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The purpose of this treatise lies in analyzing the role and real state of 119 EMS in Emergency medical system and seeking for the reform devices on the problems. To put it concretely it means to analyze whether emergency medical resources of 119 emergency company has kept the proper level for meeting the emergency medical welfare level of people and the qualitative level of service has done at the proper level to emergency patients. The problem found in the study results are like followings. First, emergency medical resouces show lower special character in the personnel departments compared to the satisfaction degree in the material departments. The possession rate of ambulance based on EMS needs reaches to 70%, on the other hand, the possession of special emergency personnel doesn't reached to 30%. In addition, the solution devices need because the difference among district are excessive. Second, the speed of transportation has raised up to the considerable level, on the other hand, the qualitative level of first aid on the patients is low, and the qualitative improvement is inactive because there's no valuation process on the transportation results. Third, there's no special medical band who can control the on-the-spot activities of emergency personnel and give direction to them. To raise the national medical welfare level throught 119 emergency medical services(EMS) by reforming these problems, several alternative of policy are provided. First, we have to arrange with balance emergency medical resources in every district by establishing the arrangement standard of 119 EMS company and increase the educational personnel for EMT(Emergency Medical Technician) raising process to improve the special character. Second, we have to prepare the guideline about on-the-spot activities of Emergency company and secure the special character on the emergency patients through qualitative improvement process judging emergency activities results. Third, I suggested the practice of 'Doctor car system' dispatching doctors to the spot directly to protect the life of patients over the treatment range of emergency construct, to guide on-the-spot activities of emergency company, and to arrange 119 guide doctors charging the education. In this treatise. I sought for the reform devices of 119 emergency administration to improve the qualitative level of the pre-hospital care. But, the continuous qualitative improvement activities on the whole system to provide proper medical service to all national people by developing the emergency medical system of our country to the level of the advanced country.
Each country facing 21C in the world is trying to Reinvent Government introducing government reform and NPM to live the times of the change with openness and competition. These days, the idea of trying to reorganize through ""Teams"" has been spreading out among Korean firms. it could be said that as the economy gets into a Low-growth Era, Corporate expansion has become stagnant. This stagnation seems at least partially due to experience based promotion and the fatty situation of management positions used in most corporations. a more flexible operation system should be implemented to overcome this stagnation. Also with traditional bureaucracy situated in a vertical structure, it has become increasingly difficult to cope with the ever changing economic environment, government is less adept at handling the competition that seems to growing larger. In order to cope with such environmental changes, the government, like the enterprises needs a viable counteractive strategy, a change in government structure and strategy is required in order to improve the governmental handling of customer demands which are getting bigger and flexing to every environmental change at the Local and National Level. And then, the introduction of a Team organization to a local government is theoretically in that the weberian bureaucratic system of public organization changes into a flexible system, in addition, it is practically valuable since promptness in decision making at a team organization as well as high creativity of each member of the organization can be achieved more than at a conventional bureaucratic organization. In this study, a outline of the organizational management is suggested which can ascertain activation of the organization and efficiency of the administration. this organization is expected to give its clients high quality of service. this study shows the effectiveness of introducing the team system as follows : first, positive reaction to the change of administrative environment can be expected by elastic and flexible management of the organization, and residents can be provided with better administrative services through development of new policies. second, efficiency in administrative takes can be increased by prompt decision making, demonstration of individual creativity and increased responsibility and authority. third a lack of chances of promotion can be resolved by separating hierarchical grades and job grades. fourth, humanity and independence of members at work can be maintained by increased cooporation and activated communication among the members. Fifth, by preventing aging of managerial staffs, professional knowledge and accumulation of technical skills within the team can be promoted which would eventually enhance competence of the organization itself. However, in order for many local Government introduce a team system, the study shows such preparation as change of paradigm of the members, strong willness of the leader of the organization. construction of organizational environment which can reveal sufficiently the effectiveness of the team system, strategy to maximize morale of individual members, etc.
