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      • 홍순인의 충북대학교 건축 계획 특성 및 지속성 - 마스터플랜 및 교육 건축물 계획을 중심으로

        김재섭 충북대학교 2022 국내석사

        RANK : 248703

        1979년 건축가 홍순인이 캠퍼스의 체계적인 발전을 위해 충북대학교의 첫 번째 마스터플랜을 계획하였다. 마스터플랜은 대부분 현실화되어 현재까지 남아있으며 이를 통해 현재 캠퍼스 모습의 기반을 마련하였다. 또한 홍순인은 마스터플랜 수립과 동시에 각 단과 대학의 교육 건축물 7동을 계획하였다. 마스터플랜을 기반으로 계획된 충북대학교의 교육 건축물은 캠퍼스의 건축적 정체성을 형성하는 공통적 특성과 각 단과 대학 별 독창성을 동시에 형성하고 있다. 대학과 교육 공간에 대한 건축가 홍순인의 생각이 마스터플랜과 7동의 교육 건축물 계획을 통해 드러나고 있으며 충북대학교의 건축적 특성을 만들어내고 있다. 홍순인의 계획에 사용된 건축 개념들은 지금까지도 충북대학교의 장기 발전 계획의 토대가 되고 있어 그 영향력이 크다고 볼 수 있다. 충북대학교의 건축에 대한 선행연구는 비교적 부족한 상황이다. 중정형 외부 공간 구성에 대한 연구와 교육 건축물의 건축 계획 특성과 시기별 변천 과정에 대한 연구가 진행되었다. 두 선행연구 모두 홍순인의 계획에 대한 내용을 직간접적으로 다루고 있다. 충북대학교의 건축적 특성을 보다 정확하게 이해하기 위해 건축가 홍순인의 계획에 대한 연구가 필요하다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 건축가 홍순인이 계획한 충북대학교의 건축 작업을 분석하여 지속성과 영향력을 지닌 홍순인의 건축 계획 개념을 파악하는 것이 목적이다. 또한 그것이 유지될 수 있도록 정리하여 충북대학교의 건축 정체성이 확립될 수 있도록 한다. 우선 건축가 홍순인의 충북대학교 건축 계획 개념을 파악하고 현재까지 이어지는 지속성을 확인해 충북대학교의 건축적 정체성을 대표하고 있음을 보이고자 한다. 또한 건축가 홍순인이 충북대학교 계획을 통해 드러내고자 했던 교육 공간에 대한 생각과 충북대학교의 건축적 특성을 도출해내는 것이 목적이다. 연구는 홍순인이 계획한 충북대학교의 첫 번째 마스터플랜에 대한 분석과 충북대학교 내 9동의 건물 중 7동의 교육 건축물(공학관, 농학관, 교육관, 사회과학관, 건설공학관, 자연과학관, 인문관)을 대상으로 평면 계획과 입면 계획에 대한 분석을 진행한다. 마스터플랜의 분석은 ‘이상헌(1988), 젊은 건축가 홍순인 : 작품과 그 생애, 집문사’에 수록된 1979년의 충북대학교 현황 배치도, 마스터플랜 계획 배치도, 최신의 충북대학교 배치도를 대상으로 진행한다. 교육 건축물의 분석은 공학관, 농학관, 교육관, 사회과학관, 건설공학관, 자연과학관, 인문관을 대상으로 진행한다. 평면 계획의 분석은 ‘이상헌(1988), 젊은 건축가 홍순인 : 작품과 그 생애, 집문사’에 수록된 계획 당시의 평면도를 대상으로 분석을 진행한다. 입면 계획 분석은 7동의 교육 건축물이 건립 이후 그대로 유지되고 있어 사진 촬영을 통해 분석을 진행하였다. 마스터플랜과 교육 건축물의 평면 계획 및 입면 계획을 각각 분석한다. 이를 종합하여 건축가 홍순인의 충북대학교 계획 개념을 도출한다. 마스터플랜 분석은 선행 연구와 홍순인을 대상으로 한 저서를 기반으로 분석을 위한 요소를 도출하였다. 이를 바탕으로 세 배치도를 분석하여 각각의 특성을 파악한다. 이후 ‘(A)1979년 현황 배치도’와 ‘(B)1979년 계획 배치도’의 비교분석을 통해 캠퍼스의 변화 내용과 특징을 파악하여 마스터플랜의 건축적 개념을 확인한다. 또한 ‘(B)1979년 계획 배치도’와 ‘(C)2015년 현황 배치도’를 비교분석하여 그의 계획 개념이 지닌 지속성 및 영향력의 확인을 통해 충북대 마스터플랜의 정체성을 대표하고 있음을 확인하고 현재까지 유지되는 그의 개념을 파악한다. 교육 건축물의 평면 계획 분석은 선행 연구 고찰을 통한 대학교 내 교육 건축물 계획 특성 파악과 마스터플랜의 내용을 바탕으로 분석 기준을 마련한다. 도출된 분석 요소를 바탕으로 7동의 평면 계획을 분석한다. 분석의 내용을 바탕으로 교육 건축물 7동의 평면 게획을 비교하여 홍순인이 충북대학교 교육 건축물 계획에 반영한 우선 순위 및 설계의 원칙을 정리한다. 입면 계획 분석은 입면에 드러나는 요소(입면을 구성하는 매스의 구성 방식, 출입구와 포치, 질서, 장식적 표현, 창 등)로서 육안으로 파악 가능한 부분을 분석의 기준으로 삼는다. 개별 건축물의 입면 계획을 분석하여 개별 특징을 파악하고 이를 종합하여 특성을 도출하여 마스터플랜과 평면 계획과 함께 충북대학교의 건축적 특성을 파악할 수 있도록 한다. 연구 결과 지속성을 지닌 홍순인의 마스터플랜 계획 개념은 다음과 같이 정리할 수 있다. 첫 번째는 ‘지형의 변경을 통한 충북대학교의 정체성 확보 및 유지’이다. 두 번째는 ‘조닝을 통해 구축된 영역성 확보’이다. 세 번째는 ‘영역성에 따른 건축물의 형태 구성’이다. 네 번째는 ‘외부 공간의 연결과 반복을 통한 공간감 확보’이다. 또한 교육 건축물 7동의 평면도를 분석한 결과 홍순인의 평면 계획 특성과 설계 원칙은 다음 세 개념으로 정리할 수 있다. 첫 번째는 ‘중복도와 홀 구성 방식의 공유’이다. 두 번째는 ‘형태적 특성과 진입 방식의 유사성’이다. 세 번째는 ‘공간 조닝 방식과 홀의 위계 구분’이다. 교육 건축물 7동의 벽돌 입면을 분석하여 대학 캠퍼스 건물들이 가지는 공통점으로서 개성과 개별 건물의 특성은 다음과 같이 정리할 수 있다. 첫 번째, 각 건물은 구성의 측면에서 매스의 위치와 높이를 구분하면서 기능의 분리를 입면에서 드러내고 있다. 두 번째, 출입구 구성 방식은 정면에 드러내는 방식과 사람들을 관통시키며 측면에 위치해 출입구가 드러나지 않는 방식이 있으며 주기능의 일부가 비워지며 공간이 확보된다. 세 번째, 주 기능 매스에서 주로 다양한 표현이 나타나고 부기능 매스는 벽면으로 구성되어져 두 기능이 구분됨을 보인다. 입면의 질서는 주로 창의 리듬감과 벽돌 사용 유무를 통해 다양성을 만들어가고 있다. 네 번째, 벽돌 장식은 쌓기 방식을 달리 하면서 모서리 부분을 표현하는 방식들로 나타난다. 