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본고는 오영진의 역사극에 나타난 역사의식과 그의 역사극이 갖는 현실 참여로서의 의미를 밝히는 데에 목적이 있다. 이와 같은 분석을 위해 본 연구는 작품 발표 당시의 사회상을 경유하여 오영진의 역사극을 고찰하고자 한다. 오영진의 작품은 그 특징에 따라 풍속극·시대극·음악극·역사극·심리극 등으로 분류할 수 있으며, 이 중 <풍운>과 <동천홍>은 역사극에 속한다. 관객은 역사극 관람을 통해 역사적 사실과 지식만을 전달 받는 것이 아닌, 역사가 재창조되는 과정에서 생기는 작가의 실천적 행위이자 의도된 인식, 즉 작가의 역사의식까지 전달받는다. 오영진에게 있어 역사적 사실을 극화한다는 것은 당대를 살아가는 사람들에게 필요한 행위였다. 오영진의 역사극에 나타난 과거의 소재·인물·정신은 현대의 사회정세 인정, 풍속 그리고 현대적 해석과 연결되어 있다. 오영진은 단순히 과거의 사실을 재구성한 것이 아니라 발표 당시의 사회로부터의 요구와 요망에 의해 역사극을 창작한 것이다. 이 연구는 오영진 역사극에 나타난 조선(대한제국)이 외부(다른 나라)와 관계하는 모습을 분석하고, 이어 그의 역사극이 갖는 당대적 의미를 밝히고자 한다. 그의 역사극은 당대 현실과 접속하며, 이 현실 공간에는 민족뿐만 아니라 당대의 정치적 권력도 함께 공존한다. The purpose of this study is to find out the meaning of Oh, Young-jin`s history dramas as a method to participate in the reality of the society at that time and his historical consciousness through his literary works. To achieve this analysis, this paper studies Oh, Young-jin`s history dramas through social aspects of the time when his dramas were written. Oh, Young-jin`s dramas can be classified into several categories such as historical drama, musical drama, psychodrama and so on. Among those, <Pung-un> and <Dong-chun-hong> are representative historical dramas. Watching historical dramas, audiences learn not only historical facts and knowledges but also writer`s historical consciousness which is writer`s intention through the recreation of history as present practice. For Oh, Young-jin, the dramatization of historical facts was necessary for people who were living in his time. Subjects, characters and mind from Oh, Young-jin`s historical dramas are connected to social situation, custom and interpretation of the society in his time. Oh, Young-jin didn`t simply reconstitute facts from the past. He created historical dramas for demand and desire from his time. This paper analyses the relationship between Jo-sun(Daehan Empire) and other countries at first and then tries to find out the meaning of his historical dramas of his time. His historical dramas connect to the realities of the time and these realities include not only people who lived then but also political authority.
The object of this study is to provide base data of more effective utilization of traditional play songs through analyzing the effect of group activities using traditional play songs on young children's interpersonal problem thinking. For this purpose, we selected two kindergartens in Daejeon and prepared control and experimental groups with 31 of 4-5 year-olds in each group. For the experimental group, we had conducted group activities using traditional play song for 12 weeks. As a result, the experimental group's score of interpersonal problem thinking area was higher than that of control group. Therefore it is obvious that group activities using traditional play songs give positive effect to the thinking of alternative problem solving and prediction of consequence which are sub-capabilities of interpersonal problem thinking. In this study, we set problems and hypothesis as followings to investigate the effect of the group activities using traditional play songs on young child's thinking of alternative problem solving: 1. Do the activities using traditional play songs give effect to the capability of interpersonal problem solving of young child? 2. Do the activities using traditional play songs give effect to the thinking of alternative problem solving of young child? 2-1 There would be meaningful difference between two groups in thinking of alternative problem solving. 2-2 There would be meaningful difference between two groups in positive alternative solution of the problem. 3. Do the activities using traditional play songs give effect to the thinking of consequence prediction of young child? 3-1 There would be meaningful difference between two groups in the thinking of consequence prediction. 3-2 There would be meaningful difference between two groups in the method of consequence prediction.
