a crucial role. YIS inhibited the expression of p-IκBα and thus inhibited the translocation of NF-κB to the nucleus. Conclusions : These results suggest that YIS ameliorates inflammatory response in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells through the inhibition of inflammatory mediators, via suppression of the NF-κB pathway. Therefore, this study provides objective evidence for the anti-inflammatory effect of YIS including the underlying mechanisms.

      • KCI등재

        의안(醫案)의 데이터베이스 구조화 연구 - 시수도명의 의안을 중심으로 -

        김성원,김기욱,이병욱,Kim, Sung-Won,Kim, Ki-Wook,Lee, Byung-Wook 대한한의학방제학회 2017 大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌 Vol.25 No.1

        Objectives : The contents of the literature associated with the medical records were entered into the database. We want to find the structure and search methods for efficient utilization of the database. Methods : The contents were entered into the database using the 'Access 2014 of the MS'. The Query Sentences were created and utilized for a search. Results : We could find information about the prescriptions, medical records and patients by the herbs and symptom combinations using the single table named 'Integrated Knowledge' and queries. Integrated Knowledge is a table that gathered patient information, prescription information and symptom information together. Conclusions : If you store patient, prescription and symptom information on a single table, you could search and use the results by various combinations of the various elements included in the table. These results could help curing patients on the basis of evidence-based treatment at the clinics.

      • KCI등재

        동의보감(東醫寶鑑) 중(中) 갈근(葛根)이 주약(主藥)으로 배오(配伍)된 처방(處方)의 방제학적(方劑學的) 고찰(考察)

        조내진,윤용갑,Cho Nae-Jin,Yun Young-Gab 대한한의학방제학회 2003 大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌 Vol.11 No.1

        Through investigation on prescriptions from Dongeuibogam with Radix Puerariae as an ingredient, the following conclusions were reached. The 59 prescriptions with Radix Puerariae as an ingredient are mentioned from chapter of Pediatrics to chapter of Intestinal Convulsions. And 85% of those appears from chapter of Pediatrics to chapter of coughs. Prescriptions with Radix Puerariae as the main ingredient are used for skin diseases, cold, epidemics, abscess, diabetes, stroke, feverish diseases, intestinal diseases, weakness and cough. The dosage of Radix Puerariae varies from 0.875g to 11.25g. 3.75g was the most frequently used dosage which accounts 44%. And those with small dosage of 0.875 to 1.125g were for use on infants or pregnant women. The grounding pathology used for prescriptions with Radix Puerariae as an ingredient appeared to be mostly the pathology related to the Six External Qi. Among this, wind with cold(風寒), wind, cold with heat and humidity(風寒署濕), catching cold(傷寒), successively catching cold(兩感傷寒), cold of the Yangmyung and heat clogging(陽明傷寒火鬱), abnormal weather(時令不正) are the majority. Through the prescriptions with Radix Puerariae as an ingredient, it could be concluded Radix Puerariae that has various functions such as sweating and removing rash(發表透疹), exhalation and curing muscular ache(發散解肌), producing body fluid and ceasing thirst(生津止渴), opening abscess and healing the scar(托瘡生肌), removal of fever(解熱), resolving hangover(醒酒). Seungmagalguntang(升麻葛根湯) is used as the base prescription the most, and various prescriptions and herbs are combined according to the case.

      • KCI등재후보

        황연(黃連) 추출물이 대식세포의 면역단백질 생성에 미치는 영향

        김복기,한효상,이영종,Kim, Bok-Kee,Han, Hyo-Sang,Lee, Young-Jong 대한한의학방제학회 2013 大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌 Vol.21 No.2

        Objectives : The purpose of this study is to observe the effect of Coptidis Rhizoma (CCE-extract of C. chinensis Rhizome) in induction of immune protein on mouse macrophages. Methods : To analyze cytokines interleukin(IL)-$1{\alpha}$, IL-3, IL-9, IL-12p40, IL-13, IL-17, Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein(MCP)-1 induced by macrophages, mouse macrophages were incubated with CCE and was measured. Results : IL-$1{\alpha}$ measurement, CCE showed significant inhibition only at concentration level of 200 ${\mu}g/mL$. IL-3, MCP-1 measurement, CCE showed significant inhibition only at concentration level of 100, 200 ${\mu}g/mL$. IL-9 measurement, CCE showed significant inhibition only at concentration level of 50 ${\mu}g/mL$. IL-13 measurement, CCE showed significant inhibition only at concentration level of 50, 100, 200 ${\mu}g/mL$. The IL-12p40, IL-17 levels indicated no changes at 25, 50, 100, 200 ${\mu}g/mL$ on mouse macrophages. Conclusions : CCE did not significantly increased inflammatory cytokines IL-$1{\alpha}$, IL-3, IL-9, IL-12p40, IL-13, IL-17, Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein(MCP)-1 on mouse macrophages. It was verified CCE does not trigger cytokine related hypersensitivity reaction of organism or exacerbation of acute/chronic inflammatory disease.