다섯 번째, 각 건물은 서로 다른 크기와 모양의 창을 사용하고, 각 창호의 상인방과 하인방 부분에 벽돌 표현을 통해 입면의 다양성을 만들어가고 있다. In 1979, architect Hong Soon In planned the first master plan of Chungbuk National University for the systematic development of the campus. Most of the master plan has been realized and remains to this day, and through this, the foundation of the present campus has been laid. In addition, Hong Soonin planned 7 educational buildings for each college at the same time as establishing the master plan. The educational buildings of Chungbuk National University, planned based on the master plan, form the common characteristics that form the architectural identity of the campus and the uniqueness of each college at the same time. The thoughts of Architect Hong Soon In on the university and educational space are revealed through the master plan and the seven educational building plans, creating the architectural characteristics of Chungbuk National University. The architectural concepts used in Hong Soon In's plan are still the basis of Chungbuk National University's long-term development plan, and its influence can be seen to be great. Prior research on architecture at Chungbuk National University is relatively scarce. A study on the composition of the courtyard-type external space and a study on the characteristics of the architectural plan of the educational building and the change process by period were conducted. Both previous studies deal directly or indirectly with Hong Soon In's plans. In order to understand the architectural characteristics of Chungbuk National University more accurately, it is necessary to study the plans of the architect Hong Soon In. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze the architectural work of Chungbuk National University planned by the architect Hong Soon In, and to grasp the concept of the architectural plan of Hong Soon In which has continuity and influence. Also, by organizing it so that it can be maintained, the architectural identity of Chungbuk National University can be established. First of all, this study would show that the architectural plan of Chungbuk National University by architect Hong Soon In represents the architectural identity of Chungbuk National University by understanding its concept and confirming the continuity of it to the present. In addition, the purpose is to derive the architectural characteristics of Chungbuk National University and the idea of the educational space that architect Hong Soon In wanted to reveal through the Chungbuk National University plan. This study analyzed the first master plan of Chungbuk National University planned by Soonin Hong and plan, elevation of targeted 7 educational buildings (Engineering Building, Agricultural Science Building, Education Building, Social Science Building, Construction Engineering Building, Natural Science Building, Humanities Building) among 9 buildings in Chungbuk National University. The analysis of the master plan is carried out with the current site plan of Chungbuk National University in 1979, the master plan site plan, and the latest Chungbuk National University site plan included in ‘Lee Sang Heon (1988), Young Architect Hong Soon In: Works and his Life, Jibmunsa’. The analysis of educational buildings is conducted for the Engineering Building, Agriculture Building, Education Building, Social Science Building, Construction Engineering Building, Natural Science Building, and Humanities Building. The analysis of the floor plan proceeds with which is recorded in ‘Lee Sang Heon (1988), Young Architect Hong Soon In: Works and his Life, Jibmunsa’. The analysis of the elevation plan was conducted through photography, since the 7 educational buildings have been maintained until now. The study analyzes the master plan, floor plan and elevation plan of the educational building, respectively. By synthesizing these, the architect Hong Soon In’s concept of Chungbuk National University's plan is derived. The master plan analysis derived elements for analysis based on previous studies and books on Hong Soon In. Based on this, the three site plans are analyzed and the