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      • 고령화 사회의 노인들을 위한 가톨릭교회의 사목적 방안 연구 : 대구대교구를 중심으로

        권호섭 대구가톨릭대학교 대학원 2013 국내석사

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        As medicine develops and sense of hygiene improves, the life expectancy has been longer and the 'aging society' has come. As we never experienced the aging society, there are concerns about the problem that could be caused by the aging society. The main cause of the concern is related to finance. We tend to see the aging society regards to finance; the decrease of labor population and the increase of cost to support seniors. Seniors are treated as an obstacle in the modern IT society where individual competence and new knowledge are valued. Society devalued seniors as the main cause of various social problems and even describes the aging society as 'a national timing bomb' or 'the shadow of disaster'. As a result, seniors are getting isolated and suffer various difficulty. On the contrary, church regards seniors as the blessed creature of God, symbol of wisdom and people to be respected. So, a church accepts aging as a blessing and a big project. Following this, Daegu Archdiocese carries out various pastoral projects for seniors. However, pastoral projects for seniors are far less paid attention comparing with the pastoral projects for the youth. Daegu Archdiocese should make an effort to develop the pastoral projects for seniors. Such effort would be helpful to make a social trend which accepts old age as a blessing and mission, and play a big role to recover the dignity of the seniors. This thesis gives priority to reconfirm the meaning of the old age and its value following the lesson of the catholic church, and seek the ways to recover the dignity of the senior. In addition, this thesis plans to grasp the state of the aging society and the pastoral projects for seniors by Daegu Archdiocese, and suggest substantial guideline to improve and develop the projects. This is the purpose of this thesis. A similar study had been done at the graduate school in Catholic University in 2009. It is the thesis by Chan Young Choi for his graduate degree; The role of the catholic church to activate the pastoral projects for seniors in the aging society - mainly by Archdiocese of Seoul and Uijeongbu. However, the thesis is about the activity in Seoul and Uijeongbu, and a study about the activity in Daegu Archdiocese needs to be done. Therefore, in chapter I this thesis overviews the aging society and the life of the seniors in general. In chapter II this thesis tries to understand the meaning of the old age and its value through bible, documents kept in the church and the catholic church, and confirm the lesson of the catholic church regards to seniors. In chapter III this thesis analyzes the state of the aging society in Daegu Archdiocese and in the ares under its jurisdiction, and examines the state of the pastoral projects for seniors and problems. Finally in chapter IV this thesis finds the purpose of the pastoral projects for seniors to set a correct direction and the goal of the pastoral projects for seniors following the guideline of the projects. This thesis also suggests the ways to improve and activate the pastoral projects for seniors based on Daegu Archdiocese and its parish church.

      • 성경을 이용한 청소년 교리교육 효율성에 관한 연구 : 2000년 개정된 대구대교구 주일학교 교리교재와 2005년 대구대교구 복음여행 비교분석을 중심으로