지난 10년 사이에 소·동구권 사회주의 국가의 붕괴, 동서독의 통일과정을 지켜보았고 이러한 국제환경 변화추세에 맞추어 남북한간에도 대화와 교류협력이 이루어지고 있다. 2000년 6월 남북정상회담의 성사를 계기로 남북한 정상간에 「6.15 남북공동선언」이 맺어짐에 따라 남북한통합에 대한 기대와 전망을 불러일으키고 있다. 본 연구는 통일한국의 미래상을 남한체제 중심의 단일국가 형태로 가정하고 남북한 통합문제와 관련하여 논의될 수 있는 제분야중에서 일상생활에 가장 큰 영향을 미치게 될 행정분야 통합방안을 제시하고자 하였다. 먼저 제2장에서는 남북한 행정조직통합의 이론적 배경으로서 통일과 통합, 행정 통합과 행정 조직 통합의 의미를 살펴 보고동서독의 행정 통합 사례를 통해 한반도에 대한 시사점을 도출하였다. 다음으로 제3장에서는 입법·사법·행정의 3권 분립으로 상호간에 견제와 균형이 이루어지고 있는 남한의 국가 행정체제와 당과 수령의 영도에 따른 중앙집권적 국가인 북한의 행정체제를 행정체제의 구성원리, 조직구조, 행정체제의 특징 등을 중심으로 비교·분석 하였다. 다음으로 제4장에서는 통일의 휴유증을 최소화하고 통일국가의이상을 실현하기 위한 행정조직 통합방안을 제시하기 위해 통일상황에 따른 행정수요 예측, 행정조직 통합원칙, 행정조직 통합방안 등을 검토하였다. 남북한 중앙행정체제 통합방안으로 통일시기의 완급에 따라 북한지역을 분리 특별관리하는 방안과 남한 행정조직의 북한지역 확산관리하는 방안, 그리고 새로운 행정수요를 해소하기 위한 「비상치안대책단」, 「신탁청」 등 각종의 특별 기구를 신설하여 관리하는 통합관리 방안을 제시하였다. 끝으로 제5장에서는 본 연구가 남북한의 통일상황을 동서독의 경우와 같은 기능주의적 통일방식을 가정하고 있는데 동서독과 다른 남북한의 특수성을 고려할 때 이는 제한적일 수 밖에 없다는 한계성을 지니고 있지만 이제부터는 통일시대에 대비하는 실천적 연구 과제로서 남북한 행정체제 통합방안 모색을 위한 논의가 보다 활발히 전개되어야 할 것임을 제안하였다. During the past ten years, we had watched the collapse of the former Soviet Union and Communized East-European countries. In addition, according to the change of the international political circumstance, Inter-Korean dialogues and cooperations have performed vigorously. Especially, due to the successful achievement of the Inter-Korean Summit in June 2000, the possibility of the Korean unification has come to the Korean closely. In my dissertation, I mainly focus on searching for the way of unification in the administrative field, because it would influence greatly in the every normal life of the Korean people. Of course, I assume the main subject of the unification here is R.O.K. In the Chapter 2, as a logical background, I try to study the meaning of the Unification, Unity, Administrative Unification and Administrative organization Unification. Then, try to certify the lesson from the Case study of German Unification. In Chapter 3, I try to compare the National Administrative system of the R.O.K-maintains balanced power structure through the division of Administrative, Legislation, and Justice- and the North Korean which maintains the absolute power of the Great Leader structure. Through the comparison, I study the features of their Administrative organizing principle, organization structure, and the Administrative system. In Chapter 4, I try to find the proper methods of minimizing aftennath of Unification and carrying on the goal of the Unified state. In order to certify the fact, I focus on finding proper prediction of Administrative need, principle and method of Administrative unification. Thus, according to the setting the period of unification, I propose to establish several special organization such as the Emergency Safe Planning Agency, the Bureau of Trust e.t.c to solve the recruit the managing officials. Besides, I try to study how we have to manage North Korean region separately and. extend our Administrative system into the region. In Chapter 5, as the case of German and Korea should be quite different, functional approach may not be proper to make a theory for Korean Unification. However I do expect that such discussion will be performed actively.