characteristics of each can be identified. After that, the architectural concept of the master plan is confirmed by grasping the contents and characteristics of changes in the campus through comparative analysis of ‘(A) site plan 1979’ and ‘(B) master plan in 1979’. In addition, by comparing and analyzing '(B) master plan in 1979' and '(C) 2015 site plan', the study grasps his plan concept which is maintained until nowadays, representing the identity of Chungbuk National University master plan through confirming continuity and influence of it. The floor plan analysis of educational buildings prepares analysis criteria based on the contents of the master plan and the identification of the characteristics of educational buildings planning in universities through prior research review. Based on the derived analysis elements, 7 floor plans are analyzed. Based on the analysis, the plan of 7 educational buildings is compared to summarize the priorities and design principles reflected by Hong Soon In in the Chungbuk National University educational building plan.Elevation planning analysis uses the elements revealed on the elevation(the composition method of the mass constituting the elevation, entrance and porch, order, decorative expression, window, etc.) as the basis for analysis, which can be grasped with the eyes. By analyzing the elevation plans of individual buildings, individual characteristics can be identified and synthesized to derive characteristics so that the architectural characteristics of Chungbuk National University can be identified along with the master plan and site plan. As a result of the study, Hong Soon In's concept of master plan planning with persistence can be summarized as follows. The first is ‘Securing and maintaining Chungbuk National University's identity through terrain change’. The second is ‘Securing territoriality through zoning’. The third is ‘Form composition of buildings according to territoriality’. The fourth is ‘Securing a space perception through connection and repetition of external spaces’. In addition, as a result of analyzing the floor plan of 7 educational buildings, Hong Soon In's plan characteristics and design principles can be summarized into the following three concepts. The first is ‘Sharing of double-loaded corridors and hall configuration methods’. The second is ‘Similarity of morphological characteristics and entry method’. The third is ‘The division of space zoning method and hall’s hierarchy’. By analyzing the brick elevation of 7 educational buildings,the characteristics of individual buildings and the features of university campus buildings as common points can be summarized as follows. First of all, each building distinguishes the position and height of the mass in terms of configuration, revealing the separation of functions on the elevation. Second, the entrance configuration method includes a method of revealing in front and a method of not revealing the entrance because it penetrates people and is located on the side, and part of the main function is emptied and space is secured. Third, various expressions mainly appear in the main function mass, and side function mass is composed of walls, showing that the two functions are distinguished. The order of elevation is mainly creating diversity through the rhythms of window composition and brick use. Fourth, brick decorations appear in ways that express corners while varying the stacking method. Fifth, each building uses windows of different sizes and shapes, and varies the elevation through brick expressions in the upper lintel and lower lintel of each window.

