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Medicine and Buddhism are in different positions as medical science and religion respectively. Buddhism, which is not only a religion but also philosophy that examines the principles of the universe closely, is so much different from medicine which has the purpose of treating diseases. However, when we perceive the human body as a small universe which lives together with nature and embraces the principles of the great universe, Vijn~apti-ma￣tra Buddhism and the principles of the Oriental Medicine are homogeneous.Vijn~apti-ma￣tra Buddhism, a mental religion that observes human mind and seeks for on intrinsic attribute, is a learning which looks into subconsciousness, beyond consciousness and researches into the structures and the principles of mental phenomena.Vijn~apti-ma￣tra Buddhism divides mind into a subjective aspect called 'Citta'(Mind-bodies (心王)) and an operative aspect called 'Caitta'(Mind-activities (心所)).'Citta' considers that there are eight Vijn~a￣na(mode) such as Five-Vijn~a￣na(前五識 : eye, ear, nose, tongue, body), Mano-Vijn~a￣na (第六意識), Manas-Vijnana (第七末那識), Alaya-Vijn~a￣na(第八阿賴耶識), in the origin of perception. The human-mind which is controlled by subconsciousness like consciousness, Manas-Vijn~a￣na and Alaya-Vijn~a￣na is not independent but inter-dependent on human-body, and has an effect on the function of body and mental activity. 'Caitta' is that mental activity is classified and analyzed in detail.'Caitta' is subordinate to 'Citta', and they are classified 51 individual mental-actions. On the other hand, in the Oriental Medicine, the mind is classified into 'O-Shin'(five minds) and Chil-chung (七情, seven mental states).'O-Shin'(五神, five-minds) are related to the five viscera each other the liver contains the soul, the heart does the mind, the spleen does the consciousness, the lungs do the spirit and the kidneys do the will Chil-chung are seven mental states such as joy(喜), rage (怒), anxiety(憂), thinking(思), sorrow(悲), fear(恐) and horror(驚).If these Chil-chung are excessive, they induce physical diseases by hurting the five viscera as well as they cause mental problems.After the comparative study on the correlativity between the 'Mind' in the Oriental Medicine and Chil-chung which express mental activity externally and "Caitta" in Vijn~apti-ma￣tra Buddhism, I have come to the conclusion as follows :The mind is the main-body of life and in tile Oriental Medicine, 'Shin(神)' controls all kinds of mental activities like thinking, consciousness, feeling, emotion, and so on. In the Vijn~apti-ma￣tra Buddhism, 'Citta' is said to be the main-body of the mind, too. Among them, Mano-Vijn~a￣na is the closest mode with everyday life and makes it possible human intelligence, sensibility, will, etc, by recognizing what Five-Vijn~a￣na perceives synthetically.The Oriental Medicine says that 'Thought' is a step that we examine, consider and deepen problems in many ways and repeatedly to reach some goals. Therefore, the Oriental Medicine recognizes 'Thought' as a directive motive that causes diseases. In the Vijn~apti-ma￣tra Buddhism, Manas-Vijn~a￣na is also a re-thinking and sensible mental state and Manas-Vijn~a￣na is entangled in every affliction. Accordingly, when Manas-Vijn~a￣na is in mental activity, only impure mental action is expressed. Therefore, to extinguish Manas-Vijn~a￣na is to remove the origin of mind and body diseases.The Oriental medicine says that every life comes from 'Chung(精)' which contains genetic constitution, the shape of body and personality. In the Vijn~apti-ma￣tra Buddhism, Alaya-Vijn~a￣na which has a seed is similar to the conception of 'Chung' in the Oriental Medicine. That is, the result of the act of Vijn~a￣na is stored in Alaya-Vijn~a￣na in the form of a seed. The seed also contains physical constitution, personality character, and so on.In relation to the outbreak of a disease, 'Chil-chung'(七情, seven mental states) in the Oriental Medicine is a form in which 'Mind' (心) is expressed externally. Similarly, 'Caitta'(Mind-activities) in the Vijn~apti-ma￣tra Buddhism is a little more various and is classified more closely than the emotion of Chil-chung.Comparison between 'Chil-chung' with 'Caitta' runs as follows :* The Mental state of rage(怒情) has anger(瞋), resentment(忿) grudge(恨), anguish(惱), jealousy(嫉) and mischief(害).* The mental state of fear and horror(恐·驚情) has regret(慙) shame and dread(愧).* The mental state of sorrow and anxiety(悲·憂情) includes the elements of mind which arise from desire(貪) and folly(癡).* The mental state of thinking(思情) contains consideration(尋), examination(伺), doubt(疑), distrust(不信), remorse(悔), and so on.* The mental state of joy(喜情) mainly includes the good elements of mind.Through the comparative analysis of the relation between Chil-chung(七情) and 'Caitta'(心所, Mind activities), the mental state of rage has the worst influence on our body and mind, and it is apt to be a pathological cause. Accordingly, if we diminish the mental state of rage(怒情) and increase the good elements of mind(喜情) before the outbreak of illness, we can keep our mind and body healthy.Consequently, if we seek for the causes of the activity of 'Chil-chung'(七情, seven mental states) from the 'Citta'(心王, Mind-bodies) and 'Caitta'(心所, Mind-activities) of the Vijn~apti-ma￣tra Buddhism and control our mind so that we may get the serenity of mind, we can protect ourselves from diseases before the attack of diseases.