Today, the world is changing rapidly, and many people rely more on the government in both terms of quantity and quality. Now, the government is obliged to meet people's increasing needs, protecting them, and therefore, public officials' professionalism and ethics are emphasized more than ever before. After all, individual public officials' trait is important. In order to improve their trait, it is essential above all to establish their ethics. The ethics of the public officials' society is one of the most important scales measuring the legitimacy of the government. Any government doubted for its ethics can hardly be trusted by people, and the government who has lost people's trust is no longer a democratic government. As it is, public administration is closely related with ethics. While public administration should be based on ethics, ethics cannot be perfectly realized being separated from the public administrative services. In this sense, the efforts to improve public officials' ethics are quite justifiable and absolutely required. The purpose of this study was to analyze the administrative ethics systematically. For this purpose, the researcher conducted a questionnaire survey about public officials' perception of the administrative ethics. First, the ethical problems in relation with the concept of the administrative ethics were examined and thereupon, a concept of the administrative ethics was defined and thereby, similar concepts were reviewed. Second, major advanced nations' systems and rules about the administrative ethics were reviewed and thereupon, our conditions were analyzed focusing on changed perception of corruption, disciplinary measures and inspection on public officials, operation of public officials' asset registration system, public officials' crimes, etc. Third, based on the results of above examination, the researcher set a framework of analysis for administrative ethics centering around such factors affecting the administrative ethics as demographic variables, public official system and individual public officials' consciousness of ethics and their attitudes toward ethical problems. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; First, as a result of analyzing the results of the questionnaire survey, it was found that most public officials were highly aware of such ethical systems as code of ethics, Public Officials' Ethics Law and sworn statement. However, many public officials opined that they did not try to stop their colleagues' illegal or corruptive acts or ignored them despite they should report them to authorities and thereby, root them out fundamentally, which suggest that it is necessary to reinforce the education for them or help them armed with a positive value system. Second, as a consequence of analyzing the data about public officials' attitudes toward illegal and corruptive acts, most public officials answered that such acts prevailed more among high-ranking officials rather than low-ranking ones. In addition, they attributed such illegal and corruptive acts to the administrative culture vulnerable to corruptions as well bureaucratic inertia. In order to prevent such illegal and corruptive acts, the most important measure was deemed appropriate financial rewards to official officials, followed by establishment of a correct value system through education and training. Third, as a result of analyzing public officials' self-assessment of their public officials' society, it was found that their perception of their job was more or less positive. Namely, most of them rated relatively higher for their motives for applying to the jobs, comparison with other jobs, satisfaction with their status and social perception of their job, etc., but such perceptions were conceived different from people's views. Based on the above findings, the following reform measures for establishment of the administrative ethics were put forwards: reinforcement of the administrative ethics education, individual public officials' value system and cultivation of a professional job spirit in terms of individual approaches; improvement of the working conditions, reform of the personnel affairs administration and substantial warranty of status, simplification of the administrative procedures and deregulation, amendment of Public Officials' Ethics Law and corruption-related regulations, reinforced protection of insiders' accusations, etc., in terms of system and structure; improvement of people's consciousness and expansion of NGO roles in external environmental terms. This study may be limited in that it focused on public officials' sense of administrative ethics, not comparing their senses with people's consciousness, and that other many variables were not included in the factors affecting the administrative ethics, and that other public officials of special duties than the general public officials were not sampled for a comparative analysis of the administrative ethics.