      • 충북대학교 의과대학에 등록한 시신기증인들의 사회적 특성

        황선종 충북대학교 2012 국내석사

        RANK : 248687

        의학교육 및 연구에 필요한 적정한 기증시신을 지속적으로 확보하고자 대학의 시신기증 프로그램에 등록된 기증 희망자들의 사회적 특성을 알아보았다. 충북대학교에 등록된 자료를 모아서 분석하고 전국 10개 대학과 비교하였으며, 충북대학교 의과대학의 시신기증 등록자 128명에 대하여 전화 설문조사를 시행하였다. 등록자 수는 1999년부터 급격히 증가하기 시작하여 2005년도이후에는 의학교육에 충분한 기증이 이루어지고 있었다. 2005년도 이후의 변화를 조사한 결과 충북대학교에서는 등록인의 수가 완만하게 증가하고 있으나 전국 10개 대학의 경우 소폭 감소하는 추세이다. 등록시 나이는 70대가 33.9%로 가장 많았으며 60대(28.9%)와 50대(22%)가 뒤를 이었다. 가족 중 2인 이상이 등록한 동반 등록은 40.9%가 있었다. 유족의 유골인수 또는 안치시설 방문에 대한 조사결과 유골의 인수보다 대학에 안치한 후 방문하는 경향이 증가 하고 있음을 확인하였다. 설문 조사 결과 등록인의 생활수준은 중간층 이상이라고 응답한 비율이 71%였으며, 사회에 봉사하고자하는 동기로 기증하게 된 경우가 77%로 가장 많았다. 향후 가족들의 반대 또는 시신을 대하는 태도 변화에 따라 기증 의사를 번복할 수 있다는 경우는 1%이하로 극히 낮았다. 이러한 결과로 볼 때, 시신기증 등록자 수는 적정하게 유지되고 있으며 등록인들의 기증 동기는 순수하고 대학에 우호적이다. 대학의 유골 안치시설에 대한 유족의 호응이 높은 것으로 나타났으므로 이를 더욱 확대하고 적절한 관리체계를 마련할 필요가 있다고 판단된다. In order to secure optimum donation of the human bodies required for medical education and research, we investigated social characteristics of those who have signed up to the donation program. Specifically, the data registered in medical school of Chungbuk National University were analyzed and then compared to those registered in 10 of other universitis in Korea. In addition, a telephone survey was performed for 128 registrants of Chungbuk National University. The number of registrants was rapidly increased after 1999 and the donation of body was sufficient for medical education and research after 2005. The number of registrants of Chungbuk after 2005 shows gradual increase whereas 10 other schools shows slight decrease. The age of registrants at signing up to the program showed the largest proportion in seventies(33.9%), followed by sixties(28.9%) and fifties(22%). Multiple registration which means two or more registrants from one family represented 40.9%. After the use of cadaver and cremation, most of the bereaved family preferred to keep and visit the cremains in the charnel house of medical school more than to carry out the school. By the telephone survey, 71% of the registrants answered they are in middle or upper middle class of living, and 77% responded that the motivation for donation was voluntary service for the society. Asked whether the donation intention could be changed due to the objection raised by family members or change of attitude towards body, only 1% of the respondents gave positive response, which was extremely low. On the basis of the present results we could know that the numbers of would-be donator are reasonably maintained and they have pure motivation and friendly mind to the school. As the charnel houses of universities were strongly favored by the families, it is necessary to further expand the facilities and to establish a reasonable management system as well.