        이진옥 대구가톨릭대학교 신학대학원 2008 국내석사

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        (Abstract) Our youth are the leaders of tomorrow, and our catholic church agrees with this opinion. The letter "To every youth in world" from Pope John PaulⅡ said "You have hope, because you are part of the future and the future depends on you." And every society thinks youth education is a very important part of our lives too. We, as members of a society, have created many kinds of education program for youth. The Archbishopric, where is involved with Korea, is trying to develop a variety of youth programs. Unfortunately, the participation rate in Sunday school is decreasing these days. Catechesis needs to be more interesting and fun. We need to understand what happens in Sunday school. Usually Sunday school teachers are University students. They prepare for their class at least 1week in advance and they have class every weekend at anappointed hour. They try to teach by using many kinds of sources but youth do not feel the class is fun or helpful to develop their faith. This problem happens because of Sunday school teachers don't have a background in Theology so this makes it difficult to teach youth catechesis. Another problem is the text book. The text book is one of the most important sources in education. All education is influenced from not only the teacher's skill but also the text book. If the text book is too hard to understand for both the teacher and the students then this will be a serious problem. So the textbook needs to be easy to understand. In the case of catechesis, the text book is a really important source for educating faith to people. It should help individuals understand what it means to be Catholic. Unfortunately in the Catholic Church here Korea's traditional text book follows the Korean cramming system of education so people who want to be baptized or participate in the Catholic education program have to memorize all the Catholic teachings. This system was very effective in 1970s but now it is ineffective. For youth, a story telling system of education is more effective than the cramming system of education. So this study recommends using the bible for youth catechesis. The bible is the basis catechesis with sanctuary. In the bible there is God's teachings, and information about Jesus and the disciples’ lives. The structure of the bible is story telling so this bible will help our youth's faith through understanding Jesus and thedisciples’ lives; moreover, this will help students understand the Catholic teaching more easily. So the purpose of this study is about look at the effect of using the bible in youth catechesis. This study consists of five chapters. In chapter 1, we are going to look at characteristics of the Korean Catholic church's catechesis and how it is concerned with the realities of youth catechesis. Moreover, we will find out about current catechesis from Sunday school teachers (financial affairs and textbook.) We present the solution to reform the text book. In chapter 2, we are going to compare Daegu Archbishopric's Catholic education text book (2000ed) & Daegu Archbishopric's 'Traveling Gospel' based on the views of teachers and students. In chapter 3, we investigate the issue of the text book and present the solution of using the bible for youth Catechesis. Moreover, here we are going to look for examples of other Archbishopric’s youth Catechesis using the Bible. In chapter 4, new teaching skills using the bible are presented, particularly a metaphor in 4 gospels. We will also provide an example form of catechesis for youth. Finally in chapter 5, we are going to look the effectiveness of catholic youth education based on the bible. In conclusion, if youth catechesis uses the bible, it is really helpful for youth to understand the catholic teachings and strengthen their faith. But if teachers just focus on the Gospel, this can create a formal catechesis that does not promote learning and understanding. So when they harmony with both bible and sanctuary then youth catechesis will be more effective.