      • KCI등재

        천문동(天門冬)이 항암(抗癌) 및 면역세포(免疫細胞)에 미치는 영향(影響)

        정현우,조영임,Jeong, Hyun Woo,Cho, Young-Lim 대한한의학방제학회 1997 大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌 Vol.5 No.1

        동의학(東醫學)에서는 질병의 발생에 대하여 정기(正氣)의 강약(强弱)에 그 관건(關鍵)이 있다하였다. 그리하여 모든 질병의 치료에 있어서도 정기(正氣)의 회복에 중점을 두는 부정법(扶正法)이나 거사법(祛邪法)을 사용하면서도 정기(正氣)에 손상(損傷)을 입히지 않도록 많은 관심을 기우리고 있다. 암(癌)의 치료 또한 정기(正氣)가 얼마만큼 보충되는가에 따라 항병능력(抗病能力)이 항진(亢進)된다할 수 있을 것이다. 현재 국내외적(國內外的)으로 악성종양(惡性腫瘍)을 치료하기 위하여 다방면으로 연구를 하고 있으며, 또한 실제로 사용하고 있는 치료방법들로는 수술요법(手術療法) 방사선요법(放射線療法) 면역료법(免疫療法) 화학요법(化學療法)등이 있지만 아직까지는 미흡한 상태라 할 수 있을 것이다. 현재 일반적으로 항암제(抗癌劑)를 이용한 화학요법(化學療法) 등이 사용되고 있고, 면역료법(免疫療法)을 위한 많은 방법들이 연구되고 있어 본 저자(著者)들은 천문동(天門冬)이 면역세포(免疫細胞)의 증식(增殖)을 촉진시켜주면서 항암작용(抗癌作用)이 있을 것으로 사료(思料)되는 바 피부암세포(皮膚癌細胞)인 A431 cell line과 골수암세포(骨髓癌細胞)인 KHOS-NP cell line에 천문동(天門冬)을 투여(投與)하여 암세포(癌細胞)의 증식(增殖)을 살펴보고, 면역세포(免疫細胞)인 T cell과 B cell의 증식(增殖)을 살펴보았다. 또한 복강내(腹腔內) macrophage에서 분비되는 NO의 양(量)을 In vitro와 In vivo실험(實驗)을 통하여 살펴보았고, T cell의 apoptosis 및 subpopulation의 양(量)을 관찰하였다. 이 결과(結果) 천문동(天門冬)은 A431 cell 및 KHOS-NP cell에 항암작용(抗癌作用)을 보였고, T-cell의 증식(增殖)을 촉진시켰으며, 마우스 복강내(腹腔內) macrophage에서 분비(分泌)되는 NO의 양(量)을 감소시켜고, T cell의 apoptosis에 있어서는 대조군(對照群)에 비하여 유의성(有意性)있게 증가(增加)시켰으며, subpopulation에서는 $T_H$ cell을 증가(增加)시켰다. 그리하여 천문동(天門冬)은 항암작용(抗癌作用) 뿐만아니라 면역세포(免疫細胞)의 증식(增殖)에도 관여하는 약물(藥物)로 인정(認定)할 수 있을 것으로 사료(思料)된다. To investigate effect of water extract of Asparagi Tuber(天門冬) on human cancer cell-lines and immunocytes, this research estimated proliferation of A431 cell line, KHOS-NP cell line, mouse thymocytes and mouse splenocytes, Nitric Oxide(NO) from macrophage, apoptosis and subpopulation of the mouse thymocytes. The result were obtained as follows ; 1. Asparagi Tuber inhibited the proliferation of A431 cell line. 2. Asparagi Tuber inhibited the proliferation of KHOS-NP cell line. 3. Asparagi Tuber accelerated the proliferation of mouse thymocytes. 4. Asparagi Tuber inhibited the proliferation of mouse splenocytes. 5. Asparagi Tuber $100{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ inhibited the production of NO from macrophages in vitro, being compared NPS+IFN treated group. 6. Asparagi Tuber inhibited the production of NO from macrophages in vivo, being compared LPS+IFN treated group. 7. Asparagi Tuber accelerated the induction of apoptosis of the mouse thymocytes. 8. In subpopulation Asparagi Tuber increased $T_H$ of the mouse thymocytes, but decreased $T_C/T_S$ of the mouse thymocytes.

