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        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

          New Construction Method for Quaternary Aperiodic, Periodic, and Z-Complementary Sequence Sets

          Zeng, Fanxin,Zeng, Xiaoping,Zhang, Zhenyu,Zeng, Xiangyong,Xuan, Guixin,Xiao, Lingna The Korean Institute of Communications and Informa 2012 Journal of communications and networks Vol.14 No.3

          Based on the known binary sequence sets and Gray mapping, a new method for constructing quaternary sequence sets is presented and the resulting sequence sets' properties are investigated. As three direct applications of the proposed method, when we choose the binary aperiodic, periodic, and Z-complementary sequence sets as the known binary sequence sets, the resultant quaternary sequence sets are the quaternary aperiodic, periodic, and Z-complementary sequence sets, respectively. In comparison with themethod proposed by Jang et al., the new method can cope with either both the aperiodic and periodic cases or both even and odd lengths of sub-sequences, whereas the former is only fit for the periodic case with even length of sub-sequences. As a consequence, by both our and Jang et al.'s methods, an arbitrary binary aperiodic, periodic, or Z-complementary sequence set can be transformed into a quaternary one no matter its length of sub-sequences is odd or even. Finally, a table on the existing quaternary periodic complementary sequence sets is given as well.

        • KCI등재

          New Construction Method for Quaternary Aperiodic, Periodic, and Z-Complementary Sequence Sets

          Fanxin Zeng,Xiaoping Zeng,Zhenyu Zhang,Xiangyong Zeng,Guixin Xuan,Lingna Xiao 한국통신학회 2012 Journal of communications and networks Vol.14 No.3

          Based on the known binary sequence sets and Gray mapping,a new method for constructing quaternary sequence sets is presented and the resulting sequence sets’ properties are investigated. As three direct applications of the proposed method, when we choose the binary aperiodic, periodic, and Z-complementary sequence sets as the known binary sequence sets, the resultant quaternary sequence sets are the quaternary aperiodic, periodic, and Z-complementary sequence sets, respectively. In comparison with themethod proposed by Jang et al., the new method can cope with either both the aperiodic and periodic cases or both even and odd lengths of sub-sequences, whereas the former is only fit for the periodic case with even length of sub-sequences. As a consequence,by both our and Jang et al.’s methods, an arbitrary binary aperiodic,periodic, or Z-complementary sequence set can be transformed into a quaternary one no matter its length of sub-sequences is odd or even. Finally, a table on the existing quaternary periodic complementary sequence sets is given as well.

        • Early Childhood Kindergarten Programs in China: Issues of Access and Funding

          Zeng Yaqin,Berenice Nyland,Zeng Xiaodong 환태평양유아교육연구학회 2011 Asia-Pacific journal of research in early childhoo Vol.5 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          China has a complex system of multiple types of preschool provision, different funding models, a rural-urban divide and a diverse population in relation to place of origin, language dialects and socio economic status. In this paper we explore the complex situation of preschool provision and implications for policy makers in China. As the provision of preschool education is increasingly privatized there is a concern that children from low income families may not have access to quality early care and education services. Affordability and access to education in the early years has become a major concern of governments concerned about equity and the development of human capital. Case studies have been carried out in Beijing, as a developed urban centre and in Yinchuan, as a rural centre in the west of China. The data presented examines the relationship between types of service, fees charged and the income of families who access these services.

        • 8-60hIPP5<sup>m</sup>-Induced G2/M Cell Cycle Arrest Involves Activation of ATM/p53/p21<sup>cip1/waf1</sup> Pathways and Delayed Cyclin B1 Nuclear Translocation

          Zeng, Qi-Yan,Zeng, Lin-Jie,Huang, Yu,Huang, Yong-Qi,Zhu, Qi-Fang,Liao, Zhi-Hong Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2014 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.15 No.9

          Protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) is a major serine/threonine phosphatase that controls gene expression and cell cycle progression. The active mutant IPP5 ($8-60hIPP5^m$), the latest member of the inhibitory molecules for PP1, has been shown to inhibit the growth of human cervix carcinoma cells (HeLa). In order to elucidate the underlying mechanisms, the present study assessed overexpression of $8-60hIPP5^m$ in HeLa cells. Flow cytometric and biochemical analyses showed that overexpression of $8-60hIPP5^m$ induced G2/M-phase arrest, which was accompanied by the upregulation of cyclin B1 and phosphorylation of G2/M-phase proteins ATM, p53, $p21^{cip1/waf1}$ and Cdc2, suggesting that $8-60hIPP5^m$ induces G2/M arrest through activation of the ATM/p53/$p21^{cip1/waf1}$/Cdc2/cyclin B1 pathways. We further showed that overexpression of $8-60hIPP5^m$ led to delayed nuclear translocation of cyclin B1. $8-60hIPP5^m$ also could translocate to the nucleus in G2/M phase and interact with $pp1{\alpha}$ and Cdc2 as demonstrated by co-precipitation assay. Taken together, our data demonstrate a novel role for $8-60hIPP5^m$ in regulation of cell cycle in HeLa cells, possibly contributing to the development of new therapeutic strategies for cervix carcinoma.