      • 충북 바이오클러스터와 연계한 기술창업전략 연구

        최유길 충북대학교 2018 국내석사

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        The purpose of this capstone project is to establish a strategies to revitalize technology-based startups in connection with bio-cluster in Chungbuk area. This capstone tried to search for problems needed to foster bio-startup business in Chungbuk area, and solve those by interviewing various experts and benchmarking outstanding overseas startup ecosystems. This capstone present the conclusions drawn from the hardware, software, and systematic approaches to establish a strategy for revitalizing technology-based startups in connection with the biocluster in Chungbuk area.

      • 충북지역 대학교 급식소의 운영형태에 따른 서비스 품질속성에 대한 인식 비교

        김종순 충북대학교 2019 국내석사

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        본 연구는 대학 식당의 서비스 품질 특성에 대한 관점을 비교함으로써 대학 식당의 서비스 품질을 개선하기 위한 데이터 베이스를 제공하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 현재, 평가관이 실시한 설문조사는 각 대학의 200명의 학생을 대상으로 현장조사를 실시하였으며, 각 평가관은 각 대학(운영 유형별 50명)에서 현장실사를 실시하였다. 2018년 8월 6일부터 8월 18일까지 조사가 실시되었으며, 200부 배포 후 총 200부(수집율 100%)를 수집하여 통계 분석에 사용하였다. This study aims to provide data base for improving the quality of service of the university cafeteria by comparing the perceptions on the quality of service attributes of the university cafeteria. The data were conducted by on-site surveys of 200 students at each university, each of which is conducted on-site at each university(50 people according to operation type). From August 6 to August 18, 2018, the survey was conducted and 200 copies were distributed, a total of 200 copies were collected (collection rate of 100%) and used for statistical analysis. Statistical analyses were performed on the data using SPSS (Ver.23.0).

      • 중국어권 한국어 학습자를 위한 관용표현 교육 방안 연구

        오성아 충북대학교 2017 국내박사

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        The importance and understanding of foreign languages are escalating in this age of globalization. Particularly in China, after the establishment of diplomatic ties with Korea, an interest in the Korean language is gradually increasing. Accordingly, more Chinese people have been learning the Korean language, making them the largest group of Korean language learners amongst all foreign nationalities. The main reason why so many Chinese people learn Korean is that they might think Korean is easy to learn because of its Chinese origins. Due to the high proportion of Chinese characters in the Korean lexicon (hereby known as hanja), Chinese native speakers can learn Korean with more ease than speakers of other languages. Even though it is not an absolute guarantee to mastering the Korean language for many reasons, it is true that Korean is much easier to learn for Chinese native speakers than speakers of other languages. However, there are still stark differences between hanja and the modern Chinese language. Even though the characters look the same, some hanja and Chinese characters have slightly different meanings and others have completely different meanings. Thus, Korean language learners may be confused. One of the confusing factors is “idiomatic expressions”. Idiomatic expressions are often prahses or sayings habitually used by native speakers that convey the values, ways of thinking, feelings, and history of the nation. Without fully understanding these factors, foreigners could understand idiomatic expressions only by its surface meaning. The idiomatic expressions are not only used frequently in daily life but also appear on the TOPIK. Unsurprisingly, idiomatic expressions account for a great part in learning Korean. But, at the beginner’s level, the need for idiomatic expressions in communication is not as necessary for beginners than it is to higher Korean level learners. Korean idiomatic expressions are one of the difficult parts in learning Korean because they are infused with Korean cultural, historical and social meanings. If learners can properly use and express these expressions, it shows their strong competency in the Korean language. But learners cannot and do not have to learn all idiomatic expressions as beginners. So, as learners progress in their Korean level, they shift from learning everyday expressions to expressions embedded with deeper cultural and historical meanings. The word list in this thesis is organized by the idiomatic expressions’ frequency of usage and level of difficulty. This thesis aims to find teaching methods that teachers who teach Korean specifically to foreigners can use to let Chinese learners understand a large number of Korean idiomatic expressions in systematic, concrete, and effective ways. In doing so, this paper focuses on constructing a proper syllabus and methods according to the learners’ respective levels. This thesis analyzes the idiomatic expressions in Korean texts used not only in Korea but also in China, and the learners in both countries are surveyed. Based on the results, this thesis proposes an effective teaching syllabus for Chinese learners of Korean. In addition, the paper recommends practical teaching methods and plans so learners can learn idiomatic expressions in different ways. In further study, when making the syllabus, the research considers the learners’ awareness of idiomatic expressions. Also, Korean idiomatic expressions are analyzed alongside with their Chinese counterparts in order to understand their similarities and differences.