      • KCI등재

        황기와 행인(杏仁)이 면역세포(免疫細胞)의 Apoptosis 및 Nitric Oxide에 미치는 효과(效果)

        정현우,문한주,Jeong Hyun-Woo,Moon Han-Ju 대한한의학방제학회 1998 大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌 Vol.6 No.1

        The purpose of this research was to investigate effects of Astragali Radix(AR) and Armeniacae Semen(AS) on T-lymphocytes and peritoneal macrophages in mice. The proliferation of thymocytes and splenocytes were teated using macroplate-reader. The apoptosis and sub-population of T-lymphocytes were tested using a flow cytometer. Nitric oxide production was tested using a Griess reagents. The result were obtained as follow; 1. AR increased the proliferation of thymocytes and splenocytes. 2. AS decreased the proliferation of thymocytes and splenocytes. 3. AR and AS decreased No production fron peritoneal macrophages 4. AR and AS were accelerate T-lymphocytes apoptosis. 5. AR and AS increased $T_C$ cells population, but decreased $T_H$ cells population of T-lymphocyte.

      • KCI등재

        계기복령환이 수종(數種)의 암세포주(癌細胞柱) 및 면역기능(免疫機能)에 미치는 영향(影響)

        강성도,진천식,정현우,Gang Seong-Do,Jin Cheon-Sik,Jeong Hyeon-U 대한한의학방제학회 1999 大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌 Vol.7 No.1

        The purpose of this Study was to investigate effects of KaegiBokryengHwan(KBH) on anti-tumor, immunocytes and nitric oxide(NO). This Study estimated the proliferation of L1210 cell lines, HeLa cell lines, SK-OV3 cell lines, MCF-7 cell lines, balb/c mouse 3T3 cell lines, mouse thymocytes and mouse splenocytes and NO production from peritoneal macrophages in vitro. and estimated the proliferation of L1210 cells, mouse thymocytes and splenocytes and NO production from peritoneal macrophages and body weight in L1210 cells-transplanted mice in vivo. The result were obtained as follow ; 1. KBH inhibited significantly SK-OV3 cell lines in vitro. 2. KBH was accelerate significantly the proliferation of balb/c mouse thymocytes in vitro. 3. KBH increased significantly NO production from peritoneal macrophages in vitro. 4. KBH didn't effect the cytotoxicity of L1210 cells in L1210 cells-transplanted mice. 5. KBH was accelerate the proliferation of splenocytes in L1210 cells-transplanted mice. 6. KBH increased NO production from peritoneal macrophages in L1210 cells-transplanted mice. 7. KBH increased the body weight as comparing with control group in L1210 cells-transplanted mice.

      • KCI등재

        桂枝加附子湯을 이용하여 호전된 요실금 치험 1례

        윤효중,이숭인 대한한의학방제학회 2018 大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌 Vol.26 No.4

        Objective : The purpose of this case report is to offer an unprecedented target for Gyejigabuja-tang by analyzing a case in which the symptoms were improved by the herbal decoction therapy, and to accumulate a fundamental knowledge in herbal medicine therapy for urinary incontinence. Method : We studied a patient’s chart with the patient’s consent and displayed patient’s timeline and adherence in a figure according to the CARE guideline. The progress of urination symptoms were assessed with the frequency of urination and how long the patient can stand urine. The accompanied lower limb pain was estimated with Numerical Rating Scale(NRS) Results : The patient’s adherence was good during the medication period and symptoms related with urination and accompanied lower limb pain were improved with no specific side effects. NRS of the lower limb pain decreased from 7 to 2, the frequency of urination also improved from over 10 times to 6~8 times per day, and the patient can stand urine from less than 1 second to 2~3 minutes. Conclusions : Gyejigabuja-tang was effective for an urinary incontinence patient which corresponds to the provision No.20 in Shanghanlun.

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