        • Associations between AT-rich Interactive Domain 5B gene Polymorphisms and Risk of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: a Meta-analysis

          Zeng, Hui,Wang, Xue-Bin,Cui, Ning-Hua,Nam, Seungyoon,Zeng, Tuo,Long, Xinghua Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2014 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.15 No.15

          Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have implicated several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the AT-rich interactive domain 5B (ARID5B) gene with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, replicated studies reported some inconsistent results in different populations. Using meta-analysis, we here aimed to clarify the nature of the genetic risks contributed by the two polymorphisms (rs10994982, rs7089424) for developing childhood ALL. Through searches of PubMed, EMBASE, and manually searching relevant references, a total of 14 articles with 16 independent studies were included. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated to assess the associations. Both SNPs rs10994982 and rs7089424 showed significant associations with childhood ALL risk in all genetic models after Bonferroni correction. Furthermore, subtype analyses of B-lineage ALL provided strong evidence that SNP rs10994982 is highly associated with the risk of developing B-hyperdiploid ALL. These results indicate that SNPs rs10994982 and rs7089424 are indeed significantly associated with increased risk of childhood ALL.

        • Stable Tetrabenzo-Chichibabin’s Hydrocarbons: Tunable Ground State and Unusual Transition between Their Closed-Shell and Open-Shell Resonance Forms

          Zeng, Zebing,Sung, Young Mo,Bao, Nina,Tan, Davin,Lee, Richmond,Zafra, José,L.,Lee, Byung Sun,Ishida, Masatoshi,Ding, Jun,Ló,pez Navarrete, Juan T.,Li, Yuan,Zeng, Wangdong,Kim, Dongho,Huang American Chemical Society 2012 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY - Vol.134 No.35

          <P>Stable open-shell polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are of fundamental interest due to their unique electronic, optical, and magnetic properties and promising applications in materials sciences. Chichibabin’s hydrocarbon as a classical open-shell PAH has been investigated for a long time. However, most of the studies are complicated by their inherent high reactivity. In this work, two new stable benzannulated Chichibabin’s hydrocarbons <B>1-CS</B> and <B>2-OS</B> were prepared, and their electronic structure and geometry in the ground state were studied by various experiments (steady-state and transient absorption spectra, NMR, electron spin resonance (ESR), superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID), FT Raman, X-ray crystallographic etc.) and density function theory (DFT) calculations. <B>1-CS</B> and <B>2-OS</B> exhibited tunable ground states, with a closed-shell quinoidal structure for <B>1-CS</B> and an open-shell biradical form for <B>2-OS</B>. Their corresponding excited-state forms <B>1-OS</B> and <B>2-CS</B> were also chemically approached and showed different decay processes. The biradical <B>1-OS</B> displayed an unusually slow decay to the ground state (<B>1-CS</B>) due to a large energy barrier (95 ± 2.5 kJ/mol) arising from severe steric hindrance during the transition from an orthogonal biradical form to a butterfly-like quinoidal form. The quick transition from the quinoidal <B>2-CS</B> (excited state) to the orthogonal biradicaloid <B>2-OS</B> (ground state) happened during the attempted synthesis of <B>2-CS</B>. Compounds <B>1-CS</B> and <B>2-OS</B> can be oxidized into stable dications by FeCl<SUB>3</SUB> and/or concentrated H<SUB>2</SUB>SO<SUB>4</SUB>. The open-shell <B>2-OS</B> also exhibited a large two-photon absorption (TPA) cross section (760 GM at 1200 nm).</P><P><B>Graphic Abstract</B> <IMG SRC='http://pubs.acs.org/appl/literatum/publisher/achs/journals/content/jacsat/2012/jacsat.2012.134.issue-35/ja3050579/production/images/medium/ja-2012-050579_0017.gif'></P><P><A href='http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/ja3050579'>ACS Electronic Supporting Info</A></P>

        • A Single Fluorescent Chemosensor for Simultaneous Discriminative Detection of Gaseous Phosgene and a Nerve Agent Mimic

          Zeng, Lintao,Zeng, Hongyan,Jiang, Lirong,Wang, Shan,Hou, Ji-Ting,Yoon, Juyoung American Chemical Society 2019 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY - Vol.91 No.18

          <P>A fluorescent chemosensor has been developed for discriminative detection of phosgene and a nerve agent mimic diethyl chlorophosphate (DCP), which was comprised of an anthracene-carboxyimide fluorophore and <I>o</I>-phenylenediamine (OPD) reaction site. Upon phosphorylation of OPD, the chemosensor displays an obvious fluorescence turn-on response toward DPC at 588 nm with instant response and a low detection limit (88 nM). By contrast, the chemosensor exhibits a colorimetric and fluorescence enhancement response at 500 nm toward phosgene with fast response (<2 min), high selectivity, and a low detection limit (72 nM). Furthermore, chemosensor-loaded test membrane was fabricated for real-time, portable and efficient discriminative detection of trace amounts of gaseous phosgene and DCP vapor with different optical responses.</P> [FIG OMISSION]</BR>