      • 통합체육회 체제의 충북도민체육대회 활성화 방안 : Delphi 기법과 AHP 기법 적용

        김세명 충북대학교 2019 국내박사

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        통합체육회 체제의 충북도민체육대회 활성화 방안: 델파이 기법 및 AHP 기법 적용 본 연구의 목적은 통합체육회 출범 이후 충북도민체육대회가 충북생활체육대회와의 통합 등 세부 항목에 대해 미래를 예측해보고, 이에 따른 활성화 방안을 도출하는데 있다. 또한 도출된 항목에 대해 중요도와 우선순위를 제시하는데 있다. 연구의 목적을 달성하기 위해 시군・도종목・시도체육회의 현장 전문가와 학계 전문가 총 20명을 대상으로 Delphi 기법과 AHP 기법을 적용해 설문조사를 실시했다. 이러한 과정을 거쳐 나타난 결과와 시사점은 다음과 같다. 1) 충북도민체육대회의 문제점과 활성화 변화 가능성 영역 조사 결과 충북도민체육대회의 예산지원, 선수·임원 등 참가자격, 경기장, 개최 종목, 채점, 종별, 대회운영, 충북생활체육대회와 통합 또는 타 대회 연계 개최, 참여와 효과 항목에 116개의 문제점이 도출되었다. 활성화 변화 가능성은 7개 상위 항목으로 나타났다. 2) 충북도민체육대회 활성화 방안의 변화가능성과 희망의 정도 활성화 방안의 상위 7개 항목에 대한 72개 항목의 변화 가능성 결과는 ‘높다’ 9개 항목, ‘있다’ 49개 항목, ‘낮다’ 14개 항목으로 나타났으며, 희망 정도에 있어서는 ‘찬성’ 53개, ‘반대’ 1개. ‘의견대립’ 18개 항목으로 나타났다. 이중 변화가능성이 높은 항목은 9개 항목으로 예산지원 2개, 선수・임원 참가자격 3개, 경기장 2개, 참여와 효과 2개 항목으로 나타났다. 3) 충북도민체육대회 활성화 방안 상대적 중요도 및 우선순위 상위 7개 항목에 대한 상대적 중요도 및 우선 순위에 있어서는 대회운영, 채점, 예산지원, 경기장, 개최종목, 선수・임원 참가자격, 참여와 효과 순으로 나타났다. 하위 30개 항목의 최종 우선순위는 공정심판과 시상제도, 종합채점제 유지, 선수 인권, 안전, 종목예산, 학생부 개선, 안전, 전산화, 등록신청규정, 개최지 가산점 확대, 도체육회 예산 항목으로 시작하여 종목 확대, 규정 강화, 도민참여, 전국체전 선발연계, 지도자 처우개선까지의 순서로 나타났다. 이상의 내용을 종합해보면, 충북도민체전과 충북생활체육대회가 동일한 목적하에 개최 종목과 참가자 중복 등으로 행정력 낭비와 효율적인 예산 집행이 되지 않는 문제점이 나타났다. 이를 해결하기 위해서는 첫째, 도민체전과 도생활체전의 통합이 필요할 것으로 사료된다. 둘째, 활성화 방안의 7개 상위 항목을 분석해 현장에 적용할 수 있는 정책을 추진해야 할 것으로 사료된다. 셋째, 30개 하위항목의 우선순위 항목에 대해 시급한 정책부터 현장에 적용해야 할 것으로 사료된다. The purpose of this study is to anticipate the future of detailed items such as the integration of Chungbuk Sports Festivals with Chungbuk Sports for All Festivals after the establishment of the integrated sports council and draw ways to promote it afterwards. Also, it is intended to suggest the importance and order of priority of the items drawn. To attain the goal, this researcher carried out a survey applying Delphi and AHP techniques with total 20 experts in the field of the city and gun, provincial events, and the sports council and also in the academic circles. Through that process, this author has drawn results and implications as below: 1) Problems in Chungbuk Sports Festivals and the Area with Potential for Promotion and Change According to the survey results, this author has found 116 problems in the items related to the budget support of Chungbuk Sports Festivals, the qualifications of players or executives for participation, stadiums, events held, grading, classification, operation of festivals, integration with Chungbuk Sports for All Festivals, connection with other festivals, and participation and effects. 7 items on top are found to have potential for promotion and change. 2) Potential for Changing the Ways to Promote Chungbuk Sports Festivals and the Degree of Hoping According to the results of potential to change the 72 items out of 7 items on top for promotion, 9 items of ‘high’, 49 items of ‘present’, and 14 items of ‘low’ have been found, and concerning the degree of hoping, 53 items of ‘pros’, 1 item of ‘cons’, and 18 items of ‘conflicts’ have been found. Among them, those having great potential for change are 9 items: 2 items for budget support, 3 about the qualifications of players・executives for participation, 2 related to stadiums, and 2 about participation and effects. 3) The Relative Importance and Order of Priority of Ways to Promote Chungbuk Sports Festivals Regarding the relative importance and order of priority of 7 items on top, the operation of festivals, grading, budget support, stadiums, events held, qualifications of players and executives for participation, and participation and effects have been found in order. The final priority of 30 items on the bottom has been found to be from fair judgment and the awarding system, the maintenance of the general grading system, human rights of players, safety, budget for events, betterment of student players, safety, computerization, rules for registration and application, extension of additional points for the place of holding, and budget for the provincial sports council up to the extension of events, reinforcement of rules, participation of residents in the province, connection to national sports festivals for screening, and the betterment of labor conditions for coaching staff. To sum up the above contents, Chungbuk Sports Festivals and Chungbuk Sports for All Festivals hold similar events with the same participants under the identical purpose, which leads to such problems as the wasting of administrative power and inefficient execution of budget. In order to solve these problems, first, it is needed to integrate Chungbuk Sports Festivals with Chungbuk Sports for All Festivals. Second, it is necessary to analyze 7 items on top for promotion and carry out policies applicable to the field. Third, it is desirable to apply the urgent policies of the 30 items on the bottom to the field regarding the order of priority.