Background and Objectives : Cigarette smoking is a major factor and the most modifiable risk factor for atherosclerosis. Endothelial dysfunction is an early event in atherosclerosis, before the structural change of the systemic arteries. We hypothesized that endothelial dysfunction might be present in the systemic arteries of young adult smokers and that this might be dose-dependent phenomenon. Therefore, we try to certify that smoking is associated with endothelial dysfunction in healthy young adults without other risk factor of atherosclerosis. Subjects and Methods : we studied noninvasively 29 subjects aged 3 to 4 decades without other risk factor of atherosclerosis, they were composed of the two groups, current smokers(n=15) and nonsmokers(n=14). Smoking history varied from 3 to 20 pack years. Using high-resolution ultrasound, vessel diameter and mean flow rate were measured at rest, during reactive hyperemia(with flow-mediated endothelium-dependent dilation), and after sublingual nitroglycerin(NG-induced endothelium-independent vasodilation). Result : Flow mediated endothelium dependent dilation was observed in the control subjects (9.4±3.44%) but was impaired in the smokers(5.8±2.51%)(p=0.004). NG-induced endothelium independent dilation is no difference in all subjects. Conclusion : Cigarette smoking is associated with endothelial dysfunction in healthy young adults.
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of current dietetic internship program. The survey sample was dietetic practitioners who were charged with a training for dietetic students. The questionnaire requested information about demographic information, experience of guidance for the dietetic student, self evaluation as trainer, fortification items in university education, and difficulties of the internship program. Data was analyzed using SAS for windows(version 6.12), Descriptive statistics were used such as means. standard deviations. frequency distribution and percentages. Comparison of mean differences was analyzed using t-test and ANOVA. Participants identified how effective the current internship program was. Result indicated that the effectiveness was not high(2.81), and under 29 years old age group, under 6 years work experience group. and contracted foodservice group had positive opinion of the program significantly. Under 29 years old age group, evaluated themselves as a good trainer. The results revealed that respondents wanted to be fortified the practical training courses in school curriculum.
Background and Objectives : Palindromic rheumatism (PR) is known to be triggered without any obviously inciting events in most patients, although, in a few cases, attacks have been noted to relate to another events such as weather change, childbirth, ingestion of certain foods, or over-exercise. The aim of this study was to characterize the triggering factors on palindromic attacks. Materials and Methods : We evaluated sixty-four patients with PR for the presence of triggering factors and the relationship between attacks and triggering factors by interview of patients. We considered that there was an probable association between episodes and PR, if episodes within 24 hours prior to PR had triggered at least 50% of all attacks and a definite association between episodes and PR, if episodes within 24 hours prior to PR had triggered 100% of all attacks. Results : In 15 patients (35.9%), there was a possible association between episodes of PR and initiating events. In 8 patients (12.5%), there was a definite association between episodes of PR and initiating events. The triggering factors were physical over-activity including exercise (19/64: 29.7%), foods, such as rawfish, crab, and chicken, including alcohol (19/96: 19.8%). However, there were no difference between the groups with and without the triggering factor in sex ratio, duration and onset of PR, the positive rate of rheumatoid factor and involved sites. Conclusion : Our observations showed that PR was triggered by physical over-activity more than in previous reports and hypersensitivity to foods was a causative factor in some patients with PR. However, patients with triggering factors had a similiar clinical profile to patients without triggering factors.
Nowadays, the aluminum films have wide application in micromechanical devices such as micro sensors and actuators, so that their mechanical properties come to be very important for reliability evaluation. However, there is no standardized method to evaluate the mechanical properties of material used in MEMS (micraelectromechanical system) device since the measured mechanical properties are influenced by many factors such as surface condition, friction force, etc. Hence, we intended to evaluate the mechanical properties of thin film in our study, which is important in mechanical operation. Because MEMS devices are usually operating in elastic range, the Young's modules and yield strength were evaluated by using microcantilever beam technique. First, Al cantilever beams were fabricated using the silicon bulk micromachining technology to have various film thickness. And then, the load-displacement curve was obtained by nanoindentation method. The linear relation in elastic range was utilized in deriving the Young's modulus of Al film, which gives us reproducible result regardless of film thickness. In high load range, the deviation from the linear relation was detected, so that the yield strength of Al film could be evaluated. It is found that the yield strength increases with decreasing film thickness. By applying the misfit dislocation theory and the Hall-Petch relation, the theoretical estimation could predict well the trend of yield strength.