      • 한국 가톨릭교회의 생태의식과 실천모델 연구

        정홍규 대구가톨릭대학교 대학원 2014 국내박사

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        For this study, let's look into several signs of times which took place in the last 20 years. Firstly, during the outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in 2000 and 2002, avian influenza or bird flu in 2004, and BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) and mad cow disease in 2008, it was observed that Korean churches showed an ambiguous attitude to burying groups of animals alive. There is no 'ethical language' for the animals' wellbeing in our church. Secondly, the on-line emergency news has continuously stated that the Catholic priests have held masses to protest against the construction of a naval base at Gangjeong village in Jejudo and that people held united struggles against the construction of the power-transmission towers in Milyang. A few priests have devoted their lives so as not to construct nuclear power plants in Samcheok City and Yeongdeok County. However, it has been observed that some other priests showed opposite attitudes about 'the confrontational situation' of the construction of nuclear power plants in Samcheok City and Yeongdeok County. Especially, thirdly, the episcopate announced its stance about 'Life and 4-Rivers Project' in 2010. However, different opinions from the episcopate have confused believers about what ecological justice is. In the same year, though 'A Guide on the Environment from the Korean Catholic Episcopate' was announced, the guidance didn't become effective on the church scene in the sense of 'ecological education and solidary practice.' Lately, after the nuclear disaster caused by the earthquake in Fukusima, Japan in May, 201I, countries in East Asia, especially Korea, feel scared of food contaminated by radioactivity because of close location from Japan. However, it is difficult to find 'the leadership from the episcopate of Korea and Japan' in order to take a step towards solutions for alternative energy. From the several cases mentioned above, the church does not take 'the ecological responsibility' quickly. In this study, it was discussed about how ecological movements shaped up and were embodied in 1990s, the daybreak of the Catholic movements for the eco-evangelization. By looking for pioneer-activitists who devoted themselves to our sustainable environment, our potential foundation for ecology will be discussed and cases and tasks for the ecological movements will be explored. There have been integrated instruction, ecological heritage and various voices about ecology from Pope John Paul Ⅱ in 1990 to Pope Benedictus XⅥ in 2010 for 20 years. In spite of that, each diocese and each church was not able to incorporate the above instructions into their religious life and did not practice the instructions. This study intends to reflect on the reason why they were not practiced. The 20 years in this study is the same period of the dawn and reclamation period of the Korean Catholic Eco-movement of which I took the initiative. I was in charge of the representative of the Korean National Priests' Environmental Association and the representative of the Korean Priests' National Preservation of Creation Order. I also made several other attempts for ecological evangelization. I developed theology and spirituality to have people realize the importance of farming through direct transactions between farmers and urban buyers and to ground the basic foundation of eco-movements. I demonstrated that church can have an eco-motif to Koreans by the efforts for the conservation of the Dong River and the protest of the construction of 4-Rivers Project. I created a model of an eco-church in Daegu and was evaluated to open up a new horizon of eco-evangelization. I established a nature school and an alternative eco-school for children for a sustainable future and I incorporated new and various ecological thoughts into the curriculum of the school. In this study, it was revealed that our actions without reflection on the past repeat the same trials and errors. If we retranslate the concentrational movements, heritage of the church, and the hands-on experiences for the last 20 years and if we integrate them with modern eco-vision, our church will be able to give shape to our hope for 'the Era of Peace-Ecology' of Pope Benedict XVI. Hopefully, this study will be dedicated to the 'great work' to preserve the Earth and to find a new eco-gospelization model as Thomas Berry already mentioned. In the 21st century, to change from the era of devastation to the era of mutually reciprocal relationships, it is essential to examine the eco-direction of the Catholic church and to create the alternative model for practice. Thus, it will become 'the great work' to open up 'the ecozoic-era' as Thomas Berry said.

      • 경상도 지역의 순교자와 현양 운동에 관한 고찰 : 대구대교구 순교자 20위 중심으로

        서대원 대구가톨릭대학교 대학원 2014 국내석사

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        The history of the Catholic Church in Korea is unique in that it has accepted the Gospel without any presence of missionaries. Moreover, the church has been able to practice its faith through the noble blood of its previous martyrs, as in the saying of Latin priest Tertullian, “the blood of the martyrs is the seed of the Church.” To remember its martyrs, the Korean Catholic Church has proclaimed September as ‘the Month of the Martyrs' in commemoration of those who laid down their lives for the Gospel in Korea. In the sphere of exaltation of martyrdom, however, it has been often superficial and passive in practice. Upon the current awareness of this issue, I thought that it would be meaningful to study and write about the holy spirit of martyrdom and an appropriate exaltation of its martyrs. The paper will examine top twenty martyrs and the movement of martyrs’ exaltation of the Catholic Archdiocese of Daegu based on historical events. In chapter Ⅰ, it gives an overview of martyrdom including the definition of martyrdom and martyrs, the concept of martyrs in the Bible, the meaning of martyrs through the eyes of Catholic priests and the history of honoring the martyrs. In chapter Ⅱ, it illustrates martyrs during the period of persecution in Gyeongsang-do, the early history of Catholicism in the region, the influence on Yeongnam area and the Martyrs in Daegu-Gyeongbuk area and their religious witnesses, beliefs and contributions. In chapter Ⅲ, it provides an origin of martyrs’ exaltation and its evolution and the martyrs’ exaltation movement followed by three parts: a period of voluntary exaltation of martyrs, a period of exaltation of martyrs activities and a period of regional exaltation movement. When we think of the lives of the martyrs, there is always God at the center of their lives. At the moment of life and death, they have always lowered themselves and followed God’s will. The most important of which is to recognize God’s will as a daily priority and devote ourselves to prayers. When this is practiced in our everyday life, there would be a true meaning of the martyrs’ exaltation. The movement of exaltation of martyrs includes holding a funeral for the martyrs, visiting their graveyards and collecting historical records. Through these achievements, we can commit our personal glory and set an example of life of faith for our descendants. Martyrs are the ones who have devoted their precious lives to God’s work and truly practiced the act of love thy neighbor. Today, we are not able to suffer bloody martyrdom, but we must proceed the hard work of martyrdom. True martyrdom will finally be accomplished when we exert the act of love and faith to God as the martyrs have done with their lives.