      • 전문대학 교육재정의 확충방안 : 충청북도 사립 전문대학을 중심으로

        최종욱 충북대학교 대학원 2007 국내석사

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        In the last 1979, our country reorganized primary-level college, junior school, high-level junior school and nursery school and promoted them into an integrated junior college, unifying all the short-term/high-level of educational institutes as one, on the basis of the number of 78,455 students for admission in 127 colleges. Since that time, colleges have grown rapidly in quality as well as in quantity, and currently, the number of colleges totals 158 in our nation, and among them, national colleges are 6, public one is 8, private one is 144, and the number of undergraduates amounts to 853,089. In Chungbuk district, there are 6 colleges in all, 1 national college, 1 public college and 4 private colleges. A total of undergraduates number 29,095. Colleges have shouldered the responsibility of producing and providing able vocational personnels, who are the backbone for industry. and along with this, they have met the demand faithfully for the overall national economy called reeducation, and the cultivation of personnels for professionalization, specialization required for national economic development and enhancement of technology. As a result, the professional technicians who have been produced from colleges have all become the spearheads of Korea economy. But with the changes erupted in all fields of industry, colleges have been under the pressure of being changed. The first thing to do to surmount this difficulty is to cultivate the capacity to cope swiftly with the changes in all the industrial sectors and to secure the financial stability necessary for the high level of education. As of 2005, the 90% of colleges in our country are private ones, which are exposed vulnerable to finance. It is the status quo that the tuition fee per capita in private colleges is no more than half of that in national colleges. If colleges are to carry out their original purpose to produce professionals, the subsidy by government is urgently needed. But in 1994, the educational authority introduced the "The principle of criteria for the establishment of school," on the basis of free economy market principle and granted its establishment if the requirement was to be met, which brought about the sharp increase in the number of colleges. Thus, at the critical moment of 2002, the adverse phenomenon happened that the number of third grade high school students fell short of the admission quantum of colleges, which led to the deterioration of finance of colleges. The decrease of the number of students in local private colleges depending heavily on students' tuition fee links directly to the aggravation of finance in colleges. The biggest problem derived from the insufficiency of educational finance is that the low rate of securing professor increases the number of student which a professor should take charge of, the experimental equipment becomes superannuated, or out of date, and students can't take the proper technical education required for industrial field, while lowering students' competitiveness. In Chungbuk district, there are a total of 6 colleges of Geukdong information college, Daewon science college, Juseong college, Cheongju science college, Chungbuk science college, Chungcheong college. Among them, Cheongju science college is a national one, Chungbuk science college is a public one, and the rest of colleges like Geukdong information college, Daewon science college, Juseong college, and Chungcheong college are private ones. As of 2005, the number of students for admission in Chungbuk district accounts for the 2.5 % of total students in our country, and only compared with private colleges, it comes to 2.8%. It is found out that financial structure of private colleges in Chungbuk district is standardized as being composed of both the revenue system which depends on the student burdened money and transferred donation, and of the expenditure system, whose priority is chiefly given to labor cost, management & operation, study and students. Making a comparison of private colleges in our country with those of neighboring Japan, which relies heavily on the system and actual affairs of private colleges, Japanese private colleges account for 87.5%, and government subsidy amounts to about 50%, and budget distribution almost nears the equalitarianism. On the other hand, our government adopts the competitive budget distribution system, and government subsidy to colleges is merely about 0.86% as of 2005. The private colleges in our district, whose distribution ratio is 67%, and its dependency ratio on students' tuition fee is 70%, have produced the able technicians for industry under the poor educational condition. Moreover, because of the adoption of differentiated distribution system by competition, some colleges' educational environments are getting worse and worse, Thus, given the circumstances that colleges in our country have sustainingly played a major role in cultivating professionals, reeducating the older generation and contributing to the development of local industry, it is advised to share the due educational finance for competitive students in private colleges, as in the Japanese example(in case of private short-term college, the 50% of budget is subsidized by government). The problem in financial structure of private college in Chungbuk district is, firstly, the ineffective management stemmed from the untransparency of financial structure, on account of the extravagant financial management, and closure of its system. Second is the vocational high school students' deviation, and the meager creation of demand due to the weak linkage with industrial sectors. Third is the poorness of supporting system owing to the lack of social donation system, the beneficiary oriented allotment system, and the meagerness of corporation transferred money. As the way of expanding the educational finance in private colleges in Chungbuk districts, first thing to do is restructuring, and enhancement of financial capability through strengthening the transparency of information on finance. If the finance in college is to heighten the effectiveness, colleges firstly have to manage the organization without redundancy, making the effective use of resources fully. For this, the organization has to be slimed, flat, and unnecessary activities and overlapping sectors also have to be redressed so that it can achieve high effectiveness with low cost. Secondly, the cultivation of qualified professionals through differentiation, the creation of demand through reeducation of general publics, and the creation of demand through strengthening the cooperation and collaboration with industry should also be made. Along with the linkage to the differentiated local industry. college have to make an alliance with vocational high school and municipal governing body. And through that relationship, colleges have to select the able personnels and give them a prior education required for industrial fields, with the provision of one step system which enables college graduates to be immediately put into the industrial fields without any reeducation. Thus, colleges can have to enjoy the effect of synergy which enhances the competitiveness for local communities as well as colleges through the expansion of opportunity for college graduates to be employed in the local industry. Thirdly, for the development of colleges, government should prepare the plan for the expansion of subsidy, make an effort to expand the corporation transferred money, and, on the society part, it has to strengthen the subsidizing system for college, though various channels and ways by cultivating the matured donation culture. The critical situation which private colleges in Chungbuk district face is held responsible for the insufficient finance as colleges in other districts do. In spite of anticipating the financial pressure ahead, due to the decrease of the number of students, most colleges can't prepare for any steps for it. According to Sungkyungwan University, which invited Samsung corporation, a world super and top class corporation, "The corporation transferred money(711 billion won), which is the largest amount among colleges in our country, could basically make it possible to set a goal and promote it," it says. The colleges in Chungbuk district must prepare for the corner stone to enhance the quality of college education, by learning the lesson from Sungkyungwan University. The current situation colleges in Chungbuk face is described as a crisis. But as year goes by, it is apprehended that more and more aggravated situation will be unfolded than now. So all the members in private colleges in Chungbuk district should exactly be aware of the present situation and heighten the financial capability through effective management, along with the self-rescue effort. And, with the creation of demand through the differentiated education to meet the original purpose of colleges, the vocational high school-college-industry -municipality(including educational office) jointly have to select the programs for job seeking and cultivating professionals, and educate them. Colleges have to make the WIN-WIN strategy which enables the undergraduate at once to go to colleges and to get a job, and also corporation to secure the tailored personnels as well. Lastly, for the development of colleges, government, college corporations, communities and their members in all should collect their wisdom and strengthen the system of subsidy through diverse channels and ways by arranging the subsidiary plan. On the ground of these, the private colleges in Chungbuk district should make a continuous effort to improve the educational condition, by making known the importance of colleges to general publics, while by letting them perceive the propriety of expansion of educational finance.