The creation of a knowledge-based financial system in Korea will begin with the continued deregulation of the financial sector. The deregulation will bring down longstanding walls between the banking, securities and insurance industries and promote greater industry-wide competition and consolidation. The deregulation will also lead to the rise of strategic cross-border alliances and M&A, as less competitive institutions look to ensure their survival and as larger firms seek to achieve economies of scale and improve their international competitiveness. Synergies created in the process of financial consolidation will be crucial to increasing the overall efficiency of the financial system and for the successful introduction of innovative financial products. In many respects, the financial crisis in 1997 can be traced back to a general dysfunction of market discipline. A pervasive lack of transparency among financial institutions and corporations, inadequate credit analysis and risk management skills were just a few of the structural problems that had become deeply embedded in the economy. Ultimately, the repeated failure to combine rapid liberalization of Korea financial markets with corresponding upgrades in the regulatory and supervisory frameworks would prove to have devastating financial consequences. In order to restore market discipline and to ensure the proper functioning of market mechanisms, the adoption of a new regulatory regime in Korea was needed. In short, the task for the new financial supervisor would be to remove the heavy hand of government intervention and to replace it with the invisible hand of the market. Korea non-life insurance industry was also adversely impacted by the financial crisis. Restructuring of the domestic insurance sector has focused upon the two major weaknesses revealed by the crisis : severe financial distress afflicting a number of insurance companies, and the lack of modernization and strong regulation within the industry. As a result, the insurance supervisory organization have pushed through with comprehensive reform, restructuring and consolidation efforts to assist ailing firms and rehabilitate the non-life insurance industry as a whole. Since launching non-life insurance sector reform, the government have made every effort to complete resolution of financially distressed non-life insurance companies through M&A, financial rehabilitation or dissolution. The efforts have led to the acquisitions of domestic insurance companies by foreign investors including U.K.-based Regent Pacific Group (purchased Haedong Fire & Marine). All insurance companies, except those which submitted rehabilitation plans in 1998, are required to meet the announced EU solvency margin requirements that are being phased in from September 1999 to March 2004. The solvency margin will be calculated based on the new loan provisioning requirements. Insurance companies that submitted rehabilitation plans in 1998 are required to meet the same EU solvency margin requirement by the end of this year(2000). Companies that fail to meet the required solvency margin thresholds will be subject to prompt corrective action. The legislation to create a new financial supervisory system in line with international standards. Under the new system, all financial institutions are subject to the supervision of a single body, the FSC, which began serving on April 1, 1998, as Korea supreme financial regulatory organization. Subsequently, the Office of Banking Supervision was separated from the Bank of Korea. In addition, the Securities and Exchange Commission was dissolved and the Securities and Futures Commission (SFC) was established within the FSC to oversee the securities and futures markets. The insurance regulator, the Insurance Supervisory Commission, was also dissolved. In line with sector-wide initiatives, the FSC/FSS issued new regulations aimed at improving corporate governance at insurance companies by strengthening the roles of actuaries, auditors and outside directors. To ensure non-life insurance consumers confidence, they must feel protected. For this reason, the government focus on the needs and rights of the consumers, not on the institutions that supply those services. Full disclosure principles will enable consumers to make informed decisions regarding their dealings with financial institutions and corporations. In the same way, since it is the consumer who ultimately pays the costs of restructuring, the regulatory authority is committed to keeping these costs to a minimum by pursuing reform in a cost-efficient manner. Financial stability in itself is a powerful tool of consumer protection. The administration aim to ensure that this stability extends to all consumers equally.