      • 우리나라 공교육 제도 안에서의 가톨릭 학교의 정체성에 대한 고찰 : 대구광역시 내에 소재한 가톨릭 중.고등학교를 중심으로

        이정엽 대구가톨릭대학교 대학원 2012 국내석사

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        Public education can be defined as mandated activities that lead a human-being genuine. However, the meaning of public education can be applied to various perspectives based on which site of the essence of education is taken into consideration as the significance of education is composed of diverse sub-concepts. Amongst many concepts of education, the intellectual aspect is particularly emphasised in Korean public educational system. Thus, it is often argued that the educational institution centred on intellectualism may interrupt students to form right values along with the proper ideals to become an eligible social individual. So it is crucial to seek fundamental solutions of public education system to avoid students failing in shaping better characteristics in Korea. It is claimed that the reality of current Korean public education system is severe as it is thought to be facing no internal stability, also a lack of governmental finance support, an increase of early overseas students and a rise of private education and resulted fees. It is generally blamed on the public education system in Korea that is solely university preparatory and that ignores basic purposes of public education such as education for the whole and students’ self-realisation. In the mentioned circumstances, Korean public education is desperately in the need of changes especially on providing equal educational opportunities and also offering even intellectualities to the whole. In order to achieve these goals, it is important to value the process itself rather than the result which would bring better opportunities to shape up stable institutional backups and for students to open up a diverse way to the success and to accept a wide range of different values. In addition, it is also vital to develop and execute the whole-person education programmes that can assist students to respect each individual’s different characteristics and dignities of student. By doing so, the society finally would embrace individual differences not just with the academic achievements and value more on moral attentions and considerations. Therefore, this study proves the positive effects of catholic schools on both sides of education, intellectuality and whole-person which lead students to form community spiritualities in chapter 2. Then it will search the identity and the role of catholic schools based on the church literature to examine the beneficial influences of catholic schools and of both internal and external evangelisation work on bringing students of abilities. Catholic Church aims to enhance students to understand the effectiveness of welfare through catholic schools. It also tries for students to be prepared to proffer services and to be an apostolate role-model who is able to extend God’s world. Catholic Church emphases education not only through catholic schools but also with homes (parents), nations (societies) and churches all together. Church accents on the notion that every party should be a part of forming and developing right values and intellectual abilities of students to bring religiously faithful individuals to the society. In other words, the whole-person education should be delivered based on the Christian spiritualities to shape an individual who can serve a local evangelisation. This is to actualise the identity of catholic schools. The main educational purpose of the catholic schools is to form Christian individuals who have upright characters by focusing on educational efforts and Christian spiritualities. As mentioned this can be accomplished by educational programmes that are designed to build an upright character and self-actualisation and to fulfil right social duties along with the eligible catholic educators who are evangelised. It is believed when the educators to precedently be sincere and faithful in everyday lives of theirs’, schools would be filled with the evangelical spirits such as love and liberality. This is the key notion of catholic churches’ educational policy through the catholic schools. Catholic schools should seek for educational methods through catholic ideals, but it should be well-balanced in accordance with the Korean and church’s law as well as the public educational issues. Thus, in chapter 3 followings are discussed; first, the reality of catholic middle- and high- schools’ educational state, the history and the current conditions of Daegu Archdiocese’s catholic education, focused on the interviews with clergies and religious who are dispatched to catholic middle- and high-schools in Daegu. Statistically, there are 1.5% catholic middle- and high-schools in Korea, there are eight catholic schools in Daegu where happens to be the most schools out of all dioceses followed by the most of faculties and students. Among faculties, 71.2% are catholic believers where students only are 18.2%. This may show the severe needs of both internal and external evangelic missionaries. Schools applied to the research have shown diverse educational programmes by clergies and religious. Schools are to consolidate the existence of themselves along with their identities, whole-person and character shaping programmes which are built with the catholic spiritualities. By doing so, students can form upright personalities and become suitable individuals to evangelized in local communities. In order to accomplish this, it is important all members of a school to have inner catholic values. For example, teachers who seem to spend the most time with students be crucial in terms of shaping students inner completion of evangelization. Thus, clergies and religious who are dispatched to schools have to perform a certain role not only as a missionary but also as an evangelic role model for teachers. However, their efforts do not seem to be enough, every home, nation (society), and church should play it together to actualise and to make students’ dreams come true by establishing a solid identity of catholic schools. These efforts might support the identity establishment of catholic schools are proposed. As mentioned, it is vital for catholic schools’ own attempts as well as the local bishop’s support. Supports from the bishop can lead to a proactive pastoral with fostering trained or specialised priests for school pastorals. This can be flourished with the supports from the associate parties. Catholic Church and schools should priory take care of the poor who have been abandoned from love and supports with a firm plan to educate those students. Students classified with by the law should be selected and provided satisfactory supports both mentally and economically. Also, catholic schools should develop their own teaching methods to enhance the unique features of catholic schools. For instance, programmes like building characters, community spirits, preventative disciplines, reading comprehensions, underachiever cares, career shaping, life respects and so on. As a matter of fact, schools have applied those programmes to their curriculums in Daegu. This should be continuously managed by certain stages of planning, executing, and measuring. Despite the fact that catholic schools cannot completely ignore the Korean educational territories like examinations, schools should find a balance in between by accepting intellectual education for the whole. Consequently, this study suggests “AMOS gospel share” and “community response” programmes from small community program. These Christian gatherings can solve those issues with a perspective of evangelization. In the programmes, students can be taught that other students are companions who we have to love rather than competitors. These efforts are to flourish the humane relationship with the God and to fulfil the love with one other, consequently, to help students to be mature social individuals. In sum, this research suggests right directions for catholic schools to proceed in order to actualise the adequate identity in public education boundaries by giving catholic thoughts and literatures. Secondly, this study examines the current conditions of whole-person education as well as the personality shaping education of catholic middle- and high-school in Daegu such as Daegun and Hyosung Middle Schools and Daegun and Hyosung Girls’ High schools. Lastly, it recommends the efforts to helps students to have Christian spirituality to embrace the evangelization based on the interview with clergies and religious.