Mast cells reside in connective tissue and mucous tissue that encircle the internal environment of the body, where they mediate inflammatory response encountering foreign materials. Mast cells are also found in uterus tissue which is, in fact, exposed to external world. Because the cells are provoked by invading foreign cells to cause inflammatory response, their response in the uterus should be controled for success in fertilization and implantation, in that the foreign sperms and fertilized egg are willing to invade into the body. In order to confirm such assumption, we investigated the changes in mast cell numbers and their contents in the rat uterus during the estrus cycle and related these to the changes in sex-hormone concentration. The mean number of mast cell at the proestrus and estrus phase was 4.8±2.72 and 5.98±1.55. respectively. The number increased as much as 3 times more then previous phase at the metestrus phase and subsided to half at following the diestrus phase. Those mast cells were subdivided type. Connective tissue type was major at metestrus and diestrus phase. At the following proestrus, however, the muscous type was largely increased and major population was changed to muscous and intermediate type at estrus phase. In the immature uterus of young female, as few as 1.67±0.23 cells were detected and most of them were mucous and intermediate type. The concentration of circulating estradiol-17 β was lowest at the metestrus phase both in free and bound form. The results suggest that estrogen may be involved in inhibiting swarming of mast cells in the uterus and accumulating the contents of secretory vesicles.
Study on full?length novel in the late 1930"s is not free from the influence of the socialist realism and the imperialism of the time. They have a difficult problem that is impossible to recognize of the real objectivity and totality. Although discussion of full?length novel reinforced the quality of literary of the time. Besides, "alteration of novel" is not conscious discussion. Discussion of full?length novel are summarized four level. First, there are launched a bitter diatribe against that the serial story in a newspaper has be inclinable to its popularization. Second, there are discussion that make a comparative study on the Joseon during Japanese colonial era full?length novel and the Western full?length novel. Third, there are discussion that make a comparative study on short story and full?length novel. Fourth, there are discussion that full?length navel are now facing a serious crisis through a defunct newspaper. And there are discussion about coming up with a remedy. The alteration of novel appertain to second level. That is a kind of literary creative methodology. Im?hwa insist on "a serious novel" that have the creation character being the result of its behavior and harmony between the subject and the object. He insist that overcome contradiction caused by feudalism at the same time Imperialism. Kim?Namchoen insist on "novel of cultural landscape" and "novel of family history", "novel of chronicle". His argument is fluctuated with debating with Im?Hwa. First time, he intent to reconstruction the subject through accusing oneself. Second time, he intent to confluence the subject and the object. In conclusion, it is a significant fact that the debate on full?length novel and alteration of novel is considered with autochthonism and particularity literary theories in the late 1930"s.
석유화학 설비 등과 같은 노출 배관의 결함을 검출하는데 효율적으로 이용될 수 있는 자왜형 초음파 센서를 제작하였다. 최대의 초음파 발생 효율을 얻기 위한 최적 조건을 설정하였으며, 실험에 사용된 배관의 경우 250~350Oe의 정자기장이 최적이었으며, 180kHz의 주파수를 갖는 초음파를 발생시키기 위해서는 15mm 폭의 코일을 사용하는 것이 가장 좋았다. 최적의 조건에서 발생된 초음파는 50m 이상을 충분히 진행할 수 있으며, 결함의 단면적이 증가함에 따라 수신된 결함 신호는 직선적으로 증가함을 확인하였다. Magnetostrictive sensors which can be used effectively to detect flaws in pipe were fabricated. The optimal conditions to obtain the maximum generation efficiency of the ultrasonic wave were established. In case of the used steel pipe the optimal magnetic field was 250~350Oe and the coil width of 15mm showed the best efficiency for generating a wave with the frequency of 180 kHz. In the best condition, the wave can propagate further than 50m without serious attenuation. The amplitude of the ultrasonic wave reflected from artificial flaw had a good linear relationship to the cross-sectional area of the flaw.