The purpose of this thesis is to measure the extent to contribute by poblic speech report in order in order to attain fruitage in the local administration much nore diversified since execution of the local autonomy system in 1991, to inprove the living quality of the local government subject to the residents' desire level. As for the studying method to carry out the studying purpose among the processes of this study I considered such preceding study treatises at home and sbroad which are meeting with the home of 「Study for public speech report of local government for revitalization of residents participation」and, utilized the questionnaire research method as the positive analytical method. For analysis I executed verification of hypothesis of homogeneity through the ordered categorical variable X^(2) vericication. And also, I throughly reviewed for if there is difference by variables on ① participating extent, ② recognition, ③ concerns, ④ public speech report, ⑤ reflection extent & method of the residents intent, ⑥ priority in investment to public welfare facilities & cultural facilities and ⑦ administrative problems and the recognition and requirements of project with stress with aggressiveness by local residents as I explained foregoing. I briefly gave the concrete result of analysis thereto, presented the problens led by the results and also, tried to present matters to be studied hereafter to the subject which was not solved among the studying courses under this study later on as well as the idea to cope with. According to result of this study the recognition of the administrative affairs that is to through masscorn was indicated the most as the channel means the mostly contact by the local residents and shown by such sequence as public report information for municipal administration by the next and, to infer from such results, we may be aware by information to the residents are swiftest and widest when used masscom through newspaper or broadcast or advertisement. Since therefore, it may be regarded that the idea to aggressively utilize the informational recognition of administrative services through the public report data of municipal administration is required as a substitutional menans to use masscom which requires for more costs. I hereby may present about three alternatives as follows to enhance participation and concerns about the administration in general with aggressiveness and to increase the reliability to the Administrative through inprovement and rearrangement of living facility in the community and through change in affirmative accommodation form of the residents. 1) Increase in public facilities of local community and qualivative inprovement of administrative support service standard. 2) Duty faithfulness of local administration to the community ecvironmental facilities and residents' monitoring strengthening roles. 3) Increase in participation to the local administration by local residents. I gave considerations in detail to the study for public speech report of local government through revitalization of residents problem and alternatives threrto. As for the issue to be studied in the matter of outcome of budget excution to the community by the local government and that how to contribute to the community by relationship with the budgetary executed amount as related when poblic speech report is made and if it contributes the study on the contribution wil be studied in the future.
Nowadays called an information age. So, the competition of state be determined on the power of information. With the development of information age, an advanced nations go ahead with administrative reforms that utilize the information technology. The utilization of information technology neither cost-cutting nor downsizing of government scale. It is the strategies for strengthen the national competition and efficiency of public services. In this context, this study focused on the utilization of information technology for efficiency of public administration. Methodology was used descriptive and case study. Unit of analysis limited in administrative automation policy of Korea. Korea has been promoted information-oriented policy since 1994. But, performance was not successful. As a results, information-oriented policy of Korea has problems in institutional limitation and structural limitation and limitation of a fiscal scale. Therefore, following reform measure was needed for the efficient using of information technology. First, we must make sure of financial resources through budget saving and outsourcing for financial problem's conquest. Second, in the administrative structure, it is need that using of consultant and participation of the persons interested. Third, for a complement of institutional problems, it is needed that small and simple information system and strategic information technology that focused on public service. Reform of the public sector by using the information technology is construction of an electric government. Electric government aim for maximization of public service through overcome the limitation of bureaucracy by electronic delivery of public service. The utilization of information technology, to efficiency of public administration, lead to the simplicity of public administration, deregulation, opening to public information and expansion of participation
ROK·USA alliance has been playing a vital role for the economic developments, democratization of ROK, and stabilization and peace on the Korean peninsula for last 50 years. The Support and sacrifice of USA during the Korean War contributed to safeguarding Korea, and in the Cold War period, protected Korea from military threat of North Korea and interference of powers surrounding Korea. Even in the Post Cold War Period that features fluid security environment, the ROK/USA Alliance has been ensuring peace on the Korean peninsula, northeast asia, and asia/pacific region. It is also physically providing some capabilities to solve pending problems on the Korean peninsula in a peaceful manner. In consideration of US role on the peninsula, ROK supported stable stationing of the U.S. Armed Forced in Korea by observing the SOFA (Status of Forces Agreement) with US. However, the changing environments for USAF in Korea requires sort of proactive solutions to the related problems. In spite of all efforts, there are still many areas to be improved. Additionally, USA is expressing complaints about the inconvenience they are experiencing. To resolve problems occurring from stationing of USFK in Korea and to guarantee its status in Korea, ROK and USA have revised the SOFA twice, and it still needs to be further improved to be suited for the post-unification era. For this, first of all, the SOFA should be capable of supporting the deterrence of military provocation of North Korea and promote the peaceful unification efforts on the Korean peninsula. Second, while creating benefits for ROK and US, it should not constrain Korea's self-reliant pursuit of national interest in the political, diplomatic and economic areas. Third, seen form the military perspective, it should be capable of guaranteeing development of self-reliant defense capabilities. Fourth, it should reflect Koreans' pride and emotion. Fifth, USFK soldier·DA civilians and their families serving for the national defense of Korea, should be guaranteed the same basic human rights as those living in their homeland. Sixth, in terms of customary negotiation progress between the allied nations, all unequal elements should be eradicated. Lastly, for the maintenance and development of the ROKA/US Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), matters regarding the sharing of costs and burden should be framed in detail. We must develop the ROKA/US Status of Forces Agreement(SOFA) reflecting these basic views and considerations in order to suffice the long-term requirements concerned with our national unification project. The importance of this research is in re-evaluating the ROK/US cooperative relationship and the difference of opinion as to the precedented SOFA disputes. By this attempt, I have strived to present an alternative for further developing the ROKA/US SOFA through predicting the core-issues concerning this agreement. However, considering the fact that it should reflect the continuing changes in our security environment, continued researches and efforts are required in order to find more concrete methodologies to improve the SOFA.