      • 한국 가톨릭계 중`고등학교의 올바른 종교교육에 관한 고찰(대구대교구를 중심으로)

        이종욱 대구가톨릭대학교 대학원 2010 국내석사

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        (Abstract) The Korean Catholic Church have been establishing and managing a lots of schools until now. Although this Catholic schools have been doing social service, The criticizers said to the them "Do Catholic schools have a righteous role as the Catholic school on nowadays?". they said that the Nation has enough to running school, so no more necessary to run the Catholic school for the mission. If catholic schools can't realize the Catholic ideal by inner reasons, The church will should to focus on the need places and to use the their energy. Now The Catholic church must to show the their opinion to the all kinds of opposite side. May they were not for that, they would lose the their reason of being. So this thesis try to observe the identity of Catholic school and the practical problem with a critical mind. beside It is to the study on the vision of Korean Catholic schools. First, This thesis looks into the identity of Catholic school in aspect of evangelization. As Catholic school are the place of evangelization, Students were experienced and learned the evangelical worth. And they have the existential change oneself to evangelization. After the finish school, they will help evangelization to the society. Second, This thesis looks into the Catholic middle and high schools realize the their own ideal base on recognizing the identity of Catholic school. The examination is to start from the aspect the actual conditions, the religion acting, the humanity education, and the religion education to center in Archdiocese of Dae-gu's Catholic schools. Beside It looks into the problem of Korean Catholic church about the legal side, social culture side, and in the school side. The Last, This thesis suppose the vision of Catholic schools in special educational situation. May this thesis will be a nutritious element for recovering identity of the Korean Catholic schools and developing that.