        • Sensitization of Cervical Carcinoma Cells to Paclitaxel by an IPP5 Active Mutant

          Zeng, Qi-Yan,Huang, Yu,Zeng, Lin-Jie,Huang, Min,Huang, Yong-Qi,Zhu, Qi-Fang Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2014 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.15 No.19

          Paclitaxel is one of the best anticancer agents that has been isolated from plants, but its major disadvantage is its dose-limiting toxicity. In this study, we obtained evidence that the active mutant IPP5 ($8-60hIPP5^m$), the latest member of the inhibitory molecules for protein phosphatase 1, sensitizes human cervix carcinoma cells HeLa more efficiently to the therapeutic effects of paclitaxel. The combination of $8-60hIPP5^m$ with paclitaxel augmented anticancer effects as compared to paclitaxel alone as evidenced by reduced DNA synthesis and increased cytotoxicity in HeLa cells. Furthermore, our results revealed that $8-60hIPP5^m$ enhances paclitaxel-induced G2/M arrest and apoptosis, and augments paclitaxel-induced activation of caspases and release of cytochrome C. Evaluation of signaling pathways indicated that this synergism was in part related to downregulation of NF-${\kappa}B$ activation and serine/threonine kinase Akt pathways. We noted that $8-60hIPP5^m$ downregulated the paclitaxel-induced NF-${\kappa}B$ activation, $I{\kappa}B{\alpha}$ degradation, PI3-K activity and phosphorylation of the serine/threonine kinase Akt, a survival signal which in many instances is regulated by NF-${\kappa}B$. Together, our observations indicate that paclitaxel in combination with $8-60hIPP5^m$ may provide a therapeutic advantage for the treatment of human cervical carcinoma.

        • Pushing Extended <i>p</i>-Quinodimethanes to the Limit: Stable Tetracyano-oligo(<i>N</i>-annulated perylene)quinodimethanes with Tunable Ground States

          Zeng, Zebing,Ishida, Masatoshi,Zafra, José,L.,Zhu, Xiaojian,Sung, Young Mo,Bao, Nina,Webster, Richard D.,Lee, Byung Sun,Li, Run-Wei,Zeng, Wangdong,Li, Yuan,Chi, Chunyan,Navarrete, Juan T. Lo American Chemical Society 2013 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY - Vol.135 No.16

          <P><I>p</I>-Quinodimethane (<I>p</I>-QDM) is a fundamental building block for the design of π-conjugated systems with low band gap and open-shell biradical character. However, synthesis of extended <I>p</I>-QDMs has usually suffered from their intrinsic high reactivity and poor solubility. In this work, benzannulation together with terminal cyano-substitution was demonstrated to be an efficient approach for the synthesis of a series of soluble and stable tetracyano-oligo(<I>N</I>-annulated perylene)quinodimethanes <B><I>n</I>Per-CN</B> (<I>n</I> = 1–6), with the longest molecule having 12 <I>para</I>-linked benzenoid rings! The geometry and electronic structures of these oligomers were investigated by steady-state and transient absorption spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, electron spin resonance, superconducting quantum interference device, and FT Raman spectroscopy assisted by density functional theory calculations. They showed tunable ground states, varying from a closed-shell quinoidal structure for monomer, to a singlet biradical for dimer, trimer, and tetramer, and to a triplet biradical for pentamer and hexamer. Large two-photon absorption cross-section values were observed in the near-infrared range, which also exhibited a clear chain-length dependence.</P><P><B>Graphic Abstract</B> <IMG SRC='http://pubs.acs.org/appl/literatum/publisher/achs/journals/content/jacsat/2013/jacsat.2013.135.issue-16/ja402467y/production/images/medium/ja-2013-02467y_0010.gif'></P><P><A href='http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/ja402467y'>ACS Electronic Supporting Info</A></P>

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

          16-QAM Periodic Complementary Sequence Mates Based on Interleaving Technique and Quadriphase Periodic Complementary Sequence Mates

          Zeng, Fanxin,Zeng, Xiaoping,Xiao, Lingna,Zhang, Zhenyu,Xuan, Guixin The Korean Institute of Communications and Informa 2013 Journal of communications and networks Vol.15 No.6

          Based on an interleaving technique and quadriphase periodic complementary sequence (CS) mates, this paper presents a method for constructing a family of 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) periodic CS mates. The resulting mates arise from the conversion of quadriphase periodic CS mates, and the period of the former is twice as long as that of the latter. In addition, based on the existing binary periodic CS mates, a table on the existence of the proposed 16-QAM periodic CS mates is given. Furthermore, the proposed method can also transform a mutually orthogonal (MO) quadriphase CS set into an MO 16-QAM CS set. Finally, three examples are given to demonstrate the validity of the proposed method.

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