      • 충청북도와 대덕밸리 소프트웨어산업 클러스터 비교 연구

        이재숙 충북대학교 경영대학원 2006 국내석사

        RANK : 248655

        Since motivated in large part by Michael Porter's "Competitive Advantage of Nations," cluster-based economic development has become an increasingly popular topic for both researchers and policy-makers. In line with this trend local governments as well as central government of Korea have strarted building industry clusters appropriate for their environmental settings. Chungbuk Province in particular, recently attempts to create environment to foster SW industry. However, this objective is hardly to be achieved unless systematic approach with strong intention is developed and introduced. This is not only because the infrastructure of SW industry in the region still remains at toddler stage but because Daeduk Valley with higher edge in terms of the SW industry ecology is located in the vicinity. This study thus aims to compare the growth portentials of SW industry of the two regions in terms of the critical factors such as localization, networking, embedded institutional thickness, collective learning, and innovative synergy for industry clustering. To achieve this goal an empirical study was conducted for the status quo of software industry in Chungbuk Province and Daeduk valley, and some implications were drawn.

      • 충북지역 톱다리개미허리노린재의 발생밀도 변동

        신윤호 충북대학교 2012 국내석사

        RANK : 248655

        Seasonal fluctuation of Riptortus pedestris, one of the important pest in leguminous plants, was investigated in Chungbuk province. Investigation was done at six regions including two sites of Mt. Yangseong (Munui-myeon, Cheongwon-gun), O-chang (Cheongwon-gun), Jujung-dong (Cheongju), and a campus field at Chungbuk National University (below CBNU) (Cheongju). Seasonal fluctuation was investigated using aggression pheromone trap from April to November, in 2010 and 2011. 1. Aggression pheromone trap and aggression pheromone + soybean trap were set by an altitude of Mt. Yangseong A and B sites. At farmland (80m) and forest (200 and 300m), population density of R. pedestris showed high at mid-Jun., mid-Aug. and late-Oct. in 2010 and early-May, mid-Jun. and early-Oct in 2011. Therefore, the occurrence of R. pedestris with trivoltine was observed and seasonal population density was showed the difference by its annual circumstance. 2. The farmland distinguished from the forest, two sites of O-chang and Jujung-dong were captured the R. pedestris highest from Jun. to Aug. at a farmland and Sept. at a forest. By season, Jun. to Aug. at a farmland and Sept. to Nov. at a forest were similarly captured. It seems that R. pedestris existed from Apr. to Jul. at a forest but they moved to a farmland. 3. Campus field at CBNU was captured highest from mid-Jul. to late-Aug. in 2010. It also showed highest at mid-Jul., early-Aug., mid-Sept. and early-Oct in 2011. 4. From the investigation results of six regions, R. pedestris adult were more captured aggression pheromone+soybean trap than aggression pheromone trap. 5. To investigate the migration route by an altitude, 500 R. pedestris adults marked with fluorescent paint was released and counted re-caught number of it in trap after 10 and 20 days. Re-caught number showed the migration of R. pedestris from a forest to a farmland during Apr. to Jun. It judged that they showed no migration at Aug. because the food was plentiful in a forest at 200 m asl, but they moved to a forest at Oct. when the scarcity of the food and overwintering. 6. To understand horizontal density fluctuation, the trap was set 100, 200, and 300m from a farmland in distance. R. pedestris was captured highest at 100 and 200m from Apr. to late-Jun. and captured highest at soybean and hairy vetch farmland at early-Aug. 7. In Conclusion, R. pedestris in Chungbuk province was occurred at three times a year at fields, distinguished a farmland from a forest by an altitude, and a field separated a farmland and a forest was captured from Jun. to Aug. in a forest but captured a farmland after Sept. It showed outstanding seasonal migration that downhill movement at spring season and uphill movement at fall season. At hill areas, horizontal density fluctuation was observed that R. pedestris was captured highest at 100 and 200m from Apr. to late-Jun. and captured to soybean and hairy vetch farmland at early-Aug. 톱다리개미허리노린재는 콩과작물의 중요한 해충으로 충북지역 발생밀도를 알아보기 위해 본 연구를 수행하였다. 조사방법은 톱다리개미허리노린재의 집합페로몬 트랩을 이용하였고, 조사지역은 청원군 문의면 양성산 2지역, 청원군 오창면 산림지와 농경지 및 구릉지, 청주시 주중동 농경지와 산림지, 충북대학교 농장 등 6곳의 농경지 및 산림지를 선정하여 2010년 4월 5일부터 2011년 10월 30일까지 조사하였다. 1. 고도별로 집합페로몬트랩과 집합페로몬+대두트랩을 설치한 양성산 두 지역은 농경지(80m, 산림경계)와 산림지(200m, 300m)에서는, 2010년도에 톱다리개미허리노린재가 6월 중순, 8월 중순, 10월 하순에 높은 발생밀도를 보였고, 2011년도에는 양성산 두 지역에서는 5월 초순, 6월 중순, 9월 중순, 10월 초순에 높은 발생밀도를 보였다. 톱다리개미허리노린재는 양성산 지역에서 연중3-4회 발생을 하고, 연도별로 환경에 따라서 발생 시기 및 발생량의 차이를 보였다. 2. 농경지와 산림지로 구분된 청원군 오창면, 청주시 주중동 두 지역에서는 2010년도에는 6월에서 8월까지 농경지에서, 9월에는 산림지에서 많이 포획되었다. 시기적으로는 6-8월에는 농경지에서, 9-11월에는 산림지와 비슷하게 포획되었다. 2011년도에는 4월부터 7월까지는 산림지 쪽에 톱다리개미허리노린재가 존재하지만 그 이후에는 농경지 쪽으로 이동하는 것으로 보인다. 3. 산림지를 갖지 않는 충북대학교 캠퍼스 농경지에서는 2010년도에는 7월 중순에서부터 8월말까지 많이 포획되었다. 2011년도에는 7월 초순, 8월 초순, 9월 중순, 10월 초순에 발생량이 많았다. 4. 6곳의 지역에서 조사를 한 결과 집합페로몬트랩보다 대두를 첨가한 트랩에서 더 많은 수의 성충이 포획되었다. 5. 고도별 이동을 조사하기 위하여 성충에 형광페인트를 칠하여 방사한 후, 열흘 뒤에 잡힌 마리 수 조사에서, 4월부터 월동에서 깨어나기 시작하여 6월까지는 산림지에서 밭으로 이동하였다. 8월에는 고도 200m 산림지에 먹이가 풍부하여 이동하지 않았으나, 10월에는 농경지의 먹이부족과 월동 등의 이유로 산림지로 이동하는 것으로 판단된다. 6. 수평적 밀도변화를 알아보기 위해 오창 구릉지에서 밭 가장자리로부터 거리별 100, 200, 300m 떨어진 곳에 트랩을 설치하여 조사한 결과 거리별 톱다리개미허리노린재의 포획 수는 4월부터 6월 하순까지 농경지(밭 가장자리)에서 100m, 200m떨어진 거리에서 많이 포획되다가 8월 상순부터는 먹이가 있는 콩밭과 헤어리베치 밭쪽에서 밀도가 증가하였다. 7. 이상의 결과를 종합하여 볼 때 충북지역발생소장은 농경지와 고도별로 산림지를 구분한 포장에서는 연 3-4회 발생을 보였고, 농경지와 산림지로 구분된 포장에서는 6월에서 8월까지는 산림지에서 9월 이후에는 농경지에서 많이 포획되었다. 수직적 이동에서는 봄철에는 밭쪽으로 겨울철에는 다시 산 쪽으로 계절별 뚜렷한 이동성을 보였다. 구릉지에서 수평적으로는 밭 가장자리에서부터 100m, 200m 떨어진 곳에서 포획수가 많다가 먹이가 있는 밭에서 포획수가 많아지는 경향을 보였다.

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