      • 교회 일치 운동에 관한 역사적 고찰 : 동·서방교회를 중심으로

        윤여홍 대구가톨릭대학교 대학원 2020 국내석사

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        This paper is about the history of The Schism and The Unity of the Eastern and the Western Church. In particular, it is focusing on some events that caused The Schism and the efforts that the Western Church have made to be united with the Eastern Church. In addition, I have suggested some ways for the unity of a Catholic Church. Christianity was formed by the community of those who believed in Jesus Christ by the apostles and disciples who had experienced the resurrection of Jesus Christ within the Pentecost. Since the Martyrdom of Stephanus in AD 33, Christianity has been persecuted for about 250 years. It lasts till AD 313 when Constantine the great of Roman empire declared the Edict of Milan. The Christian emperor confirmed the freedom of Christianity. However Christianity began to be separated from the inside as the capital of the Roman Empire had been moved to Constantinople in AD 330. There were many factors affected the separation such as political struggle, cultural environment, theological arguments, dogmatic divergences. Especially the clash of the different point of views on the ‘Primacy of Pope’ had accelerated the division. Further more, ‘Filioque Controversy’ and ‘Iconoclastic Controversy’ had worsen the situation by causing critical divergences in the field of Theology and Dogma. After all, the most decisive reason for the Schism of Catholic Church is the Pontius Schism and the Eastern Schism in 1054. ‘The Mutual Excommunication’ had torn up the Catholic Church into the Western and the Eastern Churches. That had caused an irreversible situation. Since the Schism of the Eastern and the Western Churches in 1054, both Churches have made a great endeavors to restore the Unity of the Church. Before the Vatican Council Ⅱ, The Western Church had stayed within quite passive and defensive position toward the agenda. In some point They even demonstrated an exclusive attitude such as “Outside the Church, There is no Salvation”. However the Western Catholic had started to shift the position since the Vatican Council Ⅱ. Official documents of the Council such as 「Lumen Gentium」, 「Gaudium et Spes」, 「Unitatis Redintegratio」 show that the Western Catholic is trying to overcome the Schism through a new, active and enterprising way. The Pope Paul Ⅵ also expressed regret over the Schism, especially on The Mutual Excommunication on the behalf of the Western Catholic with Athenagoras, the Patriarch of the Eastern Church. After that, the other successive Popes also have made efforts to full fill the Unity through theological debate and the “Conversation within in Love”. At the end of this paper, I have made some suggestions which may promote the Unity of the Church in the light of the Church documents. First, spiritual unity movement shall be emphasized. The Catholic Church has been appreciating a Joint Prayer as a first step toward the Unity. We must overcome the Schism and pray together that the Holy Spirit may lead us to the Unity of the Church. Second, various levels of meetings and exchanges shall be made. There should be more interchanges between the members of the Church such as theological conversation. In addition, the Roman Curia and the College of Bishops shall support the efforts of the Church and its members. Third, various cooperation of all Christians is required. Christians should engage in various activities of studying and protesting against the matters threatening human dignity and the entire human race. Also all members of Church should participate in serving those suffering in society due to poverty and disease. If the members of the Church strive altogether to overcome the Schism in their own positions, the relationship between the Western and the Eastern Church may be developed. What I have been trying to say through this paper is that we shall spare no effort to restore the life of the early Church and the origin of the Christian faith following the spirit of the Vatican Council Ⅱ. Pope John Paul Ⅱ said, “The Unity was the will of Christ, and the Unity of Church is the universal mission of the Church.” Jesus also prayed, “Let them all become one.” (Jn 17,21). According to these, the Unity of Church is a “Sign of the Times.” (Mt 16,3). As a Christian we have a mission to respond to this sign. Pope Francis says, “We are brothers, not competitors. If there’s one thing the Catholic Church wants, it’s the Unity with the Orthodox Church, and the Catholic Church shall not present any conditions for fully perfect Unity.”. As the Pope said, we should accept them as brothers, not as competitors. And we should endeavor altogether for the Unity.