Despite the long history of its organization, fire and disaster management has a less obvious identity than other fields due to the duality of fire and disaster organization structure, insufficient fire-fighting forces, and a lack of interest in fire and disaster during the policy-making process because its specific tasks are considered within the scope of a simple administrative structure. Accordingly, this study aimed at examining the actual condition and problems of a fire and disaster management system centered on the Seoul district, establishing a low-cost and high-efficiency management system with an improvement scheme, and constructing a foundation of fire and disaster management to respond to environmental change. The results were as follows: First, fire and disaster management in Korea is being implemented under each category of fire-fighting, protection, prevention, rescue and emergency, and disaster management with the current integrated fire and disaster management system after the self-governing fire and disaster management system in the U.S. forces government age, the national fire and disaster management system, and the dual-national and local-system. Second, the legal and systemic device has some problems in that both the disaster management law and the natural disaster measures law, general laws for fire and disaster management, hardly allow the fire and disaster agencies with a very complicated and pluralistic structure to cope with a situation rapidly; there are a lot of temporary agencies that operate only when a disaster occurs, except those in charge of rescue and emergency; fire and disaster management forces other than those in fire and disaster agencies are substantially lacking in professional skill. Other important problems with the structural law are that a pluralistic organizational structure makes it hard to implement fire and disaster management efficiently and that it is difficult to cooperate with a disaster management agency. Finally, fire and disaster forces fail to meet national needs and demands positively; what is worse, fire and disaster service personnel are suffering from increasingly excessive amount of tasks and poor working environment because continuous restructuring in public organizations since the IMF regime makes it more difficult to hire new human resources. There are some factors preventing fire and disaster management system from providing high-quality services. Third, it is important to establish an improvement scheme based on the above mentioned problems with fire and disaster management: to integrate relevant laws and revise and complement the total quota system, to cultivate human resources for fire and disaster management, to improve the legal system, for example, by arranging administrative words, to set a fire and disaster management office in Seoul, to reorganize agencies centered on the function, to facilitate fire-fighting science study function, and to perform integrated management of special structural functions. Besides, it is necessary to supplement and complement skilled human resources, provide high-tech equipment, promote efficiency in fire-fighting operation through three-shift system, and finally adjust the status of the staff in a fire and disaster management office upward, set and operate an advanced field direction office, and establish a cooperative system with relevant agencies in order to establish efficient field direction system. As mentioned above, it is urgent to present a reasonable alternative to establish a desirable low-cost and high-efficiency disaster management system so as to create an integrated crisis management model centered on fire-fighting, and to establish a crisis management system centered on a fire-fighting organization by collecting data thoroughly in order to take advantage of this opportunity and achieve organizational improvement and reform for each city and province. As a consequence, it must be reborn as a reliable organization for the people by coping with all field disasters without any trifle error in a disaster situation.