      • 일제의 종교정책과 대구대목구의 대응에 대한 고찰 : 드망즈 주교를 중심으로

        박상혁 대구가톨릭대학교 대학원 2011 국내석사

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        The religious policy in colonial rule of Japan was religion to contribute colonial rule of Choson. The colonial Japan insisted on the separation of religion from education, and began to separate missionaries from education boundaries and regulated mission of Christianity by imposing restrictions directly on their mission. The various regulatory laws on religion were such results. To restrict religion education at school, it promulgated Ordinance of private school laws, Enforcement rule of Private school laws and Revised Private school laws. and to restrict missionary activity, Missionary laws was announced and Shinto ceremonies was forced and promulgated the Religious organization act. Those laws were amended several times later on but the basic system had been persisted during colonial period. This article aims to highlight the response of Daegu Vicariat against colonial Japanʼs religious policy. therefore the time frame of this study is mainly confined to the period Bishop Demange at his post in Daegu Vicariat from 1911 until 1938 of his expiry. In the 1st chapter, it examined the historical situation of the Daegu Vicariat under Colonial rule of Japan. In the 2nd chapter, it deal twith the Chosunʼs separation policy of church between politics and religion and major policy on religion done by Colonial Japan. In the 3rd chapter, there sponse of Daegu Vicariat was examined against religious policy of the Colonial rule of Japan. In the era of 1910-1920 when the Private school laws, Revised private school laws, Missionary laws were introduced, there were difficulties in mission fund or missionary staffs due to recruit of missionaries or decreased or suspended donations of mission fund in connection with Chosun-Japan annexation and the 1st World War. Despite the situation, Bishop Demange reformed the education of theological school through his church letter providing commentaries on the new education act and education system as well as pastoral letter on education while urging establishment of school and education project as a means for evangelization purposes. Regarding Missionary laws, Bishop Demange obtained an approval from coronal government by announcing new laws on missionary through official letter. But on the other hand, the Bishop reported this problem to Minister of Congregatio de Propaganda Fide (Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith) during Ad limina (regular visit) to Vatican while explaining illegality of the Missionary laws through pastoral letter. Independence Movement, the Bishop took a moderate position not permitting participation based on the principle of separation between politics and religion. In terms of forced shrine visit by coronial Japan, Bishop Demange refused to pay respect to the effects of shrine and had negative feelings to shrine visit but based on the legitimately based on declaration to support the official instruction announced by archbishop Mooney, Ambassador to the Pope, he interpreted the shrine visit to be regarded as royalty to the nation rather than religious ritual. But he also elaborated that Daegu Vicariat people shall be prohibited to make active participation and should behave to the extent to have passive participation and bow only. Upon promulgation of Religious Organization act, it was difficult for Daegu Vicariat to properly respond on it. The Chosun church was completely subjugated by the rule of colonial Japan after outbreak of the Pacific war. National Total Chosun-Federation suppressed the church, prohibited study on official letter from Vicariat and mid-night player of Christmas, forced resignation of foreigner Bishop and missionaries. situation deteriorated to the extent that Justinus theology school was shot-down, and French missionaries were prohibited their activities and detained by the group. As mentioned, the discrete attitude of Bishop Demange affected to other various projects to influence the development of vicariat. If there was no sustained leadership of Bishop for 27 year term, it could be very hard to achieve expansion of church due to desertion of believers caused by Japanese exploitation as well as development of social work. Of course there were mistakes providing indirect cooperation to the Japanese colonial rule to Chosun by Passively joining the peoples movement as not permitting students of Justinus theology school to 3.1 Independence Movement, approval of Shinto ceremonies being contrary to the peopleʼs expectation and taking part of it. However, it is not a fair if evaluation is made to any matter or problem by observing one side only. Looking back past from the present position, and on the basis of reflection, it is desired that such an evaluation should be a milestone for future church. Therefore if we can evaluate fairly showing naked painful past of our church and make a open regret to the public not to repeat such mistake, the mistake of the past shall be a corner stone to pave the way for future. The church announced ?Renewal and Reconciliation? to its past to take first step to ?Renew and Reconcile? the past mistake. In the rapidly changing modern society, such kind of Renewal and Reconciliation should not be limited to one time event in order to spread and testify the Kingdom of God. In fact, In the modern society, the Church has to make regret ceaselessly to the mistake of its own actively in order to spread and testify the Kingdom of God. Under such basis to seek and to follow the Jesus Christ ?one may be able to reach to never extinguishable light through cross of Jesus by relentless self renewal under the sprit of God? The church in the new millennium should create new history. It is easy to make a judgement to the past but creation of it should be a difficult task. Finally, it is hoped to be able to join building the Kingdom of God to understand the sign of thisera through trustful reconciliation and less on of the past history to be with society and people.

      • 가톨릭敎會의 宗敎禮式에서 전례꽃 작품의 象徵的 表現에 관한 硏究

        장정희 大邱가톨릭大學校 디자인大學院 2003 국내석사

        RANK : 249631

        In a religious ceremony of Catholicity, the flowery work for the ritual serves as a conversational medium for eternal meeting between God and human being; as it were, it is superior to a mere decoration and a dedication of sanctuary as the holy art. The flowery work for the ritual is the holy art as a way for the mysterious expression of the faith like fine arts and music for the ritual, and it serves for a helper to transmit the ritual content to worshipers. The purpose of this research is to grasp the ritual meaning of Lent that prepares Easter as the best leading time in the Catholic Church, by raising the research on a symbolical expression of the flowery work for the ritual as the subject in the ritual of the Catholic Church. And my study is to inquire into the formative character and the symbolic form by analyzing the shape of flowery work, the expressional material, the color, and the material feel. The results are as follows. The shape of the flowery work for the ritual of Lent symbolized the purification through the shape of mirror and expressed the sufferings and the pain through the sharp thorns, by maximizing the death sufferings as the shape of the holy Cross and the crown of thorns. The suffering, pain, death, and purification of Jesus Christ were expressed by rough aged tree, arrow tree, charcoal, mirror, plain glass as expressional materials. Such expression on the gruesome death and sufferings of Jesus Christ was elevated by emphasis and maximization of rough and chilly sense. The flowery work for the ritual of Easter was expressed by various expressional materials. Such expression on the birth of the life, the triumph of the resurrection, and the delight was vivid and dynamic by repeatedly composing the spiral shape and the vertical shape. The purity, the hope, and the delight colored by the contrast of brightness, and the delight of the resurrection sublimed. The gospel meaning of the resurrection was symbolically expressed through the spring image, by emphasizing warm and soft feeling.

      • 대구광역시 수성구의 아파트 가격결정요인

        김도형 대구가톨릭대학교 대학원 2022 국내석사

        RANK : 249631

        The purpose of this study is to analyze the pricing determinants of Suseong-gu, Daegu Metroplitan City. For the purpose, this study was analyzed using the hedonic price model. The results of this study are as follows: first, Distance from urban railway stations, distance to pospitals, distance to mountains, distance to prestigious high schools, construction age, corridor status, highest floor, individual heating status, number of households, nuber of parking lots, and numer of trading floors have a significant impact on apartment prices in Suseong-gu. Second, there was a difference in price determinants between the low and high regions of Suseng-gu. Therefore, it was confirmed that the two markets were differentiated. The results of this study are thought to have implications in that they reflected in more detail the characteristics of the apartment market that is currently being subdivided. Through this study, it is expected to help consumers of apartments in the future come up with clearer criteria for choice, supply to suppliers of apartments to meet consumer needs, and real estate policy makers to come up with real estate policies tailored to regional characteristics.

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